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Farsalinos, Konstantinos and Bagos, Pantelis G and Giannouchos, Theodoros and Niaura, Raymond and Barbouni, Anastasia and Poulas, Konstantinos (2021) Smoking prevalence among hospitalized COVID-19 patients and its association with disease severity and mortality: an expanded re-analysis of a recent publication. Harm Reduction Journal , 18 , p. 9.

Naughton, Felix and Ward, Emma and Khondoker, Mizanur and Belderson, Pippa and Marie Minihane, Anne and Dainty, Jack and Hanson, Sarah and Holland, Richard and Brown, Tracey and Notley, Caitlin (2021) Health behaviour change during the UK COVID-19 lockdown: Findings from the first wave of the C-19 health behaviour and well-being daily tracker study. British Journal of Health Psychology .

Wardle, Heather and Degenhardt, Louisa and Ceschia, Audrey and Saxena, Shekhar (2021) The Lancet Public Health Commission on gambling. The Lancet. Public health , 6 , (1) , e2-e3.

Garnett, Claire and Jackson, Sarah and Oldham, Melissa and Brown, Jamie and Steptoe, Andrew and Fancourt, Daisy (2021) Factors associated with drinking behaviour during COVID-19 social distancing and lockdown among adults in the UK. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , Early online . (In Press)

Wisse, Ernst and Burke-Shyne, Naomi and Chang, Judy and Southwell, Mat (2021) COVID-19 and people who use drugs; seizing opportunity in times of chaos. International Journal of Drug Policy , Early online .

Grossman, Elyse R and Benjamin-Neelon, Sara E and Sonnenschein, Susan (2020) Alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional survey of US adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 17 , (24) , p. 9189.

Tran, Thach Duc and Hammarberg, Karin and Kirkman, Maggie and Nguyen, Hau Thi Minh and Fisher, Jane (2020) Alcohol use and mental health status during the first months of COVID-19 pandemic in Australia. Journal of affective disorders , 277 , pp. 810-813.

Wilkinson, Rebecca and Hines, Lindsey and Holland, Adam and Mandal, Sema and Phipps, Emily (2020) Rapid evidence review of harm reduction interventions and messaging for people who inject drugs during pandemic events: implications for the ongoing COVID-19 response. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (1) , p. 95.

O'Carroll, Austin and Duffin, Tony and Collins, John (2020) Harm reduction in the time of COVID-19: Case study of homelessness and drug use in Dublin, Ireland. International Journal of Drug Policy , 87 , p. 102966.

Dillon, Lucy (2020) LSE report on Irish response to Covid-19. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 75, Autumn 2020 , pp. 9-10.

Kelleher, Cathy (2020) Covid-19 and community alcohol detoxification. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 75, Autumn 2020 , pp. 10-11.

McGuire, Vivion (2020) Caring for opioid drug users during Covid-19: the Irish experience. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 75, Autumn 2020 , pp. 12-13.

Millar, Sean (2020) Needle exchange provision during Covid-19 pandemic. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 75, Autumn 2020 , pp. 13-14.

Eagleton, Marie and Stokes, Siobhan and Fenton, Fiona and Keenan, Eamonn (2020) Does opioid substitution treatment have a protective effect on the clinical manifestations of COVID-19? ? Comment on Br J Anaesth. British Journal of Anaesthesia , 125 , e382-e383.

Beaudry, Gabrielle and Zhong, Shaoling and Whiting, Daniel and Javid, Babak and Frater, John and Fazel, Seena (2020) Managing outbreaks of highly contagious diseases in prisons: a systematic review. BMJ Global Health , 5 , (11) .

Simons, David and Shahab, Lion and Brown, Jamie and Perski, Olga (2020) The association of smoking status with SARS-CoV-2 infection, hospitalisation and mortality from COVID-19: a living rapid evidence review. Addiction , Early online .

Callinan, Sarah and Smit, Koen and Mojica-Perez, Yvette and D'Aquino, Simon and Moore, David and Kuntsche, Emmanuel (2020) Shifts in alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic: early indications from Australia. Addiction , Early online .

Troya, M Isabela and Khashan, Ali and Kearney, Patricia and Arensman, Ella and Hoevel, Philipp and Buckley, Claire and Fitzgerald, Margaret and Humphries, Rory and Kiely, Elizabeth and Mulchrone, Kieran and Murphy, Mike and O'Connor, Lois and O'Donnell, Joan and O'Reilly, Eilis and O'Riordain, Micheal and Spillane, Mary and Wieczorek, Sebastian and Perry, Ivan J (2020) Covid-19 estimating the burden of symptomatic disease in the community and the impact of public health measures on physical, mental and social wellbeing: a study protocol. HRB Open Research , 3 , p. 49.

NHS Addictions Provider Alliance. (2020) How the Covid-19 pandemic is fast-tracking the move to digital platforms within addiction services. NHSAPA Blog .

McIntyre, A and Tong, K and McMahon, E and Doherty, AM (2020) COVID-19 and its effect on emergency presentations to a tertiary hospital with self-harm in Ireland. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , Accepted Version , pp. 1-20.

Niedzwiedz, Claire L and Green, Michael James and Benzeval, Michaela and Campbell, Desmond and Craig, Peter and Demou, Evangelia and Leyland, Alastair and Pearce, Anna and Thomson, Rachel and Whitley, Elise and Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal (2020) Mental health and health behaviours before and during the initial phase of the COVID-19 lockdown: longitudinal analyses of the UK Household Longitudinal Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health , Early online .

Vanderbruggen, Nathalie and Matthys, Frieda and Van Laere, Sven and Zeeuws, Dieter and Santermans, Liesbeth and Van den Ameele, Seline and Crunelle, Cleo L (2020) Self-reported alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use during covid-19 lockdown measures: results from a web-based survey. European Addiction Research , pp. 1-7.

