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Lewer, Dan and Eastwood, Brian and White, Martin and Brothers, Thomas D and McCusker, Martin and Copeland, Caroline and Farrell, Michael and Petersen, Irene (2021) Fatal opioid overdoses during and shortly after hospital admissions in England: a case-crossover study. PLoS Medicine , 18 , (10) , e1003759.

Alderson, Sarah L and Farragher, Tracey M and Willis, Thomas A and Carder, Paul and Johnson, Stella and Foy, Robbie (2021) The effects of an evidence- and theory-informed feedback intervention on opioid prescribing for non-cancer pain in primary care: a controlled interrupted time series analysis. PLoS Medicine , 18 , (10) , e1003796.

McNicholas, M and Scully, M and Keenan, Eamon (2021) An overview of recent advances in opioid agonist treatment (OAT). Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , Early online .

Eagleton, Marie and Stokes, Siobhan and Fenton, Fiona and Keenan, Eamon (2021) Therapeutic potential of long-acting opioids and opioid antagonists for SARS CoV-2 infection. British Journal of Anaesthesia , Early online .

Häuser, Winfried and Buchser, Eric and Finn, David P and Dom, Geerd and Fors, Egil and Heiskanen, Tarja and Jarlbaek, Lene and Knaggs, Roger D and Kosek, Eva and Krcevski-Škvarč, Nevenka and Pakkonen, Kaire and Perrot, Serge and Trouvin, Anne-Priscille and Morlion, Bart (2021) Is Europe also facing an opioid crisis? - A survey of European Pain Federation chapters. European Journal of Pain , 25 , (8) , pp. 1760-1769.

Liu, Stephen and O'Donnell, Julie and Gladden, Matt and McGlone, Londell and Chowdhury, Farnaz (2021) Trends in nonfatal and fatal overdoses involving benzodiazepines — 38 States and the District of Columbia, 2019–2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 70 , (40) , pp. 1136-1141.

Norris, Brid A and Smith, Amelia and Doran, Stephen and Barry, Michael (2021) Trends in strong opioid prescribing in Ireland: A repeated cross-sectional analysis of a national pharmacy claims database between 2010 and 2019. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety , 30 , (8) , pp. 1003-1011.

Rahman, Alvi and Kane, Joseph and Montastruc, François and Renoux, Christel (2021) Trends in new prescription of gabapentinoids and of coprescription with opioids in the 4 nations of the UK, 1993-2017. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology , 87 , (8) , pp. 3349-3353.

Henderson, Rita and McInnes, Ashley and Mackey, Leslee and Bruised Head, Myles and Crowshoe, Lindsay and Hann, Jessica and Hayward, Jake and Holroyd, Brian R and Lang, Eddy and Larson, Bonnie and Leonard, Ashley Jane and Persaud, Steven and Raghavji, Khalil and Sarin, Chris and Virani, Hakique and Wadsworth, Iskotoahka William and Whitman, Stacey and McLane, Patrick (2021) Opioid use disorder treatment disruptions during the early COVID-19 pandemic and other emergent disasters: a scoping review addressing dual public health emergencies. BMC Public Health , 21 , (1) , p. 1471.

Wilson, Jack and Mills, Katherine and Freeman, Tom P and Sunderland, Matthew and Visontay, Rachel and Marel, Christina (2021) Weeding out the truth: a systematic review and meta-analysis on the transition from cannabis use to opioid use and opioid use disorders, abuse or dependence. Addiction , Early online .

Ray, Wayne A and Chung, Cecilia P and Murray, Katherine T and Malow, Beth A and Daugherty, James R and Stein, C Michael (2021) Mortality and concurrent use of opioids and hypnotics in older patients: a retrospective cohort study. PLoS Medicine , 18 , (7) , e1003709. (Submitted)

Peter, Kelly and Hegarty, J and R, Dyer Kyle and O Donovan, A (2021) 'They don't actually join the dots': an exploration of organizational change in Irish opiate community treatment services. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , Early online , p. 108557. (In Press)

Au, Vivian Y O and Rosic, Tea and Sanger, Nitika and Hillmer, Alannah and Chawar, Caroul and Worster, Andrew and Marsh, David C and Thabane, Lehana and Samaan, Zainab (2021) Factors associated with opioid overdose during medication-assisted treatment: How can we identify individuals at risk? Harm Reduction Journal , 18 , (71) .

Berthézène, Cécile Dromard and Rabiller, Lise and Jourdan, Géraldine and Cousin, Béatrice and Pénicaud, Luc and Casteilla, Louis and Lorsignol, Anne (2021) Tissue regeneration: the dark side of opioids. International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 22 , (14) , p. 7336.

Herlinger, Katherine and Lingford-Hughes, Anne (2021) Opioid use disorder and the brain: a clinical perspective. Addiction , Early online .

Bradbury, Molly and Lewer, Dan (2021) Role of community drug and alcohol services in physical healthcare for people who use illicit opioids: a qualitative study of clinical staff in the UK. BMJ Open , 11 , e046577.

Lundgren, Lena and Padyab, Mojgan and Sandlund, Mikael H and McCarty, Denis (2021) Frequency and recency of non-medical opioid use and death due to overdose or suicide among individuals assessed for risky substance use: a national registry study in Sweden. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , Early online .

Schofield, Joe and Steven, Deborah and Foster, Rebecca and Matheson, Catriona and Baldacchino, Alexander and McAuley, Andrew and Parkes, Tessa (2021) Quantifying prescribed high dose opioids in the community and risk of overdose. BMC Public Health , 21 , (1) , p. 1174.

Taylor, Jessica L and Johnson, Samantha and Cruz, Ricardo and Gray, Jessica R and Schiff, Davida and Bagley, Sarah M (2021) Integrating harm reduction into outpatient opioid use disorder treatment settings: harm reduction in outpatient addiction treatment. Journal of General Internal Medicine .

López, Gabriela and Orchowski, Lindsay M and Reddy, Madhavi K and Nargiso, Jessica and Johnson, Jennifer E (2021) A review of research-supported group treatments for drug use disorders. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy , 16 , (1) , p. 51.

Crowley, Des and Cullen, Walter (2021) Caring for opioid drug users during the COVID-19 pandemic – a commentary on the Irish experience. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 23 , (3) .

Burton, Gillian and McAuley, Andrew and Schofield, Joe and Yeung, Alan and Matheson, Catriona and Parkes, Tessa (2021) A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of take-home naloxone (THN) ownership and carriage. International Journal of Drug Policy , Early online .

Cioffi, Camille C and DeGarmo, David S (2021) Improving parenting practices among fathers who misuse opioids: fathering through change intervention. Frontiers in Psychology , 12 , p. 683008.

Wood, Su and Foy, Robbie and Willis, Thomas A and Carder, Paul and Johnson, Stella and Alderson, Sarah (2021) General practice responses to opioid prescribing feedback: a qualitative process evaluation. The British Journal of General Practice , BJGP.2020 , (1117) .

Kurteva, Siyana and Abrahamowicz, Michal and Gomes, Tara and Tamblyn, Robyn (2021) Association of opioid consumption profiles after hospitalization with risk of adverse health care events. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (5) , e218782.

Seyler, Thomas and Giraudon, Isabelle and Noor, André and Mounteney, Jane and Griffiths, Paul (2021) Is Europe facing an opioid epidemic: what does European monitoring data tell us? European Journal of Pain , 25 , (5) , pp. 1072-1080.

McCarron, Peter and Smyth, Bobby P and Carroll, G and Glynn, Michael and Barry, Joseph and Whiston, L and Keenan, Eamon and Darker, Catherine D and Truszkowska, Edyta (2021) Patterns of new psychoactive substance use among opioid-dependent patients attending for opioid substitution treatment. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , Early online .

Prathivadi, Pallavi and Nielsen, Suzanne (2021) Should we be routinely co-prescribing naloxone for patients on long term opioids? The Medical Journal of Australia .

Jalali, Zahra and Khademalhosseini, Morteza and Soltani, Narjes and Esmaeili Nadimi, Ali (2021) Smoking, alcohol and opioids effect on coronary microcirculation: an update overview. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders , 21 , (1) , p. 185.

