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Ní Cheallaigh, Clíona and Cullivan, Sarah and Sears, Jess and Lawlee, Ann Marie and Browne, Joe and Kieran, Jennifer and Segurado, Ricardo and O'Carroll, Austin and O'Reilly, Fiona and Creagh, Donnacha and Bergin, Colm and Kenny, Rose Anne and Byrne, Declan (2017) Usage of unscheduled hospital care by homeless individuals in Dublin, Ireland: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open , 7 , (11) , e016420.

Millar, Sean (2017) Injecting drug use and hepatitis C treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , p. 25.

Dillon, Lucy (2017) Dublin Drug Policy Summit. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , pp. 7-8.

O'Halloran, Charlotte and Cullen, Katelyn and Njoroge, Jaquelyn and Jessop, Lucy and Smith, Josie and Hope, Vivian and Ncube, Fortune (2017) The extent of and factors associated with self-reported overdose and self-reported receipt of naloxone among people who inject drugs (PWID) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. International Journal on Drug Policy , 46 , pp. 34-40.

Millar, Sean (2017) Incidence of hepatitis C among people who inject drugs in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 61, Spring 2017 , p. 12.

Carew, Anne Marie and Murphy, Niamh and Long, Jean and Hunter, Kate and Lyons, Suzi and Walsh, Cathal and Thornton, Lelia (2017) Incidence of hepatitis C among people who inject drugs in Ireland. Hepatology, Medicine and Policy , 2 , (1) .

Brennan, Rebekah and Wells, John S G and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2017) The injecting use of image and performance-enhancing drugs (IPED) in the general population: a systematic review. Health and Social Care in the Community , 25 , (5) , pp. 1459-1531.

Keegan, D and Crowley, Des and Laird, E and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2017) Prevalence and risk factors for Hepatitis C viral infection amongst a cohort of Irish drug users attending a drug treatment centre for Agonist Opioid Treatment (AOT). Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 19 , (1) , pp. 45-55.

O'Connell, Sarah and O'Rourke, Anna and Sweeney, Eileen and Lynam, Almida and Sadlier, Corinna and Bergin, Colm (2017) Factors associated with non-retention in HIV care in an era of widespread antiretroviral therapy. International Journal of STD & AIDS , 28 , (7) , pp. 679-684.

Robinson, Eve and Thornton, Lelia and Migone, Chantal (2017) Tackling a silent killer through screening. Forum , 34 , (11) , pp. 46-48.

Curtin, Margaret (2016) HIV infection among homeless people who inject drugs. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 58, Summer 2016 , pp. 15-16.

Des Jarlais, Don C and Kerr, Thomas and Carrieri, Patrizia and Feelemyer, Jonathan and Arasteh, Kamyar (2016) HIV infection among persons who inject drugs: ending old epidemics and addressing new outbreaks. AIDS , 30 , (6) , pp. 815-826.

Pike, Brigid (2016) Politicians call for drug policy reforms. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 56, Winter 2016 , pp. 10-12.

Keane, Marcus and Hogarthy, Sereena (2016) Focused interventions for injecting drug users. World of Irish Nursing & Midwifery , 24 , (5) , pp. 66-67.

Houston, Muiris (2016) Ireland is to install supervised injecting rooms. BMJ , 352 , i406.

Okonkwo, Nelson Obiora and Larkan, Fiona and Galligan, Marie (2016) An assessment of the levels of perceived social support among older adults living with HIV and AIDS in Dublin. SpringerPlus , 5 , (1) , p. 726.

Giese, Coralie and Igoe, Derval and Gibbons, Zorina and Hurley, Caroline and Stokes, Siobhan and McNamara, Sinead and Ennis, Orla and O'Donnell, Kate and Keenan, Eamon and De Gascun, Cillian and Lyons, Fiona and Ward, Mary and Danis, Kostas and Glynn, Ronan and Waters, Allison and Fitzgerald, Margaret (2015) Injection of new psychoactive substance snow blow associated with recently acquired HIV infections among homeless people who inject drugs in Dublin, Ireland, 2015. Eurosurveillance , 20 , (40) .

Glynn, Ronan and Giese, Coralie and Ennis, Orla and Gibbons, Zorina and O'Donnell, Kate and Hurley, Caroline and Ward, Mary and Igoe, Derval and Fitzgerald, Margaret (2015) Increase in diagnoses of recently acquired HIV in people who inject drugs. EPI-Insight , 16 , (7) .

Cullen, KJ and Hope, VD and Croxford, S and Shute, J and Ncube, F and Parry, JV (2015) Factors associated with recently acquired hepatitis C virus infection in people who inject drugs in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: new findings from an unlinked anonymous monitoring survey. Epidemiology and Infection , 143 , (7) , pp. 1398-407.

(2015) Cluster of Botulism in intravenous drug users: Norway and Scotland. Epi-Insight , 16 , (3) .

Tuite, Helen and Horgan, M and Mallom, PWG and McConkey, SJ and Mooka, B and Mulcahy, F and Walsh, C and O'Hora, Aidan and O'Flanagan, D and Bergin, C and Fleming, C (2015) Patients accessing ambulatory care for HIV-infection: epidemiology and prevalence assessment. Irish Medical Journal , 108 , (7) .

Waldron, Carmel and Solon, Jacqueline Gemma and O'Gorman, Joanne and Humphreys, Hilary and Burke, John Patrick and McNamara, Deborah Ann (2015) Necrotizing fasciitis: the need for urgent surgical intervention and the impact of intravenous drug use. The Surgeon , 13 , (4) , pp. 194-199.

France, Nadine Ferris and Mcdonald, Steve H and Conroy, Ronan R and Byrne, Elaine and Mallouris, Chris and Hodgson, Ian and Larkan, Fiona N (2015) "An unspoken world of unspoken things": a study identifying and exploring core beliefs underlying self-stigma among people living with HIV and AIDS in Ireland. Swiss Medical Weekly , 145 , w14113.

Lazarus, Jeffrey V and Sperle, Ide and Maticic, Mojca and Wiessing, Lucas (2014) A systematic review of Hepatitis C virus treatment uptake among people who inject drugs in the European Region. BMC Infectious Diseases , 14 , (Supp 6) , S16.

EMCDDA DRID group. Wiessing, Lucas and Ferri, Marica and Grady, Bart and Kantzanou, Maria and Sperle, Ide and Cullen, Katelyn J and Hatzakis, Angelos and Prins, Maria and Vickerman, Peter and Lazarus, Jeffrey V and Hope, Vivian D and Matheï, Catharina (2014) Hepatitis C virus infection epidemiology among people who inject drugs in Europe: a systematic review of data for scaling up treatment and prevention. PLoS ONE , 9 , (7) , e103345.

Long, Jean and Doyle, Joe and O'Driscoll, Denis (2014) Pharmacy needle exchange in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 49, Spring 2014 , pp. 19-20.

Shah, Asif R and Smyth, Louise and Tolan, Michael and Bartosik, Waldemar (2014) Haemoptysis in an intravenous drug user: injection needle impacted in the left main bronchus. BMJ Case Reports , Online .

Lynn, Ena (2014) The overdose risk information (ORION) project. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 48, Winter 2013 , p. 14.

O'Connor, Gerard and McGinty, Tara and Yeung, Sarah Jane and O'Shea, Daire and Macken, Alan and Brazil, Eamon and Mallon, Patrick (2014) Cross-sectional study of the characteristics, healthcare usage, morbidity and mortality of injecting drug users attending an inner city emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal , 31 , (8) , pp. 625-629.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Brennan, Rebekah (2014) An in-depth case examination of an exotic dancer’s experience of melanotan. International Journal of Drug Policy , 25 , (3) , pp. 444-450.

Ryan, H and Ryan, S (2014) Increasing incidence of hepatitis C among intravenous drug users in HSE Mid-West. NIHS Research Bulletin , 7 , (1) , p. 32.

Murphy, Niamh and Thornton, Lelia (2014) Trends in hepatitis C notifications in Ireland, 2004-2013. EPI-Insight , 15 , (7) .

Klimas, Jan and O'Reilly, Martin and Egan, Mairead and Tobin, Helen and Bury, Gerard (2014) Urban overdose hotspots: a 12-month prospective study in Dublin ambulance services. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine , 32 , (10) , pp. 1168-1173.

Pike, Brigid (2013) HSE targets for drug-related services in 2013. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 45, Spring 2013 , pp. 4-5.

