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GBD 2016 Alcohol and Drug Use Collaborators. (2018) The global burden of disease attributable to alcohol and drug use in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet. Psychiatry , Early online .

Galvin, Brian (2018) European drug trends 2018. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 66, Summer 2018 , pp. 1-4.

Bourke, J and Murphy, A and Flynn, D and Kells, M (2018) Borderline personality disorder: resource utilisation costs in Ireland. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , Early online .

Millar, Sean (2018) New estimates of problem opiate use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 64, Winter 2018 .

Dillon, Lucy (2018) Rethinking the response to cannabis use. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 64, Winter 2018 , p. 24.

Gulati, G and Keating, N and O'Neill, A and Delaunois, I (2018) The prevalence of major mental illness, substance misuse and homelessness in Irish prisoners: systematic review and meta-analyses. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , Early online .

Higgins, Kathryn and McLaughlin, Aisling and Perra, Oliver and McCartan, Claire and McCann, Mark and Percy, Andrew and Jordan, Julie-Ann (2018) The Belfast Youth Development Study (BYDS): A prospective cohort study of the initiation, persistence and desistance of substance use from adolescence to adulthood in Northern Ireland. PLoS ONE , 13 , (5) , e0195192.

Hynes, F and Kilbride, K and Fenton, J (2018) A survey of mental disorder in the long-term, rough sleeping, homeless population of inner Dublin. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , Early online , pp. 1-4.

Millar, Sean (2018) Factors associated with alcohol involvement in suicide and self-harm in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 65, Spring 2018 , pp. 8-9.

Guiney, Ciara (2018) Beyond Greentown: children’s involvement in criminal networks. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 65, Spring 2018 , pp. 21-22.

Owens, Patrick W and Lynch, Noel P and O'Leary, Donal P and Lowery, Aoife J and Kerin, Michael J (2018) Six-year review of traumatic brain injury in a regional trauma unit: demographics, contributing factors and service provision in Ireland. Brain Injury , 32 , (7) , pp. 900-906.

Reinhard, Erica and Layte, Richard and McCrory, Cathal and Panico, Lidia and Avendano, Mauricio (2018) The great recession and the health of young children: a fixed-effects analysis in Ireland. American Journal of Epidemiology , 187 , (7) , pp. 1438-1448.

Najeeb, N and Halawani, M and McElvaney, NG and Doyle, F (2018) Prevalence of smoking and provision of smoking cessation advice during hospitalization. Irish Medical Journal , 111 , (9) .

Burns, Annette and Lucey, James V and Strawbridge, Judith and Clancy, Luke and Doyle, Frank (2018) Prospective study of provided smoking cessation care in an inpatient psychiatric setting. Journal of Psychosomatic Research , 115 , pp. 24-31.

Barsties, Lisa S and Walsh, Sophie D and Huijts, Tim and Bendtsen, Pernille and Molcho, Michal and Buijs, Thomas and Vieno, Alessio and Elgar, Frank J and Stevens, Gonneke WJM (2017) Alcohol consumption among first- and second-generation immigrant and native adolescents in 23 countries: Testing the importance of origin and receiving country alcohol prevalence rates. Drug and Alcohol Review , 36 , (6) , pp. 769-778.

Dillon, Lucy (2017) Report from Blanchardstown’s drugs and alcohol trends monitoring system. Drugnet ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , pp. 19-20.

Lynn, Therese (2017) Cannabis use in Ireland within the European context. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , pp. 20-21.

Millar, Sean (2017) Trends in alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use among school-aged children in Ireland, 1998—2014. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , pp. 26-27.

Stokes, Siobhan (2017) Increase in cocaine use among OST patients. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , pp. 28-30.

Galvin, Brian (2017) European drug trends 2017. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , pp. 1-4.

Holton, Alice E and Gallagher, Paul and Fahey, Tom and Cousins, Gráinne (2017) Concurrent use of alcohol interactive medications and alcohol in older adults: a systematic review of prevalence and associated adverse outcomes. BMC Geriatrics , 17 , (1) , p. 148.

Millar, Sean (2017) Drug, alcohol and tobacco use among general population in Irish RDATF areas. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 61, Spring 2017 , p. 8.

Millar, Sean (2017) Alcohol, tobacco and illicit substance use among 17‒18-year-olds in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 61, Spring 2017 , p. 10.

Millar, Sean (2017) Results from fourth general population survey on illicit drug use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 60, Winter 2017 , pp. 1-5.

Millar, Sean (2017) Sixth ESPAD survey report published. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 60, Winter 2017 , pp. 10-11.

Smyth, Bobby P and Lyons, Suzi and Cullen, Walter (2017) Decline in new psychoactive substance use disorders following legislation targeting headshops: Evidence from national addiction treatment data. Drug and Alcohol Review , 36 , (5) , pp. 609-617.

Larkin, Celine and Griffin, Eve and Corcoran, Paul and McAuliffe, Carmel and Perry, Ivan J and Arensman, Ella (2017) Alcohol Involvement in suicide and self-harm. Crisis , 38 , (6) , pp. 413-422.

Fitzgibbon, Wendy and Healy, Deirdre (2017) Lives and spaces: Photovoice and offender supervision in Ireland and England. Criminology & Criminal Justice .

Dillon, Lucy (2016) Global Drugs Survey 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 59, Autumn 2016 , p. 11.

Galvin, Brian (2016) European drug trends 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 58, Summer 2016 , pp. 12-13.

McGuire, Vivion (2016) Drug and alcohol trends in Blanchardstown. Drugnet ireland , Issue 58, Summer 2016 , p. 14.

Curtin, Margaret (2016) Frequent attenders at a Dublin inner-city emergency department. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 58, Summer 2016 , p. 18.

Pike, Brigid (2016) Health in Ireland: key trends 2015. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 57, Spring 2016 , pp. 13-15.

O'Gorman, Aileen (2016) Chillin, buzzin, getting mangled, and coming down: Doing differentiated normalisation in risk environments. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 23 , (3) , pp. 247-254.

Galway, Karen and Gossrau-Breen, Diana and Mallon, Sharon and Hughes, Lynette and Rosato, Michael and Rondon-Sulbaran, Janeel and Galway, Karen (2016) Substance misuse in life and death in a 2-year cohort of suicides. The British Journal of Psychiatry , 208 , (3) , pp. 292-297.

Mounteney, Jane and Griffiths, Paul and Sedefov, Roumen and Noor, Andre and Vicente, Julian and Simon, Roland (2016) The drug situation in Europe: an overview of data available on illicit drugs and new psychoactive substances from European monitoring in 2015. Addiction , 111 , (1) , pp. 34-48.

Mongan, Deirdre (2016) Health behaviour in school-aged children, 2014. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 56, Winter 2016 , pp. 14-16.