Degenhardt, Louisa and Hungerford, Phillip and Nielsen, Suzanne and Bruno, Raimondo and Larance, Briony and Clare, Philip J and Dobbins, Timothy and Hall, Wayne and Cohen, Milton and Blyth, Fiona and Lintzeris, Nicholas and Farrell, Michael and Campbell, Gabrielle (2021) Pharmaceutical opioid use patterns and indicators of extramedical use and harm in adults with chronic noncancer pain, 2012-2018. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (4) , e213059.

Moustaqim-Barrette, Amina and Dhillon, Damon and Ng, Justin and Sundvick, Kristen and Ali, Farihah and Elton-Marshall, Tara and Leece, Pamela and Rittenbach, Katherine and Ferguson, Max and Buxton, Jane A (2021) Take-home naloxone programs for suspected opioid overdose in community settings: a scoping umbrella review. BMC Public Health , 21 , (1) , p. 597.

Johnson, Kimberly and Hills, Holly and Ma, Jifeng and Brown, C Hendricks and McGovern, Mark (2021) Treatment for opioid use disorder in the Florida medicaid population: Using a cascade of care model to evaluate quality. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse , 47 , (2) , pp. 220-228.

Shanahan, Lilly and Hill, Sherika N and Bechtiger, Laura and Steinhoff, Annekatrin and Godwin, Jennifer and Gaydosh, Lauren M and Harris, Kathleen Mullan and Dodge, Kenneth A and Copeland, William E (2021) Prevalence and childhood precursors of opioid use in the early decades of life. JAMA Pediatrics , 175 , (3) , pp. 276-285.

Hennigan, K and Corrigan, E and Killeen, N and Keenan, E and Scully, M (2021) Response of tertiary addictions services to opioid dependence during the COVID-19 pandemic. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , Early online , pp. 1-14.

Linas, Benjamin P and Savinkina, Alexandra and Madushani, R W M A and Wang, Jianing and Eftekhari Yazdi, Golnaz and Chatterjee, Avik and Walley, Alexander Y and Morgan, Jake R and Epstein, Rachel L and Assoumou, Sabrina A and Murphy, Sean M and Schackman, Bruce R and Chrysanthopoulou, Stavroula A and White, Laura F and Barocas, Joshua A (2021) Projected estimates of opioid mortality after community-level interventions. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (2) , e2037259.

Volkow, Nora D and Blanco, Carlos (2021) Interventions to address the opioid crisis-modeling predictions and consequences of inaction. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (2) , e2037385.

Xu, Kevin Y and Presnall, Ned and Mintz, Carrie M and Borodovsky, Jacob T and Bhat, Nisha R and Bierut, Laura J and Grucza, Richard A (2021) Association of opioid use disorder treatment with alcohol-related acute events. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (2) , e210061.

Haran, Maeve and Kelly, John R and Kennedy, Liam and Hennigan, Kieran and Farid, Huma and Herteu, Cristina and Kreisel, Anna and Salehin, Shamus and O' Sullivan, Marie and Keating, Shay and Ivers, Jo-Hanna and Scully, Mike (2021) An audit of the cervical screening programme in the National Drug Treatment Centre (NDTC). Irish Journal of Medical Science , Early online .

Rosic, Tea and Naji, Leen and Panesar, Balpreet and Chai, Darren B and Sanger, Nitika and Dennis, Brittany B and Marsh, David C and Rieb, Launette and Worster, Andrew and Thabane, Lehana and Samaan, Zainab (2021) Are patients' goals in treatment associated with expected treatment outcomes? Findings from a mixed-methods study on outpatient pharmacological treatment for opioid use disorder. BMJ Open , 11 , (1) , e044017.

Griesler, Pamela C and Hu, Mei-Chen and Wall, Melanie M and Kandel, Denise B (2021) Assessment of prescription opioid medical use and misuse among parents and their adolescent offspring in the US. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (1) , e2031073.

Compton, Wilson M and Valentino, Rita J and DuPont, Robert L (2021) Polysubstance use in the U.S. opioid crisis. Molecular Psychiatry , 26 , (1) , pp. 41-50.

Ferraro, Claire F and Stewart, Daniel E and Grebely, Jason and Tran, Lucy T and Zhou, Shally and Puca, Carla and Hajarizadeh, Behzad and Larney, Sarah and Santo, Thomas and Higgins, Julian P T and Vickerman, Peter and Degenhardt, Louisa and Hickman, Matthew and French, Clare E (2021) Association between opioid agonist therapy use and HIV testing uptake among people who have recently injected drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction , 116 , (7) , pp. 1664-1676.

King, Caroline and Vega, Taylor and Button, Dana and Nicolaidis, Christina and Gregg, Jessica and Englander, Honora (2021) Understanding the impact of the SARS-COV-2 pandemic on hospitalized patients with substance use disorder. PLoS ONE , 16 , (2) , e0247951.

Eogan, Maeve and Gleeson, J and Ferguson, W and Jackson, V and Lawless, Marie and Cleary, Brian (2021) A decade of DOVE: multidisciplinary experience from an obstetrics addiction clinic. Irish Medical Journal , 114 , (5) , p. 352.

Santo, Thomas and Clark, Brodie and Hickman, Matt and Grebely, Jason and Campbell, Gabrielle and Sordo, Luis and Chen, Aileen and Tran, Lucy Thi and Bharat, Chrianna and Padmanathan, Prianka and Cousins, Grainne and Dupouy, Julie and Kelty, Erin and Muga, Roberto and Nosyk, Bohdan and Min, Jeong and Pavarin, Raimondo and Farrell, Michael and Degenhardt, Louisa (2021) Association of opioid agonist treatment with all-cause mortality and specific causes of death among people with opioid dependence: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Psychiatry , 78 , (9) , pp. 979-993.

Rice, Danielle and Corace, Kimberly and Wolfe, Dianna and Esmaeilisaraji, Leila and Michaud, Alan and Grima, Alicia and Austin, Bradley and Douma, Reuben and Barbeau, Pauline and Butler, Claire and Willows, Melanie and Poulin, Patricia A and Sproule, Beth A and Porath, Amy and Garber, Gary and Taha, Sheena and Garner, Gord and Skidmore, Becky and Moher, David and Thavorn, Kednapa and Hutton, Brian (2020) Evaluating comparative effectiveness of psychosocial interventions adjunctive to opioid agonist therapy for opioid use disorder: a systematic review with network meta-analyses. PLoS ONE , 15 , (12) , e0244401.

Crowley, Des and Homeniuk, Robyn and Delargy, Ide (2020) Scoping review protocol: the use of telemedicine in providing opioid agonist treatment and related psychosocial supports. BMJ Open , 10 , (12) , e040556.

Wilkinson, Rebecca and Hines, Lindsey and Holland, Adam and Mandal, Sema and Phipps, Emily (2020) Rapid evidence review of harm reduction interventions and messaging for people who inject drugs during pandemic events: implications for the ongoing COVID-19 response. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (1) , p. 95.

Xu, Kevin Y and Hartz, Sarah M and Borodovsky, Jacob T and Bierut, Laura J and Grucza, Richard A (2020) Association between benzodiazepine use with or without opioid use and all-cause mortality . JAMA Network Open , 3 , (12) , e2028557.

McHugh, R Kathryn (2020) The importance of studying sex and gender differences in opioid misuse. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (12) , e2030676.

Pahl, Adrienne and Young, Leslie and Buus-Frank, Madge E and Marcellus, Leonora and Soll, Roger (2020) Non‐pharmacological care for opioid withdrawal in newborns. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , 12 .

Richards, Georgia C and Aronson, Jeffrey K and Heneghan, Carl and Mahtani, Kamal R and Koshiaris, Constantinos and Persaud, Nav (2020) Relation between opioid consumption and inclusion of opioids in 137 national essential medicines lists. BMJ Global Health , 5 , (11) , e003563.