Welle-Strand, Gabrielle K and Skurtveit, Svetlana and Clausen, Thomas and Sundal, Christine and Gjersing, Linn (2020) COVID-19 survey among people who use drugs in three cities in Norway. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 217 , p. 108302.

Wang, Quan Qiu and Kaelber, David C and Xu, Rong and Volkow, Nora D (2020) COVID-19 risk and outcomes in patients with substance use disorders: analyses from electronic health records in the United States. Molecular Psychiatry .

Bonn, Matthew and Palayew, Adam and Bartlett, Sofia and Brothers, Thomas D and Touesnard, Natasha and Tyndall, Mark (2020) Addressing the syndemic of HIV, hepatitis c, overdose, and COVID-19 among people who use drugs: the potential roles for decriminalization and safe supply. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs , 81 , (5) , pp. 556-560.

Mahoney, Martin C and Ashare, Rebecca and Schlienz, Nicolas and Duerr, CeCe and Hawk, Larry W (2020) Making lemonade from SARS coronavirus-2 lemons: Transitioning a smoking cessation trial to a virtual platform. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , 117 , (108100) , p. 108100.

Stockwell, Tim and Andreasson, Sven and Cherpitel, Cheryl and Chikritzhs, Tanya and Dangardt, Frida and Holder, Harold and Naimi, Timothy and Sherk, Adam (2020) The burden of alcohol on health care during COVID-19. Drug and Alcohol Review , Early online .

Jackson, Sarah E and Brown, Jamie and Shahab, Lion and Steptoe, Andrew and Fancourt, Daisy (2020) COVID-19, smoking and inequalities: a study of 53 002 adults in the UK. Tobacco Control , Early online .

Mallet, Jasmina and Dubertret, Caroline and Le Strat, Yann (2020) Addictions in the COVID-19 era: current evidence, future perspectives a comprehensive review. Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry , 110070 , p. 110070.

Heimer, Robert and McNeil, Ryan and Vlahov, David (2020) A community responds to the COVID-19 pandemic: a case study in protecting the health and human rights of people who use drugs. Journal of Urban Health , 97 , (4) , pp. 448-456.

Galvin, Brian (2020) In brief. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 74, Summer 2020 , p. 2.

Galvin, Brian and Mongan, Deirdre (2020) HRB evidence brief on the response of drug services to Covid-19. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 74, Summer 2020 , pp. 5-9.

Guiney, Ciara (2020) GYDP young people: response to Covid-19 public health measures. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 74, Summer 2020 , pp. 16-17.

Niederkrotenthaler, Thomas and Gunnell, David and Arensman, Ella and Pirkis, Jane and Appleby, Louis and Hawton, Keith and John, Ann and Kapur, Nav and Khan, Murad and O'Connor, Rory C and Platt, Steve (2020) Suicide research, prevention, and COVID-19. Crisis , pp. 1-10.

Crowley, Des and Delargy, Ide (2020) A national model of remote care for assessing and providing opioid agonist treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic: a report. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (49) .

Moreno, Carmen and Wykes, Til and Galderisi, Silvana and Nordentoft, Merete and Crossley, Nicolas and Jones, Nev and Cannon, Mary and Correll, Christoph U and Byrne, Louise and Carr, Sarah and Chen, Eric Y H and Gorwood, Philip and Johnson, Sonia and Kärkkäinen, Hilkka and Krystal, John H and Lee, Jimmy and Lieberman, Jeffrey and López-Jaramillo, Carlos and Männikkö, Miia and Phillips, Michael R and Uchida, Hiroyuki and Vieta, Eduard and Vita, Antonio and Arango, Celso (2020) How mental health care should change as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lancet. Psychiatry , 16 .

Vasylyeva, Tetyana I and Smyrnov, Pavlo and Strathdee, Steffanie and Friedman, Samuel R (2020) Challenges posed by COVID-19 to people who inject drugs and lessons from other outbreaks. Journal of the International AIDS Society , 23 , (7) , e25583.

Narasimha, Venkata Lakshmi and Shukla, Lekhansh and Mukherjee, Diptadhi and Menon, Jayakrishnan and Huddar, Sudheendra and Panda, Udit Kumar and Mahadevan, Jayant and Kandasamy, Arun and Chand, Prabhat K and Benegal, Vivek and Murthy, Pratima (2020) Complicated alcohol withdrawal - an unintended consequence of COVID-19 lockdown. Alcohol and Alcoholism , 55 , (4) , pp. 350-353.

Editorial. (2020) Drinking alone: COVID-19, lockdown, and alcohol-related harm. The lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology , 5 , (7) , p. 625.

Crowley, Des and Cullen, Walter and O'Donnell, Patrick and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2020) Prison and opportunities for the management of COVID-19. BJGP Open .

Stanton, Robert and To, Quyen G and Khalesi, Saman and Williams, Susan L and Alley, Stephanie J and Thwaite, Tanya L and Fenning, Andrew S and Vandelanotte, Corneel (2020) Depression, anxiety and stress during covid-19: associations with changes in physical activity, sleep, tobacco and alcohol use in Australian adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 17 , (11) .

Crowley, Des and Cullen, Walter (2020) Caring for opioid drug users during the COVID-19 pandemic – a commentary on the Irish experience. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , Early online .

Bach, Paxton and Robinson, Samantha and Sutherland, Christy and Brar, Rupinder (2020) Innovative strategies to support physical distancing among individuals with active addiction. The Lancet. Psychiatry .

Jackson, Sarah E and Garnett, Claire and Shahab, Lion and Oldham, Melissa and Brown, Jamie (2020) Association of the Covid-19 lockdown with smoking, drinking, and attempts to quit in England: an analysis of 2019-2020 data. medRXiv .

