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Office of the Inspector of Prisons. (2020) A framework for the Inspection of Prisons in Ireland. Dublin: Office of the Inspector of Prisons.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Thailand Institute of Justice. (2020) Report on the global webinar series on "Gender-responsive criminal justice and prison reform". Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Guiney, Ciara (2020) Inspector of Prisons annual report, 2018. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 74, Summer 2020 , pp. 14-15.

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Families urged not to smuggle drugs into prison as visits resume. (20 Jul 2020)

Irish Prison Service. (2020) IPS family information booklet. Longford: Irish Prison Service.

Penal Reform International. (2020) Coronavirus: preventing harm and human rights violations in criminal justice systems. Briefing note. London: Penal Reform International.

Digital Desk Staff. [Irish Examiner] Hundreds of litres of alcohol seized in Irish prisons last year. (01 Jul 2020)

Committee of Ministers to member States on the European Prison Rules. (2020) Recommendation Rec(2006)2-rev of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the European Prison Rules. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

Harm Reduction International. (2020) COVID-19, prisons and drug policy: global scan March-June 2020. London: Harm Reduction International.

National Suicide Research Foundation, Irish Prison Service. (2020) Self-harm in Irish prisons 2018. Second report from the Self-Harm Assessment and Data Analysis (SADA) project. Cork: National Suicide Research Foundation.

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel More than 66% of inmates in busiest prisons are on medication. (29 Jun 2020)

Crowley, Des and Cullen, Walter and O'Donnell, Patrick and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2020) Prison and opportunities for the management of COVID-19. BJGP Open .

Oberstown Children Detention Campus. (2020) Oberstown children detention campus annual report 2019. Dublin: Oberstown Children Detention Campus.

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Committees find addiction, mental health, overcrowding and homelessness concerns at prisons. (26 May 2020)

[UNODC] UNODC, WHO, UNAIDS and OHCHR joint statement on COVID-19 in prisons and other closed settings*. (13 May 2020)

Prison visiting committees. (2020) Prison visiting committee annual reports 2018. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

O'Donnell, Ian (2020) An evidence review of recidivism and policy responses. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

Health Research Board. Irish National Focal Point to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) Ireland: national report for 2019 - prison. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2020) After incarceration: a guide to helping women reenter the community. Rockville, MD: Office of Intergovernmental and External Affairs. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Kinner, Stuart A and Young, Jesse T and Snow, Kathryn and Southalan, Louise and Lopez-Acuña, Daniel and Ferreira-Borges, Carina and O'Moore, Éamonn (2020) Prisons and custodial settings are part of a comprehensive response to COVID-19. The Lancet Public Health , 5 , (4) .

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2020) Preparedness, prevention and control of COVID-19 in prisons and other places of detention. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Semple, Sean and Dobson, Ruaraidh and Sweeting, Helen and Brown, Ashley and Hunt, Kate (2020) The impact of implementation of a national smoke-free prisons policy on indoor air quality: results from the Tobacco in Prisons study. Tobacco Control , 29 , (2) , pp. 234-236.

Edge, Chantal and George, Julie and Black, Georgia and Gallagher, Michelle and Ala, Aftab and Patel, Shamir and Edwards, Simon and Hayward, Andrew (2020) Using telemedicine to improve access, cost and quality of secondary care for people in prison in England: a hybrid type 2 implementation effectiveness study. BMJ Open , 10 , (e035837) , e035837.

[Irish Examiner] Number of drug seizures in Irish prisons increases by nearly 10%. (03 Feb 2020)

Borschmann, Rohan and Janca, Emilia and Carter, Annie and Willoughby, Melissa and Hughes, Nathan and Snow, Kathryn and Stockings, Emily and Hill, Nicole T M and Hocking, Jane and Love, Alexander and Patton, George C and Sawyer, Susan M and Fazel, Seena and Puljević, Cheneal and Robinson, Jo and Kinner, Stuart A (2020) The health of adolescents in detention: a global scoping review. The Lancet Public Health , 5 , (2) , e114-e126.

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Wheatfield Prison tops list for drugs, weapons, and phones seizures. (08 Jan 2020)

Rosalim, Jay P (2020) A senior management perspective on the policy debate of needle and syringe exchange program provision in Irish prisons. Journal of Correctional Health Care , 26 , (1) , pp. 27-35.

Weston, Janet and Berridge, Virginia (2020) AIDS inside and out: HIV/AIDS and penal policy in Ireland and England & Wales in the 1980s and 1990s. Social History of Medicine , 33 , (1) , pp. 247-267.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2020) DATAUNODC data portal [International].

Irish Prison Service. (2020) Irish Prison Service annual report 2019. Longford: Irish Prison Service.

Clarke, Mattea and Devlin, John and Conroy, Emmett and Kelly, Enda and Sturup-Toft, Sunita (2020) Establishing prison-led contact tracing to prevent outbreaks of COVID-19 in prisons in Ireland. Journal of Public Health , 42 , (3) , pp. 519-522.

Rosalim, Jay P (2020) Service provision study on the implementation of nurse-led clinic in the Irish judicial system. Journal of Correctional Health Care , 26 , (3) , pp. 258-266.

[Irish Examiner] , McEnroe, Juno Bid to halt jail drug drops by drones. (27 Dec 2019)

Millar, Sean (2019) Trends in addiction treatment in Irish prisons. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 71, Autumn 2019 , p. 19.

Millar, Sean (2019) Hepatitis C virus screening and treatment in Irish prisons from a governor and prison officer perspective. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 71, Autumn 2019 , pp. 20-21.

Millar, Sean (2019) Self-harm in Irish prisons. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 71, Autumn 2019 , pp. 22-23.

Ireland. Office of the Inspector of Prisons. (2019) Office of the Inspector of Prisons annual report 2018. Dublin: Office of the Inspector of Prisons.

Malta, Monica and Varatharajan, Thepikaa and Russell, Cayley and Pang, Michelle and Bonato, Sarah and Fischer, Benedikt (2019) Opioid-related treatment, interventions, and outcomes among incarcerated persons: A systematic review. PLoS Medicine , 16 , (12) , e1003002.