McElrath, Karen and Harris, Julie (2013) Peer injecting: implications for injecting order and blood-borne viruses among men and women who inject heroin. Journal of Substance Use , 18 , (1) , pp. 31-45.

Mathers, Bradley M and Degenhardt, Louisa and Bucello, Chiara and Lemon, James and Wiessing, Lucas and Hickman, Mathew (2013) Mortality among people who inject drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 91 , pp. 102-123.

Lambert, J and Jackson, V and Coulter-Smith, S and Brennan, M and Geary, Michael and Kelleher, TB and O'Reilly, M and Grundy, K and Sammon, M and Cafferkey, MT (2013) Universal antenatal screening for Hepatitis C. Irish Medical Journal , 106 , (5) , pp. 136-139.

Barrio, Gregorio and Montanari, Linda and Bravo, Maria and Guarita, Bruno and de La Fuente, Luis and Pulido, Jose and Vicente, Julian (2013) Trends of heroin use and heroin injection epidemics in Europe: findings from the EMCDDA treatment demand indicator (TDI). Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , 45 , (1) , pp. 19-30.

Carew, Anne Marie and Cafferty, Siobhan and Long, Jean and Bellerose, Delphine and Lyons, Suzi (2013) Travellers accessing addiction services in Ireland (2007 to 2010): analysis of routine surveillance data. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse , 12 , (4) , pp. 339-335.

Hedrich, Dagmar and Kalamara, E and Sfetcu, O and Pharris, A and Noor, A and Wiessing, Lucas and Hope, Vivian and van de Laar, M (2013) Human immunodeficiency virus among people who inject drugs: Is risk increasing in Europe? Eurosurveillance , 18 , (48) .

Petersen, Zaino and Myers, Bronwyn and Van Hout, Marie Claire and Plüddemann, Andreas and Parry, Charles (2013) Availability of HIV prevention and treatment services for people who inject drugs: findings from 21 countries. Harm Reduction Journal , 10 , (13) .

Connolly, S and O'Connor, G and Mallon, P (2013) Acute infections in current and past in injecting drug users presenting to an inner-city emergency department. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 182 , (Suppl 11) , S491-S492.

(2013) Heuristics of human enhancement risk: a little chemical help? International Journal of Health Promotion and Education , 51 , (4) , pp. 212-227.

Dorairaj, JJ and Healy, CM and McMenamin, M and Eadie, Patricia A (2012) The untold truth about "bath salt" highs: A case series demonstrating local tissue injury. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery , 65 , (2) , e37-e41.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Bingham, Tim (2012) “A costly turn on”: Patterns of use and perceived consequences of mephedrone based head shop products amongst Irish injectors. International Journal of Drug Policy , 23 , (3) , pp. 188-197.

O'Kelly, Fergus Desmond and O'Kelly, CM (2012) The natural history of injecting drug use: a 25-year longitudinal study of a cohort of injecting drug users in inner city Dublin. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 181 , (4) , pp. 541-548.

Marongiu, Andrea and Hope, Vivian D and Parry, John V and Ncube, Fortune (2012) Male IDUs who have sex with men in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: are they at greater risk of bloodborne virus infection and harm than those who only have sex with women? Sexually Transmitted Infections , 88 , (6) , pp. 456-461.

Barry, David and Syed, Hussain and Smyth, Bobby P (2012) The journey into injecting heroin use. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 14 , (3) , pp. 89-100.

Basavaraju, N and Ahmad, M and Slattery, E (2012) Dorsal root ganglionopathy in a hepatitis C patient: a case report. Annals of Hepatology , 11 , (6) , pp. 958-960.

Cornberg, Markus and Razavi, Homie A and Alberti, Alfredo and Bernasconi, Enos and Buti, Maria and Cooper, Curtis and Dalgard, Olav and Dillion, John F and Flisiak, Robert and Forns, Xavier and Frankova, Sona and Goldis, Adrian and Goulis, Ioannis and Halota, Waldemar and Hunyady, Bela and Lagging, Martin and Largen, Angela and Makara, Michael and Manolakopoulos, Spilios and Marcellin, Patrick and Marinho, Rui T and Pol, Stanislas and Poynard, Thierry and Puoti, Massimo and Sagalova, Olga and Sibbel, Scott and Simon, Krzysztof and Wallace, Carolyn and Young, Kendra and Yurdaydin, Cihan and Zuckerman, Eli and Negro, Francesco and Zeuzem, Stefan (2011) A systematic review of hepatitis C virus epidemiology in Europe, Canada and Israel. Liver International , 31 , (Suppl 2) , pp. 30-60.

Hope, Vivian and Jeannin, A and Spencer, B and Gervasoni, JP and van de Laar, MJ and Dubois-Arber, F (2011) Mapping HIV-related behavioural surveillance among injecting drug users in Europe, 2008. Eurosurveillance , 16 , (36) .

Long, Jean (2011) Update on blood-borne viral infections in injecting drug users. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 37, Spring 2011 , pp. 19-21.

Braden, Marina and McGowan, Iain W and McLaughlin, Derek Francis and McKenna, Hugh and Keeney, Sinead and Quinn, Breige (2011) Users, carers and professionals experiences of treatment and care for heroin dependency: implications for practice. A preliminary study. Journal of Substance Use , 16 , (6) , pp. 452-463.

Hagan, Holly and Pouget, Enrique R and Des Jarlais, Don C (2011) A systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions to prevent hepatitis C virus infection in people who inject drugs. Journal of Infectious Diseases , 204 , pp. 74-83.

Kieran, J and Dillon, A and Farrell, G and Jackson, A and Norris, S and Mulcahy, Fiona and Bergin, C (2011) High uptake of hepatitis C virus treatment in HIV/hepatitis C virus co-infected patients attending an integrated HIV/hepatitis C virus clinic. International Journal of STD & AIDS , 22 , (10) , pp. 571-576.

Lowry, Damien J and Ryan, John D. and Ullah, Naeem and Barry, Thomas and Crowe, John (2011) Hepatitis C management: the challenge of dropout associated with male sex and injection drug use. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology , 23 , (1) , pp. 32-40.

Nelson, Paul K. and Mathers, Bradley M and Cowie, Benjamin and Hagan, Holly and Des Jarlais, Don C and Horyniak, Danielle and Degenhardt, Louisa (2011) Global epidemiology of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in people who inject drugs: results of systematic reviews. The Lancet , 378 , (9791) , pp. 571-583.

Ducray, Kevin and Byrne, Patricia and Burke, Clare and Smyth, Bobby P (2011) A comparison of the drug use patterns, measures of needs and quality of life of methadone-maintained patients using and not using cocaine. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 13 , (3) , pp. 27-38.

Maloney, Stephanie and Keenan, Eamon and Geoghegan, Noreen (2010) What are the risk factors for soft tissue abscess development among injecting drug users? Nursing Times , 106 , (23) .

Long, Jean (2010) Newly diagnosed drug-related viral hepatitis infections in 2008. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 33, Spring 2010 , pp. 19-20.

Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit. (2010) Anthrax outbreak in heroin users in the UK and Germany. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 33, Spring 2010 , p. 26.

Somers, CJ and Bridgeman, J and Keenan, Eamon (2010) Nasal carriage prevalence of meticillin resitant (MRSA) and meticillin sensitive (MSSA) Staphylococcus aureus for subjects attending a Dublin methadone clinic. Journal of Infection , 60 , (6) , pp. 494-496.

Mathers, Bradley M and Degenhardt, Louisa and Ali, Hammad and Wiessing, Lucas and Hickman, Matthew and Mattick, Richard P and Myers, Bronwyn and Ambekar, Atul and Strathdee, Steffanie A (2010) HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for people who inject drugs: a systematic review of global, regional, and national coverage. The Lancet , 375 , (9719) , pp. 1014-1028.

Swan, Davina and Long, Jean and Carr, Olivia and Flanagan, Jean and Irish, H and Keating, Shay and Keavney, M and Lambert, J and McCormick, PA and McKiernan, Susan and Moloney, J and Perry, N and Cullen, Walter (2010) Barriers to and facilitators of hepatitis C testing, management, and treatment among current and former injecting drug users: a qualitative exploration. AIDS Patient Care STDS , 24 , (12) , pp. 753-762.