Ghosh, Abhishek and Roub, Fazle and Bisaga, Adam (2020) Drug treatment of SARS-Cov2: potential effects in patients with substance use disorders (SUD). Journal of Psychosomatic Research , 135 , (110159) , p. 110159.

Columb, David and Hussain, Rehan and O'Gara, Colin (2020) Addiction Psychiatry and COVID-19 - Impact on patients and service provision. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 37 , (3 (Special issue: Covid-19 perspectives)) , pp. 164-168.

Hayden, John C and Parkin, Rebecca (2020) The challenges of COVID-19 for community pharmacists and opportunities for the future. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , pp. 1-6.

Devitt, Patrick (2020) Can we expect an increased suicide rate due to Covid-19? Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , (1-5) .

Király, Orsolya and Potenza, Marc N and Stein, Dan J and King, Daniel L and Hodgins, David C and Saunders, John B and Griffiths, Mark D and Gjoneska, Biljana and Billieux, Joël and Brand, Matthias and Abbott, Max W and Chamberlain, Samuel R and Corazza, Ornella and Burkauskas, Julius and Sales, Célia M D and Montag, Christian and Lochner, Christine and Grünblatt, Edna and Wegmann, Elisa and Martinotti, Giovanni and Lee, Hae Kook and Rumpf, Hans-Jürgen and Castro-Calvo, Jesús and Rahimi-Movaghar, Afarin and Higuchi, Susumu and Menchon, Jose M and Zohar, Joseph and Pellegrini, Luca and Walitza, Susanne and Fineberg, Naomi A and Demetrovics, Zsolt (2020) Preventing problematic internet use during the COVID-19 pandemic: Consensus guidance. Comprehensive Psychiatry , 100 , (152180) , p. 152180.

Slaunwhite, Amanda Kathleen and Gan, Wen Qi and Xavier, Chloe and Zhao, Bin and Buxton, Jane A and Desai, Roshni (2020) Overdose and risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 212 , (108047) , p. 108047.

Dunlop, Adrian and Lokuge, Buddhima and Masters, Debbie and Sequeira, Marcia and Saul, Peter and Dunlop, Grace and Ryan, John and Hall, Michelle and Ezard, Nadine and Haber, Paul and Lintzeris, Nicholas and Maher, Lisa (2020) Challenges in maintaining treatment services for people who use drugs during the COVID-19 pandemic. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (1) , p. 26.

Kisely, Steve and Warren, Nicola and McMahon, Laura and Dalais, Christine and Henry, Irene and Siskind, Dan (2020) Occurrence, prevention, and management of the psychological effects of emerging virus outbreaks on healthcare workers: rapid review and meta-analysis. BMJ , 369 , (m1642) , m1642.

Green, Traci C and Bratberg, Jeffrey and Finnell, Deborah S (2020) Opioid use disorder and the COVID 19 pandemic: a call to sustain regulatory easements and further expand access to treatment. Substance Abuse , 41 , (2) , pp. 147-149.

Rehm, Jürgen and Kilian, Carolin and Ferreira-Borges, Carina and Jernigan, David and Monteiro, Maristela and Parry, Charles D H and Sanchez, Zila M and Manthey, Jakob (2020) Alcohol use in times of the COVID 19: Implications for monitoring and policy. Drug and Alcohol Review , 39 , (4) .

Karamouzian, Mohammad and Johnson, Cheyenne and Kerr, Thomas (2020) Public health messaging and harm reduction in the time of COVID-19. The Lancet. Psychiatry , 7 , (5) .

Galvin, Brian (2020) Impact of Covid-19. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 73, Spring 2020 , pp. 1-3.

Bannister, Rachel (2020) Covid-19 and addiction—a secret burden during this pandemic. BMJ Opinion .

Volkow, Nora D (2020) Collision of the COVID-19 and addiction epidemics. Annals of Internal Medicine , M20-1212 .

Greenberg, Neil and Docherty, Mary and Gnanapragasam, Sam and Wessely, Simon (2020) Managing mental health challenges faced by healthcare workers during covid-19 pandemic. BMJ , 368 , (m1211) , m1211.

Alcohol Action Ireland, Mental Health Ireland. (2020) There is little comfort in alcohol: foster healthy coping tools that will last long beyond Covid-19. Alcohol Action Ireland .

HSE (2020) Coronavirus and drug recovery. .

Kinner, Stuart A and Young, Jesse T and Snow, Kathryn and Southalan, Louise and Lopez-Acuña, Daniel and Ferreira-Borges, Carina and O'Moore, Éamonn (2020) Prisons and custodial settings are part of a comprehensive response to COVID-19. The Lancet Public Health , 5 , (4) .

Health Service Executive. (2020) Minding your mental health during the coronavirus outbreak. HSE Mental Health .

Tsai, Jack and Wilson, Michal (2020) COVID-19: a potential public health problem for homeless populations. The Lancet Public Health , 5 , (4) .

Hamilton, Ian (2020) Covid-19—are we rationing who we care about? thebmjopinion .

Wang, Yixuan and Wang, Yuyi and Chen, Yan and Qin, Qingsong (2020) Unique epidemiological and clinical features of the emerging 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) implicate special control measures. Journal of Medical Virology .

Michie, Susan and West, Robert and Amlôt, Richard and Rubin, James (2020) Slowing down the covid-19 outbreak: changing behaviour by understanding it. thebmjopinion .

Vardavas, Constantine I and Nikitara, Katerina (2020) COVID-19 and smoking: a systematic review of the evidence. Tobacco Induced Diseases , 18 , (20) , p. 20.

