Home > Unexplained illness among injecting drug users in Dublin: a case-control study.

Mullen, Louise and Barry, Joseph and Igoe, Derval and Keenan, Eamon and Ward, Mary (2002) Unexplained illness among injecting drug users in Dublin: a case-control study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health , 56 , (8) , pp. 575-576.

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An outbreak of unexplained illness among heroin users was reported in May 2000 in Dublin. Between 29 April and 26 June 2000, 22 cases were identified, with eight deaths. This occurred in association with similar outbreaks in the UK, particularly Glasgow. Illness was characterised by soft tissue inflammation at the injection site, followed by hypotension and circulatory collapse. Laboratory results indicated that clostridium species were associated with the outbreaks. Analysis of cases in the UK indicate increased risk for female injectors and longer term users. However, data on injecting practice were unavailable. Injecting intramuscularly has been associated with outbreaks of wound botulism and tetanus. A prospective case-control study was initiated to identify risk factors associated with this outbreak.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:2002
Call No:PB6,12, VH4.2 DUB
Page Range:pp. 575-576
Publisher:BMJ Publishing
Volume:56
Number:8
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB 1326 (Electronic Only)
Subjects:G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease
T Demographic characteristics > Intravenous / injecting drug user
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland > Dublin
A Drugs and alcohol use, abuse, and dependence > Drugs and alcohol effects and consequences

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