Home > Health in 2015: from MDGs, Millennium Development Goals to SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals.

World Health Organization. (2015) Health in 2015: from MDGs, Millennium Development Goals to SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals. Geneva: World Health Organization.

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In 2015 the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) come to the end of their term, and a post-2015 agenda, comprising 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), takes their place. This WHO report looks back 15 years at the trends and positive forces during the MDG era and assesses the main challenges that will affect health in the coming 15 years.

Chapter 5 infectious diseases

MDG Target 6 has been met for the major infectious diseases. Incidence (new HIV infections and new cases of malaria and TB) has declined: compared to 2000, the number of people newly infected with HIV was 35% lower; the malaria incidence rate among the population at risk was 37% lower and the TB incidence rate was 18% lower. Major increases in the coverage of key interventions have been recorded for all three diseases. In 2014, 14.9 million people living with HIV were receiving ART, up from 690 000 in 2000.

Chapter 7 mental health and substance use

SDG Target 3.5 calls for strengthening the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol. Almost 2% of the global burden of disease is estimated to be associated with alcohol and other substance use disorders. Alcohol use is one of the major risks for NCDs and a target of reducing harmful use by 10% over the next 15 years has been set. The WHO global strategy on reducing the harmful use of alcohol calls for national policies to strengthen the public health response to harmful use and build capacity for prevention and treatment of substance use disorders and associated health conditions.

In 2013, some 27 million people worldwide suffered from drug use disorders; almost 50% injected drugs, and an estimated 1.65 million were living with HIV. Since 2006, the number of people using illicit drugs has increased by 38 million, reaching 246 million in 2013. The number of problem users has remained fairly constant at 27 million since 2008. Treatment coverage for drug use disorders continues to be low. A special session of the UN General Assembly will be held in 2016 to address the world drug problem.

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