McGuire, Vivion (2020) Caring for opioid drug users during Covid-19: the Irish experience. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 75, Autumn 2020 , pp. 12-13.

Minozzi, Silvia and Amato, Laura and Jahanfar, Shayesteh and Bellisario, Cristina and Ferri, Marica and Davoli, Marina (2020) Maintenance agonist treatments for opiate dependent pregnant women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , (11) .

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. (2020) Opioids: risk of dependence and addiction. Drug Safety Update , 14 , (2) .

Palumbo, Sarah A and Adamson, Kayleigh M and Krishnamurthy, Sarathbabu and Manoharan, Shivani and Beiler, Donielle and Seiwell, Anthony and Young, Colt and Metpally, Raghu and Crist, Richard C and Doyle, Glenn A and Ferraro, Thomas N and Li, Mingyao and Berrettini, Wade H and Robishaw, Janet D and Troiani, Vanessa (2020) Assessment of probable opioid use disorder using electronic health record documentation. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (9) , e2015909.

Vold, Jørn Henrik and Aas, Christer and Skurtveit, Svetlana and Odsbu, Ingvild and Chalabianloo, Fatemeh and Reutfors, Johan and Halmøy, Anne and Johansson, Kjell Arne and Fadnes, Lars Thore (2020) Potentially addictive drugs dispensing to patients receiving opioid agonist therapy: a register-based prospective cohort study in Norway and Sweden from 2015 to 2017. BMJ Open , 10 , (8) , e036860.

Fischer, Benedikt (2020) Some notes on the use, concept and socio-political framing of 'stigma' focusing on an opioid-related public health crisis. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy , 15 , (54) , p. 54.

Jairam, Vikram and Yang, Daniel X and Verma, Vivek and Yu, James B and Park, Henry S (2020) National patterns in prescription opioid use and misuse among cancer survivors in the United States. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (8) , e2013605.

Thiemt, Britta (2020) Qualitative insights into pregabalin use among individuals in opioid agonist treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 74, Summer 2020 , pp. 12-14.

Thiemt, Britta (2020) Hepatitis C screening and care for opioid substitution patients in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 74, Summer 2020 , pp. 24-26.

Lyons, Suzi (2020) New clinical guidelines for management of opioid substitution in hospital setting. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 74, Summer 2020 , pp. 30-32.

Crowley, Des and Delargy, Ide (2020) A national model of remote care for assessing and providing opioid agonist treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic: a report. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (49) .

Ciapponi, Agustín (2020) Clinical question: For individuals with opiate use disorders, what are the effects of dihydrocodeine for detoxification? Cochrane Clinical Answers .

Shover, Chelsea L and Vest, Noel A and Chen, Derek and Stueber, Amanda and Falasinnu, Titilola O and Hah, Jennifer M and Kim, Jinhee and Mackey, Ian and Weber, Kenneth A and Ziadni, Maisa and Humphreys, Keith (2020) Association of State policies allowing medical cannabis for opioid use disorder with dispensary marketing for this indication. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (7) , e2010001.

Fomiatti, Renae and Farrugia, Adrian and Fraser, Suzanne and Dwyer, Robyn and Neale, Joanne and Strang, John (2020) Addiction stigma and the production of impediments to take-home naloxone uptake. Health: An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine , p. 1363459320925863.

Wallace, Bruce and van Roode, Thea and Pagan, Flora and Phillips, Paige and Wagner, Hailly and Calder, Shane and Aasen, Jarred and Pauly, Bernie and Hore, Dennis (2020) What is needed for implementing drug checking services in the context of the overdose crisis? A qualitative study to explore perspectives of potential service users. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (29) , p. 29.

Green, Traci C and Bratberg, Jeffrey and Finnell, Deborah S (2020) Opioid use disorder and the COVID 19 pandemic: a call to sustain regulatory easements and further expand access to treatment. Substance Abuse , 41 , (2) , pp. 147-149.

Vivolo-Kantor, Alana M and Hoots, Brooke E and Scholl, Lawrence and Pickens, Cassandra and Roehler, Douglas R and Board, Amy and Mustaquim, Desiree and Smith, Herschel and Snodgrass, Stephanie and Liu, Stephen (2020) Nonfatal drug overdoses treated in emergency departments - United States, 2016-2017. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 69 , (13) , pp. 371-376.

Tori, Marco E and Larochelle, Marc R and Naimi, Timothy S (2020) Alcohol or benzodiazepine co-involvement with opioid overdose deaths in the United States, 1999-2017. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (4 e202361) , e202361.

Jeffery, Molly Moore and Chaisson, Christine E and Hane, Christopher and Rumanes, Louis and Tucker, Jamie and Hang, Lillian and McCoy, Rozalina and Chen, Catherine L and Bicket, Mark C and Hooten, W Michael and Larochelle, Marc and Becker, William C and Kornegay, Cynthia and Racoosin, Judith A and Sanghavi, Darshak (2020) Assessment of potentially inappropriate prescribing of opioid analgesics requiring prior opioid tolerance. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (4 e202875) , e202875.

Mitchell, Caroline and Dolan, Neil and Dürsteler, Kenneth M (2020) Management of dependent use of illicit opioids. BMJ , 368 , (m710) , m710.

Oliva, Elizabeth M and Bowe, Thomas and Manhapra, Ajay and Kertesz, Stefan and Hah, Jennifer M and Henderson, Patricia and Robinson, Amy and Paik, Meenah and Sandbrink, Friedhelm and Gordon, Adam J and Trafton, Jodie A (2020) Associations between stopping prescriptions for opioids, length of opioid treatment, and overdose or suicide deaths in US veterans: observational evaluation. BMJ , 368 , (m283) , m283.

Worsham, Christopher M and Barnett, Michael L (2020) The role of the household in prescription opioid safety. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (3) , e201108.

Restar, Arjee J and Jin, Harry and Ogunbajo, Adedotun and Goedal, William C and Millett, Gregorio and Sherwood, Jennifer and Kuhns, Lisa and Reisner, Sari L and Garofalo, Robert and Mimiaga, Matthew J (2020) Prevalence and risk factors of nonmedical prescription opioid use among transgender girls and young women. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (3 e201015) .

Katzman, Joanna G and Takeda, Mikiko Y and Greenberg, Nina and Moya Balasch, Monica and Alchbli, Amal and Katzman, William G and Salvador, Julie G and Bhatt, Snehal R (2020) Association of take-home naloxone and opioid overdose reversals performed by patients in an opioid treatment program. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (2 e200117) , e200117.

Wakeman, Sarah and Larochelle, Marc R and Ameli, Omid and Chaisson, Christine and McPheeters, Jeffrey Thomas and Crown, William H and Azocar, Francisca and Sanghavi, Darshak M (2020) Comparative effectiveness of different treatment pathways for opioid use disorder. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (2: e1920622) .

Palmer, Anna and Scott, Nick and Dietze, Paul and Higgs, Peter (2020) Motivations for crystal methamphetamine-opioid co-injection/co-use amongst community-recruited people who inject drugs: a qualitative study. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (4) .

Carney, Tara and Van Hout, Marie Claire and Norman, Ian and Dada, SiphoKazi and Siegfried, Nandi and Parry, Charles DH (2020) Dihydrocodeine for detoxification and maintenance treatment in individuals with opiate use disorders. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , (2) .

Guille, Constance and Simpson, Annie N and Douglas, Edie and Boyars, Lisa and Cristaldi, Kathryn and McElligott, James and Johnson, Donna and Brady, Kathleen (2020) Treatment of opioid use disorder in pregnant women via telemedicine: a nonrandomized controlled trial. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (1 e1920177.) , e1920177.

Fleming, Taylor and Barker, Allison and Ivsins, Andrew and Vakharia, Sheila and McNeil, Ryan (2020) Stimulant safe supply: a potential opportunity to respond to the overdose epidemic. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (6) .

Weiner, Scott G and Baker, Olesya and Bernson, Dana and Schuur, Jeremiah D (2020) One-year mortality of patients after emergency department treatment for nonfatal opioid overdose. Annals of Emergency Medicine , 75 , (1) , pp. 13-17.