Arensman, Ella and Bennardi, Marco and Larkin, Celine and Wall, Amanda and McAuliffe, Carmel and McCarthy, Jacklyn and Williamson, Eileen and Perry, Ivan J (2016) Suicide among young people and adults in Ireland: method characteristics, toxicological analysis and substance abuse histories compared. PLoS ONE , 11 , (11) , e0166881.

Coyle, Ciaran and Bramham, Jessica and Dundon, Neil and Moynihan, Manus and Carr, Alan (2016) Exploring the positive impact of peers on adolescent substance misuse. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse , 25 , (2) , pp. 134-143.

Galvin, Brian (2015) New report reveals the latest drug trends in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 55, Autumn 2015 , pp. 1-4.

Wallace, Vivienne and Doorley, Ethne and Wallace, Donal and Hollywood, Brid (2015) Close practice encounters of the teenage kind. Forum , 32 , (4) , pp. 12-14.

O'Kelly, F and Manecksha, RP and O'Flynn, K and Quinlan, DM and Speakman, M and Thornhill, JA (2015) Rates of self-reported burnout amongst urologists in Ireland and the United Kingdom-a comparative cohort study. European Urology , 14 , (2) .

Harley, M and Connor, D and Clarke, MC and Kelleher, I and Coughlan, H and Lynch, F and Fitzpatrick, C and Cannon, M (2015) Prevalence of Mental Disorder among young adults in Ireland: a population based study. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 32 , (Special issue 1) , pp. 79-91.

Babineau, Kate and Taylor, Keishia and Clancy, Luke (2015) Electronic cigarette use among Irish youth: a cross sectional study of prevalence and associated factors. PLoS ONE , 10 , (5) , e0126419.

Tuite, Helen and Horgan, M and Mallom, PWG and McConkey, SJ and Mooka, B and Mulcahy, F and Walsh, C and O'Hora, Aidan and O'Flanagan, D and Bergin, C and Fleming, C (2015) Patients accessing ambulatory care for HIV-infection: epidemiology and prevalence assessment. Irish Medical Journal , 108 , (7) .

El Ansari, Walid and Vallentin-Holbech, Lotte and Stock, Christiane (2015) Predictors of illicit drug use among university students in Northern Ireland, Wales and England. Global journal of health science , 7 , (4) , pp. 18-29.

Curtin, Margaret (2014) Polydrug use in Ireland: 2010/11 survey results. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 51, Autumn 2014 , p. 14.

Garavan, Carrie and Long, Jean and Lyons, Suzi (2014) Prevalence of drug use and blood-borne viruses in Irish prisons, 2011. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 50, Summer 2014 , pp. 7-11.

Galvin, Brian (2014) Annual review of the drug situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 50, Summer 2014 , pp. 12-13.

Curtin, Margaret (2014) Cocaine use in Ireland: 2010/11 survey results. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 50, Summer 2014 , p. 15.

Ter Bogt, Tom F M and de Looze, Margreet and Molcho, Michal and Godeau, Emmanuelle and Hublet, Anne and Kokkevi, Anna and Kuntsche, Emmanuel and Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse and Franelic, Iva Pejnovic and Simons-Morton, Bruce and Sznitman, Sharon and Vieno, Alessio and Vollebergh, W and Pickett, William (2014) Do societal wealth, family affluence and gender account for trends in adolescent cannabis use? A 30 country cross-national study. Addiction , 109 , (2) , pp. 273-283.

OhAiseadha, Coilin and Killeen, M and Howell, Fenton and Saunders, Jean (2014) An audit of smoking prevalence and awareness of HSE smoking cessation services among HSE Staff. Irish Medical Journal , 107 , (4) .

Ryan, H and Ryan, S (2014) Increasing incidence of hepatitis C among intravenous drug users in HSE Mid-West. NIHS Research Bulletin , 7 , (1) , p. 32.

O’Cinneide Cullen, C and Mannix McNamara, Patricia (2014) An exploration into the prevalence of alcohol use and the values, beliefs and needs of adolescents who engage in regular alcohol use within the Limerick and North Tipperary regions. NIHS Research Bulletin , 7 , (1) , 40 p..

Horgan, Justine (2013) Extent and patterns of cannabis use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 47, Autumn 2013 , pp. 5-6.

Pike, Brigid (2013) 2013 UN world drug report. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 47, Autumn 2013 , p. 12.

Keane, Martin (2013) Profile of attendees at MQI health promotion unit. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 47, Autumn 2013 , pp. 30-31.

Pike, Brigid (2013) Healthy Ireland – implementation matters. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 46, Summer 2013 , pp. 15-16.

Onikoyi-Deckon, A and Smyth, Bobby P (2013) Use of new psychoactive substances among teenagers attending a specialized adolescent addiction service in Dublin, before and after a legislative ban on their sale. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 182 , (Supplement 4) , S135-S136.

Condron, Ita (2013) Substance misuse in the eastern counties of HSE South. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 45, Spring 2013 , p. 13.

Connolly, Johnny (2013) Investigating the links between substance misuse and crime. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 45, Spring 2013 , p. 15.

Moore, Joan (2013) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 45, Spring 2013 , p. 20.

Horgan, Justine and Long, Jean (2013) Use of sedatives or tranquillisers and anti-depressants in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 44, Winter 2012 , pp. 1-3.

Galvin, Brian (2013) Monitoring centre report reveals latest drug trends in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 44, Winter 2012 , pp. 4-5.

Mongan, Deirdre (2013) Prevalence of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 44, Winter 2012 , p. 6.

Vuolo, Mike (2013) National-level drug policy and young people's illicit drug use: A multilevel analysis of the European Union. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 131 , (1-2) , pp. 149-156.

Cooper, Richard J (2013) Over-the-counter medicine abuse – a review of the literature. Journal of Substance Use , 18 , (2) , pp. 82-107.

Montanari, Linda and Pasinetti, Manuala and Guarita, Bruno and Royuela, Luis and Mulligan, Kobie and Vicente, Julian and Klempova, Danica and Pirona, Alessandro and Gyarmathy, Anna (2013) Stimulant use among clients entering drug treatment in Europe. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 20 , (1) , pp. 48-55.

Barrio, Gregorio and Montanari, Linda and Bravo, Maria and Guarita, Bruno and de La Fuente, Luis and Pulido, Jose and Vicente, Julian (2013) Trends of heroin use and heroin injection epidemics in Europe: findings from the EMCDDA treatment demand indicator (TDI). Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , 45 , (1) , pp. 19-30.

Galvin, Brian (2013) Annual review of the drug situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 46, Summer 2013 , pp. 5-6.

Lally, John and Higaya, Emam-El and Nisar, Zafer and Bainbridge, Emma and Hallahan, Brian (2013) Prevalence study of head shop drug usage in mental health services. The Psychiatrist Online , 37 , (2) , pp. 44-48.

