Home > Council of Europe annual penal statistics SPACE II: Survey 2015. Persons serving non-custodial sanctions and measures in 2015.

Aebi, Marcelo F and Chopin, Julien [Council of Europe] . (2016) Council of Europe annual penal statistics SPACE II: Survey 2015. Persons serving non-custodial sanctions and measures in 2015. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. 94 p.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Council of Europe SPACE II: survey 2015. - non-custodial sanctions)
1MB

Key points of SPACE II 2015
• The participation rate in the 2015 SPACE II Survey was very satisfying: 47 out of the 52 probation services of the 47 Council of Europe Member States answered the questionnaire.
• About 80% of the probation services of the responding countries are placed under the authority of the national Ministry of Justice. This authority is shared with the Prison Administration in around 34% of these cases.
• During the year 2015, 1,173,278 persons entered into supervision by the probation services, and 1,130,444 left that supervision. For countries with at least one million inhabitants, this represents an average rate of 227.7 entries and 167.3 exits per 100,000 inhabitants. As a comparison, in 2014, there 220.9 entries per 100,000 inhabitants (+3.07% in 2015) and 165.6 exits per 100,000 inhabitants (+1.02% in 2015). Between 2010 and 2015, the entries into supervision per 100,000 population decreased by 9.3% and the exits decreased by 10.4%.
• On 31st December 2015, there were 1,239,426 persons under the supervision or care of the probation services of the responding countries. For countries with at least one million inhabitants, this represents an average rate of 195 per 100,000 inhabitants. As a comparison, on 31st December 2014, the average rate of persons under the supervision or care of the probation services was 196.5 per 100,000 inhabitants (-0.7% in 2015). Between 2010 and 2015, the decrease reached 9.7%.
• Non-custodial sanctions and measures are seldom used as an alternative to pre-trial detention: Roughly, only 7.5% of the probation population corresponds to persons placed under supervision before trial.
• On average, on 31st December 2015, female probation clients represented 9.8% of the total probation population. The proportion of minors and foreigners was 4.9% and 15.1% respectively.
• On average, there are 5.6 probation staff members per 100,000 inhabitants, with great individual variation among the responding countries.
• On average, each probation staff member across Europe is in charge of 10.8 pre-sentence reports.
• In 24 countries, probation is used for all kind of criminal offences.
• The average length of probation for persons sentenced for violence against persons and robbery are 17.5 months and 20.1 months respectively.
• The longer length of probation is, on average, 22.8 months, and corresponds to persons sentenced for sexual offences.


Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Report
Drug Type:Alcohol or other drugs in general
Intervention Type:Crime prevention
Source:Council of Europe
Date:2016
Pages:94 p.
Publisher:Council of Europe
Place of Publication:Strasbourg
Notes:Published March 2017
EndNote:View
Related URLs:
Subjects:MM-MO Crime and law > Criminality > Youth (juvenile) offending
MM-MO Crime and law > Criminal penalty
MM-MO Crime and law > Criminal penalty > Community service (penalty) > Probation or parole
MM-MO Crime and law > Law enforcement and the justice system
MM-MO Crime and law > Justice system > Correctional system and facility
MM-MO Crime and law > Justice system > Correctional system and facility > Prison
T Demographic characteristics > Offender
VA Geographic area > Europe
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
VA Geographic area > Europe > Northern Ireland

Repository Staff Only: item control page