Marsden, John and Darke, Shane and Hall, Wayne and Hickman, Matthew and Holmes, John and Humphreys, Keith and Neale, Joanne and Tucker, Jalie and West, Robert (2020) Addiction editorial: Mitigating and learning from the impact of COVID‐19 infection on addictive disorders. Addiction , 115 , (6) , pp. 1007-1010.

Barney, Angela and Buckelew, Sara and Mesheriakova, Veronika and Raymond-Flesch, Marissa (2020) The COVID-19 pandemic and rapid implementation of adolescent and young adult telemedicine: challenges and opportunities for innovation. Journal of Adolescent Health , 67 , (2) , pp. 164-171.

Clarke, Mattea and Devlin, John and Conroy, Emmett and Kelly, Enda and Sturup-Toft, Sunita (2020) Establishing prison-led contact tracing to prevent outbreaks of COVID-19 in prisons in Ireland. Journal of Public Health , 42 , (3) , pp. 519-522.

Newby, Jill M and O'Moore, Kathleen and Tang, Samantha and Christensen, Helen and Faasse, Kate (2020) Acute mental health responses during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia. PLoS ONE , 15 , (7) , e0236562.

Alqahtani, Jaber S and Oyelade, Tope and Aldhahir, Abdulelah M and Alghamdi, Saeed M and Almehmadi, Mater and Alqahtani, Abdullah S and Quaderi, Shumonta and Mandal, Swapna and Hurst, John R (2020) Prevalence, severity and mortality associated with COPD and smoking in patients with COVID-19: a rapid systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS one , 15 , (5) , e0233147.

Emami, Amir and Javanmardi, Fatemeh and Pirbonyeh, Neda and Akbari, Ali (2020) Prevalence of underlying diseases in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine , 8 , (1) , e35.

Kelly, John R and Crockett, Matthew T and Alexander, Lauren and Haran, Maeve and Baker, Annie and Burke, Lisa and Brennan, Christine and O'Keane, Veronica (2020) Psychedelic science in post-covid psychiatry. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , pp. 1-18.

Pollard, Michael S and Tucker, Joan S and Green, Harold D (2020) Changes in adult alcohol use and consequences during the COVID-19 pandemic in the US. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (9) , e2022942.


[Irish Examiner] , Griffin, Niamh Covid 19: More anti-depressants dispensed in 2020 than year before. (06 Jan 2021)

[Irish Times] , Lally, Conor Record amount of drugs seized in 2020 despite Covid-19 pandemic. (31 Dec 2020)

[] , O'Loughlin, Ciara ‘The virus loves alcohol, and we have a challenge with alcohol in this country’ – CMO on new recommended restrictions. (19 Dec 2020)

[An Garda Siochana] An Garda Síochána + RSA launch Christmas + New Year road safety appeal. (08 Dec 2020)

[RTE News] , Hogan, Laura Covid-19 infections rose in counties where pubs reopened - study. (29 Nov 2020)

[RTE News] , Tobin, Sharon Addiction services see major increase in demand. (25 Nov 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Covid-19 crisis led to quicker access to homeless services, new study finds. (07 Nov 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Surge in alcohol-related calls to HSE helpline. (20 Oct 2020)

[Citywide] Citywide pre-budget Submission. (15 Oct 2020)

[Alcohol Action Ireland] Placing restrictions now on alcohol sales is a prudent act. (07 Oct 2020)

[Department of Health] Minister for Public Health and Wellbeing publishes guidance for drug and alcohol support groups and treatment programmes. (06 Oct 2020)

[] , Schiller, Robin Steroid use continues to grow - despite closure of gyms and Covid lockdown. (05 Oct 2020)

[Government of Ireland] COVID-19 (Coronavirus) - latest information and statistics from Ireland. (21 Sep 2020)

[Medical Independent] , Cahill, Niamh Surprise expressed at low number of Covid-19 cases among people who use drugs. (18 Sep 2020)

[] , McQuinn, Cormac More spent on alcohol despite Covid-19 closure of pubs as people switch from beer to wine. (14 Sep 2020)

[Irish Times] , Holland, Kitty Homeless in the pandemic: meet Ciara and Shane, Darragh and Gary. (12 Sep 2020)

[] , Murray, Sean Over half of people have been drinking more frequently during the pandemic, new survey finds. (10 Sep 2020)

[RTE News] , Conneely, Ailbhe Relief as support meeting numbers not limited to 6. (09 Sep 2020)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Prisons see huge increase in ‘hooch’ seizures during lockdown. (11 Aug 2020)

[Department of Health] Joint statement from Minister Donnelly, Minister Feighan and Minister O’Brien on homelessness. (30 Jul 2020)

[Alcohol Action Ireland] Provisional Revenue receipts demonstrate the durability of the Irish alcohol market despite COVID-19 crisis. (30 Jul 2020)

[Irish Mirror] , Jordan, Ailbhe One in five in critical care in Dublin’s Beaumont Hospital during lockdown were there due to alcohol. (28 Jul 2020)

Mental Health First Aid Ireland. [Mental Health First Aid Ireland] Working at home – wellbeing survey. (23 Jul 2020)

[Irish Times] , Lally, Conor Drink and drug-driving arrests surge in Dublin during Covid-19 pandemic. (20 Jul 2020)

[Irish Examiner] Confusion among gardaí on how to enforce laws around alcohol amid Covid-19. (08 Jul 2020)

[RTE News] Warning of virus spike after 'predictable' street drinking scenes. (06 Jul 2020)

[Medical Independent] , Cahill, Niamh ‘A subsection of clients feel lockdown has made it easier to avoid drug use’. (29 Jun 2020)

[RTE News] , Conneely, Ailbhe Govt urged to keep homeless accommodation in place. (24 Jun 2020)

[RTE News] , Bowers, Fergal Pandemic swells demand for addiction support services. (11 Jun 2020)