Long, Jean (2012) Fifth ESPAD survey report published. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 43, Autumn 2012 , pp. 23-24.

Martyn, Michelle (2012) Drug and alcohol misuse among adult offenders on probation supervision: Findings from the drugs and alcohol survey 2011. Irish Probation Journal , 9 .

Lyons, Suzi (2012) Drug misuse in the south eastern counties of HSE South. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 42, Summer 2012 , p. 15.

Galvin, Brian (2012) 2011 report on the drugs situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , pp. 5-6.

Long, Jean (2012) Results from the third general population survey in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , pp. 6-8.

Stokes, Siobhan (2012) Quantitative evidence of a heroin drought. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , pp. 21-23.

Thornton, Lelia and Murphy, N and Jones, L and Connell, J and Dooley, S and Gavin, S and Hunter, K and Brennan, A (2012) Determination of the burden of hepatitis C virus infection in Ireland. Epidemiology and Infection , 140 , (8) , pp. 1461-1468.

Gilmore, Ian (2012) Editorial. Drug policy debate is needed. BMJ , 344:e2381 .

Long, Jean and Horgan, Justine (2012) Drug use among the general population, by regional drugs task force area. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 43, Autumn 2012 , pp. 24-27.

Connolly, Johnny (2012) Drugs in prisons. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 43, Autumn 2012 , pp. 31-32.

Van Hout, Marie Claire (2011) Assimilation, habitus and drug use among Irish Travellers. Critical Public Health , 21 , (2) , pp. 203-220.

Mewton, S and Slade, T and McBride, Orla and Grove, R and Teesson, Maree (2011) An evaluation of the proposed DSM-5 alcohol use disorder criteria using Australian national data. Addiction , 106 , (5) , pp. 941-950.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Brennan, Rebekah (2011) Plant food for thought: A qualitative study of mephedrone use in Ireland. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 18 , (5) , pp. 371-381.

Bellerose, Delphine (2011) Benzodiazepine use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 36, Winter 2010 , pp. 1-3.

Lyons, Suzi (2011) Older drug users in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 36, Winter 2010 , pp. 6-7.

Long, Jean (2011) Smoking, alcohol and illicit drug use among Travellers. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 36, Winter 2010 , p. 9.

Galvin, Brian (2011) 2010 report on the drugs situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 36, Winter 2010 , p. 11.

Long, Jean (2011) Substance use among students in Cork. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 36, Winter 2010 , p. 21.

Moore, Joan (2011) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 37, Spring 2011 , p. 28.

Houghton, Frank and Keane, Niall and Murphy, N and Houghton, S and Dunne, C (2011) 12 month prevalence of drug use among third-level students in Limerick City. Irish Medical Journal , 104 , (5) .

Dempsey, Orla and Comiskey, Catherine (2011) Estimating the incidence of hidden, untreated opiate use. Mathematical Population Studies , 18 , (3) , pp. 172-188.

Houghton, Frank and Keane, N and Murphy, N and Houghton, S and Dunne, C (2011) Cannabis use among third-level students in Limerick city. NIHS Research Bulletin , 6 , (1) .

Long, Jean (2010) Drug tests in Irish prisons. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 35, Autumn 2010 , p. 24.

O'Connor, MB and O'Connor, C and Saunders, SA and Sheehan, C and Murphy, E and Horgan, M and Carr, A and Cooper, DA (2010) Substance use among HIV patients. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 179 , (3) , pp. 467-468.

Cahill, E and Byrne, M (2010) Alcohol and drug use in students attending a student health centre. Irish Medical Journal , 103 , (8) , pp. 230-233.

McCrystal, Patrick and Percy, Andrew (2010) Patterns of substance use among young people attending colleges of further education in Northern Ireland. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 18 , (1) , pp. 69-76.

McBride, Orla and Adamson, Gary (2010) Are subthreshold alcohol dependence symptoms a risk factor for developing DSM-IV alcohol use disorders? A three-year prospective study of 'diagnostic orphans' in a national sample. Addictive Behaviors , 35 , (6) , pp. 586-592.

Lyons, Suzi (2009) Drug use: an overview of general population surveys in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 31, Autumn 2009 , p. 29.

Van Hout, Marie Claire (2009) An illustrative picture of Irish youth substance use. Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education , 53 , (1) , pp. 7-14.

Long, Jean (2009) Cannabis use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 29, Spring 2009 , pp. 7-9.

Keane, Martin (2009) Substance use in the Traveller community in the WRDTF area. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 30, Summer 2009 , pp. 11-12.

Keane, Martin (2009) Substance use in new communities in the WRDTF area. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 30, Summer 2009 , pp. 12-13.

Van Hout, Marie Claire (2009) An exploratory study of substance use among Irish youth: a service providers perspective. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse , 8 , (1) , pp. 99-111.

Long, Jean (2008) Drug use in the general population, 2006/7: repeat survey. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 25, Spring 2008 , pp. 15-17.

Long, Jean (2008) Drug use among the general population in regional drugs task force areas. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 26, Summer 2008 , pp. 5-7.

Pike, Brigid (2008) UN assesses progress in tackling world drug problem. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 26, Summer 2008 , pp. 25-26.

Donovan, Anne Marie and Connolly, Johnny (2008) Crack cocaine in the Dublin region. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 28, Winter 2008 , pp. 3-4.

Galvin, Brian (2008) 2008 report on the drugs problem in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 28, Winter 2008 , pp. 6-7.

Galvin, Brian (2007) 2007 report on the drugs problem in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 24, Winter 2007 , pp. 18-19.

Long, Jean and Reynolds, Siobhan (2007) New data on drug use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 22, Summer 2007 , p. 2.

Bones, Jonathan and Thomas, Kevin V and Paul, Brett (2007) Using environmental analytical data to estimate levels of community consumption of illicit drugs and abused pharmaceuticals. Journal of Environmental Monitoring , 9 , (7) , pp. 701-707.

Comiskey, Catherine and Saris, A. Jamie and Pugh, Julian (2007) Estimating the prevalence of opiate use in Ireland and the implications for the criminal justice system. Probation Journal , 54 , (1) , pp. 22-35.

Enright, Frances and Boyle, Therese and Murphy, J (2007) Babies behind bars; an Irish perspective. Irish Medical Journal , 100 , (1) , pp. 327-328.

McHugh, JC and Murph, RP and Sobocki, P (2007) Cost of Disorders of the Brain in Ireland. Irish Medical Journal , 100 , (7) , pp. 518-521.

Sinclair, Hamish (2006) Estimating the true prevalence of drug use in the population. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 18, Summer 2006 , pp. 6-7.

Long, Jean (2006) New information on cocaine use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 17, Spring 2006 , pp. 7-8.

Naji, N and McLoughlin, F and Connell, O and Clancy, Luke (2006) Smoking profile of non-consultant hospital doctors. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 175 , (1) , pp. 29-31.

