Home > Booting and flushing: needle rituals and risk for bloodborne viruses.

McElrath, Karen (2005) Booting and flushing: needle rituals and risk for bloodborne viruses. Journal of Substance Use , 11 , (3) , 177¨C189.

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'Booting' and 'flushing' are terms used to describe an injecting behaviour in which the plunger is pulled back and the fluid (mostly blood and perhaps blood only) is re-injected. The behaviour differs from 'registering', which occurs before the drug is injected. Booting/flushing can produce subcutaneous and venous damage, and increases the risk for the spread of blood-borne viruses when used equipment is passed on to other injectors. The purpose of the study was to explore the extent of flushing, the context of flushing and IDUs' self-reported reasons for flushing. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 59 IDUs in Northern Ireland, who were recruited through various strategies. Respondents' ages ranged from 22 to 50 years and females comprised 34% of the sample. Mean length of injecting career was 8.3 years. A total of 46% reported flushing on a regular basis during some or most of the injecting career.

The results showed that flushing occurs for different reasons and, in comparison with research conducted elsewhere, is not associated solely with cocaine or speedball injection. Interventions designed to reduce the extent of flushing must take into account the various reasons for the behaviour.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:2005
Call No:EF4,
Page Range:177¨C189
Publisher:Informa healthcare
Volume:11
Number:3
Keywords:intravenous drug user, Northern Ireland, risk-taking behavior
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB 3137 (Available)
Related URLs:
Subjects:T Demographic characteristics > Intravenous / injecting drug user
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
F Concepts in psychology > Specific attitude and behaviour > risk-taking behaviour
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health related prevention > Health information and education > Communicable disease control
G Health and disease > Etiology > Disease transmission factor > Needle sharing

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