[Dublinlive] , McDonagh, Darragh Almost half of inmates at Dublin women's prison receiving methadone treatment. (08 Nov 2019)

WHO Regional Office for Europe. (2019) Status report on prison health in the WHO European Region. Copenhagan: WHO Regional Office for Europe.

Irish Prison Service. (2019) Irish Prison Service strategic plan 2019-2022. Longford: Irish Prison Service.

Irish Penal Reform Trust. (2019) Irish Penal Reform Trust annual review and financial statement 2018-2019. Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

[Irish Examiner] More than 1,100 drug seizures made in Irish prisons last year. (20 Jul 2019)

Ex-Prisoners Recovering from Addiction Working Group. (2019) Blueprints for the treatment and throughcare of prisoners with histories of drug dependence. A report from the ex-prisoners recovering from addiction (EPRA) working group. University of York.

WHO Regional Office for Europe. (2019) Health in prisons: fact sheets for 38 European countries. Denmark: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe.

Oberstown Children Detention Campus. (2019) Oberstown children detention campus: annual report 2018. Dublin: Oberstown Children Detention Campus.

[Irish Times] The Irish Times view on prison trends: numbers up. (26 Jun 2019)

Prison Reform Trust. (2019) Prison: the facts. London: Prison Reform Trust.

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Prison overcrowding allows bullies to thrive, conference hears. (02 May 2019)

Penal Reform International. (2019) Global prison trends 2019 report. London: Penal Reform International and Thailand Institute of Justice.

[Irish Times] , Cullen, Paul Pioneering prison health scheme credited with reduction in knife attacks. (29 Apr 2019)

HM Prison and Probation Service. (2019) Prison drugs strategy. London: HM Prison and Probation Service.

[Irish Times] , Pollak, Sorcha and Horgan Jones, Jack Drone used in attempted drug drop at Dublin’s Mountjoy Prison. (18 Mar 2019)

Gulati, Gautam and Otuokpaikhian, Kizito and Crowley, Maeve and Pradeep, Vishnu and Meagher, David and Dunne, Colum P (2019) Mental healthcare interfaces in a regional Irish prison. International Journal of Prisoner Health , 15 , (1) , pp. 14-23.

[Irish Examiner] , O'Neill, Kevin Over 1,100 drug seizures in prisons last year. (05 Mar 2019)

[Irish Mirror] , Pownall, Sylvia Governor of Ireland's biggest jail admits staff face 'constant battle' to stop prisoners getting drugs. (03 Feb 2019)

[Oireachtas] Committee of Public Accounts Debate - vote 21 - prisons. (17 Jan 2019)

Higgins, Kathryn and Kelly, G and O'Neill, N and O'Hara, L and Campbell, Ann (2019) The use of prescription medication in prisons in Northern Ireland. Queen's University Belfast.

Probation Service, Probation Board for Northern Ireland. (2019) Irish Probation Journal. . Navan: Probation Service.

Gulati, G and Keating, N and O'Neill, A and Delaunois, I (2019) The prevalence of major mental illness, substance misuse and homelessness in Irish prisoners: systematic review and meta-analyses. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 36 , (1) , pp. 35-45.

Crowley, Des and Cullen, Walter and Lambert, John and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2019) Hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening in people who inject drugs (PWID) and prisoners — A narrative review of extant literature. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 21 , (1) .

Crowley, Des and Cullen, Walter and Lambert, John S and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2019) Hepatitis C treatment and prevention in people who inject drugs (PWID) and prisoners: a narrative review of the extant literature. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 21 , (2) .

Mullineux, Judith C and Taylor, Brian J and Giles, Melanie L (2019) Probation officers' judgements: a study using personal construct theory. Journal of Social Work , 19 , (1) , pp. 41-59.

Cannon, Aoife and Nally, Fiona and Collins, Anne and Fay, Ronnie and Lyons, Suzi (2019) Trends in addiction treatment in Irish prisons using national surveillance data, 2009–2014. International Journal of Prisoner Health , 15 , (2) .

Aebi, Marcelo F and Tiago, Melanie M (2019) SPACE I - 2018 – Council of Europe annual penal statistics: prison populations. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

Crowley, Desmond and Murtagh, Ross and Cullen, Walter and Keevans, Mary and Laird, Eamon and McHugh, Tina and McKiernan, Susan and Miggin, Sarah Jayne and O'Connor, Eileen and O'Reilly, Deirdre and Betts-Symonds, Graham and Tobin, Ciara and Van Hout, Marie Claire and Lambert, John S (2019) Evaluating peer-supported screening as a hepatitis C case-finding model in prisoners. Harm Reduction Journal , 16 , (1) , p. 42.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2019) Use of medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder in criminal justice settings. Rockville, MD: National Mental Health and Substance Use Policy Laboratory. Substance Abuse and Mental Health.

Irish Prison Service. (2019) Irish Prison Service annual report 2018. Longford: Irish Prison Service.

Prison visiting committees. (2019) Prison visiting committee annual reports 2017. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

Implementation Oversight Group to the Minister for Justice and Equality. (2019) Implementation of Penal Policy Review Group recommendations. Seventh report of the Implementation Oversight Group to the Minister for Justice and Equality. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

Crowley, Desmond and Lambert, John S and Betts-Symonds, Graham and Cullen, Walter and Keevans, Mary and Kelly, Enda and Laird, Eamon and McHugh, Tina and McKiernan, Susan and Miggin, Sarah Jayne and Murphy, Carol and Murtagh, Ross and O'Reilly, Deirdre and Tobin, Ciara and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2019) The seroprevalence of untreated chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and associated risk factors in male Irish prisoners: a cross-sectional study, 2017. Euro Surveillance , 24 , (14) .

Crowley, D and Murtagh, R and Cullen, W and Lambert, J S and McHugh, T and Van Hout, MC (2019) Hepatitis C virus infection in Irish drug users and prisoners - a scoping review. BMC Infectious Diseases , 19 , (1) , p. 702.

