Home > Cross-sectional study on the need to provide contraceptive services to women attending opioid-substitution therapy.

Olioff, J and O'Shea, T and Horan, A and Naughton, AM and O'Brien, D (2019) Cross-sectional study on the need to provide contraceptive services to women attending opioid-substitution therapy. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 21 , (4) , pp. 27-34.

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Background. Women with opioid use disorders who have unintended pregnancies face unique challenges. A common strategy for preventing unintended pregnancies among these women is to increase their use of long acting reversible contraception (LARC), especially the implant and intrauterine device. This study aimed to assess the pregnancy history, contraceptive use and access to contraceptive services of women attending Cork-Kerry Community Healthcare (CKCH) for opioid replacement therapy. The need for a contraceptive service within the Addiction Services at CKCH was evaluated.

 

Methods. The study utilized a cross-sectional survey administered by healthcare providers to 39 women, ages 18-50, attending CKCH for opioid replacement therapy. Descriptive statistics were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics Data Editor.

 

Results. 79.5% of participants had unintended pregnancies, and 23% had 3 or more unintended pregnancies. Of the participants’ children, 35% lived with their mother, 37% lived in care, and 24% lived with another family member. 31% of participants reported never having used LARC. 18% of participants reported never having received information on pregnancy prevention and 21% reported never having received information on STI prevention. 92% of participants reported that they would use a contraceptive service if it were provided within the addiction services at CKCH.

 

Conclusions. This study highlights the need to increase contraceptive services for women attending CKCH for opioid replacement therapy. Addiction services are ideal locations to also access contraceptive services because service-users already attend these clinics frequently for treatment, and thus have continuity of care with healthcare providers.

Item Type:Article
Date:2019
Page Range:pp. 27-34
Publisher:European Opiate Addiction Treatment Association
Volume:21
Number:4
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Subjects:B Substances > Opioids (opiates)
E Concepts in biomedical areas > Pregnancy
T Demographic characteristics > Pregnant woman
T Demographic characteristics > Child of person who uses substances
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland > Cork
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland > Kerry

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