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Home > Hepatitis C - annual epidemiological report for 2018.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. (2020) Hepatitis C - annual epidemiological report for 2018. Stockholm: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

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In 2018, 37 527 cases of hepatitis C were reported in 29 EU/EEA Member States. The number is 37 427 when countries that only reported acute cases are excluded, which corresponds to a crude rate of 8.8 cases per 100 000 population. Of the cases reported, 4% were classified as acute, 26% as chronic and 67% as ‘unknown’. Hepatitis C was more commonly reported among men than women, with a male-to-female ratio of 2.1:1. The most affected age group among males was between 35–44 years and for females between 25–34 years. Mode of transmission was reported for just 21% of cases. The most commonly reported mode was injecting drug use, which accounted for 46% of cases with complete information on transmission status. The interpretation of hepatitis C notification data across countries remains problematic, with ongoing differences in surveillance systems and difficulties in defining reported cases as acute or chronic. With hepatitis C, a largely asymptomatic disease until its late stages, surveillance based on notification data is challenging, with data reflecting testing practices rather than true occurrence of disease.

Key facts
• In 2018, 37 527 cases of hepatitis C were reported in 29 EU/EEA Member States. The number is 37 427 when countries that only reported acute cases are excluded, which corresponds to a crude rate of 8.8 cases per 100 000 population.
• Of the cases reported, 4% were classified as acute, 26% as chronic and 67% as ‘unknown’.
• Hepatitis C was more commonly reported among men than women, with a male-to-female ratio of 2.1:1. The most affected age group among males was between 35–44 years and for females between 25–34 years.
• Mode of transmission was reported for just 21% of cases. The most commonly reported mode was injecting drug use, which accounted for 46% of cases with complete information on transmission status.
• The interpretation of hepatitis C notification data across countries remains problematic, with ongoing differences in surveillance systems and difficulties in defining reported cases as acute or chronic. With hepatitis C, a largely asymptomatic disease until its late stages, surveillance based on notification data is challenging, with data reflecting testing practices rather than true occurrence of disease.


Item Type
Report
Publication Type
International, Report
Drug Type
All substances, Opioid
Intervention Type
Harm reduction
Source
Date
22 July 2020
Publisher
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Corporate Creators
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Place of Publication
Stockholm
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