Crowley, Desmond and Cullen, Walter and Lambert, John S and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2019) Competing priorities and second chances - a qualitative exploration of prisoners' journeys through the Hepatitis C continuum of care. PLoS ONE , 14 , (9) , e0222186.

Mateo, M and Álvarez, R and Cobo, C and Pallas, J R and López, A M and Gaite, L (2019) Telemedicine: contributions, difficulties and key factors for implementation in the prison setting. Revista Espanola de Sanidad Penitenciaria , 21 , (2) , pp. 95-105.

Crowley, Des and Van Hout, Marie Claire and Lambert, John S and Kelly, Enda and Murphy, Carol and Cullen, Walter (2018) Barriers and facilitators to hepatitis C (HCV) screening and treatment—a description of prisoners’ perspective. Harm Reduction Journal , 15 , (62) .

Colquhoun Flannery, Claire and Powis, Beverly and Randhawa, Kiran (2018) Examining the efficacy of the building skills for recovery (BSR) programme for substance-misusing offenders in custody in England and Wales. Analytical summary 2018. London: HM Prison and Probation Service.

Guiney, Ciara (2018) Irish Prison Service and Probation Service strategic plan 2018–2020. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 67, Autumn 2018 , pp. 12-13.

[The Sunday Times] , Coyle, Colin Drugs blamed for two-thirds of unnatural deaths in Irish prisons. (14 Oct 2018)

Griffin, Eve and Cully, Grace and Corcoran, Paul and Hume, Sarah and Kelly, Enda and O'Reilly, Deirdre (2018) Self-harm in Irish prisons 2017. First report from the Self-Harm Assessment and Data Analysis (SADA) Project. Cork: National Suicide Research Foundation.

Irish Penal Reform Trust. (2018) Progress in the penal system: A framework for penal reform. Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

Irish Penal Reform Trust. (2018) IPRT position paper 3: mandatory sentencing. Dublin: Irish Prison Reform Trust.

Implementation Oversight Group to the Minister for Justice and Equality. (2018) Implementation of Penal Policy Review Group recommendations. Sixth report of the Implementation Oversight Group to the Minister for Justice and Equality. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

Iqtidar, Madeeha and Sharma, Kapil and Mullaney, Ronan and Kelly, Enda and Keevans, Mary and Cullinane, Myra and Kennedy, Harry and Mohan, Damian (2018) Deaths in custody in the Irish prison service: 5-year retrospective study of drug toxicology and unnatural deaths. BJPsych Open , 4 , (5) , pp. 401-403.

Public Health England. (2018) Guidance for improving continuity of care between prison and the community. London: Public Health England.

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Mentally ill prisoners sleeping on floors because of overcrowding. (09 Jul 2018)

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Public health guidance on prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings. Stockholm: ECDC and EMCDDA.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. (2018) Systematic review on the prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings. Stockholm: ECDC.

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Penal reform and sentencing: motion. (28 Jun 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Flanagan, TD Charlie 'If prison does not serve and rehabilitate offenders, they will return to life as before, or worse'. (24 Jun 2018)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) New psychoactive substances in prison. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Irish Prison Service, Probation Service. (2018) Irish Prison Service & Probation Service joint strategic plan 2018 - 2020. Ireland: Irish Prison Service & Probation Service.

Irish Prison Service. (2018) Irish Prison Service annual report 2017. Longford: Irish Prison Service.

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Prisoners are more prone to drug use and psychosis. (21 May 2018)

Joint Committee on Justice and Equality. (2018) Joint Committee on Justice and Equality report on penal reform and sentencing. Dublin: Houses of the Oireachtas.

Bielen, Rob and Stumo, Samya R and Halford, Rachel and Werling, Klára and Reic, Tatjana and Stover, Heino and Robaeys, Geert and Lazarus, Jeffrey V (2018) Harm reduction and viral hepatitis C in European prisons: a cross-sectional survey of 25 countries. Harm Reduction Journal , 15 , (25) .

Penal Reform International. (2018) Global prison trends 2018 report. London: Penal Reform International and Thailand Institute of Justice.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings. Stockholm and Lisbon: ECDC and EMCDDA.

[Irish Times] , Lally, Conor Seizures of mobiles and drugs in prisons rose last year. (22 Apr 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , McDonagh, Darragh Prison guards are cracking down on moonshine in Irish prisons. (02 Apr 2018)

Kendall, Sacha and Redshaw, Sarah and Ward, Stephen and Wayland, Sarah and Sullivan, Elizabeth (2018) Systematic review of qualitative evaluations of reentry programs addressing problematic drug use and mental health disorders amongst people transitioning from prison to communities. Health & Justice , 6 , (4) .

WHO Regional Office for Europe. (2018) Conclusions of the WHO international meeting on prisons and health. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.

[Independent.ie] , McDonagh, Darragh Surge in prison drug and weapon seizures. (26 Feb 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , McDonagh, Darragh Volume of drug seizures in Irish prisons soars by 42%, as over 1,000 recorded last year. (26 Feb 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Prison Service vows to do more to fight contraband. (01 Feb 2018)

Martynowicz, Agnieszka and Moore, Linda (2018) ‘Behind the door’: solitary confinement in the Irish penal system. Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

Guiney, Ciara (2018) Community service: an alternative to imprisonment in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 64, Winter 2018 , pp. 27-28.

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Inmates fear gangs in Mountjoy Prison. (17 Jan 2018)

Prison visiting committees. (2018) Prison visiting committee annual reports 2016. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

Forward Trust. (2018) Pulse. Briefings from The Forward Trust for staff, partners, commissioners and involved in the cycles of addiction or crime. London: Forward.

United Nations. (2018) Introductory handbook on the prevention of recidivism and the social reintegration of offenders. Vienna: United Nations.

Crowley, D and Van Hout, MC and Murphy, C and Kelly, E and Lambert, JS and Cullen, W (2018) Hepatitis C virus screening and treatment in Irish prisons from a governor and prison officer perspective - a qualitative exploration. Health & Justice , 6 , (1) , p. 23.