[Alcohol Action Ireland] Growing concern about the volumes of alcohol being brought into Irish homes. (05 Jun 2020)

Hot Press News Desk. [Hot Press] Global Drug Survey predicts that "following lockdown, many regions will be flooded by high purity drugs". (04 Jun 2020)

[] , MacNamee, Garreth Use of nitrous oxide or 'hippie crack' on the rise during pandemic. (03 Jun 2020)

[] , Dwyer, Orla Over half of Irish people say they drink alcohol more frequently since Covid-19 restrictions brought in. (03 Jun 2020)

[Irish Times] , Lally, Conor Locked up in lockdown: How prisons are coping with Covid-19. (01 Jun 2020)

[Dublinlive] , McMenamy, Emma Coronavirus Ireland: Prescription drug abuse set to soar during lockdown. (24 May 2020)

[Irish Examiner] 'Lack of clarity' in liquor licensing laws allows pubs to deliver pints amid pandemic. (23 May 2020)

[RTE News] , Conneely, Ailbhe Ireland's homeless: 'The lost souls of the pandemic'. (20 May 2020)

[RTE News] €500m worth of drugs seized during pandemic. (18 May 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Covid-19 exacerbates problems of alcoholics and their families, says support group. (18 May 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Dunphy, Liz Drug dealers calling in €30k drug debts from Cork families. (15 May 2020)

[World Health Organization] WHO statement: Tobacco use and COVID-19. (14 May 2020)

[Department of Health] Minister for Health highlights advice and supports for people with alcohol related problems during COVID-19. (14 May 2020)

[UNODC] UNODC, WHO, UNAIDS and OHCHR joint statement on COVID-19 in prisons and other closed settings*. (13 May 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Dunphy, Liz Covid crisis leads to plummeting numbers seeking drug addiction treatment. (12 May 2020)

[Southern Star] , O'Mahony, Kieran West Corks cocaine wars (part 1). (11 May 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Hoare, Padraig CSO reveal around 20% of adults have increased alcohol intake during Covid-19 crisis. (09 May 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Woulfe, Jimmy Warning as virus crisis sees increase in middle-aged falling into alcoholism. (05 May 2020)

[Midlands 103] Midlands awareness group concerned by impact of virus on the drug industry. (05 May 2020)

[] Has Covid-19 changed your relationship with alcohol or drugs? Global Drugs Survey launches special edition. (04 May 2020)

[Irish Times] Podcast. Confronting coronavirus: Homeless in a pandemic - "They're more vulnerable and less able to avoid it". (02 May 2020)

[Irish Times] , Boland, Rosita Helplines during Covid-19: ‘There is an awful lot more drinking going on at home’. (26 Apr 2020)

[] , Ryan, Orla 'Addiction doesn't stop during a pandemic, it gets worse': Methadone waiting lists virtually eliminated amid overdose fears. (25 Apr 2020)

[] , MacNamee, Garreth Gardaí believe 'incredibly potent' cannabis on Irish streets due to shortages caused by Covid-19. (25 Apr 2020)

Digital Desk Staff. [Irish Examiner] Alcohol sales 58% higher than this time last year. (19 Apr 2020)

[Hot Press] , Duffin, Tony Ana Liffey Drug Project's Tony Duffin: "There's a desperation that could bubble over into violence with the wrong word or look". (17 Apr 2020)

[United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner] Statement by the UN expert on the right to health* on the protection of people who use drugs during the COVID-19 pandemic. (16 Apr 2020)

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. [WHO] Alcohol does not protect against COVID-19: access should be restricted during lockdown. (14 Apr 2020)

[Department of Health] Minister for Health to assist patients access their medical cannabis products during COVID-19. (07 Apr 2020)

[Irish Times] , Holland, Kitty Anti-overdose medication training aims to protect drug users. (07 Apr 2020)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Doctors advised to give emergency drugs to addicts to stop withdrawal in lockdown. (03 Apr 2020)

[Irish Times] , Holland, Kitty Covid-19 cutting drug users and recovering addicts off from key supports. (01 Apr 2020)

, Hennessy, Michelle Public warned not to buy fake medicines that claim to treat or prevent coronavirus. (25 Mar 2020)

, Barnsley, Kathryn and Singh Sohal, Sukhwinder Covid-19 and smoking: the elephant in the room? (24 Mar 2020)

, Chapman, Sarah Managing minor illnesses at home: evidence on over-the-counter health products in extraordinary times. (19 Mar 2020)

[Four Four Magazine] , McGrath, Liam Drug harm reduction information in light of corona virus. (12 Mar 2020)


Department of Health and Social Care, Public Health England. (2021) COVID-19: guidance for commissioners and providers of services for people who use drugs or alcohol. London: UK Government.

Health Service Executive. (2021) HSE Psychosocial response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Scottish Families Affected by Alcohol and Drugs. (2020) Lockdown and beyond: a COVID insights report. Glasgow: Scottish Families Affected by Alcohol and Drugs.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) Reitox national focal points’ activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) New psychoactive substances: global markets, global threats and the COVID-19 pandemic. An update from the EU early warning system. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Vital Strategies. (2020) Saving lives from overdose during a pandemic. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins School of Public Health.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) Impact of COVID-19 on drug markets, drug use, drug-related harms and responses in south European Neighbourhood Policy countries. Lisbon: EMCDDA.

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2020) Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use treatment capacity in Canada. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Central Statistics Office. (2020) Social impact of COVID-19 survey November 2020 well-being and lifestyle under level 5 restrictions. Dublin: Central Statistics Office.

British Psychological Society. (2020) Covid-19 public health road map: Alcohol consumption. Leicester: British Psychological Society.

Kaleidoscope Project. (2020) Peer-led COVID-19 impact survey. A review of the impact of COVID-19 on drug and alcohol users in Wales. Cardiff: Kaleidoscope.

