Home > The emerging AIDS epidemic in Ireland - clinicopathological findings in 23 early cases.

O'Briain, DS and Jackson, F and Courtney, MG and O'Malley, Fiona and McDonald, GS and Mulvihill, EM and Dinn, JJ and Temperley, IJ and Mulcahy, Fiona (1990) The emerging AIDS epidemic in Ireland - clinicopathological findings in 23 early cases. Irish Medical Journal, 83, (2), pp. 50-53.

External website: http://archive.imj.ie/Archive/The%20emerging%20AID...

A longitudinal study with follow up to the end of 1989 was carried out on 23 patients with AIDS who had attended St. James's Hospital, Dublin, by the end of 1987. Until then only 33 cases of AIDS had been reported in Ireland. The patients, all of whom had antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), were predominantly male, young (mean age 31.3 years) and belonged about equally to three major risk groups: homosexuals, intravenous drug abusers (IVDA) and haemophiliacs. AIDS was diagnosed because of oesophageal candidiasis (8 cases), Kaposi's sarcoma (4), mycobacterial infection (4), pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (3), toxoplasmosis (2) or encephalopathy (2). Malignant lymphoma and a variety of infections occurred in the course of illness, and neurological involvement developed in 11 patients (48%). Mortality following diagnosis of AIDS was 39% at one year and 64% after two years. Autopsy in 10 of the 16 deaths contributed much to defining the extent and nature of the disease.

The demographic pattern, risk group status, survival and range of complications were broadly similar to the pattern of AIDS as seen elsewhere in developed countries. However, compared to the profile of disease reported from the United States, oesophageal candidiasis (52%) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (22%) were more prominent, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (39%), Kaposi's sarcoma (22%) and Mycobacterium avium intracellulare (13%) were less frequent and cryptococcal infection was not identified. These regional variations in the frequency of the various complications and particularly the prominence of tuberculosis, probably reflect the interaction of the immunocompromised patient with the local environment and may have important diagnostic and therapeutic implications.

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Publication Type
Irish-related, Open Access, Article
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pp. 50-53
Irish Medical Organisation
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HRB (Electronic Only)
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