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European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2023) Health and social responses to drug problems: a European guide 2021.

External website: https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/health-a...

The Health and social responses to drug problems: a European guide 2021 was developed to support practitioners and policymakers in tackling the negative consequences of drug use. The guide is composed of four sets of miniguides that look at responses to a range of drug problems in Europe. Framing the miniguides are two central resources: an action framework for developing responses and a set of strategies for successful implementation. Several spotlights frame issues cross-cutting the different components.

Action framework for developing and implementing health and social responses to drug problems.
The action framework introduced here will help to clarify current thinking about the response process and the factors to take into account at each stage. This will be of particular interest to those planning health and social policy or interventions to address drug problems, but can equally apply to responses at the individual level.

Patterns of use
Miniguides considering problems from the perspective of particular patterns of drug use and the specific substances that are of concern.


Miniguides considering responses to particular drug-related harms that are of concern in many EU countries.


An important factor that can influence drug use, the problems that may be associated with use and the selection of appropriate responses is the setting in which use occurs.



Item Type
Publication Type
Irish-related, International, Guideline, Report, Web Resource
Drug Type
Substances (not alcohol/tobacco), Cannabis, CNS depressants / Sedatives, CNS stimulants, Cocaine, Inhalents and solvents, Opioid, New psychoactive substance, Prescription/Over the counter
Intervention Type
General / Comprehensive, Drug therapy, Treatment method, Prevention, Harm reduction, Psychosocial treatment method, Rehabilitation/Recovery, Screening / Assessment, Policy
July 2023
Corporate Creators
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Place of Publication

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