Home > Taking action to reduce injecting drug-related harms in prisons: The evidence of effectiveness of prison needle exchange in six countries.

Lines, Rick and Betteridge, Glen and Stover, Heino and Jurgens, Ralf (2005) Taking action to reduce injecting drug-related harms in prisons: The evidence of effectiveness of prison needle exchange in six countries. International Journal of Prisoner Health , 1 , (1) , 49 -64.

This article examines the issue of prison needle-exchange programmes (PNEP) based upon the international experience and evidence in six countries. A review of existing literature was undertaken together with original research comprising site visits to prison needle-exchange programmes in four countries operating such initiatives in October 2002.

During the course of the research, prison needle-exchange programmes were initiated in two other countries, Kyrgyzstan and Belarus. Site visits were not possible in respect of these two countries, and data was gathered via conversations with staff and funding organisations involved and by the examination of documentary evidence.

The paper presents an overview of the PNEP initiated and a commentry on the outcomes. Based upon the evidence emerging from the investigation, the paper concludes that while prison syringe-exchange programmes have been implemented in diverse environments and under differing circumstances, the results of the programmes have been remarkably consistent. Improved prisoner health and reduction of needle sharing have been achieved. Fears of violence, increased drug consumption, and other negative consequences have not materialised. Based on the evidence and experience, it can be concluded unequivocally that prison needle-exchange programmes effectively address the health-related harms associated with needle sharing in prisons and do not undermine institutional safety or security.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:December 2005
Page Range:49 -64
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Volume:1
Number:1
Keywords:communicable disease by infectious agent, intravenous drug user, Ireland, needle distribution and exchange, prison-based health service, Prisoner
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB 4136 (Not in collection)
Related URLs:
Subjects:J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health care programme or facility > Prison-based health service
T Demographic characteristics > Person who injects drugs (Intravenous / injecting)
MM-MO Crime and law > Justice system > Correctional system and facility > Prison
VA Geographic area > International aspects
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health related prevention > Health information and education > Communicable disease control

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