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 253 - Prison drug treatment services [51878/17]. (05 Dec 2017)

Public Health England. (2017) New psychoactive substances (NPS) in prisons: a toolkit for prison staff. London: Public Health England.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Systematic review on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings. Stockholm: ECDC.

Office of the Inspector of Prisons. Casey, Helen (2017) Office of the Inspector of Prisons annual report for the years 2015 and 2016. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

White, Howard (2017) The effects of sentencing policy on re-offending: a summary of evidence from 12 Campbell systematic reviews. Campbell policy brief , (4) , 4 p..

[Irish Examiner] , Rogers, Stephen Almost 800 drug seizures in prisons this year. (30 Oct 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 180 - Drugs in Prisons [45186/17]. (25 Oct 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac ‘Step-down’ facility for female offenders. (14 Oct 2017)

[Irish Times] , Fagan, Maresa 11,000 drug seizures in Irish prisons in seven years. (09 Oct 2017)

[Belfast Media Group] , Short, Evan [Northern Ireland].Hydebank: Drugs are easier to get inside teenagers’ jail than outside. (06 Oct 2017)

Irish Penal Reform Trust. (2017) Progress in the penal system: a framework for penal reform (PIPS). Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Online policy and practice briefings: Prisons and the criminal justice system. URL: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/best-practice/briefing...

[Irish Times] Editorial: Prisons: a lot done, more to do. (18 Sep 2017)

[Irish Times] , Cullen, Paul High levels of hepatitis C uncovered among prisoners and homeless. (22 Aug 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , McDonagh, Darragh 873 pints of' 'hooch' confiscated in Irish prisons last year. (07 Aug 2017)

Health Information and Quality Authority. (2017) Monitoring inspection report - detention schools services under the Children Act, 2001 (as amended by section 152 of the Criminal Justice Act 2006). Dublin: Health Information and Quality Authority.

Millar, Sean (2017) Healthcare in Irish prisons. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , pp. 36-37.

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2017) Prison therapeutic community no better than counseling. Drug and Alcohol Findings Research Analysis , (21 July 2017) .

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 292 - Prison drug treatment services [32279/17]. (11 Jul 2017)

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2017) Principles of drug abuse treatment for criminal justice populations - a research-based guide. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission. (2017) Ireland and the Convention Against Torture. Submission to the United Nations Committee against Torture on Ireland’s second periodic report. Dublin: Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission.

Irish Penal Reform Trust. (2017) IPRT strategic plan 2017 - 2021. Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

Webster, Russell (2017) What do prisoners think of drug treatment? RussellWebster.com blog .

[thejournal.ie] , MacNamee, Garreth 'It took six officers to restrain him': Psychoactive legal highs are creeping into Irish prisons. (14 May 2017)

Marotta, Phillip L (2017) Childhood adversities and substance misuse among the incarcerated: implications for treatment and practice in correctional settings. Substance Use & Misuse , 52 , (6) , pp. 717-733.

Irish Prison Service. (2017) Irish Prison Service annual report 2016. Dublin: Irish Prison Service.

Irish Prison Service, Probation Service. (2017) A new way forward. Social enterprise strategy 2017-2019. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

Ryan, George (2017) Novel psychoactive substances: synthetic cannabinoids - best practice treatment approaches. London: SMMGP.

Guiney, Ciara (2017) Irish Prison Service strategic plan 2016‒2018. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 61, Spring 2017 , pp. 15-16.

Pompidou Group. (2017) Criminal justice and drug policy: treatment, harm reduction and alternatives to punishment. Geneva: Council of Europe, Co-operation Group to Combat Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking in Drugs (Pompidou Group).

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 95 - Prison drug treatment services [6772/17]. (14 Feb 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Cionnaith, Fiachra Three out of four inmates have drug problems. (03 Feb 2017)

Five Nations Health and Justice Collaboration. (2017) Statement on the presence of new psychoactive substances in custodial settings. London: Public Health England.

Crowley, Des and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2017) Effectiveness of pharmacotherapies in increasing treatment retention and reducing opioid overdose death in individuals recently released from prison: a systematic review. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 19 , (2) .

Independent Advisory Panel on Deaths in Custody. (2017) Preventing the deaths of women in prison – initial results of a rapid information gathering exercise by the Independent Advisory Panel on Deaths in Custody. London: Independent Advisory Panel on Deaths in Custody.

Penal Reform International. (2017) Global prison trends 2017 report. London: Penal Reform International.

Delimata, Alexandra and Seymour, Mairead (2017) The ‘manageability of risk’ and recall on Supervised Licence: post-release pathways for serious violent and sexual offenders in Northern Ireland. Irish Probation Journal , 14 , pp. 92-111.

Clarke, Ann and Eustace, Anne (2016) Review of drug and alcohol treatment services for adult offenders in prison and in the community. Dublin: Probation Service and Irish Prison Service.

[Irish Times] , Lally, Conor Only 3% of convicted drug dealers given mandatory 10 years. (28 Nov 2016)

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2016) Physical health of people in prison. London: NICE.

Irish Penal Reform Trust. (2016) Irish Penal Reform Trust annual report 2014-2015. Dubiln: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

Reilly, Judge Michael (2016) Healthcare in Irish prisons. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 58 - Prison drug treatment services [29841/16]. (11 Oct 2016)

[Irish Mirror] , McMenamy, Emma Jailed gang members forcing inmates to collect drugs thrown over the wall 'or face beating'. (08 Oct 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 51- Prisoner rehabilitation programmes [28999/16]. (06 Oct 2016)

Sander, Gen and Scandurra, Alessio and Kamenska, Anhelita and MacNamara, Catherine and Kalpaki, Christina and Bessa, Cristina Fernandez and Laso, Gemma Nicolás and Parisi, Grazia and Varley, Lorraine and Wolny, Marcin and Moudatsou, Maria and Pontes, Nuno Henrique and Mannix-McNamara, Patricia and Libianchi, Sandro and Antypas, Tzanetos (2016) Overview of harm reduction in prisons in seven European countries. Harm Reduction Journal , 13 , (1) , p. 28.

Guiney, Ciara (2016) Prisoners and infectious diseases. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 59, Autumn 2016 , pp. 12-13.

