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[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2016) Reducing HIV risk among offenders. Drug and Alcohol Findings Bulletin (11 April 2016)


Thorough search for evidence uncovers 37 studies which overall suggest that by tackling sexual and injecting risk behaviours, some interventions protect against HIV in adults with a history of criminal justice involvement. Methadone maintenance emerged as the best established.

Key points from summary and commentary
• This review considers studies of interventions to prevent HIV among people with current or previous involvement with the criminal justice system.
• Interventions which target injecting risk behaviours may protect against HIV, as well as improve substance use outcomes.
• Two interventions showing promise are methadone maintenance treatment and case management

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