Daly, Caroline and Griffin, Eve and Corcoran, Paul and Webb, Roger T and Ashcroft, Darren M and Perry, Ivan J and Arensman, Ella (2020) A national case fatality study of drugs taken in intentional overdose. International Journal of Drug Policy , 76 , p. 102609.

Brennan, Rebekah and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2020) "Bursting the Lyrica bubble”: experiences of pregabalin use in individuals accessing opioid agonist treatment in Dublin, Ireland. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 22 , (6) , pp. 5-13.

Alexandridis, Apostolos A and Dasgupta, Nabarun and Ringwalt, Christopher L and Rosamond, Wayne D and Chelminski, Paul R and Marshall, Stephen W (2020) Association between opioid analgesic therapy and initiation of buprenorphine management: an analysis of prescription drug monitoring program data. PLoS ONE , 15 , (1 e0227350) , e0227350.

Hoots, Brooke and Vivolo-Kantor, Alana and Seth, Puja (2020) The rise in non-fatal and fatal overdoses involving stimulants with and without opioids in the United States. Addiction , 115 , (5) .

Allen, Bennett and Sisson, Laura and Dolatshahi, Jennifer and Blachman-Forshay, Jaclyn and Hurley, Ariel and Paone, Denise (2020) Delivering opioid overdose prevention in bars and nightclubs: a public awareness pilot in New York City. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice , 26 , (3) , pp. 232-235.

Magwood, Olivia and Salvalaggio, Ginetta and Beder, Michaela and Kendall, Claire and Kpade, Victoire and Daghmach, Wahab and Habonimana, Gilbert and Marshall, Zack and Snyder, Ellen and O'Shea, Tim and Lennox, Robin and Hsu, Helen and Tugwell, Peter and Pottie, Kevin (2020) The effectiveness of substance use interventions for homeless and vulnerably housed persons:  A systematic review of systematic reviews on supervised consumption facilities, managed alcohol programs, and pharmacological agents for opioid use disorder. PLoS ONE , 15 , (1 e0227298) , e0227298.

Yousefifard, Mahmoud and Vazirizadeh-Mahabadi, Mohammad Hossein and Neishaboori, Arian Madani and Alavi, Seyedeh Niloufar Rafiei and Amiri, Marzieh and Baratloo, Alireza and Saberian, Peyman (2020) Intranasal versus Intramuscular/Intravenous naloxone for pre-hospital opioid overdose: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Advanced Journal of Emergency Medicine , 4 , (2 e27) , e27.

Tyndall, Mark and Dodd, Zoë (2020) How structural violence, prohibition, and stigma have paralyzed north American responses to opioid overdose. AMA Journal of Ethics , 22 , (8) .

von Bernuth, Kira and Seidel, Peter and Krebs, Julia and Lehmann, Marc and Neumann, Britta and Konrad, Norbert and Opitz-Welke, Annette (2020) Prevalence of opioid dependence and opioid agonist treatment in the Berlin custodial setting: a cross-sectional study. Frontiers in Psychiatry , 11 , p. 794.

Harnett, Yvonne and Drakeford, Clive and Dunne, Lisa and McLoughlin, Declan M and Kennedy, Noel (2019) Physician, heal thyself: a cross-sectional survey of doctors’ personal prescribing habits. Journal of Medical Ethics , 46 , (4) , pp. 231-235.

Malta, Monica and Varatharajan, Thepikaa and Russell, Cayley and Pang, Michelle and Bonato, Sarah and Fischer, Benedikt (2019) Opioid-related treatment, interventions, and outcomes among incarcerated persons: a systematic review. PLoS Medicine , 16 , (12) , e1003002.

MacCleod, John and Steer, Colin and Tilling, Kate and Cornish, Rosie and Marsden, John and Millar, Tim and Strang, John and Hickman, Matthew (2019) Prescription of benzodiazepines, z-drugs, and gabapentinoids and mortality risk in people receiving opioid agonist treatment: observational study based on the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink and Office for National Statistics death records. PLoS ONE , 16 , (11) , e1002965.

Tsai, Alexander C and Alegría, Margarita and Strathdee, Steffanie A (2019) Addressing the context and consequences of substance use, misuse, and dependence: a global imperative. PLoS Medicine , 16 , (11) , e1003000.

Rehm, Jürgen and Crépault, Jean-François and Hasan, Omer S M and Lachenmeier, Dirk W and Room, Robin and Sornpaisarn, Bundit (2019) Regulatory policies for alcohol, other psychoactive substances and addictive behaviours: the role of level of use and potency. a systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 16 , (19) , p. 3749.

Clark, Brinton and Kai, Mari and Dix, Ryan and White, Jonathan and Rozenfeld, Yelena and Levy, Sheldon and Engstrom, Kathleen (2019) Association of a multimodal educational intervention for primary care physicians with prescriptions of buprenorphine for opioid use disorders. JAMA Network Open , 2 , (10) , e1913818.

Perry, Brea L and Yang, Kai Cheng and Kaminski, Patrick and Odabas, Meltem and Park, Jaehyuk and Martel, Michelle and Oser, Carrie B and Freeman, Patricia R and Ahn, Yong-Yeol and Talbert, Jeffery (2019) Co-prescription network reveals social dynamics of opioid doctor shopping. PLoS ONE , 14 , (10) , e0223849.

Horner, Gabrielle and Daddona, Jeff and Burke, Deirdre J and Cullinane, Judith and Skeer, Margie and Wurcel, Alysse G (2019) "You're kind of at war with yourself as a nurse": perspectives of inpatient nurses on treating people who present with a comorbid opioid use disorder. PLoS ONE , 14 , (10) , e0224335.

Galvin, Brian (2019) European drug trends 2019. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 70, Summer 2019 , pp. 8-9.

Kennelly, Helen (2019) Opioid dependence: buprenorphine prolonged-release injection (Buvidal). Drugnet Ireland , Issue 70, Summer 2019 , pp. 26-27.

Green, Katlyn and Cooke O'Dowd, Nora and Watt, Hilary and Majeed, Azeem and Pinder, Richard J (2019) Prescribing trends of gabapentin, pregabalin, and oxycodone: a secondary analysis of primary care prescribing patterns in England. BJGP Open , 3 , (3) .

Fairbairn, Nadia and Ross, Josey and Trew, Michael and Meador, Karine and Turnbull, Jeff and MacDonald, Scott and Oviedo-Joekes, Eugenia and Le Foll, Bernard and Goyer, Marie-Ève and Perreault, Michel and Sutherland, Christy (2019) Injectable opioid agonist treatment for opioid use disorder: a national clinical guideline. CMAJ , 191 , (38) .

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Kilmer, Beau and Taylor, Jirka and Caulkins, Jonathan P and Mueller, Pam A and Ober, Allison J and Pardo, Bryce and Smart, Rosanna and Strang, Lucy and Reuter, Peter (2018) Considering heroin-assisted treatment and supervised drug consumption sites in the United States. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2018) UNODC Integrated strategy on the global opioid crisis. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Faculty of Pain Medicine at the Royal College of Anaesthetists. (2018) Briefing statement to health professionals on the management of opioid medications. London: Royal College of Anaesthetists.

Health Protection Surveillance Centre. (2018) Drug-related bloodborne viruses in Ireland. Dublin: Health Protection Surveillance Centre.

Taha, Sheena (2018) Best practices across the continuum of care for the treatment of opioid use disorder. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Health Research Board. Irish National Focal Point to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Ireland: national report for 2017 - drugs. Dublin: Health Research Board.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) European drug report 2018 trends and developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Fentanils and synthetic cannabinoids: driving greater complexity into the drug situation. An update from the EU Early Warning System. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Public Health England. (2018) Guidance for local areas on planning to deal with fentanyl or another potent opioid. London: Public Health England.