Ontario Drug Policy Research Network, Office of the Chief Coroner/Ontario Forensic Pathology Service, Public Health Ontario, Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation. (2020) Preliminary patterns in circumstances surrounding opioid-related deaths in Ontario during the COVID-19 pandemic'. Toronto, ON: Ontario Drug Policy Research Network.

Ireland. Department of Health. (2020) Drugs and alcohol policy. Guidance for drug and alcohol support groups and treatment programmes. Dublin: Department of Health.

Institute of Alcohol Studies. (2020) Alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 lockdown. Summary of emerging evidence from the UK. London: Institute of Alcohol Studies., Ireland. Department of Children and Youth Affairs. (2020) How's your head: young voices during COVID-19. Report of a national consultation with young people on mental health and wellbeing. Dublin: Department of Children and Youth Affairs.

Central Statistics Office. (2020) Statistical yearbook of Ireland 2020. Cork: Central Statistics Office.

Health Service Executive. National Social Inclusion Office. (2020) National COVID-19 homeless service user experience survey. Report of findings. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Skumlien, Martine and Lawn, Will (2020) How has COVID-19 changed the use of illegal drugs? An overview of the results so far. London: Society for the Study of Addiction.

Erwin, Deborah and Thompson, Lorraine (2020) A review of the youth work sector response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Dublin: National Youth Council of Ireland.

Department of Health. (2020) Guidance for youth work organisations. Informed by the Government’s Resilience & Recovery 2020-2021: plan for Living with COVID-19. Dublin: Ireland. Department of Health.

Health Information and Quality Authority. (2020) COVID 19: An assurance framework for registered providers - preparedness planning and Infection prevention and control measures. Dublin: HIQA.

Winstock, Adam and Zhuparris, Ahnjili and Gilchrist, Gail and Davies, Emma L and Puljević, Cheneal and Potts, Laura and Maier, Larissa and Ferris, Jason and Barrett, Monica (2020) GDS COVID-19 special edition key findings report. London: Global drugs survey.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2020) NICE: Coronavirus (COVID-19). London: NICE.

Peacock, Amy and Price, Olivia and Dietze, Paul and Bruno, Raimondo and Salom, Caroline and Lenton, Simon R and Swanton, Rosie and Uporova, Julia and Karlsson, A and Chan, Roanna and Gibbs, Daisy and Grigg, Jodie and Daly, Catherine and Hall, Cristal and Wilson, Tanya and Degenhardt, Louisa and Farrell, Michael (2020) Impacts of COVID-19 and associated restrictions on people who use illicit stimulants in Australia: findings from the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System 2020. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

Northern Ireland. Department of Health. (2020) Guidance for Alcohol and Drug services in Northern Ireland to best deliver treatment and care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Belfast: Department of Health.

University College Dublin, Institute of Food and Health, Dublin City University. (2020) National Covid-19 food study. Dublin: University College Dublin.

Public Health England. (2020) Drug Harms Assessment and Response Team. Quarterly summary for professionals: August 2020. London: Public Health England.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Thailand Institute of Justice. (2020) Report on the global webinar series on "Gender-responsive criminal justice and prison reform". Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Darmody, Merike and Smyth, Emer and Russell, Helen (2020) Implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for policy in relation to children and young people. Dublin: ESRI.

Social Care Institute for Excellence. (2020) COVID-19 guide for drug and alcohol residential rehab and detox services. London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.

Health Service Executive. (2020) A safe return to health services: restoring health and social care services in a COVID environment. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Dominelli, Lena and Harrikari, Timo and Mooney, Joseph and Leskošek, Vesna and Kennedy Tsunoda, Erin (2020) COVID-19 and social work: a collection of country reports. International Association of Schools of Social Work.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) COVID-19 response by the EU Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) agencies. Lisbon: EMCDDA.

Irish Prison Service. (2020) IPS family information booklet. Longford: Irish Prison Service.

Penal Reform International. (2020) Coronavirus: preventing harm and human rights violations in criminal justice systems. Briefing note. London: Penal Reform International.

O'Carroll, Austin and Duffin, Tony and Collins, John (2020) Saving lives in the time of COVID-19. Case study of harm reduction, homelessness and drug use in Dublin, Ireland. London: London School of Economics and Political Science.

Harm Reduction International. (2020) COVID-19, prisons and drug policy: global scan March-June 2020. London: Harm Reduction International.

Holkar, Merlyn and Lees, Chris (2020) A safer bet? Online gambling and mental health. London: Money and Mental Health Policy Institute.

International Network of People who Use Drugs. (2020) INPUD online survey on COVID-19 & people who use drugs (PWUD) data report 1. London: INPUD.

World Health Organization. (2020) Smoking and COVID-19 a scientific brief. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Sutherland, R and Baillie, G and Memedovic, S and Hammoud, M and Barratt, M and Bruno, Raimondo and Dietze, Paul and Ezard, Nadine and Salom, C and Degenhardt, Louisa and Hughes, C and Peacock, A (2020) Australians' drug use: adapting to pandemic threats (ADAPT) study: ADAPT bulletin no. 1. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Sydney.

Adfam. (2020) Families in lockdown. The effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on the family and friends of someone with an alcohol, drugs or gambling problem. London: Adfam.

Merchants Quay Ireland, Coolmine Therapeutic Community, Depaul. (2020) Dealing with Covid-19 and beyond. Dublin: Merchants Quay Ireland, Coolmine Therapeutic Community and Depaul.

College of Psychiatry of Ireland. (2020) COVID-19 Impact on secondary mental healthcare services in Ireland. College of Psychiatrists survey issued to consultants June 2020. Dublin: College of Psychiatrists of Ireland.

An Garda Siochana. (2020) Crime trends during Covid-19. March-May 2020. Dublin: An Garda Siochana.

