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European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2013) Drug-related infectious diseases. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

URL: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/themes/key-indicators/...

This key indicator collects data on the extent of infectious diseases — primarily HIV, hepatitis C and hepatitis B infection — among people who inject drugs (injecting drug users or IDUs). The data is collected from IDUs each calendar year using two main methods. These are: (a) surveys of IDUs that include serological testing and (b) the monitoring of routine diagnostic testing for HIV, hepatitis C and hepatitis B infection among IDUs. These two sources are the most useful as they can provide data on the proportion of those tested who are infected (i.e. prevalence).

Repeated collection of data over time allows examination of trends in prevalence, whilst collection of data from young or new users can provide an insight into current levels of transmission (i.e. incidence). In addition to the prevalence data, data on case reports of new diagnosis, such as data from national HIV case reporting and notification systems of hepatitis B and C, also provides useful information. The collection of infectious diseases data is undertaken by the EMCDDA in close collaboration with the EU Member States and the ECDC and WHO. Guidance on how this data should be collected has been produced by the EMCDDA. In addition, the data can be used to generate indirect estimates of the incidence, prevalence and trends in drug injecting (see the EMCDDA key indicator on problem drug use).


Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Guideline
Drug Type:Alcohol or other drugs in general
Intervention Type:AOD disorder harm reduction
Date:2013
Publisher:European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Corporate Creators:European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Place of Publication:Lisbon
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Subjects:G Health and disease > Pathologic process > Inflammation or infection
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > HIV
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Substance use prevention > Substance use harm reduction
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health related prevention > Health information and education > Communicable disease control > HIV prevention
VA Geographic area > Europe

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