Long, Jean (2009) Fall in number of HIV cases associated with drug use. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 31, Autumn 2009 , p. 19.

Peirce, Colin and Coffey, J C and O'Grady, Helen and Aly, Sayed and O'Malley, Kevin and O'Donohoe, Martin (2009) The management of mycotic femoral pseudoaneurysms in intravenous drug abusers. Annals of Vascular Surgery , 23 , (3) , pp. 345-9.

Barry, Joseph and Ward, Mary and Cotter, S and MacDiarmada, J and Hannan, M and Sweeney, Brion and Grant, KA and McKeown, P (2009) Botulism in injecting drug users, Dublin, Ireland, November-December 2008. Eurosurveillance , 14 , (1) .

Long, Jean (2009) Four cases of botulism among drug users. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 29, Spring 2009 , p. 23.

Grogan, Anne and Timmins, Fiona (2009) Side effects of treatment in patients with hepatitis C - implications for nurse specialist practice. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing , 27 , (2) , pp. 70-77.

Robinson, Janet (2008) MQI safer injecting guide,. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 26, Summer 2008 , p. 25.

Long, Jean (2008) New data on the incidence of HIV. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 27, Autumn 2008 , p. 18.

O'Connor, Gabrielle and McMahon, Geraldine (2008) Complications of heroin abuse. European Journal of Emergency Medicine , 15 , (2) , pp. 104-106.

Long, Jean (2007) New data on the incidence of HIV. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 23, Autumn 2007 , p. 15.

Whitty, Marie and O'Connor, John J (2007) Intra-arterial injection of zolpidem and substance misusers. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 24 , (4) , p. 161.

O'Shea, Mary (2007) Introducing safer injecting facilities (SIFs) in the Republic of Ireland: 'Chipping away' at policy change. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy , 14 , (1) , pp. 75-88.

Stanley, June and Kelly, Yvonne and Bury, Gerard and Cullen, Walter and Langton, Deirdre (2007) Management of hepatitis C among drug users attending general practice in Ireland: baseline data from the Dublin area hepatitis C in general practice initiative. European Journal of General Practice , 13 , (1) , pp. 5-12.

Smyth, Bobby P and Roche, A (2007) Recipient syringe sharing and its relationship to social proximity, perception of risk and preparedness to share. Addictive Behaviors , 32 , (9) , pp. 1943-1948.

Connolly, Dominic and McElrath, Karen (2007) Nalbuphine (Nubain): Non-prescribed use, injecting, and risk behaviors for bloodborne viruses. Contemporary Drug Problems , 33 , (2) , pp. 321-340.

Galvin, Brian (2006) 2006 European report on the drugs problem. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 20, Winter 2006 , p. 5.

Long, Jean (2006) New data on the incidence of HIV. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 19, Autumn 2006 , p. 24.

Long, Jean and Keenan, Eamon and Grogan, Loretto and Mullen, Louise and Barry, Joseph and Sinclair, Hamish (2006) HIV infection among heroin users and area of residence. Irish Medical Journal , 99 , (8) , pp. 230-233.

Cullen, Walter and Stanley, June and Langton, Deirdre and Kelly, Yvonne and Staines, A and Bury, Gerard (2006) Hepatitis C infection among injecting drug users in general practice: a cluster randomised controlled trial of clinical guidelines' implementation. British Journal of General Practice , 56 , (532) , pp. 848-856.

Lines, Rick and Betteridge, Glen and Stover, Heino and Jurgens, Ralf (2005) Taking action to reduce injecting drug-related harms in prisons: The evidence of effectiveness of prison needle exchange in six countries. International Journal of Prisoner Health , 1 , (1) , 49 -64.

O'Sullivan, Jean M and McMahon, Geraldine (2005) Descending polyneuropathy in an intravenous drug user. European Journal of Emergency Medicine , 12 , (5) , pp. 248-250.

Long, Jean (2005) Prison needle exchange. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 14, Summer 2005 , p. 11.

Cullen, Walter and Kelly, Yvonne and Stanley, June and Langton, Deirdre and Bury, Gerard (2005) Experience of hepatitis C among current or former heroin users attending general practice. Irish Medical Journal , 98 , (3) , pp. 73-4.

Long, Jean (2005) Health and social status of women injecting drug users. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 13, Spring 2005 , pp. 13-14.

Keating, Shay and Coughlan, Suzie and Connell, J. and Sweeney, Brion and Keenan, Eamon (2005) Hepatitis C viral clearance in an intravenous drug-using cohort in the Dublin area. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 174 , (1) , pp. 37-41.

Smyth, Bobby P and Barry, Joseph and Keenan, Eamon (2005) Irish injecting drug users and hepatitis C: the importance of the social context of injecting. International Journal of Epidemiology , 34 , (1) , pp. 166-172.

McElrath, Karen (2005) Booting and flushing: needle rituals and risk for bloodborne viruses. Journal of Substance Use , 11 , (3) , 177¨C189.

Grogan, Loretto and Tiernan, Mary and Geoghegan, Noreen and Smyth, Bobby P and Keenan, Eamon (2005) Bloodborne virus infections among drug users in Ireland: a retrospective cross-sectional survey of screening, prevalence, incidence and hepatitis B immunisation uptake. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 174 , (2) , pp. 14-20.

Dublin Area Hepatitis C Initiative Group. (2004) Hepatitis C among drug users: consensus guidelines on management in general practice. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 173 , (3) , pp. 145-150.

Long, Jean (2004) Drug consumption rooms. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 11, June 2004 , pp. 13-15.

Long, Jean (2004) Epidemiology of hepatitis C among drug users in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 11, June 2004 , pp. 8-10.

Connolly, Johnny (2004) Legal issues in relation to consumption rooms. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 11, June 2004 , pp. 15-16.

Long, Jean and Allwright, Shane and Begley, C. (2004) Prisoners' views of injecting drug use and harm reduction in Irish prisons. International Journal of Drug Policy , 15 , (2) , pp. 139-149.

Wright, Nat and Tompkins, Charlotte NE (2004) Case for supervised injecting centres is strong. BMJ , 328 .

Global Burden of Hepatitis C Working Group. (2004) Global burden of disease (GBD) for hepatitis C. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology , 44 , (1) , pp. 20-29.

Johnston, C and Keogan, MT (2004) Imaging features of soft-tissue infections and other complications in drug users after direct subcutaneous injection. American Journal of Roentgenology , 182 , (5) , pp. 1195-1202.

Brett, Moira M and Hallas, Gill and Mpamugo, Obioma (2004) Wound botulism in the UK and Ireland. Journal of Medical Microbiology , 53 , (6) , pp. 555-561.

Kavanagh, PV and Quinn, Catherine and Moloney, J and O'Kelly, E and McCormick, PA (2003) High morbidity expected from cirrhosis in injecting drug users. Irish Medical Journal , 96 , (10) , pp. 303-305.

Finn, Stephen P and Leen, Eamon and English, Liam and O'Briain, Sean (2003) Autopsy findings in an outbreak of severe systemic illness in heroin users following injection site inflammation: an effect of Clostridium novyi exotoxin? Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine , 127 , (11) , pp. 1465-1470.

Clarke, Susan and Delamere, S and McCullough, L and Hopkins, S and Bergin, C and Mulcahy, Fiona (2003) Assessing limiting factors to the acceptance of antiretroviral therapy in a large cohort of injecting drug users. HIV Medicine , 4 , (1) , pp. 33-37.

Smyth, Bobby P and O'Connor, John J and Barry, Joseph and Keenan, Eamon (2003) Retrospective cohort study examining incidence of HIV and Hepatitis C infection among injecting drug users in Dublin. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health , 57 , (4) , pp. 310-311.

Cullen, Walter and Bury, Gerard and Barry, Joseph and O'Kelly, Fergus Desmond (2003) Hepatitis C infection among drug users attending general practice. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 172 , (3) , pp. 123-127.

Murphy, M and Mulcahy, Fiona and Plunkett, P and Desmond, N (2002) Use of a Dublin inner city A & E department by patients with known HIV-1 infection. International Journal of STD & AIDS , 4 , (4) , pp. 222-225.

Mullen, Louise and Barry, Joseph and Igoe, Derval and Keenan, Eamon and Ward, Mary (2002) Unexplained illness among injecting drug users in Dublin: a case-control study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health , 56 , (8) , pp. 575-576.

