Home > The great recession and the health of young children: a fixed-effects analysis in Ireland.

Reinhard, Erica and Layte, Richard and McCrory, Cathal and Panico, Lidia and Avendano, Mauricio (2018) The great recession and the health of young children: a fixed-effects analysis in Ireland. American Journal of Epidemiology , 187 , (7) , pp. 1438-1448.

Economic recessions have been linked to adult health, but few studies have examined how recessions influence the health of young children. This study examined the impact of life transitions linked to the recent financial crisis on the health of young children in Ireland. Data came from the Growing Up in Ireland Infant Cohort Study (n = 11,134), which assessed children before (2008), during (2011), and after (2013) the Great Recession that followed the financial crisis of 2008 and incorporated questions on the impacts of the financial crisis on families. Using fixed-effects models to control for confounding, we found that a reduction in welfare benefits during the recession was associated with a significant increase in the risks of asthma (β = 0.014, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 0.004, 0.023) and atopy (β = 0.014, 95% CI: 0.001, 0.027). While parental job loss was not associated with child health, a reduction in working hours was associated with increased reports of child health problems (β = 0.024, 95% CI: 0.004, 0.043), as were difficulties affording basic necessities (β = 0.019, 95% CI: 0.001, 0.038). Results suggest that failing to protect vulnerable families and children during economic recessions may have long-lasting implications for child health.

Item Type:Article
Page Range:pp. 1438-1448
Related URLs:
Subjects:A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence
B Substances > Tobacco (cigarette smoking)
G Health and disease > Public health
G Health and disease > Substance use disorder > Alcohol use
T Demographic characteristics > Child
T Demographic characteristics > Mother
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

Click here to request a copy of this literature

Repository Staff Only: item control page