Home > Effect of integrating HIV and addiction care for non-engaging HIV-infected opiate-dependent patients.

Kinahan, J C and Surah, S and Keating, S and Bergin, C and Mulcahy, F and Lyons, F and Keenan, E (2016) Effect of integrating HIV and addiction care for non-engaging HIV-infected opiate-dependent patients. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 185 , (3) , pp. 623-628.

BACKGROUND: HIV-positive substance dependent patients contribute disproportionally to HIV morbidity and mortality as a result of poor compliance with their HIV treatment. For HIV-positive opiate-dependent patients integrating HIV and addiction care improves HIV morbidity but the effect on addiction morbidity is not known.

AIMS: This study aims to establish if integrating HIV and addiction care has a significant effect on addiction and HIV morbidity for non-engaging HIV-positive opiate-dependent patients.

METHODS: Patients attending the National Drug Treatment Centre who had disengaged from their HIV treatment in St James's Hospital were recruited to receive HIV care integrated into their methadone maintenance programme. Outcome was investigated in terms of urine toxicology (opiates, cocaine, cannabis and amphetamines); adherence to methadone; proportion receiving directly observed antiretroviral therapy; proportion HIV virally suppressed; and the CD4 cell count.

RESULTS: No significant change in substance use or methadone adherence was demonstrated in the 19 recruited participants. There was a significant increase in the proportion receiving directly observed antiretroviral therapy, and in the CD4 cell count.

CONCLUSION: Integration of HIV and addiction care optimises the physical health of non-engaging HIV-positive opiate-dependent patients with no substantial effect on their methadone maintenance programme.


Item Type:Article
Date:2016
Page Range:pp. 623-628
Publisher:Springer
Volume:185
Number:3
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Available)
Subjects:B Substances > Opioids (opiates)
B Substances > Opioids (opiates) > Opioid product > Methadone
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > HIV
HJ Treatment method > Substance disorder treatment method > Substance replacement method (substitution) > Methadone maintenance
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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