Mulcahy, Fiona and Bergin, C. and Boyle, Nicola and Barry, Michael and Clarke, Susan and Reynolds, Helen (2002) Absence of opioid withdrawal symptoms in patients receiving methadone and the protease inhibitor Lopinavir-Ritonavir. Clinical Infectious Diseases , 34 , (8) , pp. 1143-1145.

Clarke, Susan and Mulcahy, Fiona and Tjia, John and Reynolds, Helen E and Gibbons, Sarah E and Back, David J and Barry, Michael G (2001) Pharmacokinetic interactions of nevirapine and methadone and guidelines for use of nevirapine to treat injection drug users. Clinical Infectious Diseases , 33 , (9) , pp. 1595-1597.

O'Donnell, Kate and Cronin, Mary and Igoe, Derval (2001) The epidemiology of AIDS in Ireland from 1983 to 1999. EPI-Insight , 2 , (8) , pp. 2-4.

McElrath, Karen (2001) Risk behaviors among injecting drug users in Northern Ireland. Substance Use & Misuse , 36 , (14) , pp. 2137-2157.

Clarke, Susan and Keenan, Eamon and Bergin, C and Lyons, F and Hopkins, S and Mulcahy, Fiona (2001) The changing epidemiology of HIV infection in injecting drug users in Dublin, Ireland. HIV Medicine , 2 , (4) , pp. 236-240.

Mullen, Louise and Barry, Joseph (2001) An analysis of 15-19-year old first attenders at the Dublin Needle Exchange, 1990-97. Addiction , 96 , (2) , pp. 251-258.

Smyth, Bobby P and Barry, Joseph and Keenan, Eamon (2001) Syringe borrowing persists in Dublin despite harm reduction interventions. Addiction , 98 , pp. 717-727.

Fitzgerald, Michael and Barry, Joseph and O'Sullivan, P and Thornton, Lelia (2001) Blood-borne infections in Dublin's opiate users. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 170 , (1) , pp. 32-34.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2000) Update: Clostridium novyi and unexplained illness among injecting drug users, Scotland, Ireland, and England, April-June 2000. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 49 , (24) , pp. 543-545.

(2000) Bloodborne viruses in Dublin's opiate users. Eurosurveillance , 4 , (13) .

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2000) Unexplained illness and death among injecting drug users: Glasgow, Scotland; Dublin, Ireland; and England, April-June 2000. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 49 , (22) , pp. 489-492.

Kelly, GE and Clarke, SM (2000) Has there been a turning point in the numbers of AIDS and HIV antibody positive cases in Ireland? Irish Journal of Medical Science , 169 , (3) , pp. 183-186.

Smyth, Bobby P (2000) Health effects of prisons: Many injectors stop injecting while imprisoned. British Medical Journal , 321 , p. 1406.

Allwright, Shane and Bradley, Fiona and Long, Jean and Barry, Joseph and Thornton, Lelia and Parry, John V (2000) Prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV and risk factors in Irish prisoners: results of a national cross sectional survey. British Medical Journal , 321 , (7253) , pp. 78-82.

Sixsmith, Jane and Kelleher, Cecily (2000) Impact evaluation of an HIV screen educational advertisement. Health Education , 100 , (1) , pp. 42-49.

Smyth, Bobby P and Keenan, Eamon and O'Connor, John J (2000) Assessment of hepatitis C infection in injecting drug users attending an addiction treatment clinic. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 169 , (2) , pp. 129-132.

Smyth, Bobby P and Keenan, Eamon and O'Connor, John J (1999) Evaluation of the impact of Dublin's expanded harm reduction programme on prevelance of hepatitis C among short-term injecting drug users. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health , 53 , (7) , pp. 434-435.

Smyth, Bobby P and McMahon, Julie and O'Connor, JJ and Ryan, Jim (1999) The use of primary care services by opiate-dependant injecting drug users in the era of 'shared care'. European Journal of General Practice , 5 , pp. 143-148.

Simms, I and Rogers, P and Catchpole, M and McGarrigle, CA and Nicoll, A (1999) Trends in undiagnosed HIV-1 infection among attenders at genitourinary medicine clinics, England, Wales and Northern Ireland: 1990-6. Sexually Transmitted Infections , 75 , pp. 332-336.

Egan, John Fergal and O'Leary, Bronagh and Lewis, Martha J and Mulcahy, Fiona and Sheehy, N and Hasegawa, H and Fitzpatrick, Fidelma and O'Connor, JJ and O'Riordan, Joan and Hall, WW (1999) High rate of Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type IIa infection in HIV 1-infected intravenous drug abusers in Ireland. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses , 15 , (8) , pp. 699-705.

Geoghegan, Tony and O'Shea, Mary and Cox, Gemma (1999) Gender differences in characteristics of drug users presenting to a Dublin syringe exchange. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 16 , (4) , pp. 131-135.

Smyth, Bobby P and McMahon, Julie and O'Connor, JJ and Ryan, Jim (1999) Knowledge regarding Hepatitis C among injecting drug users. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy , 6 , (2) , pp. 257-264.

Cassin, Sean and Geoghegan, Tony and Cox, Gemma (1998) Young injectors: a comparative analysis of risk behaviour. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 167 , (4) , pp. 234-237.

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Dorman, Arthur and Keenan, Eamon and Schuttler, C and Merry, John and O'Connor, John J (1997) HIV risk behaviour in Irish intravenous drug users. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 166 , (4) , pp. 235-238.

Brown, AJ Leigh and Lobidel, D and Wade, CM and Rebus, S and Phillips, AN and Brettle, RP and France, AJ and Leen, CS and McMenamin, J and McMillan, A and Maw, RD and Mulcahy, Fiona and Robertson, JR and Sankar, KN and Scott, G and Wyld, R and Peutherer, JF (1997) The molecular epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in six cities in Britain and Ireland. Virology , 235 , (1) , pp. 166-177.

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News

[thejournal.ie] , Hosford, Paul Announcement of site for Dublin injection centre delayed. (12 Jan 2018)

[98FM] Supervised drug centre could be opening in the city. (06 Jan 2018)

[Health Research Board] Health Research Board publish latest drug-related deaths figures. (12 Dec 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Increase in people smoking and injecting crack cocaine in Dublin. (15 Nov 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , English, Eoin Locations in Cork City identified for supervised injecting facility. (11 Nov 2017)

[RTE News] City centre injection rooms to require planning permission. (10 Nov 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh 'Previously they'd have driven off on their lunch break and used in the car. If they overdosed they would have died'. (10 Nov 2017)

[Independent.ie] , Grant, Jennifer Life newsletter: What are the health risks of tanning injections? (26 Oct 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Burke, Ceimin HIV diagnoses rose again last year with 508 new cases. (03 Oct 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Russell, Cliodhna Increase in rate of HIV cases in Irish people aged over 50. (27 Sep 2017)

[Dublin Inquirer] , Neylon, Laoise A doctor tries to lower barriers to methadone treatment. (14 Sep 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , MacNamee, Garreth No 'magic drug circle' but gardaí will use 'discretion' outside city injection centres. (13 Sep 2017)

[UCD School of Medicine] Irish Street Medicine Symposium 2017. (13 Sep 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Over 500 seizures of injectable tanning drug since 2015. (11 Sep 2017)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mudiwa, Lloyd Fully managing north inner city Dublin’s opioid epidemic. (08 Sep 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , Rogers, Stephen Search for suitable ‘injecting room’ site in Dublin. (25 Aug 2017)

[Medical Independent] , Lynch, David Role of doctors in injection facility ‘being worked on’. (10 Aug 2017)

[RTE News] HSE meets businesses over Dublin injecting facility. (19 Jul 2017)

[Virgin.com] How did Ireland pass supervised injection facilities for drugs? (10 Jul 2017)

[Irish Examiner] Dublin businesses considering legal challenge to drug injection centres. (05 Jul 2017)

[EMCDDA] EMCDDA and ECDC join forces to address the challenge of hepatitis. (13 Jun 2017)

[Independent.ie] , O'Connor, Wayne People dying from ignorance of treatment for hepatitis C. (14 May 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh 'It takes me away from this world for the day': Life as a homeless drug-user on the streets of Dublin. (13 May 2017)

[Irish Times] , Roseingrave, Louise Mother calls for injection centres for addicts after son (20) drowns in Liffey. (12 May 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , Ó Fátharta, Conall Half of those treated for problem drug use on heroin. (11 May 2017)