Sinclair, Hamish (2005) Monitoring new trends in drug use. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 14, Summer 2005 , p. 18.

Sinclair, Hamish (2004) The geographical distribution of drug use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 11, June 2004 , p. 7.

Flanagan, E and Bedford, Declan and O'Farrell, Anne and Browne, Colm and Howell, F (2004) Smoking, alcohol & illicit drug use among young people in a health board region in 1997 and 2002: a comparative study. Irish Medical Journal , 97 , (8) , pp. 230-4.

Comiskey, Catherine (2003) Young people, drug use and early school leaving: estimating the prevalence, assessing the impact and assisting policy and planning. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy , 10 , (2) , pp. 159-168.

Choi, YH and Comiskey, Catherine (2003) Methods for providing the first prevalence estimates of opiate use in Western Australia. International Journal of Drug Policy , 14 , (4) , pp. 297-305.

Wiessing, Lucas and Augustin, R and Uhl, Alfred and Kummler, P and Kraus, L and Frischer, Martin (2003) Estimating prevalence of problem drug use at national level in countries of the European Union and Norway. Addiction , 98 , (4) , pp. 471-485.

Hearne, Ronan and Connolly, Anita and Sheehan, John (2002) Alcohol abuse: prevalence and detection in general hospital. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine , 95 , (2) , pp. 84-87.

Hevey, David and Stack, Katriona and Cahill, Alison and Newton, Helen and Horgan, John J (2002) Rates of smoking in the households of cardiac patients. Journal of Cardiovascular Risk , 9 , (5) , pp. 271-274.

O'Brien, S and Sinclair, Hamish and Soni, S and O'Dowd, Tom and Thomas, D (2001) Trends in alcohol consumption in undergraduate third level students: 1992-1999. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 170 , (4) , pp. 224-227.

Comiskey, Catherine (2001) Methods for estimating prevalence of opiate use as an aid to policy and planning. Substance Use & Misuse , 36 , (1&2) , pp. 131-150.

Comiskey, Catherine and Barry, Joseph (2001) A capture-recapture study of the prevalence and implications of opiate use in Dublin. European Journal of Public Health , 11 , (2) , pp. 198-200.

O'Gorman, Aileen (1998) Illicit drug use in Ireland: An overview of the problem and policy responses. Journal of Drug Issues , 28 , (1) , pp. 155-166.

Bosio, P and Keenan, Eamon and Gleeson, R and Dorman, Arthur and Clarke, T and Darling, M and O'Connor, John J (1997) The prevalence of chemical substance and alcohol abuse in an obstetric population in Dublin. Irish Medical Journal , 90 , (4) , pp. 149-150.

Fox, MJ (1997) Changes in drug abuse in Ireland. Journal of the Institute of Chemistry of Ireland , 11 , (1) , pp. 22-24.

O'Neill, Therese and Fitzgerald, Michael and McGee, Hannah (1991) Use of alcohol and other drugs by mothers and children attending a child psychiatric clinic. Irish Journal of Psychiatry , 12 , (2) , pp. 3-5.

Schofield, A. (1991) The prevalence of alcoholism in an Irish general hospital. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 8 , (1) , pp. 33-36.

Hartnoll, Richard and Avico, A and Ingold, FR and Lange, K and Lenke, L and O'Hare, Aileen and de Roij-Motshagen, A (1989) A multi-city study of drug misuse in Europe. Bulletin on Narcotics , 41 , (1) , pp. 3-27.

O'Mahony, Paul (1984) A survey of drug abusers in Irish prisons. Prison Information Bulletin , 3 , pp. 11-14.

O'Rourke, A and Wilson-Davis, K and Gough, Cora (1971) Smoking, drugs and alcohol in Dublin secondary schools. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 140 , (5) , pp. 230-241.

Walsh, Dermot (1966) Amphetamine dependence in Dublin. Journal of the Irish Medical Association , 58 , (347) , p. 161.

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[Evening Echo] , Murphy, Ann Opium seized for the first time as harder drugs reemerge in Cork. (03 Nov 2018)

[RTE News] , Kenny, Aisling Crack cocaine now more commonly abused than heroin, says drugs service. (02 Nov 2018)

[Irish Examiner] 80,000 people quit smoking in three years. (24 Oct 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Ni Aodha, Grainne There are more people who drink, smoke and have illnesses in deprived areas. (23 Oct 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , MacNamee, Garreth Drug dealing criminals using bookmakers' online accounts to stash money. (19 Oct 2018)

[Health Research Board] Survey to determine the prevalence of the use of illict drugs, alcohol, prescription drugs and gambling in the general population. (19 Oct 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , Fogarty, James 45,000 severe pathological gamblers in Ireland, warns addiction expert. (08 Oct 2018)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Most children in youth detention centre had lost at least one parent. (28 Sep 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , Shanahan, Catherine Study challenges Ireland's reputation as big drinkers. (27 Sep 2018)

[Irish Independent] , O'Regan, Eilish Irish teens drinking less but still among the worst in Europe. (27 Sep 2018)

[Irish Independent] , Donnelly, Katherine No room for complacency despite success of campaigns. (27 Sep 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , McDermott, Stephen From Colombian cartels to grow-houses in Galway: where do Ireland's illegal drugs come from? (16 Sep 2018)

[Irish Times] , Holland, Kitty Political leaders urged to show ‘bravery’ to tackle drugs, homelessness. (14 Sep 2018)

[Herald.ie] , Larkin, Laura 'No magic wand to wave at drugs problem' - Byrne. (14 Sep 2018)

[Department of Health] Drugs survey reveals that levels of recent drug use has risen slightly. (14 Sep 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Brennan, Cianan Drugs in Ireland - what did we take before, what are we taking now? (10 Sep 2018)

[Irish Times] , Lally, Conor Drug crime rises in Dublin amid surge in consumption. (05 Sep 2018)

[Health Research Board] Press release. Alcohol treatment in Ireland: HRB publishes latest figures for 2016. (30 Aug 2018)

[Irish Medical Times] , Doyle, Peter Alcohol remains Ireland’s main problem drug. (30 Aug 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Halpin, Hayley Bed bugs, used needles and rat droppings - life inside homeless accommodation. (27 Aug 2018)

[Irish Independent] Dr Ciara Kelly: Ireland has a drink problem of collective denial. (13 Aug 2018)

[Belfast Telegraph] Northern Ireland hospital deals with 170 drug overdoses in two months - Two dead from heroin in last few days. (10 Aug 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Hennessy, Michelle and Brophy, Daragh High uptake of sterile crack pipes in response to surge in use of drug in Dublin. (22 Jul 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Duffy, Ronan Confused about CBD? Here's what you need to know about Ireland and the cannabis-based remedy. (21 Jul 2018)