Making Every Adult Matter Coalition. (2020) Flexible responses during the coronavirus crisis: rapid evidence gathering. London: Cordis Bright.

ANU Centre for Social Research and Methods. Biddle, Nicholas and Edwards, Ben and Gray, Matthew and Sollis, Kate (2020) Alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 period: May 2020. Canberra: Australian National University.

Ireland. Department of An Taoiseach. (2020) Report on the social implications of Covid-19 in Ireland. Update 5th June 2020. Dublin: Government of Ireland.

Winstock, Adam and Davies, Emma L and Gilchrist, Gail and Zhuparris, A and Ferris, Jason and Maier, Larissa and Barratt, Monica J (2020) GDS special edition on Covid-19 interim report global. Global drugs survey.

Ryan, Pauline and Lean, Brendan, eds. Clarke, Helen (2020) What psychological supports are required to assist health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic? Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Family Resource Centre National Forum. (2020) FRCs: supporting families during the Covid-19 crisis. Dublin: Family Resource Centre National Forum.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) Impact of COVID-19 on patterns drug use and drug-related harms in Europe. Lisbon: EMCDDA.

Mongan, Deirdre and Galvin, Brian and Farragher, Louise and Dunne, Mary and Nelson, Mairea (2020) Impact of COVID-19 on drug services in four countries. An evidence brief. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Health Protection Surveillance Centre. (2020) Resources for the prevention and control of Covid-19. Dublin: HPSC.

Women’s Safety NSW, Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education. (2020) Family violence and alcohol during COVID-19. Sydney: FARE.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2020) EU drug markets: impact of COVID-19. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Lawn, Will and Skumlien, Martine (2020) How is the COVID-19 pandemic changing our use of illegal drugs? An overview of ongoing research. London: Society for the Study of Addiction.

Research Evidence into Policy, Programmes and Practice project, University of Limerick. (2020) How are young people participating in Garda Youth Diversion Projects responding to the Covid-19 public health measures? – A local to national qualitative profile: report 1. Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality and Department of Children.

Central Statistics Office. (2020) Social impact of COVID-19 survey April 2020. Cork: CSO.

Scottish Drugs Forum, Sexual Health and BBV Prevention Leads Group. (2020) Scotland: Guidance on contingency planning for people who use drugs and COVID-19. Edinburgh: Scottish Drugs Forum.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) European trendspotter series. Impact of COVID-19 on drug services and help-seeking in Europe. Lisbon: EMCDDA.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) COVID-19 and drugs: drug supply via darknet markets. Lisbon: EMCDDA.

North Inner City Drugs Task Force, Recovery Academy Ireland. (2020) How recovery coaches are managing lockdown through the Covid crisis. Dublin: North Inner City Drug and Alcohol Task Force.

Appleton, Steve, ed. Peters, Janet (2020) Rapid review on coronavirus/COVID-19: policies, actions and resources related to drug and alcohol addiction across IIMHL and IIDL countries. New Zealand: International Initiative for Mental Health Leadership.

Foundation for Alcohol Research & Education, Cancer Council WA. (2020) An alcohol ad every 35 seconds. A snapshot of how the alcohol industry is using a global pandemic as a marketing opportunity. ACT, Australia: FARE.

Europol. (2020) Beyond the pandemic - how covid-19 will shape the serious and organised crime landscape in the EU. The Hague: Europol.

Harnedy, Norma (2020) COVID 19 interim clinical guidance for medicines management for isolation units for people who use drugs. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Scottish Health Action on Alcohol Problems. (2020) Coronavirus (COVID-19) and people with alcohol-related problems: recommendations for services. Edinburgh: SHAAP.

Health Protection Surveillance Centre, Health Service Executive. (2020) Coronavirus (COVID-19) guidance for homeless and other vulnerable group settings. Dublin: Health Protection Surveillance Centre.

HSE National Social Inclusion Office. (2020) Guidance on contingency planning for people who use drugs and COVID-19. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

HSE National Drug Treatment Centre Pharmacy Department. Egan, Mary and Martin, Ellen (2020) COVID 19 Pharmacy SOP for clients in isolation. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

PSI-The Pharmacy Regulator, Medical Council, Health Service Executive. (2020) Guidance for prescribers and pharmacists on legislation changes to facilitate the safe supply of medicines during the COVID-19 pandemic. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Smyth, Bobby P and Jones, Martin (2020) Ways of working: guidance for addiction services on remote consultations. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Citywide Drugs Crisis Campaign. (2020) Citywide Drugs Crisis Campaign impact of COVID19 on people in addiction. Dublin: Citywide Drugs Crisis Campaign.

National Adult Literacy Agency. (2020) Coronavirus (COVID-19) words and terms explained in plain English. Dublin: National Adult Literacy Agency.

HSE National Social Inclusion Office. (2020) Example SOP for emergency induction of OST during COVID crisis. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

HSE National Social Inclusion Office. (2020) Needle exchange provision in COVID-19 pandemic. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

HSE National Social Inclusion Office. (2020) Overdose awareness and coronavirus (COVID-19). Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2020) COVID-19 and cannabis smoking and vaping: four things you should know. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Paradis, Catherine (2020) Open versus closed: the risks associated with retail liquor stores during COVID-19. Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

McGarry, Sinéad and Jackson, Kaylene (2020) Guidance for medical social workers; responding to COVID-19 pandemic. Dublin: Irish Association of Social Workers.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2020) Suggestions about treatment, care and rehabilitation of people with drug use disorder in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Vienna: UNODC.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2020) COVID-19 prevention and control among people who use drugs. Vienna: UNODC.

Health Service Executive. (2020) At-risk groups and coronavirus. Dublin: HSE.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) EMCDDA update on the implications of COVID-19 for people who use drugs (PWUD) and drug service providers. Lisbon: EMCDDA.

