Home > Trends in the use of mind-altering drugs among European adolescents during the Great Recession.

Balbo, Nicoletta and Carpella, Piergiorgio and Toffolutti, Veronica (2020) Trends in the use of mind-altering drugs among European adolescents during the Great Recession. Health Policy , Early online .


Despite the growing evidence of health-responses to macroeconomic fluctuations, little research has been carried out on the economic reflexes of licit and illicit drug-consumption, especially among teenagers. This paper uses data on adolescents between 15 and 17 years old from 25 European countries to test, if and how, the substance-use pattern has changed during the Great Recession. The data come from two cross-sectional waves (2007 and 2011) of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) (n= 137,989 individuals). One percentage point increase in the unemployment rate is associated with an increase [decrease] in the probability of having tried inhalants and cocaine [ecstasy] at least once, by about 0.005 (95% CI: 0.004, 0.006) and 0.001 (95% CI: 0.0001, 0.001) [-0.001 (95% CI: -0.001, -0.001)] respectively. Social protection expenditure reduces the use of inhalants, whereas ecstasy consumption rises. The pattern for cocaine is unclear.

Item Type:Article
Date:March 2020
Publisher:Elsevier
Volume:Early online
EndNote:View
Related URLs:
Subjects:A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence
B Substances > CNS stimulants > MDMA > Ecstasy
B Substances > Cocaine
B Substances > New (novel) psychoactive substances
MP-MR Policy, planning, economics, work and social services > Economic aspects of substance use (cost / pricing)
T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
VA Geographic area > Europe

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