[Alcohol Action Ireland] 10 Good Reasons to retain a warning that is intended to inform the public of the direct link between alcohol and fatal cancers. (20 Jun 2018)

Health Research Board. HRB compares the Irish drug situation with the rest of Europe. (07 Jun 2018)

[EMCDDA] EMCDDA: resurgence of cocaine in a dynamic drug market. (07 Jun 2018)

[Irish Times] , McMahon, Aine Drug addiction expert says cocaine abuse back at boom-time levels. (04 Jun 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Crack-cocaine use surging in Dublin city centre. (04 Jun 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , Ryan, Conor Local projects report abuse of benzos. (31 May 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac 70% rise in treatment for cocaine since 2012. (30 May 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Prisoners are more prone to drug use and psychosis. (21 May 2018)

[Hot Press] Global Drug Survey '18: Herbal cannabis remains Ireland's illicit drug of choice. (10 May 2018)

[Morning Ireland] Survey examines harm that someone's drinking has on those around them. (16 Apr 2018)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Mark Steroid abuse rises sharply amongst middle-aged men. (01 Jan 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac ‘High’ heroin use by young in regional cities. (30 Dec 2017)

[Independent.ie] , Schiller, Robin Drug probe as €3,000 of cocaine seized at Dublin army barracks after tip-off. (27 Dec 2017)

[Department of Health] Minister Byrne welcomes results of study on problem opiate use in Ireland highlighting a reduction in the number of young people commencing opiate use. (22 Dec 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Murray, Sean 'While the rest of us are looking forward at this time of year, they're feeling the dread and the anxiety'. (21 Dec 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Sharp rise in number of drug users in treatment using cocaine. (06 Dec 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , MacNamee, Garreth €200 million spent a year: How Ireland's recreational drug users are keeping the cartels in business. (12 Nov 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Ryan, Orla Ireland fares poorly on alcohol use, child sex abuse and suicide rate. (13 Sep 2017)

[Independent.ie] , Begley, Ian Homelessness 'making addiction crisis worse'. (08 Sep 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Woods, Killian Ryanair wants UK airports to restrict alcohol sales after a spike in boozy travellers. (15 Aug 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Fears that potent drug fentanyl may take hold in Ireland. (08 Aug 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , McKinney, CJ FactCheck: Has the rate of illegal drug use increased most among young Irish people? (26 Jul 2017)

[Independent.ie] , Casey, Patricia [Opinion] When will we call time on pregnant women drinking in Ireland? (25 Jul 2017)

[Irish Times] , Purcell, Jennifer Opinion. Of course millennials take drugs but we’re not stupid. (24 Jul 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Callaghan, Helen Tranquilliser trap: the pain of pill addiction. (21 Jul 2017)

Editorial. [Irish Times] Drugs and alcohol: putting health centre-stage. (20 Jul 2017)

[Independent.ie] , Doyle, Kevin Midwives with special skills are needed 'to help alcoholic mothers-to-be'. (17 Jul 2017)

[Department of Health] Taoiseach launches “Reducing Harm, Supporting Recovery – a health led response to drug and alcohol use in Ireland 2017-2025”. (17 Jul 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Crack cocaine in Ireland: The rise of an ugly drug. (08 Jul 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , Ni Chonchuir, Sharon Addictive legal drugs taken for medical purposes are leading to chronic problems. (01 Jul 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Brennan, Cianan Ireland's teen suicide rate is the fourth highest in the EU. (19 Jun 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Ryan, Orla Even moderate drinking can damage your brain, new research says. (07 Jun 2017)

[Health Research Board] HRB compares the Irish drug situation with the rest of Europe. (06 Jun 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Ryan, Orla Drug dealing happens in mental health facilities across the country, doctor says. (22 Apr 2017)

[Irish Times] , O'Halloran, Marie Accessibility to medication a key issue in addiction among medics. (12 Apr 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Sharp rise in ecstasy and cannabis use as alcohol sales increase. (26 Feb 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Murray, Sean Over 1 in 10 people in south Dublin reported taking an illegal drug recently. (24 Feb 2017)

[Department of Health] Minister Byrne welcomes the release of the Regional results of the 2014/15 drugs survey. (24 Feb 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Cionnaith, Fiachra Three out of four inmates have drug problems. (03 Feb 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac ‘Reach out to youth’ as drug use spikes. (09 Nov 2016)

[Irish Times] Teenager trends: the European picture on cigarettes, drugs and alcohol consumption. (29 Sep 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Irish teen drinking at a low in European table for alcohol use. (21 Sep 2016)

[irishhealth.com] , Condon, Deborah Addiction to codeine on the rise. (19 Jul 2016)

[Royal College of Physicians of Ireland] Royal College of Physicians of Ireland calls for the urgent enactment of the Public Health (Alcohol) Bill. (22 Jun 2016)

[Health Research Board] HRB publish latest drug treatment figures. (31 May 2016)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Mark Students warned over 'brain viagra'. (24 Apr 2016)

[thejournal.ie] Friday night on patrol with a Dublin ambulance crew . (05 Apr 2016)

[Independent.ie] , Bray, Allison Young Irish are bingeing on alcohol and cocaine. (20 Dec 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Report finds fewer young people smoking and drinking. (09 Dec 2015)

[Independent UK] , Eleftheriou-Smith, Loulla-Mae Drug addiction: maps show where cocaine, cannabis, heroin and amphetamines are the biggest problem. (02 Dec 2015)

[Independent.ie] , Duggan, Barry and Brady, Tom Five soldiers fail drugs testing at separate barracks. (23 Nov 2015)

[Independent.ie] , Riegel, Ralph Drugs 'used by 82pc of Irish college students'. (11 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Irish students as likely to try drugs as tobacco. (10 Nov 2015)

[University Times] , Heaphy, Edmund Three-quarters of trinity respondents to survey use drugs, with majority unconcerned about its impact. (05 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Cannabis use by pupils ‘most prevalent in Cork’. (04 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Legal high ban ‘is working but spikes expected’. (11 Jul 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Minister: Ireland’s drugs problem is terrifying. (10 Jul 2015)

[Global Drug Survey] , Winstock, Adam The global drug survey 2015 findings. (08 Jun 2015)

[Campus.ie] , Colfor, Matthew Exam extremes: ADHD drug misuse and abuse. (30 Apr 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac ‘Heads in sand’ at surge in drug abuse. (13 Apr 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Drugs ruling: ‘Unprecedented increase’ in synthetic drugs. (11 Mar 2015)

[thejournal.ie] Isolating ‘puppet master’ gang leaders should stem the supply of drugs in prisons. (07 Feb 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Stopping people throwing drugs into prisons is “very difficult”. (06 Feb 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Number of teens seeking help for drugs up. (20 Dec 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , Connolly, Shaun UK:Politicians in a haze of denial about ‘war on drugs’. (01 Nov 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , McDonald, Brian Treatment for ‘benzos’ addiction soars. (29 Aug 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , English, Eoin UCC students more likely to have taken drugs than others. (08 Jul 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Drink abuse no longer minority issue. (27 Jun 2014)