Health Research Board. (2018) Drug treatment in Ireland NDTRS 2010 to 2016. Dublin: Health Research Board.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2018) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]cyclopropanecarboxamide (cyclopropylfentanyl). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2018) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: 2-methoxy-N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl) piperidin-4-yl]acetamide (methoxyacetylfentanyl). Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Abdulrahim, Dima and Bowden-Jones, Owen (2018) The misuse of synthetic opioids: harms and clinical management of fentanyl, fentanyl analogues and other novel synthetic opioids. Information for clinicians. London: NEPTUNE.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2018) Bulletin on narcotics. Alternative development: practices and reflections. Vienna: United Nations.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2018) Clinical guidance for treating pregnant and parenting women with opioid use disorder and their infants. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) The misuse of benzodiazepines among high-risk opioid users in Europe (perspectives on drugs). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

World Health Organization. (2018) Guidelines for the care and treatment of persons diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Hay, Gordon and Jaddoa, Ali and Oyston, Jane and Webster, Jane and Van Hout, Marie Claire and Rael dos Santos, Anderson (2017) Estimating the prevalence of problematic opiate use in Ireland using indirect statistical methods. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs and Alcohol.

Health Research Board. (2017) National Drug-Related Deaths Index 2004 to 2015 data. Dublin: Health Research Board.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Report on the risk assessment of N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]furan-2-carboxamide (furanylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Laboratory and Scientific Section, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2017) Recommended methods for the identification and analysis of fentanyl and its analogues in biological specimens. Manual for use by national drug analysis laboratories. Vienna: United Nations.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: methyl 1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-[phenyl(propanoyl) amino]piperidine-4-carboxylate (carfentanil). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

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Committee on Pain Management and Regulatory Strategies to Address Prescription Opioid Abuse. Bonnie, Richard J and Ford, Morgan A and Phillips, Jonathan K (2017) Pain management and the opioid epidemic: balancing societal and individual benefits and risks of prescription opioid use. Washington: National Academies Press.

US Department of Health and Human Services. Office on Women's Health.. (2017) Final report. Opioid use, misuse, and overdose in women. Washington: US Department of Health and Human Services.

Nielsen, Suzanne (2017) Frequently asked questions on opioid agonist treatment for pharmaceutical opioid dependence: an evidence summary. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

Cosford, Paul (2017) NHS Central Alert System: Evidence of harm from fentanyl-contaminated heroin. London: Department of Health.

Health Research Board. (2017) Drug treatment in Ireland 2009-2015. Dublin: Health Research Board.

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Ellerstrand, Jerisha and Ferrari, Alize J and Degenhardt, Louisa and Whiteford, Harvey and Leung, Janni (2017) A systematic review of the global prevalence of prescription opioid non-medical use with an estimate of prescription opioid dependence. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

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European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) Perspectives on drugs: opioid trafficking routes from Asia to Europe. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

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Gisev, Natasha and Larney, Sarah and Kimber, Jo and Burns, Lucy and Weatherburn, Don and Gibson, Amy and Dobbins, Tim and Mattick, Richard and Butler, Tony and Degenhardt, Louisa (2014) Determining the impact of opioid substitution therapy upon mortality and recidivism among prisoners: A 22 year data linkage study. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

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Meges, Daniel and Zevin, Barry and Cookson, Elizabeth and Bascelli, Lynda and Denning, Patt and Little, Jeannie and Doe-Simkins, Maya and Wheeler, Eliza and Whatlov-Phillips, Sue and Bhalla, Pooja and Nance, Michelle and Cobb, Gary and Tankanow, Jay and Williamson, James and Post, Patricia A (2014) Adapting your practice: recommendations for the care of homeless patients with opioid use disorders. Nashville: Health Care for the Homeless Clinicians' Network, National Health Care for the Homeless Council, Inc.

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(2013) Opioid overdose prevention toolkit. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

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Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. (2013) ACMD consideration of tramadol. London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs.

BMA Science and Education department and the Board of Science.. (2013) Drugs of dependence: The role of medical professionals. London: British Medical Association.

Create Consultancy. Fitzgerald, Niamh (2013) Evaluation of suboxone feasibility study in Ireland. Dublin: Department of Health.

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Public Health England. (2013) Commissioning treatment for dependence on prescription and over-the-counter medicines: a guide for NHS and local authority commissioners. London: Public Health England.

Faculty of Pain Medicine of the Royal College of Anaesthetists; the Royal College of General Practitioners; and the British Pain Society. (2013) Managing persistent pain in secure settings. London: Public Health England.

Pilling, Stephen and Hardy, Robert (2013) Review of the Dublin North City and County addiction service. Dublin: Psychological Interventions Research Centre and University College London.

Gesundheit Österreich Forschungs- und Planungs GmbH, Sogeti. Busch, Martin and Grabenhofer-Efferth, Alexander and Wiegl, Marion and Wirl, Charlotte (2013) Report on the current state of play of the 2003 Council Recommendation on the prevention and reduction of health-related harm, associated with drug dependence, in the EU and candidate countries. Vienna: European Commission.

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Recovery Orientated Drug Treatment Expert Group. (2012) Medications in recovery. Re-orientating drug dependence treatment. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.

Martyn, Michelle (2012) Drug and alcohol misuse among adult offenders. Findings from the drugs and alcohol survey 2011. Meath: Probation Service.

Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health. (2012) Opioid management practices for the prevention of drug diversion and misuse: a review of the clinical evidence and guidelines. Ottawa: CADTH.

International Narcotics Control Board. (2012) Narcotic drugs. Austria: International Narcotics Control Board.

Irish College of General Practitioners. (2012) Working with opiate users in community based primary care. Dublin: Irish College of General Practitioners.

Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. (2012) Statistics from the Northern Ireland Drug Misuse Database: 1 April 2011 – 31 March 2012. Belfast: Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety.

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. (2012) ACMD advice on O-desmethyltramadol. London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs.

Frisher, Martin and Baldacchino, Alex and Crome, Ilana and Bloor, Roger (2012) Preventing opioid overdoses in Europe: a critical assessment of known risk factors and preventative measures. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2012) EMCDDA Trendspotter study on fentanyl in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2012) Clinical drug testing in primary care. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2012) An introduction to extended-release injectable naltrexone for the treatment of people with opioid dependence. Dublin, Ohio: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Expert Group on the Regulatory Framework for products containing buprenorphine / naloxone and buprenorphine-only for the treatment of opioid dependence. (2011) Recommendations of the Expert Group on the Regulatory Framework for products containing buprenorphine / naloxone and buprenorphine-only for the treatment of opioid dependence. Dublin: Department of Health.

Ford, Chris and Halliday, Kate and Lawson, Euan and Browne, Elsa (2011) Guidance for the use of substitute prescribing in the treatment of opioid dependence in primary care. London: RCGP Substance Misuse Unit; RCGP Sex, Drugs and HIV Group; Substance Misuse Management in General Practice; The Alliance.

International Narcotics Control Board. (2011) Report of the International Narcotics Control Board on the availability of internationally controlled drugs: ensuring adequate access for medical and scientific purposes. New York: United Nations.

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World Health Organization. (2011) Ensuring balance in national policies on controlled substances: Guidance for availability and accessibility of controlled medicines. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University. (2011) A summary of the health harms of drugs. London: Department of Health & National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2011) The global Afghan opium trade: a threat assessment. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Hay, Gordon and Gannon, Maria and Casey, Jane and Millar, Tim (2011) Estimates of the prevalence of opiate use and/or crack cocaine use, 2009/10: Sweep 6 report. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.

(2011) Suboxone for short-term detoxification: a review of the clinical evidence. Ottowa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.

Handford, Curtis and Kahan, Meldon and Srivastava, Anita and Cirone, Sharon and Palda, Valerie (2011) Buprenorphine/Naloxone for opioid dependence: clinical practice guideline. Toronto: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2011) Annual report 2011: the state of the drugs problem in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Gannon, Maria and Hay, Gordon and McKell, Jennifer (2011) Research into methods and data sources for the estimation of prevalence of problematic opiate and cocaine use in Ireland. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Wong, Suzanne and Ordean, Alice and Kahan, Meldon (2011) Substance use in pregnancy. Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada.