Guiney, Ciara (2016) Developing inside: transforming prison for young adults. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 59, Autumn 2016 , pp. 12-13.

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 78 -Drugs in prisons [27421/16]. (28 Sep 2016)

[Medical Independent] , Fogarty, James 13 prisoners hospitalised due to drug poisoning. (25 Aug 2016)

[Independent.ie] , Devine, Catherine Thousands of smuggled items linked to drugs feud seized in Irish prisons. (01 Aug 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Murphy, Darragh Peter The 'War On Drugs' is driving a global epidemic of HIV, TB and hepatitis. (15 Jul 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answers 167 & 168 - Prisoner rehabilitation programmes [21090/16, 21091/16]. (12 Jul 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , Ó Fátharta, Conall Staff shortages, drugs and inmate violence blight jails. (25 Jun 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Call to track the spread of diseases in prison. (24 Jun 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 41 - Drugs in prisons [16384/16]. (16 Jun 2016)

Prison visiting committees. (2016) Prison visiting committee annual reports 2015. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

Irish Prison Service. (2016) Irish Prison Service strategic plan 2016-2018. Longford: Irish Prison Service.

Irish Prison Service. (2016) Irish Prison Service annual report 2015. Longford: Irish Prison Service.

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 230. - Prisoner data [13557/16]. (31 May 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 149. - Drugs in prisons [12666/16]. (31 May 2016)

Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice. (2016) Developing inside: transforming prison for young adults. A new approach to the unique needs of young adults (aged 18–24) in prison. Dublin: Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice.

MacNamara, Catherine and Varley, Lorraine and Mannix McNamara, Patricia (2016) Improving prison conditions by strengthening the monitoring of HIV, HCV, TB and harm reduction. Mapping report Ireland. Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

Martynowicz, Agnieszka (2016) Prison Litigation Network Project. National report on Ireland. Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

Sander, Gen (2016) HIV, HCV, TB and harm reduction in prisons. London: Harm Reduction International.

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Efforts to bring successful rehab to prisons. (26 Jan 2016)

Galvin, Brian (2016) Culture and organisation in the Irish Prison Service. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 56, Winter 2016 , pp. 23-24.

Murdoch, Jim and Jiricka, Vaclav (2016) A handbook for prison staff with focus on the prevention of ill-treatment in prison. Brussels: Council of Europe.

Action on Smoking and Health UK, National Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training, Public Health England. (2016) Briefing: Managing nicotine withdrawal in police custody. London: ASH.

Codd, Mary and Mehegan, J and Kelleher, Cecily and Drummond, Anne (2016) Use of hierarchical cluster analysis to classify prisons in Ireland into mutually exclusive drug-use risk categories. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 23 , (2) , pp. 93-98.

Dolan, Kate and Wirtz, Andrea L and Moazen, Babak and Ndeff o-mbah, Martial and Galvani, Alison and Kinner, Stuart A and Courtney, Ryan and McKee, Martin and Amon, Joseph J and Maher, Lisa and Hellard, Margaret and Beyrer, Chris and Altice, Frederick (2016) Global burden of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis in prisoners and detainees. The Lancet , 388 , (10049) .

Interdepartmental Group to examine issues relating to people with mental illness who come in contact with the criminal justice system. (2016) Interdepartmental Group to examine issues relating to people with mental illness who come in contact with the criminal justice system. First interim report. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality.

Central Statistics Office. (2016) Statistical yearbook of Ireland 2016. Cork: Central Statistics Office.

Carr, Nicola and McAlister, Siobhan and Serisier, Tanya (2016) Out on the Inside: The rights, experiences and needs of LGBT people in prison. Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

Aebi, Marcelo F and Tiago, Melanie M and Burkhardt, Christine (2016) Council of Europe annual penal statistics: SPACE I – prison populations: survey 2015. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

Aebi, Marcelo F and Chopin, Julien (2016) Council of Europe annual penal statistics SPACE II: Survey 2015. Persons serving non-custodial sanctions and measures in 2015. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

Central Statistics Office. (2016) Prison recidivism 2010 cohort. Cork: Central Statistics Office.

O'Hara, Kate (2016) Examining the comparative use, experience, and outcomes of community service orders as alternatives to short prison sentences in Ireland. PhD thesis, Dublin Institute of Technology.

O'Rourke, Conall and Linden, Mark A and Lohan, Maria and Bates-Gaston, Jackie (2016) Traumatic brain injury and co-occurring problems in prison populations: a systematic review. Brain Injury , 30 , (7) , pp. 839-54.

[Irish Examiner] , McDonagh, Darragh Prison authorities anti-smuggling efforts fail to prevent flow of drugs in prisons. (07 Dec 2015)

Central Statistics Office. (2015) Prison recidivism (re-offending) statistics for 2009. Cork: Central Statistics Office.

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[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Weapons amnesty for inmates reduces prison violence. (25 Nov 2015)

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[rte.ie] 90 visitors arrested for smuggling drugs into prisons. (02 Oct 2015)

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[Irish Examiner] Phone line set up to target illegal drug and weapon smuggling into prisons. (06 Jul 2015)

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[thejournal.ie] Prison body wants a dedicated strategy for Travellers leaving prisons. (20 May 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Doherty, Caroline 75% of drug jail terms not minimum. (06 May 2014)

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[Irish Examiner Breaking News] Crack-cocaine dealers see jail sentences increased. (25 Sep 2013)

[Irish Medical News] , Cahill, Niamh Linking prison and community addiction treatment. (30 Aug 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , McEnroe, Juno Middle classes ‘are aiding drug barons’. (01 Aug 2013)

[Irish Independent] , McDonald, Dearbhail Three-quarters of jailed women endured violence, abuse. (30 Jul 2013)

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[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Study: 25% of St Pat’s inmates at risk of psychosis. (14 May 2013)

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[Irish Examiner] , Kelleher, Lynne Prison documentary series reveals shocking scale of violence. (25 Feb 2013)

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[Oireachtas] 447. Deputy Bernard J. Durkan asked the Minister for Justice and Equality the degree to which rehabilitative programmes remain available throughout the prison service with particular reference to those accused of minor crimes. [31576/11]. (25 Oct 2011)

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Loffmann, Matt and Morten, Faye (2010) Investigating alternatives to imprisonment within Council of Europe Member States. Brussels: Quaker Council for European Affairs (QCEA).