[Irish Examiner Breaking News] Study: Irish youngsters most likely in Europe to use cannabis and legal highs. (26 Jun 2014)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Mark Survey: Irish teens are among top cocaine users in EU. (03 Jun 2014)

[Health Research Board] New report reveals the latest drug trends in Europe: HRB compares situation in Ireland with European findings. (27 May 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Checks fail to curb drug abuse in prisons. (11 Apr 2014)

[thejournal.ie] Irish people using cocaine less frequently, finds new research. (08 Apr 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Rate of chronic alcohol use jumps over last five years. (02 Apr 2014)

[The Kerryman] Heroin returning to Tralee streets. (30 Oct 2013)

[rte.ie] Royal College of Surgeons report highlights mental disorder in youth. (10 Oct 2013)

[Irish Examiner] Study finds that 25% of adults have used cannabis. (02 Jul 2013)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mudiwa, Lloyd HRB to provide a ‘timely picture’ of drug situation. (23 Nov 2012)

[Sunday Independent] Increase in demand is leading to boom in the cultivation of cannabis. (03 Jun 2012)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] New ESPAD study shows overall stable drug use among school students and a reduction in ‘heavy episodic drinking’, but no decrease in cigarette smoking. (31 May 2012)

[irishcentral.com] , O'Shea, Kerry Crystal Meth drug set to wreak havoc in Ireland say experts there. (21 Apr 2012)

[RTE News] Sinn Féin wants refocus on drugs crisis. (16 Nov 2011)

[irishhealth.com] , Vize, E The respectable face of drug addiction. (16 Nov 2011)

[Irish Medical Times] , Gantly, Dara Ireland has most users of heroin in EU. (15 Nov 2011)

[Irish Medical Times] , Connors, Aoife Mental illness and drug abuse rife in homeless. (31 May 2011)

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[European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction] ‘Drug problems have no age limits’ — more older drug users seeking help, says EMCDDA. (10 Nov 2010)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction] Over 1 million drug users a year in treatment, but considerable challenges remain. (10 Nov 2010)

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[Sunday Independent] , Cusack, Jim Little hope of tackling the drugs scourge in very heart of capital. (26 Sep 2010)

[European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction & Health Research Board] Latest drug trends across Europe. HRB compares Irish situation with European findings. (05 Nov 2009)

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[Finfacts.ie] VHI claims paid for Irish alcohol and substance abuse increase by 50% in four years. (21 May 2008)

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[Sunday Independent] Prescriptions for anti-anxiety drugs nudge one million mark. (21 Oct 2007)

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European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2012) EMCDDA Trendspotter study on fentanyl in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 14 p.

Wong, Suzanne and Ordean, Alice and Kahan, Meldon [National Guideline Clearinghouse] . (2011) Substance use in pregnancy. Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 33 (4) 367–38. SOGC Clinical practice guideline no. 256

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. [National Treatment Agency (UK)] (2011) Addiction to medicine: an investigation into the configuration and commissioning of treatment services to support those who develop problems with prescription-only or over-the-counter medicine. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. 32 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2010) World drug report 2010. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2009) World drug report 2009. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 306 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2009) World drug report 2008. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 303 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2008) World drug report 2007. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 281 p.

Sigfusdottir, Inga D and Kristjansson, Alfgeir L and Thorlindsson, Thorolfur and Allegrante, John P . (2008) Trends in prevalence of substance use among Icelandic adolescents, 1995-2006. Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy, 3

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2007) World drug report 2006. Volume 2: statistics. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 416 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2007) World drug report 2006. Volume 1: analysis. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 206 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2006) World drug report 2005. Volume 1: analysis. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 174 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2006) World drug report 2005. Volume 2: statistics. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 233 p.

Council of Europe. (2006) European prison rules. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. 133 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2004) World drug report 2004. Volume 1: analysis. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 202 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2004) World drug report 2004. Volume 2: statistics. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 427 p.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Seanad Éireann debate. National drugs strategy. (25 Sep 2018)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debates. Written answer 657- National Drugs Strategy implementation [15013/18]. (17 Apr 2018)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 180 - Drugs in Prisons [45186/17]. (25 Oct 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 923 - Misuse of drugs [Crack cocaine] [34678/17]. (13 Jul 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 236 - Misuse of drugs [23886/17] [Fentanyl]. (18 May 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 817- Health reports [13244/17]. (21 Mar 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Drugs-related deaths. (05 Feb 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 311 - Prisoner releases [3734/15]. (27 Jan 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debates. Leaders questions [Drug-free accommodation]. (15 Jan 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answers 692 & 693 Drug Treatment Programmes Availability [32556/14 & 32557/14]. (17 Jul 2014)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 601 - Substance misuse [42435/13]. (08 Oct 2013)

Joint Committee on Health and Children. [Oireachtas] Report on the misuse of alcohol and other drugs. (2012)

[Oireachtas] Topical issue debate – National drugs strategy. (16 Nov 2011)

[Oireachtas] 29. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Community; Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs, his views regarding the data supplied by the Health Research Board showing the high level of drugs use here. (14 Dec 2010)

[Oireachtas] 141. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Community, Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs his views regarding the use of cocaine, cannabis and ecstasy in Irish society. (24 Nov 2010)

[Oireachtas] 57. Deputy Joan Burton asked the Minister for Justice and Law Reform if his attention has been drawn to recent data from the Health Research Board pointing to an increase in heroin use. (17 Nov 2010)

[Oireachtas] 263. Deputy Lucinda Creighton asked the Minister for Justice and Law Reform the action he is taking to address the serious heroin problem here; [43047/10]. (16 Nov 2010)

[Oireachtas] 43. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Community; Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs if his attention has been drawn to recent data from the Health Research Board pointing to an increase in heroin use, particularly in centres outside of Dublin. [40623/10]. (03 Nov 2010)

[Oireachtas] 56. Deputy Pat Breen asked the Minister for Community, Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs his views on the recently published report... which notes that heroin use is in the increase. [39341/10]. (03 Nov 2010)

[Oireachtas] 59. Deputy Arthur Morgan asked the Minister for Justice and Law Reform his views on an opinion reportedly expressed by the Garda that the use of crystal meth is confined to foreign nationals; and the steps he will take to address this drug. [35394/10]. (07 Oct 2010)

[Oireachtas] 122. Deputy Catherine Byrne asked the Minister for Health and Children the number of drug addicts here, and the number of persons that are on the methadone treatment programme. [7423/10]. (11 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 319. Deputy Tom Hayes asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the extent to which heroin use is a factor in crime here; his policy regarding heroin use and addiction treatment; the additional measures being taken to tackle heroin related crime; the statistics he has in relation to heroin use and under-age heroin use here including in South Tipperary. [27110/09]. (07 Jul 2009)

