Home > Using environmental analytical data to estimate levels of community consumption of illicit drugs and abused pharmaceuticals.

Bones, Jonathan and Thomas, Kevin V and Paul, Brett (2007) Using environmental analytical data to estimate levels of community consumption of illicit drugs and abused pharmaceuticals. Journal of Environmental Monitoring , 9 , (7) , pp. 701-707.

A solid phase extraction (SPE) method was developed and applied in conjunction with a previously reported liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry procedure in order to establish the presence of illicit drugs and abused pharmaceuticals in treated wastewater and surface water samples at the ng L-1 level. The procedure was applied in Dublin, Ireland, and rapidly expanding commuter towns in the surrounding counties. Cocaine was detected in 70% of the collected samples in the range of 25-489 ng L-1; its primary metabolite, benzoylecognine (BZE), was also detected, in the range of 22-290 ng L-1. Other substances detected included morphine, Tempazepam and the primary metabolite of methadone.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:2007
Page Range:pp. 701-707
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
Volume:9
Number:7
Keywords:AOD use detection technology, environment, Ireland, physical and chemical analysis and measurement, water
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB 4325 (Available)
Subjects:VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
R Research > Research and evaluation method
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence

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