[Department of Health] Ireland’s first Supervised Injecting Facility a step closer as legislation passes all stages in the Oireachtas. (10 May 2017)

[Irish Examiner] Legislation paving the way for supervised drug injection facilities sent to President. (10 May 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , O'Riordain, Aodhan Drugs: 'How is arresting someone for something that they are addicted to helping?'. (25 Apr 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Injecting centres: no honeypot effect. (25 Apr 2017)

[rte.ie] , O'Flynn, Mark Call for outreach programmes for people with hepatitis C. (06 Apr 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Minister Catherine Byrne presses on with injecting facilities bill. (23 Mar 2017)

[Irish Medical Times] , Culliton, Gary Injecting facility ‘clinical structure’ is key. (10 Mar 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Warning of obligation to comply with international drug laws on plan for injecting facilities. (08 Mar 2017)

[Irish Times] , Byrne, Derek Personal drug allowance would help injecting centre succeed. (27 Feb 2017)

[Irish Times] , O'Regan, Michael No location chosen for drug user injection centre, Dáil told. (24 Feb 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , McCarthaigh, Sean Over 12,400 drug users infected with Hep C, study finds. (20 Feb 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , MacGuill, Dan FactCheck: Do supervised injection centres reduce drug-related deaths? (20 Feb 2017)

[thecity.ie] , Carroll, Louise A helping hand or a cleanup act? (16 Feb 2017)

[rte.ie] Cabinet approval sought for supervised injecting facilities. (07 Feb 2017)

[RTE News] Supervised injecting facilities approved at Cabinet. (07 Feb 2017)

[Department of Health] Ireland’s first Supervised Injecting Facility to provide safe harbour and medical help for chronic drug users. (07 Feb 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Injecting centre reports ‘off the mark’ says senior gardaí. (06 Feb 2017)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Eilish Monday Interview: 'Do we let them die on the streets?' - minister backs new centre to help addicts. (06 Feb 2017)

[Irish Sun] , Bardon, Nicola 'Targeted response' Supervised injection centre for drug addicts is needed says Fianna Fail TD Jack Chambers. (31 Jan 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Gardaí need ‘balance’ to drug centre. (22 Jan 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel One step closer to supervised injecting rooms. (20 Jan 2017)

[Dublin People] , O'Riordain, Aodhan Why I support injecting centres. (16 Jan 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Duffin, Tony It's planned the first supervised injecting facility will open in 2017. So how did we get here? (24 Dec 2016)

[Health Research Board] Health Research Board publish latest drug-related deaths figures. (13 Dec 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Drug-related deaths: 62% increase in fatalities over ten-year period. (13 Dec 2016)

[The Irish News] , Madden, Andrew Northern Ireland needle exchange demand up 50 per cent in five years. (13 Dec 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Fitzgerald, Cormac 'People die in toilets, people die in urine-soaked stairwells'. (01 Dec 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Garda vow to help injecting centre. (01 Dec 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Hosford, Paul 'It's not about NIMBY-ism, we just want a debate on injection centres'. (30 Nov 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Mixed reaction to injecting rooms. (25 Nov 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Ni Aodha, Grainne 'When there is somewhere safe for people to go and inject they will use it - I will use it'. (22 Nov 2016)

[Irish Times] , Gleeson, Colin Highest rate of HIV diagnoses in Republic recorded in 2015. (20 Oct 2016)

[Department of Health] Minister Catherine Byrne announces additional funding of €3m in Budget 2017 for drugs and social inclusion measures. (13 Oct 2016)

[UNAIDS] Ending AIDS by 2030 requires investment in harm reduction for people who inject drugs. (10 Oct 2016)

[Irish Medical Times] , Culliton, Gary Target set for first injecting facility. (14 Sep 2016)

[Independent.ie] , Gleeson, Colin OPW says drug use an issue in St Stephen’s Green park. (09 Sep 2016)

, Brophy, Daragh How would a Dublin drug injecting room operate? We spoke to the boss of the Sydney centre. (03 Sep 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Fitzgerald, Cormac "When I was 15 I found €3,500 worth of heroin on the ground... and that was it for me". (14 Aug 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh 6,000 drug needles found in tiny Dublin city centre park every year. (12 Aug 2016)

[Herald.ie] , Larkin, Laura 'I know people will be fearful, but there's a crisis', says Byrne. (12 Jul 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Fitzgerald, Cormac Is the government giving up on medically supervised drug injecting centres? (18 Jun 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Fitzgerald, Cormac New HIV cases in injecting drug users more than doubled in 2015. (15 Jun 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Dublin's drug laneways: one year on, the alleys are still littered with needles. (06 May 2016)

[thejournal.ie] There was a big jump in the number of people diagnosed with HIV last year. (06 Apr 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Formerly legal drug 'snow blow' linked to rise in HIV. (13 Jan 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Cionnaith, Fiachra Jonathan O’Brien backs legalisation of drugs in injection centre. (11 Jan 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Cork Local Drug and Alcohol Task Force wants injecting centres to be established in city. (24 Dec 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Landmark Cabinet decision backs drug-injecting centres. (16 Dec 2015)

[Department of Health] Ó Ríordáin welcomes Government approval for medically supervised injection facilities. (16 Dec 2015)

[thejournal.ie] “No matter where you live, you probably have somebody injecting heroin pretty near you”. (15 Dec 2015)

[Irish Medical Times] Reporting change will see HIV notifications rise. (03 Dec 2015)

[Irish Examiner] Minister: children could touch syringes on Dublin streets. (01 Dec 2015)

[Irish Medical Times] Opening a gateway to treatment. (10 Nov 2015)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mullen, Niamh Election and public will be hurdles for injecting centres. (09 Nov 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Fitzgerald, Cormac “There are people dying injecting themselves. I had to get the injection that brings you back to life”. (07 Nov 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , McKenna, Aaron Aaron McKenna: To hell with the NIMBYs, injection centres are a great idea. (07 Nov 2015)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Eilish Opening injection rooms 'not simple', says Varadkar. (03 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , McCarthaigh, Sean Surge in new HIV cases linked to ‘snow blow’ drug use. (12 Oct 2015)

, Healy, Catherine International backing for Irish plan to introduce supervised injection centres. (21 Sep 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Connolly, Shaun Aodhán Ó Ríordáin urges safe spaces for drug users. (31 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] Shaun Connolly: not everyone is embracing ‘hugs and drugs’ minister. (22 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Doherty, Ian 'Safe rooms' for drug addicts a shot in the arm for city centre. (29 Jul 2015)

[drugs.ie] Safe disposal of drug related litter in County Westmeath. (20 Jul 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Ryan, Nicky Poll: Should injection centres for drug addicts be opened in Ireland? (11 Jul 2015)

Health Service Executive. [Health Protection Surveillance Centre] Alert for drug users. Prevent HIV. (07 Jul 2015)

[Health Protection Surveillance Centre] Rise in recently acquired HIV in persons who inject drugs in Dublin. (26 Jun 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac New cases of HIV hit highest levels in five years. (15 Jun 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Just yards from the lattés and those craft beer bars … dozens upon dozens of needles. (07 Jun 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac HSE sets up intervention team over rise in HIV cases. (29 May 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Gardaí face ‘impossible situation’. (22 May 2015)

[drugs.ie] Bar Council presents draft legislation for introduction of medically supervised injection units. (21 May 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Are addict injecting centres a step too far? (11 May 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Minister calls for injection rooms for addicts. (07 May 2015)

[rte.ie] Minister says people 'need to grow up' over drugs issue. (06 May 2015)

[thejournal.ie] Concerned about drug users openly injecting in public? Get in touch. (05 May 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Duffin, Tony Does Sydney have the solution to Dublin’s public drug-taking problem? (13 Apr 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac TD’s call for supervised drug centres welcomed. (07 Apr 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn ‘Hard to sleep in a bed with homeless on street outside’. (23 Feb 2015)

[Herald.ie] , Fegan, Joyce Radical legislation to allow for supervised injecting centres for heroin users. (16 Feb 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Legal move to provide heroin use sites. (17 Dec 2014)

[RTE News] Call to set up injection facility in Dublin city centre. (16 Dec 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Riordan, Sean Surge in the use of heroin across Cork. (06 Oct 2014)

[thejournal.ie] Dublin’s drug situation hasn’t gotten worse, it’s just ‘shifted to other areas’. (03 Oct 2014)