UNODC Drug Prevention and Health Branch. (2011) Ensuring availability of controlled medications for the relief of pain and preventing diversion and abuse: Striking the right balance to achieve the optimal public health outcome. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Irish Pharmacy Union. (2010) Submission by the Irish Pharmacy Union to the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland on draft guidance for pharmacists on safe supply of non-prescription medicinal products containing codeine. Dublin: Irish Pharmacy Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2010) EMCDDA manuals no 6. Guidelines for testing HIV, viral hepatitis and other infections in injecting drug users. A manual for provider-initiated voluntary medical examination, testing and counselling. Luxembourg: The Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2010) Annual report 2010: the state of the drugs problem in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Health Service Executive. Social Inclusion Unit. Farrell, Michael and Barry, Joseph (2010) The introduction of the opioid treatment protocol. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

NIDA-SAMHSA Blending Initiative. (2010) Short-term opioid withdrawal using buprenorphine: findings and strategies from a NIDA Clinical Trials Network (CTN) study. Bethesda, MD: NIDA-SAMHSA Blending Initiative.

National Advisory Committee on Drugs. Kelly, Alan and Teljeur, Conor and Carvalho, Marlen (2009) Prevalence of opiate use in Ireland 2006: a 3-source capture recapture study. Dublin: Stationery Office.

UNAIDS, World Health Organization. (2009) AIDS epidemic update 2009. Geneva: UNAIDS; World Health Organization.

Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit. Carew, Anne Marie and Bellerose, Delphine and Lyons, Suzi and Long, Jean (2009) Trends in treated problem opiate use in Ireland, 2002 to 2007. HRB Trends Series 7. Dublin: Health Research Board.

World Health Organization. (2009) Guidelines for the psychosocially assisted pharmacological treatment of opioid dependence. Geneva: World Health Organizaton Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse.

Kenny, Pauline and Swan, Amy and Berends, Lynda and Jenner, Linda and Hunter, Barbara and Mugavin, Janette (2009) Alcohol and other drug withdrawal: practice guidelines. Victoria: Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre.

Health Service Executive South. O'Mahony Carey, Sinead (2008) A guide to substance misuse for medical professionals. Tipperary: Health Service Executive.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2008) European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) Annual report 2008: the state of the drugs problem in Europe. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Office. (2008) Drug and alcohol withdrawal clinical practice guidelines - NSW. Sydney: NSW Department of Health.

Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Office. (2008) Nursing & midwifery clinical guidelines - identifying & responding to drug & alcohol issues. Sydney: New South Wales Department of Health.

Humeniuk, Rachel and Dennington, V and Ali, R (2008) The effectiveness of a brief intervention for illicit drugs linked to the alcohol, smoking and substance involvement screening test (ASSIST) in primary health care settings: a technical report of phase iii findings of the WHO ASSIST randomized controlled trial. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul (2007) ROSIE Findings 2: summary of 1-year outcomes: detoxification modality. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul (2007) ROSIE Findings 3: summary of 1-year outcomes: abstinence modality. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul (2007) ROSIE Findings 4: summary of 1-year outcomes: methadone modality. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2007) European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) Annual report 2007: the state of the drugs problem in Europe. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. (2007) Drug misuse: opioid detoxification. London: NICE.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. (2007) Methadone and buprenorphine for the management of opioid dependence. London: NICE.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. (2007) Naltrexone for the management of opioid dependence. London: NICE.

Moore, Timothy (2007) Monograph no. 14: Working estimates of the social costs per gram and per user for cannabis, cocaine, opiates and amphetamines. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

National Centre for Pharmacoeconomics. (2007) Economic evaluation of the use of Suboxone for opiate addiction. Dublin: National Centre for Pharmacoeconomics.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. (2007) Drug misuse in over 16s: psychosocial interventions. London: NICE.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul and Cronly, Jennifer (2006) ROSIE Findings 1: summary of 1-year outcomes. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Ford, Chris and Barnard, Jim and Bury, Judy and Carnwath, Tom and Gerada, Claire and Joyce, Alan and Keen, Jenny and Lowe, Chris and Nelles, Bill and Roberts, Kay and Sander-Hess, Carola and Schofield, Penny and Scott, Jenny and Watson, Richard and Wolff, Kim (2005) Guidance for the use of methadone for the treatment of opioid dependence in primary care. London: Royal College of General Practioners.

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2005) Medication-assisted treatment for opioid addiction in opioid treatment programs. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

RCGP Drug & Alcohol Misuse Training Programme, RCGP Sex, Drugs and HIV Task Group, SMMGP. (2004) Guidance for the use of buprenorphine for the treatment of opioid dependence in primary care. London: Royal College of General Practitioners.

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Kelly, Alan and Carvalho, Marlen and Teljeur, Conor (2003) A 3-source capture recapture study of the prevalence of opiate use in Ireland 2000 to 2001: key findings summary tables. Dublin: Department of Community Health & General Practice, Trinity College Dublin.

Furey, Maeve and Browne, Colm (2003) Opiate use and related criminal activity in Ireland 2000 & 2001. Templemore: Garda Research Unit.

National Advisory Committee on Drugs, Trinity College Dublin. Department of Community Health and General Practice. Small Area Research Unit. Kelly, Alan and Carvalho, Marlen and Teljeur, Conor (2003) Prevalence of opiate use in Ireland 2000-2001: a 3-source capture recapture study. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

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Webpage

Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. (2021) Drug related deaths in Northern Ireland, 2009-2019. URL: https://www.nisra.gov.uk/news/drug-related-deaths-...

BMJ. (2021) BMJ Best practice. URL: https://bestpractice.bmj.com/specialties/18/Psychi...

National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction. (2021) Standardised alcohol & other drug (AOD) screening & withdrawal tools. URL: https://aodscreening.flinders.edu.au/about-collect...

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2020) Drug misuse overview. URL: http://pathways.nice.org.uk/pathways/drug-misuse

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Online policy and practice briefings: Older people with problematic opioid use. URL: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/best-practice/briefing...

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Online policy and practice briefings: Reducing opioid-related deaths. URL: https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/best-practice/briefin...

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Online policy and practice briefings: Tackling opioid dependence. URL: https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/best-practice/briefin...

FactSheet

HRB National Drugs Library. (2021) Factsheet: Opiates - the Irish situation. Dublin: HRB National Drugs Library.

Public Health England. (2021) ASSIST-Lite screening tool: how to use.

Correlation – European Harm Reduction Network. (2020) Drug consumption rooms. Amsterdam: Correlation – European Harm Reduction Network.

World Health Organization. (2020) Opioid overdose. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Be Smart. Be Safe.. (2019) Home truths. Are you aware of the drugs that are all around us? Dublin: Be Smart. Be Safe.

Adley, Mark (2018) DrugWatch information sheet: Tramadol. UK & Ireland DrugWatch.

Mid America ATTC. (2018) Prescription opioids and heroin patient education. Kansas: Addiction Technology Transfer Center Network.

Adley, Mark (2017) DrugWatch information sheet: Fentanyls. UK & Ireland DrugWatch.

Drugs.ie. (2017) Pregabalin factsheet. Dublin: drugs.ie.

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Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Committee of Public Accounts Debate - vote 21 - prisons. (17 Jan 2019)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debates. Written answers 325, 326, 327 & 328 - Medicinal products regulation [6693/18]. (13 Feb 2018)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 200 - substance misuse [30343/17] [Fentanyl]. (28 Jun 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 236 - Misuse of drugs [23886/17] [Fentanyl]. (18 May 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 36 - Prescriptions data [Opioids and sedatives] [37968/16]. (01 Dec 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answers 663, 664, 665, 666 - Drug treatment programmes [Buprenorphine-naloxone & services] [24091/16, 24092/16, 24094/16, 24093/16]. (21 Jul 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 301 - Long-term illness scheme [Naltrexone] [4809/16]. (22 Mar 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 761 - medicinal products availability. [30578/15] [Buprenorphine]. (22 Sep 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 376 - Medicinal products availability [19728/15] [Suboxone]. (19 May 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 183. Drug treatment programmes [9638/15] [Buprenorphine]. (05 Mar 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 11 - Drugs-related deaths [8033/15]. (25 Feb 2015)

Book

Nutt, David and Nestor, Liam (2018) Addiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press .