Dochas Prison Visiting Committee. (2010) Dochas centre visiting committee annual report 2010. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. (2010) Breaking the link: the role of drug treatment in tackling crime. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.

United Kingdom. Ministry of Justice. (2010) Breaking the cycle: effective punishment, rehabilitation and sentencing of offenders. London: Stationery Office.

O'Grada, Cara (2010) Staff perspectives on drug treatment services in prison. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Breen, Jessica (2010) 'Degrees of freedom : punishment, personal life and place in Dublin's North Inner City'. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Arbour Hill Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Arbour Hill Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Castlerea Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Castlerea Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Cloverhill Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Cloverhill Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Cork Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Cork Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Dochas Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Dochas Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Limerick Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Limerick Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Loughan House Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Loughan House Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Long, Jean (2009) Drug tests in Irish prisons. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 31, Autumn 2009 , p. 18.

Midlands Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Midlands Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Mountjoy Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Mountjoy Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Portlaoise Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Portlaoise Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Shelton Abbey Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Shelton Abbey Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Mountjoy Training Unit Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Mountjoy Training Unit Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Wheatfield Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) Wheatfield Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

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Irish Prison Service. (2009) Irish Prison Service annual report 2008. Longford: Irish Prison Service.

Reilly, Judge Michael (2009) Report on an Inspection of Mountjoy Prison by the Inspector of Prisons. Dublin: Office of the Inspector of Prisons.

[Oireachtas] 333. Deputy Charles Flanagan asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the number, location and date of introduction of BOSS chairs in the prison system here; the approximate cost of such a chair; his plans for the roll out of these chairs across all prisons; [28670/09]. (08 Jul 2009)

Hoover, Jeff and Jurgens, Ralf (2009) Harm reduction in prison: the Moldova model. New York: Open Society Institute.

United Kingdom. Home Office. (2009) Drug misusing offenders: Ensuring the continuity-of-care between prison and community. s.n.

[Oireachtas] 269. Deputy Seán Power asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the progress made and his plans to reduce the amount of illegal drug consumption in prisons here; [21346/09]. (26 May 2009)

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2009) Women's health in prison. Correcting gender inequity in prison health. Copenhagan: World Health Organization.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2009) Thematic paper: Women’s voices: experiences and perceptions of women facing drug problems. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Great Britain. Department of Health. (2009) A guide for the management of dual diagnosis for prisons. Department of Health.

Connolly, Johnny (2009) Irish Prison Service annual report 2007. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 29, Spring 2009 , p. 27.

Health Service Executive. Nursing & Midwifery Planning & Development Unit. (2009) Nursing in the Irish prison service: working together to meet the healthcare needs of prisoners. Dublin: Health Services Executive.

St Patrick's Institution Prison Visiting Committee. (2009) St Patrick's Institution Prison Visiting Committee annual report 2008. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Curtin, Katherine and Monks, Stephen and Wright, Brenda and Duffy, Dearbhla M and Linehan, Sally A and Kennedy, Harry G (2009) Psychiatric morbidity in male remanded and sentenced committals to Irish prisons. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 26 , (4) , pp. 169-173.

Irish Prison Service. (2009) Irish Prison Service health care standards. Dublin: Irish Prison Service.

Lines, Rick and Stöver, Heino and Donochoe, Martin C and Lazarus, Jeffrey V (2009) Monitoring harm reduction in European prisons via the Dublin Declaration. International Journal of Prisoner Health , 5 , (4) , pp. 251-255.

Irish Prison Service. (2008) Irish Prison Service annual report 2007. Irish Prison Service.

[Oireachtas] 5. Deputy Ciarán Lynch asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the steps being taken to end the flow of drugs to prisons, in view of the disclosure that inmates have tested positive for drugs 40,000 times over the past three years; the prisons or places of detention that are regarded as drug free. [14052/08]. (17 Apr 2008)

[Oireachtas] 87. Deputy Charles Flanagan asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the changes he proposes to make to policy and procedure in view of recent reports in respect of the widespread availability of illegal drugs in prisons. [9085/08]. (04 Mar 2008)

[Oireachtas] Deputy Eamon Gilmore: This week The Irish Times published figures it had obtained under the Freedom of Information Act, which show that prisoners have tested positive for drugs in our prisons some 40,000 times over the past three years. (19 Feb 2008)

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2008) HIV and AIDS in places of detention: A toolkit for policymakers, programme managers, prison officers and health care providers in prison settings. New York: United Nations .

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Citywide. (2008) Directory of community drugs projects working with individuals within Irish prisons and post release services. Dublin: Citywide.

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Drug Policy Modelling Program. (2008) Prison treatment research bibliography. Sydney: University of New South Wales.

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[Oireachtas] 45. Deputy John Deasy asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform if he will introduce mandatory drug testing for prisoners on admission. [34582/07]. (13 Dec 2007)

[Oireachtas] Adjournment Debate. Irish Prison Service. (11 Oct 2007)

[Oireachtas] 100. Deputy Róisín Shortall asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform if he will proceed with the planned introduction of full drugs screening in jails; his further plans to reduce the flow of drugs into prisons. [22504/07]. (09 Oct 2007)

Long, Jean (2007) A World Health Organization guide to health in prisons. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 23, Autumn 2007 , p. 18.

Decorte, Tom (2007) Problems, needs and service provision related to stimulant use in European prisons. International Journal of Prisoner Health , 3 , (1) , pp. 29-42.

[Oireachtas] 8. Mr. O'Shea asked the Tánaiste and Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the proposals he has to have a methadone maintenance programme introduced in Cork Prison; if, in regard to prisoners with addiction who are on a prescribed sedative before being sent to Cork Prison, he will outline the proposals he has to ensure that this treatment continues in prison. [6844/07]. (22 Feb 2007)

[Oireachtas] 42. Mr. Neville asked the Tánaiste and Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform his views on and proposals for action in relation to the outcome of the study by a team led by the director of the Central Mental Hospital which revealed that 60% of female prisoners and 35% of male prisoners have experienced a mental illness at some stage in their lives and criticised the use of prisons as psychiatric waiting rooms. [6765/07]. (22 Feb 2007)

Eurosurveillance. (2007) Hepatitis and HIV in Northern Ireland prisons; a cross-sectional study. Eurosurveillance , 12 , (1) .