[Irish Mirror] , Ward, James Warning as deadly designer drug MDPV hits streets. (19 Sep 2014)

[thejournal.ie] , O'Carroll, Sinead Calls for supervised injecting centres as ‘far more people die from overdose than on Irish roads’. (31 Aug 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Calls for drug consumption rooms. (29 Aug 2014)

[Ana Liffey Drug Project] International overdose awareness day prompts calls for medically supervised injecting centres. (28 Aug 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Cionnaith, Fiachra 10k treated for substance abuse in 3 months. (15 Aug 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Doherty, Caroline Experts highlight risk of late HIV diagnosis. (14 Jun 2014)

Irish Needle Exchange Forum. [Irish Needle Exchange Forum] Melanotan injecting survey results. (07 May 2014)

[BBC News Northern Ireland] , Fitzpatrick, Michael Northern Ireland needle exchange scheme numbers rise 50% in four years. (16 Apr 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Sullivan, Claire Fighting back against drug’s stranglehold. (19 Nov 2013)

[RTE News] Dublin Mayor wants mobile injection facility for addicts. (23 Oct 2013)

[Independent.ie] , Horan, Niamh Mayor backs use of mobile injecting units in city. (13 Oct 2013)

[thejournal.ie] Drug use outside Dublin continues to grow, says report. (06 Sep 2013)

[Independent.ie] , Melia, Paul Addicts are 'driving shoppers away' from city centre. (23 Aug 2013)

[UNODC] UNODC Executive Director calls for prevention, fair access to treatment on World Hepatitis Day. (28 Jul 2013)

[RTE News] Two Cork deaths linked to strong batch of heroin. (05 Oct 2012)

[Irish Medical Times] , Culliton, Gary Spectrum of IDU infections is revealed by Irish research. (05 Jul 2012)

[Ana Liffey Drug Project] Dublin Regional Homeless Executive supports plans to pilot a Medically Supervised Injecting Centre. (21 Feb 2012)

[Irish Medical Times] Hepatitis C and new treatments. (05 Jan 2012)

[Irish Medical Times] , Stewert, Stephen and O'Neill, Mary-Teresa Hepatitis C: current management and emerging therapies. (22 Sep 2011)

[World Health Organization] New research gives impetus to WHO plan to halt HIV spread. (14 Sep 2011)

Reference Group to the United Nations on HIV and Injecting Drug Use. [International Drug Policy Consortium] Reference Group calls on UN Member States to scale-up evidence-based interventions to address HIV among people who use drugs. (06 Jun 2011)

[irishhealth.com] HIV cases fall by 16%. (05 Jun 2011)

[EMCDDA] EU drugs agency launches new guidelines for HIV testing in injecting drug users. (01 Dec 2010)

[United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime] UN report focuses on spread of HIV through drug injection. (25 Sep 2008)

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Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit. Long, Jean (2006) Blood-borne viral infections among injecting drug users in Ireland, 1995 to 2005. Overview 4. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Lines, Rick and Jurgens, Ralf and Betteridge, Glen and Stover, Heino and Laticevschi, Dumitru and Nelles, Joachim (2005) Prison needle exchange: lessons from a comprehensive review of international evidence and experience. Montréal: Canadian HIV/ AIDS Legal Network.

United Kingdom: Department of Health and Social Security, Health Protection Agency. (2005) Shooting up: infections among injecting drug users in the United Kingdom 2004. An update: October 2005. London: Department of Health and Social Security.

McElrath, Karen and Jordan, Michele (2005) Drug use and risk behaviours among injecting drug users. Belfast: Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety.

Dublin City University, National Advisory Committee on Drugs. McCarthy, Patricia and Philbin, Mark and Moore, Gerard and MacNeela, Padraig and MacGabhann, Liam and Proudfoot, Denise (2004) A review of harm reduction approaches in Ireland and evidence from the international literature. Dublin: Stationery Office.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Hedrich, Dagmar (2004) European report on drug consumption rooms. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

National Treatment Agency. (2003) Injectable heroin (and injectable methadone): potential roles in drug treatment. Full guidance report. London: National Treatment Agency.

Uisce: Union for Improved Services Communication and Education. (2003) Methadone: what's the story? Dublin: UISCE.

McElrath, Karen (2001) Heroin use in Northern Ireland: a qualitative study into heroin users' lifestyles, experiences, and risk behaviours (1997-1999). Belfast: Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety.

Evidence resource

Larney, Sarah [NDARC] . (2017) A global picture of injecting drug use, HIV and anti-HCV prevalence among people who inject drugs, and coverage of harm reduction interventions. NDARC, NDRI, NCETA. Drug and Alcohol Research Connections, December 2017

Public Health England. (2017) Non-fatal overdose among people who inject drugs in England: 2017 report. London: Public Health England. Health Protection Report, 11 (39) 8 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: methyl 1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-[phenyl(propanoyl) amino]piperidine-4-carboxylate (carfentanil). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 19 p.

Platt, Lucy and Sweeney, Sedona and Ward, Zoe and Guinness, Lorna and Hickman, Matthew and Hope, Vivian and Hutchinson, Sharon and Maher, Lisa and Iversen, Jenny and Craine, Noel and Taylor, Avril and Munro, Alison and Parry, John V and Smith, Josie and Vickerman, Peter [NIHR] . (2017) Assessing the impact and cost-effectiveness of needle/syringe provision and opiate substitution therapy on hepatitis C transmission among people who inject drugs in the United Kingdom: analysis of pooled datasets and economic modeling. National Institute for Health Research. Public Health Research, 5 (5) 150 p. https://doi.org/10.3310/phr05050

Esmaeili, Aryan and Mirzazadeh, Ali and Morris, Meghan D and Hajarizadeh, Behzad and Sacks, Henry S and Maher, Lisa and Grebely, Jason and Kim, Arthur Y and Lauer, Georg and Cox, Andrea L and Hellard, Margaret and Dietze, Paul and Bruneau, Julie and Shoukry, Naglaa H and Dore, Gregory J and Lloyd, Andrew R and Prins, Maria and Page, Kimberly . (2017) The effect of female sex on hepatitis C incidence among people who inject drugs: results from the international multi-cohort InC3 Collaborative. Oxford University Press. Clinical Infectious Diseases, cix768 https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cix768

Duffell, EF and Hedrich, Dagmar and Mardh, O and Mozalevskis, A [Eurosurveillance] . (2017) Towards elimination of hepatitis B and C in European Union and European economic area countries: monitoring the world health organization’s global health sector strategy core indicators and scaling up key interventions. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Eurosurveillance, 22 (9) 30476. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.9.30476

McAuley, Andrew and Bouttell, Janet and Barnsdale, Lee and Mackay, Daniel and Lewsey, Jim and Hunter, Carole and Robinson, Mark . (2017) Evaluating the impact of a national naloxone programme on ambulance attendance at overdose incidents: a controlled time series analysis. Wiley. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 112 (2) Doi: 10.1111/add.13602

Irwin, Amos and Jozaghi, Ehsan and Bluthenthal, Ricky N and Kral, Alex H . (2017) A cost-benefit analysis of a potential supervised injection facility in San Francisco, California, USA.. Sage. Journal of Drug Issues, 47 (2) 20p. DOI: 10.1177/0022042616679829

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Perspectives on drugs: Drug consumption rooms: an overview of provision and evidence. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 8 p.

Larney, Sarah and Peacock, Amy and Leung, Janni and Colledge, Samantha and Hickman, Mathew and Wickerman, Peter and Grebely, Jason and Dumchev, Kostyantyn V and Griffiths, Paul and Hines, Lindsey and Cunningham, Evan B and Mattick, Richard P and Lynskey, Michael T and Marsden, John and Strang, John and Degenhardt, Louisa [The Lancet] . (2017) Global, regional, and country-level coverage of interventions to prevent and manage HIV and hepatitis C among people who inject drugs: a systematic review. Elsevier. The Lancet Global Health, 5 (12) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30373-X

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2016) Clients of Danish drug consumption room reduce public injecting. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings Bulletin (13 December 2016) 2 p.

Public Health England. (2016) Shooting up: infections among people who injected drugs in the UK, 2015. An update: November 2016.. London: Public Health England. 25 p.

World Health Organization. [WHO] (2016) Global report on access to hepatitis C treatment - Focus on overcoming barriers. Geneva: World Health Organization. 68 p.

