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HSE, Health Protection Surveillance Centre. (2014) HIV in Ireland. 2013 report. Dublin: Health Protection Surveillance Centre.

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In 2013, 344 people were newly diagnosed with HIV in Ireland, giving a rate of 7.5 per 100,000 population. Since 2010, the annual rate of new HIV diagnoses has been relatively stable in Ireland, ranging from 7.0 to 7.5 per 100,000 population.

75% of new HIV diagnoses were in men and 25% in women, giving a rate of 11.4 per 100,000 among men and 3.7 per 100,000 among women and a male-to-female ratio of 3:1. The median age of adult cases at HIV diagnosis was 34 years (range: 19 to 70 years). Young people (aged 15-24 years) accounted for 12% of new diagnoses and those over 50 years of age accounted for 11%. The rate of new diagnoses (per 100,000) was highest in HSE-East (14.6 per 100,000) and lowest in the HSE-Northwest (1.9 per 100,000).

In 2013, 5% (18 cases) of the new diagnoses were among people who inject drugs (PWID). This is similar to the number diagnosed in the last four years (ranging from 13 to 23 cases since 2010).

Of the 18 new diagnoses among PWID,
 12 (67%) were male and 6 (33%) were female
 Median age at diagnosis was 33.5 years (range: 23 to 56 years)
 10 (59%) were born in Ireland, 3 (18%) were born in central and eastern Europe and one (6%) was born in western Europe. Country of birth was not unknown for three.
 Where information was available (in 44% of cases), the median duration of injecting drug use was 10 years.
 Where CD4 count was reported (in 89% of cases), 56% of new cases were diagnosed late including 19% who were severely immuno-compromised. The proportion diagnosed late in 2013 is lower than in 2012 (63%) and 2011 (85%).
 One PWID was diagnosed with an AIDS defining illness at the time of HIV diagnosis.
 15 (83%) of PWID newly diagnosed with HIV were co-infected with Hepatitis C. Of the new diagnoses among PWID, 11% (2) were previously diagnosed positive in another country.


Date:2014
Pages:28 p.
Publisher:Health Protection Surveillance Centre
Corporate Creators:HSE, Health Protection Surveillance Centre
Place of Publication:Dublin
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Subjects:G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > HIV infection
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health-related prevention > Health information and education > Communicable disease control > HIV prevention
T Demographic characteristics > Intravenous / injecting drug user
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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