Danis, K and Doherty, L and McCartney, M and McCarrol, J and Kennedy, H (2007) Hepatitis and HIV in Northern Ireland prisons: a cross-sectional study. Eurosurveillance , 12 , (1) , pp. 9-10.

The Katherine Howard Foundation, Irish Penal Reform Trust. (2007) The Whitaker Committee Report 20 years on: lessons learned or lessons forgotten? Dublin, Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust, Katherine Howard Foundation.

Moller, Lars and Stover, Heino and Jurgens, Ralf and Gatherer, Alex and Nikogosian, Haik, eds. (2007) Health in prisons: a WHO guide to the essentials in prison health. Copenhagen: World Health Organization.

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Kinlen, Dermot (2007) Fifth annual report of the Inspector of Prisons and Places of Detention for the year 2006-2007. Dublin: Irish Prison Service.

Bedford Row Family Project. (2007) Voices of families affected by imprisonment: Bedford Row Family Project 2007. Limerick: Bedford Row Family Project.

Hannon, Frances and Friel, Sharon and Kelleher, Cecily (2007) The relative influence of socio-demographic, lifestyle, environmental factors and co-morbidity on self rated health of the Irish prisoner population. Irish Medical Journal , 100 , (8 (suppl)) , pp. 59-60.

Enright, Frances and Boyle, Therese and Murphy, J (2007) Babies behind bars; an Irish perspective. Irish Medical Journal , 100 , (1) , pp. 327-328.

Moore, Gerard and Redmond, Murial and Glover, Rita and Stevenson, Chris and Gallagher, Pamela and Gordon, Evelyn and Lines, Rick and O'Driscoll, Linda (2007) Counselling and Prison Based Addiction Treatment. Dublin: Dublin City University.

Wetton, Charlotte and Sprackett, Joanna (2007) Women in prison: A review of the conditions in member states of the Council of Europe. Brussels: Quaker Council for European Affairs (QCEA).

Irish Prison Chaplains. (2007) Irish Prison Chaplains annual report 2006/07. Dublin: Deparment of Justice, Equality and Law Reform.

O'Donnell, Ian and Teljeur, Conor and Hughes, Nicola and Baumer, Eric P and Kelly, Alan (2007) When prisoners go home: punishment, social deprivation and the geography of reintegration. Irish Criminal Law Journal , 17 , (4) , pp. 3-9.

McGrath, Jane (2007) Fathering from Prison : an exploration of the experiences and perceptions of a group of men in Mountjoy Prison. Masters thesis, Waterford Institute of Technology.

Reynolds, Siobhan (2006) Irish Prison Service - annual report 2005. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 20, Winter 2006 , p. 22.

[Oireachtas] 431. Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform when drug treatment and rehabilitation programmes will be made available to all drug misusers in prison. [25017/06]. (27 Jun 2006)

Connolly, Johnny and Foran, Sinead and Long, Jean (2006) Keeping drugs out of prisons: a review of the Irish Prison Service drugs policy and strategy. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 18, Summer 2006 , pp. 13-14.

Long, Jean (2006) Substance use among the Irish prisoner population. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 18, Summer 2006 , p. 15.

Irish Prison Service. (2006) Irish Prison Service health care standards. Dublin: Irish Prison Service.

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Comiskey, Catherine and O'Sullivan, Karin and Cronly, Jennifer (2006) Hazardous journeys to better places: positive outcomes and negative risks associated with the care pathway before, during and after an admittance to the Dochas Centre, Mountjoy Women's Prison, Dublin, Ireland. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Substance Misuse Division, Scottish Executive. (2006) Evaluation of the Scottish Prison Service Transitional Care Initiative. Edinburgh: Stationery Office.

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Irish Prison Service. (2006) Keeping drugs out of prisons: drugs policy & strategy. Dublin: Irish Prison Service.

Davies, Peter (2006) Risk and need in offender populations in Ireland. Navan: Probation Service.

Quinlan, Christina (2006) Discourse and identity: a study of women in prison in Ireland. PhD thesis, Dublin City University.

Council of Europe. (2006) European prison rules. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

Lines, Rick and Betteridge, Glen and Stover, Heino and Jurgens, Ralf (2005) Taking action to reduce injecting drug-related harms in prisons: The evidence of effectiveness of prison needle exchange in six countries. International Journal of Prisoner Health , 1 , (1) , 49 -64.

Connolly, Johnny (2005) Prison rules provide for mandatory drug testing. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 15, Autumn 2005 , p. 15.

[Oireachtas] 270. Mr. Cuffe asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the status of each of the recommendations contained in the 1999 report, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV in Irish Prisoners: Prevalence and Risk, commissioned by his Department; if each recommendation has been implemented; if so, the prisons concerned; if not, the reason therefor; and the projected date of implementation of each of the outstanding recommendations. [14684/05]. (05 May 2005)

[Oireachtas] 123. Ms O'Sullivan asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the progress which has been made with regard to the implementation of the commitment contained in An Agreed Programme for Government to end all heroin use in prisons here; if he will proceed with plans to introduce mandatory drug testing in prisons. [4940/05]. (16 Feb 2005)

[Oireachtas] 300. Mr. J. O'Keeffe asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the steps which have been taken to implement his commitment in the programme for Government to create a drug-free prison system. [2918/05]. (02 Feb 2005)

[Oireachtas] 300. Mr. J. O'Keeffe asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the steps which have been taken to implement his commitment in the programme for Government to create a drug-free prison system. [2918/05]. (01 Feb 2005)

Dillon, Brendan and Allwright, Shane (2005) Prison officers' concerns about blood borne viral infections. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice , 44 , (1) , pp. 29-40.