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2016) Motivation versus education for reducing risky behaviours among people who inject drugs. Drug and Alcohol Findings Bulletin (22 July 2016)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2016) Perspectives on drugs: Drug consumption rooms: an overview of provision and evidence. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 8 p.

World Health Organization. (2016) Guidelines for the screening, care and treatment of persons with hepatitis C infection. Geneva: World Health Organization. 124 p.

UNAIDS. (2016) Do no harm. Health, human rights and people who use drugs. Geneva: UNAIDS. 144 p.

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2016) Reducing HIV risk among offenders. Drug and Alcohol Findings Bulletin (11 April 2016)

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2016) Who should come first in the queue for hepatitis C treatment? Drug and Alcohol Findings Bulletin (22 March 2016)

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. [SAMHSA, US] (2016) Opioid overdose prevention toolkit. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 28 p.

Degenhardt, Louisa and Charlson, Fiona and Stanaway, Jeff and Larney, Sarah and Alexander, Lily T and Hickman, Matthew and Cowie, Benjamin and Hall, Wayne and Strang, John and Whiteford, Harvey and Vos, Theo . (2016) Estimating the burden of disease attributable to injecting drug use as a risk factor for HIV, hepatitis C, and hepatitis B: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Elsevier. The Lancet, 16 (12) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30325-5

Harris, Jane and Khatri, Rose . (2015) Late diagnosis of HIV in the United Kingdom: An evidence review. Liverpool John Moores University. 20 p.

Health Service Executive. (2015) How to identify an overdose. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Public Health England. (2015) Improving access to, and completion of, hepatitis C treatment. London: Public Health England. 6 p. Turning evidence into practice series

World Health Organization. (2015) Consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services. Geneva: World Health Organization. 193 p.

UNAIDS. (2015) 36th meeting of the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board Geneva, Switzerland. 30 June-2 July 2015. Geneva: UNAIDS. 4 p.

Sarasa-Renedo, Ana and Barrio, Gregorio and Montanari, Linda and Guarita, Bruno and de La Fuente, Luis and Bravo, Maria Jose and Vicente, Julian [EMCDDA] . (2015) Estimating trends in injecting drug use in Europe using national data on drug treatment admissions. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 35 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2015) Perspectives on drugs: Injection of synthetic cathinones. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 7 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2015) Perspectives on drugs: Hepatitis C treatment for injecting drug users. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 7 p.

World Health Organization. (2015) Guidelines for the prevention, care and treatment of persons with chronic hepatitis B infection. Geneva: World Health Organization. 166 p.

Tuchman, Ellen . (2015) Women’s injection drug practices in their own words: a qualitative study. BioMed Central. Harm Reduction Journal, 12 (6) 10.1186/s12954-015-0041-6

Butler, Kerryn and Burns, Lucinda [NDARC] . (2015) Injecting risk practices and Hepatitis C. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre. Illicit Drug Reporting System Drug Trends Bulletin 4 p.

International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Harm Reduction International, Save the Children, Youth RISE. (2015) Step by step toolkit. Preparing for work with children and young people who inject drugs. London: International HIV/AIDS Alliance. 52 p.

World Health Organization. (2014) Consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations. Geneva: World Health Organization. 184 p.

Public Health England. (2014) Aluminium foil for smoking drugs. A briefing for commissioners and providers of services for people who use drugs. London: Public Health England. 6 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2014) Policy briefing. Women who inject drugs and HIV: addressing specific needs. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 22 p.

Palmateer, Norah E and Taylor, Avril and Goldberg, David J and Munro, Alison and Aitken, Celia and Shepherd, Samantha J and McAllister, Georgina and Gunson, Rory and Hutchinson, Sharon J [PLOS One] . (2014) Rapid decline in HCV incidence among people who inject drugs associated with national scale-up in coverage of a combination of harm reduction interventions. Public Library of Science. PLoS ONE, 9 (8)

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. [NICE] (2014) Needle and syringe programmes. London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. 59 p. NICE public health guidance 52

Public Health England. (2014) People who inject drugs: infection risks, guidance and data. London: Public Health England.

Woods, Sara [IDPC] . (2014) Drug consumption rooms in Europe: Organisational overview. International Drug Policy Consortium. 46 p.

World Health Organization. (2014) Guidelines for the screening, care and treatment of persons with hepatitis C infection. Geneva: World Health Organization. 122 p.

Health Protection Surveillance Centre, Health Service Executive. [HSE Website] (2013) Infection with Bacillus anthracis - Injecting drug users potential presentations and case definitions. Dublin: Health Protection Surveillance Centre. 6 p.

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. [Home Office UK] (2013) ACMD further advice on foil (2013). London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. 2 p.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2013) Hepatitis B (chronic): Diagnosis and management of chronic hepatitis B in children, young people and adults. Manchester: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. 45 p.

Monaghan, Geoffrey and Bewley-Taylor, Dave [IDPC] . (2013) Police support for harm reduction policies and practices towards people who inject drugs. Modernising drug law enforcement report 1. London: International Drug Policy Consortium. 20 p.

McGowan, Catherine and Harris, Magdalena and Rhodes, Tim [PLOS One] . (2013) Hepatitis C avoidance in injection drug users: A typology of possible protective practices. Public Library of Science. PLoS ONE, 8 (10) e77038. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077038

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Needle exchange]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 30 October 2012

World Health Organization. [WHO] (2012) Guidance on prevention of viral hepatitis B and C among people who inject drugs. Geneva: World Health Organization. 4 p. WHO/HIV/2012.18

Schatz, Eberhard and Nougier, Marie [IDPC] . (2012) Drug consumption rooms: evidence and practice. London: International Drug Policy Consortium. 23 p.

[EMCDDA] (2012) Best Practice Portal: Harm reduction interventions for opioid injectors. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

Drug Policy Modelling Program. (2012) Supervised injecting facilities – annotated bibliography. Sydney: University of New South Wales. 23 p.

Gowing, Linda and Farrell, Michael and Bornemann, Reinhard and Sullivan, Lynn E and Ali, Robert [The Cochrane Library] . (2011) Oral substitution treatment of injecting opioid users for prevention of HIV infection. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (8) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004145.pub3

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2011) Hepatitis and drug use.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2011) ECDC and EMCDDA guidance. Prevention and control of infectious diseases among people who inject drugs. Stockholm: ECDC. 55 p.

[National Library for Public Health] (2010) 2010 annual evidence update. Sexual health: HIV/AIDS - behaviour change in high-risk populations. London: National Library for Public Health.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2010) EMCDDA manuals no 6. Guidelines for testing HIV, viral hepatitis and other infections in injecting drug users. A manual for provider-initiated voluntary medical examination, testing and counselling. Luxembourg: The Publications Office of the European Union. 75 p.

[EMCDDA] (2010) Harm reduction interventions for stimulant injectors. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. [Home Office UK] (2010) Consideration of the use of foil, as an intervention, to reduce the harms of injecting heroin. London: Home Office. 23 p.

[Injectingadvice.com] (2010) Needle & syringe programme outcomes tool. England: Injecting Advice Ltd. 14 p.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. [ECDC] (2010) HIV testing: increasing uptake and effectiveness in the European Union. Stockholm: ECDC. 34 p. 10.2900/35061

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. [NICE] (2009) Needle and syringe programmes: providing people who inject drugs with injecting equipment. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. 49 p. Public Health Guidance 18

World Health Organization, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. (2009) WHO, UNODC, UNAIDS technical guide for countries to set targets for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care for injecting drug users.. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 40 p.

