Home > Preventing HIV infection among injecting drug users in high risk countries: an assessment of the evidence.

Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. (2007) Preventing HIV infection among injecting drug users in high risk countries: an assessment of the evidence. Washington, DC: National Academies Press .

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The sharing of contaminated injecting equipment has become a driving force behind the global AIDS epidemic and is the primary mode of HIV transmission in many countries, particularly throughout Eastern Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and significant parts of Asia. In some cases, HIV is spreading rapidly from drug users to their partners through sexual transmission, and from drug users and their partners to newborns. Reversing the rise of HIV infection among injecting drug users has thus become an urgent global challenge--one that remains largely unmet.

In response to this crisis, in 2005 the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation commissioned the Institute of Medicine to evaluate strategies for preventing HIV transmission among injecting drug users.

The resulting report, Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries, finds that several key approaches can reduce the use and injection of illegal drugs, and also curb other drug- and sex-related risk behavior that increases the risk of HIV infection.

The report provides evidence-based recommendations regarding drug dependence treatment, sterile needle and syringe access, and outreach and education. The report urges high-risk countries to take immediate steps to make effective HIV prevention strategies widely available.


Item Type:Book
Date:2007
Call No:JH10.6.4, GH16.12.20
Pages:xvi, 2
Publisher:National Academies Press
Corporate Creators:Institute of Medicine of the National Academies
Place of Publication:Washington, DC
ISBN:978-0-309-10280-3
Keywords:HIV infection, prevention strategy, intravenous drug user, Other groupings of countries
Notes:Includes tables and bibliographical references.
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB 3912 (Available)
Subjects:T Demographic characteristics > Intravenous / injecting drug user
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health related prevention > Health information and education > Communicable disease control > HIV prevention
VA Geographic area > International aspects
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > HIV

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