Home > Opiate dependence and pregnancy: 20-year follow-up study.

Whitty, M and O'Connor, JJ (2007) Opiate dependence and pregnancy: 20-year follow-up study. Psychiatric Bulletin , 31 , pp. 450-453.

URL: http://pb.rcpsych.org/cgi/reprint/31/12/450

This study examined the 20-year outcome of 55 women who were pregnant and using opiates in 1985 and were attending the Drug Treatment Centre Board in Dublin. We established outcome across a number of variables, including mortality, psychiatric and physical morbidity, psychosocial functioning, ongoing drug misuse and outcome of offspring.

At 20-year follow-up 29 women (53%) were deceased; HIV accounted for 17 deaths (59%). Those who were alive at follow-up displayed high rates of unemployment (84%) and of illicit substance misuse (74%), and most were dependent on state-subsidised accommodation (78%). Mortality was higher in our group than in other long-term follow-up samples. These findings suggest that such participants and their offspring require intensive long-term support and treatment.

Item Type:Article
Page Range:pp. 450-453
Publisher:Royal College of Psychiatrists
Keywords:Dublin, high-risk group, morbidity, opiates, pregnancy as a life event, pregnant female
Accession Number:HRB 1654 (Electronic Only)
Subjects:E Concepts in biomedical areas > Pregnancy
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland > Dublin
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health services, substance use research
B Substances > Opioids (opiates)

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