Teesson, Maree and Hall, Wayne and Proudfoot, Heather and Degenhardt, Louisa (2012) Addictions. Clinical psychology: a modular course. Routledge .

Abraha, Iosief and Cusi, Cristina (2012) Alcohol and drug misuse: a Cochrane handbook. Wiley-Blackwell .

Levinthal, Charles F (2011) Drugs, behavior, and modern society. Boston: Allyn and Bacon .

Rassool, G Hussein (2010) Addiction for nurses. Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell .

Shapiro, Harry (2010) The media guide to drugs: key facts and figures for journalists. London: Drugscope .

Gordon, Adam J (2010) Physical illness and drugs of abuse. A review of the evidence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press .

Robson, Philip (2009) Forbidden drugs. Oxford: Oxford University Press .

Levinthal, Charles F (2008) Drugs, behavior, and modern society. Boston ; London: Pearson, Allyn & Bacon .

Kuhn, Cynthia and Swartzwelder, Scott and Wilson, Wilkie (2008) Buzzed: the straight facts about the most used and abused drugs from alcohol to ecstasy. New York: W.W. Norton .

Maisto, Stephen A and Galizio, Mark and Connors, Gerard J (2008) Drug use and abuse. Wadsworth .

Goodman, Jordan and Lovejoy, Paul E and Sherratt, Andrew, eds. (2007) Consuming habits: global and historical perspectives on how cultures define drugs. London: Routledge .

Gracer, Richard I (2007) A new prescription for addiction. Subutex, Prometa, Vivitrol, and Campral - the revolutionary new treatments for alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamine, and prescription drug addiction. USA: Elite Books .

Strain, Eric C and Stitzer, Maxine L, eds. (2006) The treatment of opioid dependence. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press .

Dalrymple, Theodore (2006) Romancing opiates: pharmacological lies and the addiction bureaucracy. New York: Encounter Books .

Wills, Simon (2005) Drugs of abuse. London: Pharmaceutical Press .

Frances, Richard R and Miller, Steve and Mack, Avram H, eds. (2005) Clinical textbook of addictive disorders. New York: Guilford .

Kraus, Ludwig and Korf, Dirk, eds. (2005) Research on drugs and drug policy from a European perspective : selected readings from the 15th International Conference of the European Society for Social Drug Research (ESSD). Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers .

Edwards, Griffith (2005) Matters of substance : drugs : is legalization the right answer - or the wrong question? London: .

Winger, Gail and Woods, James H and Hofmann, Frederick G (2004) A handbook on drug and alcohol abuse: the biomedical aspects. Oxford: Oxford University Press .

Hulse, Gary, ed. (2004) Alcohol and drug problems: a case studies workbook. Oxford: Oxford University Press .

Brick, John, ed. (2004) Handbook of the medical consequences of alcohol and drug abuse. New York: Haworth Press .

Blachford, Stacey L and Krapp, Kristine, eds. (2003) Drugs and controlled substances: information for students. Farmington Hills MI: Gale .

Neale, Joanne (2003) Drug users in society. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan .

Gahlinger, Paul M (2002) Illegal drugs : a complete guide to their history, chemistry, use and abuse. Sagebrush Medical Guides Salt Lake City: Sagebrush .

Musto, David F., ed. (2002) Drugs in America: a documentary history. New York: New York University Press .

Hanson, Glen R and Venturelli, Peter J and Fleckenstein, Annette E (2002) Drugs and society. Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett .

Kintz, Pascal and Marquet, Pierre, eds. (2002) Buprenorphine therapy of opiate addiction. Totowa: Humana Press .

Teesson, Maree and Degenhardt, Louisa and Hall, Wayne (2002) Addictions. Clinical psychology: a modular course Hove: Psychology Press .

Courtwright, David T (2002) Dark paradise: a history of opiate addiction in America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press .

Stocco, Paolo and DeFazio, Laura and Carvalho, Marlen and Lopis, Juan Jóse and Facy, Francoise and Mariani, Evelyne and Legl, Thomas and Castillo, Agurtzane and Rebollida, Montse (2002) Women and opiate addiction: a European perspective. Palma de Mollorca: IREFREA .

Ray, Oakley and Ksir, Charles (2002) Drugs, society and human behavior. Philadelphia PA: McGraw-Hill Education .

Karch, Steven B (2002) Karch's pathology of drug abuse. Boca Raton Fl.: CRC Press .

Davenport-Hines, Richard (2001) The pursuit of oblivion, a global history of narcotics 1500-2000. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson .

Goldstein, Avram (2001) Addiction: from biology to drug policy. New York: Oxford University Press .

Meyers, Robert J and Miller, William R, eds. (2001) A community reinforcement approach to addiction. International Research Monographs in the Addiction Cambridge: Cambridge University Press .

Hodgson, Barabara (2001) In the arms of morpheus: the tragic history of laudanum, morphine, and patent medicines. Buffalo: Firefly Books .

Julien, Robert M (2001) A primer of drug action: a concise, nontechnical guide to the actions, uses, and side effects of psychoactive drugs. New York: WH Freeman and Company .

Patricio, Luis and Duran, Domingos (2001) Exploratory study on opiate substitution in Europe. Portugal: ERIT. Federation of European Professionals Working in the Field of Drug Abuse .

Preston, Andrew and Malinowski, Andy (2000) The detox handbook: a user's guide to getting off opiates. Dorset: Exchange Publicatons .

Berridge, Virginia (1999) Opium and the people: opiate use and drug control policy in nineteenth and early twentieth century England. London: Free Association .

Ward, Jeff and Mattick, Richard P and Hall, Wayne, eds. (1998) Methadone maintenance treatment and other opioid replacement therapies. Sydney: Harwood Academic Publishers .

Friedman, Lawrence S and Fleming, Nicholas F and Roberts, David H and Hyman, Steven E, eds. (1996) Sourcebook of substance abuse and addiction. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins .

Balster, Robert L and Kuhar, Machael J and Schuster, Charles R, eds. (1996) Pharmacological aspects of drug dependence: toward an integrated neurobehavioral approach. Handbook of experimental pharmacology; v. 118 Berlin: Springer .

Wonnacott, S and Lunt, GG, eds. (1993) Neurochemistry of drug dependence. Biochemical Society symposia; no. 59 London: Portland .

Charleton, Peter (1986) Controlled drugs and the criminal law. Dublin: An Cló Liúir .

Flynn, Sean and Yeates, Padraig (1985) Smack: the criminal drugs racket in Ireland. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan .

Book Section

Horn, Danielle B and Sizemore, Daniel C and Vu, Ly and Porter, Burdett R and Sarantopoulos, Konstantinos. (2021) Responsible controlled substance and opioid prescribing. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing .

Research Project

A capture-recapture study to estimate the prevalence of problem-opiate use in Ireland (2015 – 2019).

Conference or Workshop Item

Farren, Conor Kevin (2005) Opiate treatment and benzodiazapines: treatment options. In: The 6th Conference on the Management of Drug Users in the Primary Care Setting, 12 March 2005, St. James' Hospital Trinity Centre, Dublin.

Keenan, Eamon (2002) Methadone maintenance treatment in an Irish context. In: Debating Public Policies on Drugs and Alcohol, 26 September 2002, Addiction Research Centre, Trinity College Dublin.

Thesis

Murphy, Emma Louise (2012) Modelling methadone treatment outcomes for opiate use. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Dempsey, Orla (2011) Developing and implementing models for the prevalence, incidence and geographic spread of opiate use in Ireland. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Video

Gilliver, Rosie (2020) How to identify and respond to an opioid overdose. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

Dataset

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2021) EMCDDA statistical bulletin 2021.

Teaching Resource

Statspearl. (2021) StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing.

OST Good Practice Programme Working Group, Public Health England. (2021) BOOST: an elearning programme on opioid substitution treatment (OST) for drug treatment and recovery workers. London: Health Education England eLearning for Healthcare.