Richardson, Jeff and Ingoglia, Charles (2020) Best practices for telehealth during COVID-19 public health emergency. Washington: National Council for Behavioral Health.

Irish Hospice Foundation. (2020) Grieving in exceptional times. Dublin: Irish Hospice Foundation.

UNAIDS. (2020) Rights in the time of COVID-19. Lessons from HIV for an effective, community-led response. Geneva: UNAIDS.

Harnedy, Norma and Kee, Jim and Cotter, Blaithin and Johnston, Helen and Egan, Mary (2020) Letter 1:. Urgent communication regarding OST patients. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. (2020) Guidance for health system contingency planning during widespread transmission of SARS-CoV-2 with high impact on healthcare services. Stockholm: ECDC.

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. (2020) Benzodiazepines and opioids: reminder of risk of potentially fatal respiratory depression. London: Gov.UK.

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2020) Preparedness, prevention and control of COVID-19 in prisons and other places of detention. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Dublin Region Homeless Executive. (2020) Covid-19 (Coronavirus). Dublin Region Homeless Executive.

Higher Ground Harm Reduction, Reynolds Health Strategies, Harm Reduction Coalition, Vital Strategies. (2020) US: COVID-19 guidance for people who use drugs and harm reduction programs. New York: Harm Reduction Coalition.

IASC MHPSS Reference Group. (2020) Briefing note on addressing mental health and psychosocial aspects of COVID-19 Outbreak. Version 1.1. New York: OCHA.

HIV Ireland. (2020) HIV and COVID-19 (coronavirus): Information for people living with HIV. Dublin: HIV Ireland.

World Health Organization. (2020) The impact of COVID-19 on mental, neurological and substance use services: results of a rapid assessment. Geneva: WHO.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Covid-19 (Health): statements. (13 Jan 2021)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Covid-19 Task Force: statements. (17 Dec 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Questions on Promised Legislation [Covid-19] . (03 Dec 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Topical issue debate. Drug treatment programmes. (22 Sep 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Public health, well-being and National Drugs Strategy: statements. (10 Sep 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Criminal Justice (Enforcement Powers) (Covid-19) Bill 2020: Second stage. (02 Sep 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Questions - Alcohol treatment services [16926/20]. (21 Jul 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Covid-19 (Health): statements [Keltoi]. (17 Jun 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Covid-19 (Health): statements [Crime and forums]. (17 Jun 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Covid-19 (Health): statements [Alcohol]. (17 Jun 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Covid-19 (Justice and Equality): statements. (04 Jun 2020)

[Oireachtas] Covid-19 (Health) - statements. (14 May 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Covid-19 (Justice and Equality): statements. (13 May 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Covid-19 (Transport): statements. (13 May 2020)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Covid-19 (Taoiseach): statements. (30 Apr 2020)


Antigone. (2021) Have prisons learnt from Covid-19? How the world has reacted to the pandemic behind bars. Rome: Antigone .


Health Research Board. (2020) Drugnet Ireland. Issue 75, Autumn 2020 , p. 32. Dublin: Health Research Board.


Barrett, Monica (2020) Global drug market shifts during the COVID-19 pandemic. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

Dublin City North Children and Young People's Services Committee. (2020) Trauma and transitions webinar-supporting children and young people in the context of Covid-19. Children and Young People's Services Committees.

London School of Economics of Political Science. (2020) Video highlights how COVID-19 is reshaping drug policies and service delivery.

Global Drugs Survey. (2020) Global Drug Survey: Corona conversations.

International Society of Substance Use Professionals. (2020) Supporting the families of substance users. London: ISSUP.


Public Health England. (2020) Behavioural risk factors: alcohol consumption during COVID-19 [England].

Teaching Resource

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, eIntegrity. (2020) Online courses on COVID-19.


UISCE. (2020) How to respond to an opioid overdose during Covid-19 (poster). UISCE, Dublin.


Pan American Health Organization. (2020) Digital health: a strategy to maintain health care for people living with noncommunicable diseases during COVID-19. Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization.

HSE (2020) Harm reduction advice for people who use drugs during Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Dublin: HSE

Scottish Drugs Forum. (2020) Lets give bacteria the boot booklet. Glasgow: Scottish Drug Forum.

EuroNPUD, INPUD, Respect Drug Users Rights. (2020) COVID-19: advice for people who use drugs leaflet. EuroNPUD.

World Health Organization. (2020) Alcohol and COVID-19: what you need to know. WHO.


(2021) Clinical and patient care research and harm reduction resources related to COVID-19.

(2021) COVID-19 - drug and alcohol surveys; evidence collection.

Corcoran, Paul (2020) Covid-19 and suicide. URL:

University of Stirling, University of Edinburgh. (2020) Impacts of the COVID-19 response on people who use drugs in Scotland. URL:

(2020) Research focus: families, alcohol and covid-19. URL:

(2020) UK COVID-19: national guidance (links). URL:

American Society of Addiction Medicine. (2020) ASAM Covid-19 resources. URL:

(2020) COVID-19 and smoking: resources, research and news. URL:

Public Health England. (2020) Wider Impacts of COVID-19 on Health (WICH) monitoring tool. URL:

Health Service Executive. (2020) Virtual health. URL:

World Health Organization. (2020) Q&A: tobacco and COVID-19. URL:

HSE (2020) Dual diagnosis and Covid-19. URL:

Royal College of Psychiatrists. (2020) Community and inpatient services - COVID-19 guidance for clinicians. URL:

World Health Organization. (2020) WHO guidance: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. URL:

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2020) Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) and Covid-19 resources. URL: (2020) Naloxone demonstration project. URL:

This list was generated on Mon Jan 25 03:32:26 2021 GMT.

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