Lines, Rick and Jurgens, Ralf and Betteridge, Glen and Stover, Heino and Laticevschi, Dumitru and Nelles, Joachim (2005) Prison needle exchange: lessons from a comprehensive review of international evidence and experience. Montréal: Canadian HIV/ AIDS Legal Network.

Stover, Heino and Hennebel, Laetitia C and Casselmann, Joris (2005) Substition treatment in European prisons: a study of policies and practices of substitution treatment in prisons in 18 European countries. London: European Network of Drug Services in Prison.

Irish Prisons Inspectorate. (2005) Mountjoy Prison and Dóchas centre : revisit to Mountjoy Prison 25th-26th January, 2005. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality & Law Reform.

Tuite, Emmet (2005) Service provision in Castlerea Prison : adequacy and shortfall from the perspective of prisoners. Masters thesis, Institution of Technology, Sligo.

Long, Jean (2004) Drug situation, consequences and treatment in Irish prisons. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 12, December 2004 , pp. 9-11.

Long, Jean and Allwright, Shane and Begley, C. (2004) Prisoners' views of injecting drug use and harm reduction in Irish prisons. International Journal of Drug Policy , 15 , (2) , pp. 139-149.

Lines, Rick and Jurgens, Ralf and Stover, Heino and Kaliakbarova, Gulnara and Laticevschi, Dumitru and Nelles, Joachim and MacDonald, Morag and Curtis, Matt (2004) Dublin Declaration on HIV/AIDS in Prisons in Europe and Central Asia. Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review , 9 , (1) , pp. 41-45.

Ó Lionsigh, Gearóid (2004) Getting out, staying out. The experiences of prisoners upon release. Dublin: Community Technical Aid.

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Wyner, Ruth (2003) From the inside: dispatches from a women's prison. London: Aurum Press .

Duke, Karen (2003) Drugs, prisons and policy-making. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan .

Prisoners' HIV/AIDS Support Action Network. Lines, Rick (2003) Unlocking our futures: a national study on women, prisons, HIV, and hepatitis C. Ontario: Prisoners' HIV/AIDS Support Action Network (PASAN).

(2003) Irish Prison Service annual report 2002. Dublin: Stationery Office.

McCann, Louise (2003) Prison and homelessness: from a cell to the street. Dublin: Irish Epsicopal Conference.

Lines, Rick (2002) Ireland: HIV and hepatitis C in prisons. Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review , 6 , (3) , pp. 17-19.

Long, Jean (2002) Hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV in the Irish prisoner population: an overview of prevalence rates and risk factors. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Lines, Rick (2002) HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C in Irish prisons: a call for action. [Dublin]: Irish Penal Reform Trust and Merchants Quay Ireland.

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Centro de Investigacao e estudos de sociologia. Torres, Anália Cardoso and Gomes, Maria do Carmo (2002) Drugs and prisons in Portugal: synopsis and technical appendix of a research. Lisboa: CIES.

Lines, Rick (2002) Action on HIV/ AIDS in prisons: too little, too late. A report card. Montréal: Canadian HIV/ AIDS Legal Network.

Linehan, Sally A and Duffy, Dearbhla M and O'Neill, Helen and O'Neill, Conor and Kennedy, Harry G (2002) Irish Travellers and forensic mental health. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 19 , (3) , pp. 76-79.

King, Dervla (2002) Parents, children & prison: effects of parental imprisonment on children. Dublin: Centre for Social & Educational Research, Dublin Institute of Technology.

Morgan, Mark and Kett, Mary (2002) The prison adult literacy survey results and implications. Dublin: Irish Prison Service.

Long, Jean and Allwright, Shane and Barry, Joseph and Reaper-Reynolds, Sheilagh and Thornton, Lelia and Bradley, Fiona and Parry, John V (2001) Prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV and risk factors in entrants to Irish prisons: a national cross sectional survey. British Medical Journal , 323 , (7323) , pp. 1209-13.

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Irish Prison Service. Lawlor, Paula and McDonald, Emma (2001) Story of a success. Irish prisons: Connect Project 1998-2000. Dublin: Stationery Office.

Vaughan, Barry (2001) Toward a model penal system. (Unpublished) Dublin: Irish Penal Reform Trust.

Lines, Rick (2001) Irish prison guards call for expansion of methadone access. Canadian HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review , 6 , (1-2) , pp. 71-74.

Collins, PG and O'Connor, A (2000) Rape and sexual assault of the elderly: an exploratory study of 10 cases referred to the Irish Forensic Psychiatry Service. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 17 , (4) , pp. 128-131.

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O'Mahony, Paul (2000) Prison policy in Ireland: criminal justice versus social justice. Undercurrents 14 Cork: Cork University Press .

Trinity College Dublin. Department of Community Health and General Practice. Long, Jean and Allwright, Shane and Barry, Joseph and Reaper-Reynolds, Sheilagh and Thornton, Lelia and Bradley, Fiona (2000) Hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV in Irish prisoners, part II: prevalence and risk in committal prisoners 1999. Dublin: Stationery Office.

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Allwright, Shane and Bradley, Fiona and Long, Jean and Barry, Joseph and Thornton, Lelia and Parry, John V (2000) Prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV and risk factors in Irish prisoners: results of a national cross sectional survey. British Medical Journal , 321 , (7253) , pp. 78-82.

Smyth, Bobby P (2000) Health effects of prisons: Many injectors stop injecting while imprisoned. British Medical Journal , 321 , p. 1406.

Hunt, Marsha, ed. (1999) The junk yard: voices from an Irish prison. Edinburgh: Mainstream .

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Birchard, Karen (1999) Inmates in Irish prisons face drug abuse and disease. The Lancet , 354 , (9180) , p. 753.

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O'Mahony, Paul (1997) Substance abuse. In: Mountjoy prisoners: A sociological and criminological profile. Dublin: Stationery Office , pp. 93-104.

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Pugh, Julian (1995) Groupwork with HIV positive drug misusers in prison. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 12 , (1) , pp. 12-16.

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This list was generated on Tue Oct 27 03:28:21 2020 GMT.