News

[Department of Health] Minister Feighan says HRB Drug Treatment Data for 2020 highlights importance of health-led response to drug and alcohol use. (20 Jul 2021)

[Health Research Board] Health Research Board compares the Irish drug situation with the rest of Europe. (22 Sep 2020)

[Health Research Board] HRB reports continued increase in cocaine treatment. (09 Jul 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Treatment for cocaine trebles in just six years. (09 Jul 2020)

[Independent.ie] , O'Sullivan, Kathleen Hooked on painkillers: farming's hidden addiction. (11 Mar 2020)

[thejournal.ie] , Burke, Ceimin Keeping opioid dependents in methadone treatment for longer saves lives, study finds. (21 Feb 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Michael, Neil Researchers who quizzed kids about cannabis didn't ask about Class A drugs. (23 Jan 2020)

[Irish Times] , Muldoon, Orla Let’s recognise this: Ireland has a drug problem. (19 Dec 2019)

[Health Research Board] HRB report sharp rise in cocaine treatment. (07 Nov 2019)

[Irish Examiner] 7,600 people receive opioid-substitution treatment in first six months of 2019. (10 Sep 2019)

[Irish Examiner] Let’s declare an opioid emergency - Mind-altering narcotics. (17 May 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Ireland near top for opioid deaths as number of fatalities increase. (16 May 2019)

[Health Research Board] Drug treatment in Ireland: HRB publishes latest figures. (17 Apr 2019)

[Evening Echo] , Murphy, Ann Opium seized for the first time as harder drugs reemerge in Cork. (03 Nov 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , McDermott, Stephen The rise of opiates: How Ireland's 'broken' health service is behind a surge in prescription painkillers. (13 Sep 2018)

[Irish Sun] , Higgins, Adam SAFER CITY Ireland is set to open first ever safe injecting clinic – here former drug awareness campaigner Tony Geoghegan discusses future of drug services in country. (12 Sep 2018)

[Medical Independent] , Cahill, Niamh Call for opioid antidote to be available without prescription. (09 Aug 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Halpin, Hayley One in every five young adult deaths in the US is related to opioids. (02 Jun 2018)

[Health Research Board] HRB publishes latest drug treatment figures for Ireland 2010 – 2016. (29 May 2018)

[Evening Echo] , McGuinness, Grainne Cork opioid ‘epidemic’. (06 Apr 2018)

[Medical Independent] 40 babies admitted for drug withdrawal treatment. (08 Feb 2018)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor ‘Broken’ health care system to blame for huge rise in opioid use, say GPs. (05 Feb 2018)

[Independent.ie] , Horan, Niamh Antidote action plan to tackle drug more deadly than heroin. (29 Jan 2018)

[Department of Health] Minister Byrne welcomes results of study on problem opiate use in Ireland highlighting a reduction in the number of young people commencing opiate use. (22 Dec 2017)

[Health Research Board] Health Research Board publish latest drug-related deaths figures. (12 Dec 2017)

[EMCDDA] Furanylfentanyl to be placed under control across the EU. (15 Nov 2017)

Press Association. [Independent.ie] Donald Trump declares US opioid crisis a nationwide emergency. (27 Oct 2017)

[RTE News] Special report: The US opioid epidemic. (20 Oct 2017)

[Belfast Telegraph] , Leonard, Victoria Drug Fentanyl 100 times more powerful than morphine is killer, warns Northern Ireland coroner. (22 Sep 2017)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mudiwa, Lloyd Fully managing north inner city Dublin’s opioid epidemic. (08 Sep 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Hennessy, Michelle Scientists are using painkiller-addicted fish to develop new treatments for addicts. (27 Aug 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Fears that potent drug fentanyl may take hold in Ireland. (08 Aug 2017)

[Irish Times] , Breslin, John Narcan: The Irish weapon in America’s drugs war. (08 Aug 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Duffy, Ronan Calls for a heroin 'overdose antidote' to be made more available to addicts' families. (25 Jul 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Ireland's drug problem: rise of killer synthetic opioids. (07 Jun 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Ni Aodha, Grainne Drug 100 times more potent than morphine being mixed with heroin and cocaine. (31 May 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Forensic scientists detect 27 new recreational drugs. (17 May 2017)

[Irish Times] , Clarke, Vivienne More people dying from opioid overdoses than crashes. (12 May 2017)

[Health Research Board] HRB publishes latest figures on treated drug use in Ireland 2009 – 2015. (11 May 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Halpin, Hayley The number of people seeking treatment over cocaine use at highest since 2010. (11 May 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Injecting centre reports ‘off the mark’ says senior gardaí. (06 Feb 2017)

[United Nations Information Service] International Narcotics Control Board recommends international control of two fentanyl precursors. (02 Feb 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Sullivan, Claire Headshops may have gone away but deadly ‘designer’ drugs are still easily available. (19 Jan 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Ryan, Orla Gardaí given new powers to test drivers for drugs at roadside. (21 Dec 2016)

[Health Research Board] Health Research Board publish latest drug-related deaths figures. (13 Dec 2016)

[The Irish News] , Madden, Andrew Major hike in people given emergency help for heroin overdose with Naloxone drug [Northern Ireland]. (10 Oct 2016)

[Irish Mirror] , Barrie, Joshua The prescription drug killing nearly as many people as cocaine. (07 Oct 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Awareness campaign about lethal drug 600 times stronger than morphine. (30 Jul 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Gardaí and health officials brace for more deaths from synthetic heroin. (29 Jul 2016)

[thejournal.ie] Heroin deaths on the rise in Ireland for the first time in four years. (14 Dec 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Clinic implants State’s first opiate ‘blocker’. (06 Sep 2015)

[thejournal.ie] Behind every overdose there is a family that is suffering. (31 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Shanahan, Catherine Third of students use legal drugs to ‘get high’. (28 Aug 2015)

[Medical Independent] , Cahill, Niamh Students using prescription medications to ‘get high’. (27 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Opiate death risk warning. (25 Aug 2015)

[Irish Medical Times] European opioid users are ‘ageing cohort’. (11 Jun 2015)

[Health Research Board] New report reveals the latest drug trends in Europe. (Jun 2015)

[Irish Medical Times] ED interventions can improve treatment for opioid dependence. (12 May 2015)

[Irish Medical Times] , Culliton, Gary Opioid antagonist project planned. (29 Jan 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , McDonald, Brian Treatment for ‘benzos’ addiction soars. (29 Aug 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Halloran, Georgina Drugs found in 38% of homicide victims. (25 Aug 2014)

[Irish Medical Times] , Culliton, Gary Synthetic drugs problem ‘complex’. (12 Jun 2014)

[Health Research Board] New report reveals the latest drug trends in Europe: HRB compares situation in Ireland with European findings. (27 May 2014)

[thejournal.ie] Former UK drugs advisor to speak at ”dream drug” heroin treatment centre. (23 Apr 2014)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mudiwa, Lloyd Moves to enhance drug treatment services. (09 Apr 2014)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mudiwa, Lloyd Detox unit invites referrals. (11 Dec 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Ó Fátharta, Conall Drug and alcohol abuse by nurses exposed. (20 Aug 2013)

Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit. [Health Research Board] New report reveals the latest drug trends in Europe. (28 May 2013)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mudiwa, Lloyd Drug specialist alleges inaction on drug abuse. (04 May 2012)

[thejournal.ie] Pharmacists express concern over addiction to pain relief. (01 May 2012)

[Health Research Board] New report reveals the latest drug trends across Europe. (15 Nov 2011)

[Irish Medical Times] , Connors, Aoife The hub and spoke model (Opioid Treatment Review). (03 Jun 2011)

[Irish Medical Times] , Pinjon, Emmanuelle Opioid misuse. (02 Dec 2010)

Irish Medical Times. [Irish Medical Times] Opioid addiction is like other chronic relapsing conditions. (26 Aug 2010)

Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit. [Health Research Board] HRB reports latest trends in treated opiate and cocaine use across Ireland. (03 Sep 2009)

This list was generated on Wed Oct 20 04:07:11 2021 IST.