[Oireachtas] 87. Deputy Charles Flanagan asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the changes he proposes to make to policy and procedure in view of recent reports in respect of the widespread availability of illegal drugs in prisons. [9085/08]. (04 Mar 2008)

[Oireachtas] Deputy Eamon Gilmore: This week The Irish Times published figures it had obtained under the Freedom of Information Act, which show that prisoners have tested positive for drugs in our prisons some 40,000 times over the past three years. (19 Feb 2008)

[Oireachtas] 16. Deputy Kathleen Lynch asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the research carried out in relation to the use of illegal substances on a county basis; the determination of such research; if misuse is on the increase or decrease in each county. [5581/08]. (14 Feb 2008)

[Oireachtas] 22. Deputy Liz McManus asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the action his Department has taken to implement the recommendations of the Joint Committee on Arts, Sport, Tourism, Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs in relation to the report received by that committee in July 2006 on cannabis use; if he or his officials have met that report group since; the results of such a meeting or meetings. [5583/08]. (14 Feb 2008)

[Oireachtas] 50. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the details available to him in relation to recent events involving drug misuse; the proposals he has to highlight the problems encountered; if there are proposals or plans for an advertising campaign as the Christmas 2007 period approaches to warn against the misuse of drugs or illicit substances; if such a campaign will be a national or a locally based one through local radio stations and local media means. [32627/07]. (05 Dec 2007)

[Oireachtas] 65. Deputy Ciarán Lynch asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his views in relation to the usage of herbal ecstasy; the research available to him in relation to the matter; if he has had meetings with the Department of Health and Children or the Health Service Executive in relation to the matter; the results of such meetings if they took place; if guidelines are intended in relation to the use of herbal ecstasy. [32596/07]. (05 Dec 2007)

[Oireachtas] 78. Deputy Kathleen Lynch asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his views on reports of the spread of crack cocaine in urban Ireland; if his attention has been drawn to recent reports that crack cocaine could potentially spread to increasing numbers of cities and towns here; the efforts he has made to combat the spread of crack cocaine. [32597/07]. (05 Dec 2007)

[Oireachtas] Adjournment Debate. National Drugs Strategy. (21 Nov 2007)

[Oireachtas] Adjournment Debate. Irish Prison Service. (11 Oct 2007)

[Oireachtas] 1. Deputy Michael Ring asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the progress made to date on reducing the hardship caused to individuals and society by drug misuse. [21019/07]. (27 Sep 2007)

[Oireachtas] 44. Deputy Joan Burton asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his views on reports of the spread of crack cocaine in urban Ireland; if his attention has been drawn to recent reports that crack cocaine could potentially spread to increasing numbers of cities and towns here; the efforts he has made to combat the spread of crack cocaine. [20958/07]. (27 Sep 2007)

[Oireachtas] 58. Mr. Ferris asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs if his attention has been drawn to the growth in crack cocaine and crystal meths abuse; and the steps he has taken to address this. [14967/07]. (24 Apr 2007)

[Oireachtas] Leader's Questions. (28 Feb 2007)

[Oireachtas] 73. Mr. English asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his view on whether the national drugs strategy, which comes to an end in 2007, has failed in view of the significant increase in drugs misuse nationally. [7944/07]. (28 Feb 2007)

[Oireachtas] 312. Mr. Gregory asked the Minister for Health and Children the membership of the working group set up to examine the links between drug and alcohol policies; and if she will appoint a representative from the community and voluntary sector to the group in view of the fact that it was that sector that called for the establishment of the group. [7251/07]. (27 Feb 2007)

[Oireachtas] 42. Mr. Neville asked the Tánaiste and Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform his views on and proposals for action in relation to the outcome of the study by a team led by the director of the Central Mental Hospital which revealed that 60% of female prisoners and 35% of male prisoners have experienced a mental illness at some stage in their lives and criticised the use of prisons as psychiatric waiting rooms. [6765/07]. (22 Feb 2007)

[Oireachtas] 1. Mr. J. Higgins asked the Taoiseach when the Cabinet sub-committee on drugs and social inclusion last met. [42778/06]. (14 Feb 2007)

[Oireachtas] National Substance Misuse Strategy: Ministerial Presentation to the Joint Committee on Arts, Sports, Tourism, Community, Rural and Gaeltact Affairs. (06 Dec 2006)

[Oireachtas] 49. Mr. Broughan asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his views on the new study An Overview of the Nature and Extent of Illicit Drug Use Amongst the Traveller Community commissioned by the national advisory committee on drugs; his further views on its conclusion that social exclusion and racism against Travellers is exacerbating drug abuse in the community; the efforts he is making to address the issue; [37002/06]. (09 Nov 2006)

[Oireachtas] Private Members' Business. Crime Prevention: Motion. (10 Oct 2006)

[Oireachtas] 23. Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs further to his announcement of an evaluation of the 277 pilot projects funded by LDTFs, which are charged with implementing the National Drug Strategy 2001 to 2008 in communities experiencing the worst levels of drug abuse, the position in relation to the evaluation of pilot cocaine projects around the city; if he intends mainstreaming many of these projects. [31192/06]. (05 Oct 2006)

Book

Kremling, Janine (2013) Estimating drug use: the effect of sampling methods and policy implications. El Paso: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLc .

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2008) Assessing illicit drugs in wastewater. EMCDDA Insights Series no. 9. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities .

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2008) A cannabis reader: global issues and local experiences. EMCDDA Scientific Monograph Series; No. 8 Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities .

Korf, Dirk and Fountain, Jane, eds. (2007) Drugs in society: European perspectives. Oxford: Radcliffe Oxford .

Kraus, Ludwig and Korf, Dirk, eds. (2005) Research on drugs and drug policy from a European perspective : selected readings from the 15th International Conference of the European Society for Social Drug Research (ESSD). Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers .

Abraham, Manja D and Kaal, Hendrien L and Cohen, Peter DA (2003) Licit and illicit drug use in Amsterdam, 1987 to 2001: developments of drugs use in Amsterdam, as measured in five population surveys between 1987 and 2001. Amsterdam: Mets & Schilt : CEDRO, Universiteit van Amsterdam .

Cherry, Andrew and Rugh, Douglas and Dillon, Mary Ellen, eds. (2002) Substance abuse: a global view. A world view of social issues Connecticut: Greenwood Press .

Stimson, Gerry V and Hickman, Matthew and Quirk, Alan and Frischer, Martin and Taylor, Colin, eds. (1997) Estimating the prevalence of problem drug use in Europe. Papers arising from a scientific seminar on addiction prevalence estimation: methods and research strategies held in Strasbourg, France, 10-14 June 1996. EMCDDA Scientific Monograph Series; No. 1 Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities .

Keene, Jan (1997) Drug misuse: prevention, harm minimisation and treatment. London: Chapman and Hall .

Council of Europe. Co-operation Group to Combat Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking in Drugs (Pompidou Group). O'Hare, Aileen and Hartnoll, Richard (1989) The Dublin/ London research project: final report. P-PG?/Epid (89) 11 Strasbourg: Council of Europe .

Health Education Bureau. (1980) Education against addiction. Dublin: Health Education Bureau .

Hunt, Leon Gibson (1977) Assessment of local drug abuse. Massachusetts: Lexington Books .

Newsletter

Health Research Board. (2014) Drugnet Ireland. Issue 51, Autumn 2014 . Dublin: Health Research Board.

Conference or Workshop Item

(2015) Address by Minister Aodhán Ó Ríordáin T.D. In: London School of Economics IDEAS Forum, 2 November, London.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) EMCDDA general population survey presentations. In: General population surveys annual expert meeting, 17–18 June 2015, Lisbon.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) Presentations from the Lisbon addictions conference 2015. In: EMCDDA Conference on 20 years of monitoring and communicating evidence on drugs, 21-22 September, Lisbon.

Mid West Regional Drugs Task Force. Corrigan, Desmond and Dermody, Aoife and King, Dermot and Cafferty, Siobhan and Buckley, Anne and Cullen, Walter (2013) Benzodiazepine abuse. Next steps conference videos. In: Benzodiazepine abuse: Next steps conference, Limerick.

Long, Jean (2012) Alcohol trends and public attitudes. In: "Time Please… For Change”, 1 November 2012, Royal College of Physicians.

Horgan, Justine (2011) Drug use in Ireland and Northern Ireland. First results from the 2010/11 drug prevalence survey. In: Drug use in Ireland and Northern Ireland: results launch., 22 November 2011, Buswell's Hotel, Dublin.

Law, Fergus (2011) What is the size, prevalence and evidence of misuse of benzodiazepines. In: SMMGP training day: Problematic use of over-the-counter (OTC) medication, benzodiazepines and other prescribed medications: how do we manage these increasing problems?, 11 May 2011, Harrogate, England.

Smyth, Bobby P (2011) Clinical research in the addiction service: the lows and the highs. In: Irish health research:collaboration and partnership for progress a one day seminar, 11 February, Dr. Steevens' Hospital.

Drugs.ie. Long, Jean (2010) Headshop drugs across Europe: data from the EMCDDA. In: National Regional Drugs Task Force 'Legal Highs' Conference, 26 January 2010, Mullingar, Ireland. (Submitted)

Gavin, Aoife and Molcho, Michal and Kelly, Colette and Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse (2008) Family, peer and school relationships as predictors of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use in Irish adolescents: differences between sustained and experimental substance use behaviour. In: Annual Conference of the Division of Health Psychology, PSI & PBS, March 2008, Derry. (Unpublished)

Thesis

Connor, Dearbhla (2012) Investigating the role of life events on youth mental health outcomes : A population-based follow-up study. PhD thesis, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.

Dempsey, Orla (2011) Developing and implementing models for the prevalence, incidence and geographic spread of opiate use in Ireland. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Higgins, Kathryn (2007) An exploration of a new heroin outbreak. PhD thesis, Queen's University Belfast.

Gallagher, P (2006) To what extent is cocaine use a problem in Dublin. Masters thesis, Dublin City University.

Finan, C (2006) Exposing the myth of a drug-free rural Ireland. Masters thesis, National University of Ireland, Maynooth.

Hand, E (2006) Estimation of the prevalence and the latency period of opiate use in Dublin. MSc thesis, National University of Ireland, Maynooth.

Brinkley, Aoife (2000) Prevalence and patterns of substance use among post primary pupils in Dublin: a risk-focused approach. MSc thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Video

James, Philip (2017) Young people and benzodiazepine use. drugs.ie.

(2016) Global drugs survey 2016. Drugs are out of hiding and into the world.

Other

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2011) Statistical bulletin 2011. European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2010) EMCDDA statistical bulletin 2010. European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon.

Bourke, Margaret (2010) Where are we now? Tallaght October 2010. Tallaght Drugs Task Force, Dublin.

FactSheet

HRB National Drugs Library. (2018) Factsheet: Cannabis - the Irish situation. Dublin: HRB National Drugs Library.

HRB National Drugs Library. (2018) Factsheet: Cocaine - the Irish situation. Dublin: HRB National Drugs Library.

HRB National Drugs Library. (2018) Factsheet: Sedatives and tranquilisers - the Irish situation. Dublin: HRB National Drugs Library.

HRB National Drugs Library. (2018) Factsheet: Alcohol - the Irish situation. Dublin: HRB National Drugs Library.

HRB National Drugs Library. (2018) Factsheet: Young people, drugs and alcohol: the Irish situation. Dublin: HRB National Drugs Library.

Goggin, Deirdre and Cullen, L and O'Kane, J and Sheridan, A and Murphy, M and O'Donovan, D and Mason Mohan, C and Doherty, K and Leonard, P (2017) Galway alcohol related harm profile 2017. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Goggin, Deirdre and Cullen, L and O'Kane, J and Sheridan, A and Murphy, M and O'Donovan, D and Mason Mohan, C and Doherty, K and Leonard, P (2017) Roscommon alcohol related harm profile 2017. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Goggin, Deirdre and Cullen, L and O'Kane, J and Sheridan, A and Murphy, M and O'Donovan, D and Mason Mohan, C and Doherty, K and Leonard, P (2017) Sligo alcohol harm related profile 2017. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Goggin, Deirdre and Cullen, L and O'Kane, J and Sheridan, A and Murphy, M and O'Donovan, D and Mason Mohan, C and Doherty, K and Leonard, P (2017) Monaghan alcohol related harm profile 2017. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Goggin, Deirdre and Cullen, L and O'Kane, J and Sheridan, A and Murphy, M and O'Donovan, D and Mason Mohan, C and Doherty, K and Leonard, P (2017) Meath alcohol related harm profile 2017. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Goggin, Deirdre and Cullen, L and O'Kane, J and Sheridan, A and Murphy, M and O'Donovan, D and Mason Mohan, C and Doherty, K and Leonard, P (2017) Mayo alcohol related harm profile 2017. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

(2017) Women and alcohol. London: Institute of Alcohol Studies.

Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety. (2015) Drug prevalence in Northern Ireland key facts – 2014/15. Belfast: Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety.

National Documentation Centre on Drug Use. Walsh, Simone and Long, Jean (2010) Factsheet: Solvent and volatile inhalant use in Ireland. Dublin: Health Research Board.

This list was generated on Wed Nov 21 03:20:58 2018 GMT.