Home > A decade of spore-forming bacterial infections among European injecting drug users: pronounced regional variation.

Hope, VD and Palmateer, M and Wiessing, Lucas and Maronqiu, A and White, J and Ncube, F and Goldberg, D (2012) A decade of spore-forming bacterial infections among European injecting drug users: pronounced regional variation. American Journal of Public Health , 102 , (1) , pp. 122-125.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22095355

The recent anthrax outbreak among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Europe has highlighted an ongoing problem with severe illness resulting from spore-forming bacteria in IDUs. We collated the numbers of cases of 4 bacterial illnesses (botulism, tetanus, Clostridium novyi, and anthrax) in European IDUs for 2000 to 2009 and calculated population rates. Six countries reported 367 cases; rates varied from 0.03 to 7.54 per million people.Most cases (92%) were reported from 3 neighboring countries: Ireland, Norway, and the United Kingdom. This geographic variation needs investigation.


Item Type:Article
Date:2012
Page Range:pp. 122-125
Publisher:New York
Volume:102
Number:1
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Subjects:G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease
VA Geographic area > Europe
G Health and disease > Etiology > Disease transmission factor > Needle sharing
G Health and disease > Etiology > Disease transmission factor

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