World Health Organization, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, UNAIDS. [WHO] (2008) Policy guidelines for collaborative TB and HIV services for injecting and other drug users: an integrated approach. Geneva: World Health Organization. 60 p. Evidence for action technical papers

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. (2003) Spreading the light of science: guidelines on harm reduction related to injecting drug use. Geneva: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. 55 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Drug-related infectious diseases in Europe: update from the EMCDDA expert network. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 205 - Legislative programme [32057/17]. (06 Jul 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answers 197 – 199 - Drug treatment programmes [30340/17, 30341/17, 30342/17].[Supervised injecting rooms]. (28 Jun 2017)

[Oireachtas] Misuse of Drugs (supervised injecting facilities) Bill 2017: report and final stages. (30 Mar 2017)

[Oireachtas] Misuse of Drugs (supervised injecting facilities) Bill 2017: Second stage (resumed). (09 Mar 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer – 600 Injecting facilities [11808/17]. (07 Mar 2017)

[Oireachtas] Misuse of Drugs (supervised injecting facilities) Bill 2017: Second Stage (Continued). (23 Feb 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 386- Injecting facilities [8058/17]. (21 Feb 2017)

[Oireachtas] Misuse of Drugs (Supervised Injecting Facilities) Bill 2017. (10 Feb 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 633 - Medical products supply [37750/16]. (29 Nov 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 583 - Proposed legislation [Supervising injecting] [6182/16]. (06 Apr 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Topical issue debate. Drug treatment programmes. (01 Dec 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 38 - Drug treatment programmes policy (injecting rooms) [27046/15]. (09 Jul 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 161 - Drug treatment programmes policy (injecting centres) [27801/15]. (08 Jul 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answers 406, 407 & 408 - Drug rehabilitation clinics (injecting centres) [27535/15, 27536/15, 27537/15]. (07 Jul 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 172 - Misuse of drugs [24137/15]. (17 Jun 2015)

[Oireachtas] Joint Committee on Health and Children debate. HIV-AIDS Strategy: discussion. (05 Dec 2013)

[Oireachtas] National drugs strategy [Safe injecting] [49759/12]. (13 Nov 2012)

Book

Merchants Quay Ireland. (2008) Safer injecting: reducing the harm associated with injecting drug use. Dublin: Merchants Quay Ireland .

Ana Liffey Drug Project. (2008) Banging up coke? Use clean works. A booklet on how to avoid indirect or accidental sharing. Dublin: Ana Liffey Drug Project .

Wechsburg, Wendee M and Kasten, Jennifer J (2007) Methadone maintenance treatment in the U.S. : a practical question and answer guide. New York: Springer .

Preston, Andrew and Derricott, Jon (2007) The safer injecting handbook. Dorset: Exchange Supplies .

Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. (2007) Preventing HIV infection among injecting drug users in high risk countries: an assessment of the evidence. Washington, DC: National Academies Press .

Platt, Jerome (2006) Heroin addiction: theory, research and treatment. Vol 2, the addict, the treatment process, and social control. Malabar, Fla.: Krieger .

Pates, Richard and McBride, Andrew and Arnold, Karin, eds. (2005) Injecting illicit drugs. Oxford: Blackwell .

Wills, Simon (2005) Drugs of abuse. London: Pharmaceutical Press .

Kretzschmar, Mirjam and Wiessing, Lucas and Jager, Johannes and Limburg, Wien and Postma, Maarten, eds. (2004) Hepatitis C and injecting drug use: impact, costs and policy options. EMCDDA Scientific Monograph Series; No. 7 Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities .

Neale, Joanne (2003) Drug users in society. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan .

Acker, Caroline Jean (2002) Creating the American junkie: addiction research in the classic era of narcotic control. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press .

Musto, David F., ed. (2002) One hundred years of heroin. Connecticut: Auburn House .

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Fountain, Jane and Rhodes, Tim and Barnard, Marina and Hariga, Fabienne and Avilés, Nuria Romo and Vicente, Julian and Weber, Urban (2001) Injecting drug use, risk behaviour and qualitative research in the time of AIDS. EMCDDA Insights Series no. 4 Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities .

Hunt, Marsha, ed. (1999) The junk yard: voices from an Irish prison. Edinburgh: Mainstream .

Derricott, Jon and Preston, Andrew and Hunt, Neil (1998) The safer injecting briefing: an easy to use comprehensive reference guide to promoting safer injecting. Liverpool: HIT .

Dorn, Nicholas and James, Barbara and Lee, Maggy, eds. (1992) Women, HIV, drugs: criminal justice issues. London: Institute for the Study of Drug Dependence .

Dorn, Nicholas and Henderson, Sheila and South, Nigel, eds. (1992) AIDS: women, drugs and social care. Social Aspects of AIDS London: Falmer .

Faupel, Charles E (1991) Shooting dope: career patterns of hard-core heroin users. Gainesville FL: University of Florida Press .

Stephens, Richard (1991) The street addict role: a theory of heroin addiction. SUNY series in the new inequalities Albany: State University of New Yotk Press .

Book Section

Lawless, Marie (2003) Private lives - public issues: an investigation into the health status of female drug users. In: Pieces of the jigsaw: six reports addressing homelessness and drug use in Ireland. Dublin: Merchants Quay Ireland , 4 - 78.

O'Mahony, Paul (1997) Drug related health problems and other health issuse. In: Mountjoy prisoners: A sociological and criminological profile. Dublin: Stationery Office , pp. 105-115.

Newsletter

Uisce. (2014) Brass Munkie. Issue 27, Autumn 2014 . Dublin: UISCE.

Research Project

(start date 1 September 2014) Carew, Anne Marie and Comiskey, Catherine (2014) Measuring and modelling the extent of addiction treatment and associated outcomes among ageing opiate users using routine health surveillance data.

Conference or Workshop Item

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. (2014) EMCDDA and ECDC sub-regional exchange of knowledge and best practice in monitoring and preventing drug-related infections. In: Meeting reports, November 2013, Bucharest and Talinn.

Bingham, Tim (2012) Supervised injecting facilities ‘The case’. In: Drug Policy Reform in Ireland, 26 September 2012, University College Cork.

Wiessing, Lucas (2000) Estimating coverage of harm-reduction measures for injection drug users in Europe. In: Global Research Network on HIV Prevention in Drug-Using Populations, 5-7 July 2000, Durban, South Africa.

Thesis

McKiernan, Susan (2006) The immunogenetics of Hepatitis C Virus in a defined unique cohort. Other thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

O'Sullivan, Patrick (2004) A study of the prevalence of blood-borne viral diseases in injecting drug users receiving methadone maintenance in the National Drug Treatment Centre at Trinity Court in Dublin. Other thesis, The Royal College of Physicians of Ireland.

Carroll, Carthage (2003) A determination of the prevalence of SEN virus in a hepatitis C infected intraveneous drug using population in Ireland. MSc thesis, University College Dublin.

Clarke, Susan (2002) Antiretroviral therapy for injecting drug users. Other thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

O'Kelly, Fergus Desmond (2000) The natural history of injecting drug use in a Dublin community (1985-1995). Other thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Mullen, Louise (1998) Dublin needle exchange programme: an analysis of first attenders 1990-1997. MSc thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Video

Keane, Marcus (2016) Medically supervised injecting centres update. Ana Liffey Drug Project.

Drugs.ie. (2015) Naloxone demonstration project.

Audio

Newstalk.com. (2017) Should drug injection centres be allowed in busy areas? Dublin: Newstalk.

O'Rourke, Sean (2014) Drugs in inner city Dublin: follow up. Dublin: RTE- Today with Sean O'Rourke.

O'Rourke, Sean (2014) The effects of new drugs available in Dublin's inner city. RTE- Today with Sean O'Rourke.

Teaching Resource

Brennan, Rebekah (2013) ‘IDUHED’: An ethno pharmacological study of the injecting use of human enhancement drugs.

Simpson, D Dwayne (1997) The Texas Christian University HIV/AIDS Risk Assessment. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour – safer use.

Center for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour. (1982) Injecting Risk Questionnaire (IRQ). Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour – safer use.

Other

Clondalkin Drug and Alcohol Task Force, Clondalkin Traveller Development Group. (2017) CDATF Juice magazine. What are steroids? Clondalkin Drug and Alcohol Task Force, Dublin.

Health Protection Surveillance Centre. (2015) Important public health notice about HIV. New HIV infections are increasing among people who inject drugs. Health Protection Surveillance Centre, Dublin.

Health Service Executive. (2012) Advice on the use on injecting tanning agents, e.g. Melanotan. Health Service Executive.

International Network of People who Use Drugs. (2012) Anthrax warning! Information for heroin users. INPUD, New South Wales.

(2012) UK Why invest? - How drug treatment and recovery services work for individuals, communities and society. National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse, London.

FactSheet

World Health Organization. (2015) Hepatitis C factsheet. Geneva: World Health Organization.

World Health Organization. (2015) Hepatitis B factsheet. Geneva: World Health Organization.

World Health Organization. (2015) HIV/AIDS. World Health Organization.

Drugs.ie. (2015) Safer disposal information.

This list was generated on Wed Jan 17 03:30:18 2018 GMT.