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Daly, Caroline and Griffin, Eve and Ashcroft, Darren M and Webb, Roger T and Perry, Ivan J and Arensman, Ella (2017) Intentional drug overdose involving pregabalin and gabapentin: findings from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland, 2007-2015. Clinical Drug Investigation , Early online .

Glynn, Ronan W and Byrne, Niamh and O'Dea, Siobhan and Shanley, Adam and Codd, Mary and Keenan, Eamon and Ward, Mary and Igoe, Derval and Clarke, Susan (2017) Chemsex, risk behaviours and sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men in Dublin, Ireland. The International Journal of Drug Policy , 52 , pp. 9-15.

Smyth, Bobby P (2017) New psychoactive substances in Ireland following the criminal justice (psychoactive substances) act-why all the pessimism? Addiction , 112 , (9) , p. 1686.

Galvin, Brian (2017) European drug trends 2017. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , pp. 1-4.

Dillon, Lucy (2017) Headshop legislation and changes in national addiction treatment data. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , pp. 13-14.

Pirona, Alessandro and Bo, Alessandra and Hedrich, Dagmar and Ferri, Marica and van Gelder, Nadine and Giraudon, Isabelle and Montanari, Linda and Simon, Roland and Mounteney, Jane (2017) New psychoactive substances: Current health-related practices and challenges in responding to use and harms in Europe. The International Journal on Drug Policy , 40 , pp. 84-92.

Stokes, Siobhan (2017) New psychoactive substances in Europe conference, Poznan. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 60, Winter 2017 , pp. 20-21.

O’Brien Green, Siobhan (2017) Club Health 2017 conference to be held in Dublin. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 60, Winter 2017 , p. 24.

Millar, Sean (2017) Results from fourth general population survey on illicit drug use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 60, Winter 2017 , pp. 1-5.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Hearne, Evelyn (2017) User experiences of development of dependence on the synthetic cannabinoids, 5f-AKB48 and 5F-PB-22, and subsequent withdrawal syndromes. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction , 15 , (3) , pp. 565-579.

McLaughlin, Gavin and Morris, Noreen and Kavanagh, Pierce V and Dowling, Geraldine and Power, John D and Twamley, Brendan and O'Brien, John and Talbot, Brian and Sitte, Harald H and Brandt, Simon D (2017) Test purchase, synthesis and characterization of 3-fluorophenmetrazine (3-FPM) and differentiation from its ortho- and para-substituted isomers. Drug Testing and Analysis , 9 , (3) , pp. 369-377.

Power, John D and Kavanagh, Pierce and McLaughlin, Gavin and Dowling, Geraldine and Barry, Michael and O'Brien, John and Talbot, Brian and Twamley, Brendan and Brandt, Simon D (2017) Forensic analysis of P2P derived amphetamine synthesis impurities: identification and characterization of indene by-products. Drug Testing and Analysis , 9 , (3) , pp. 446-452.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Hearne, Evelyn (2017) New psychoactive substances (NPS) on cryptomarket fora: an exploratory study of characteristics of forum activity between NPS buyers and vendors. International Journal of Drug Policy , 40 , pp. 102-110.

Van Hout, Marie Claire (2017) The dynamic landscape of novel psychoactive substance (NPS) use in Ireland: results from an expert consultation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction , 15 , (5) , pp. 985-992.

Power, John D and Kavanagh, Pierce and McLaughlin, Gavin and Barry, Michael and Dowling, Geraldine and Brandt, Simon D (2017) 'APAAN in the neck' - A reflection on some novel impurities found in seized materials containing amphetamine in Ireland during routine forensic analysis. Drug Testing and Analysis , 9 , (7) , pp. 966-976.

Smyth, Bobby P and Lyons, Suzi and Cullen, Walter (2017) Decline in new psychoactive substance use disorders following legislation targeting headshops: Evidence from national addiction treatment data. Drug and Alcohol Review , 36 , (5) , pp. 609-617.

Kimergård, Andreas and Foley, Michelle and Davey, Zoe and Wadsworth, Elle and Drummond, Colin and Deluca, Paolo (2017) The challenge of complex drug use: Associated use of codeine-containing medicines and new psychoactive substances in a European cross-sectional online population. Human Psychopharmacology , 32 , (3) .

Hearne, Evelyn and Alves, Emanuele Amorim and Van Hout, Marie Claire and Grund, Jean-Paul C (2017) Home manufacture of drugs: an online investigation and a toxicological reality check of online discussions on drug chemistry. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 49 , (4) , pp. 279-288.

Guiney, Ciara (2016) Misuse of Drugs (Amendment) Act 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 59, Autumn 2016 , pp. 4-5.

Dillon, Lucy (2016) New psychoactive substances: legislative changes in the UK. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 59, Autumn 2016 , pp. 8-9.

Boyle, Michelle (2016) 4th International Conference on Novel Psychoactive Substances, Budapest, 30‒31 May 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 59, Autumn 2016 , pp. 19-20.

Galvin, Brian (2016) European drug trends 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 58, Summer 2016 , pp. 12-13.

Mounteney, Jane and Griffiths, Paul and Sedefov, Roumen and Noor, Andre and Vicente, Julian and Simon, Roland (2016) The drug situation in Europe: an overview of data available on illicit drugs and new psychoactive substances from European monitoring in 2015. Addiction , 111 , (1) , pp. 34-48.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Wells, John (2016) Is Captagon (fenethylline) helping to fuel the Syrian conflict? Addiction , 111 , (4) , pp. 48-49.

Hearne, Evelyn and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2016) "Trip-sitting" in the black hole: a netnographic study of dissociation and indigenous harm reduction. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 48 , (4) , pp. 233-242.

McLaughlin, Gavin and Morris, Noreen and Kavanagh, Pierce V and Power, John D and O'Brien, John and Talbot, Brian and Elliott, Simon P and Wallach, Jason and Hoang, Khoa and Morris, Hamilton and Brandt, Simon D (2016) Test purchase, synthesis, and characterization of 2-methoxydiphenidine (MXP) and differentiation from its meta- and para-substituted isomers. Drug Testing and Analysis , 8 , (1) , pp. 98-109.

Giese, Coralie and Igoe, Derval and Gibbons, Zorina and Hurley, Caroline and Stokes, Siobhan and McNamara, Sinead and Ennis, Orla and O'Donnell, Kate and Keenan, Eamon and De Gascun, Cillian and Lyons, Fiona and Ward, Mary and Danis, Kostas and Glynn, Ronan and Waters, Allison and Fitzgerald, Margaret (2015) Injection of new psychoactive substance snow blow associated with recently acquired HIV infections among homeless people who inject drugs in Dublin, Ireland, 2015. Eurosurveillance , 20 , (40) .

Meyer, Markus R and Holderbaum, Anna and Kavanagh, Pierce and Maurer, Hans H (2015) Low resolution and high resolution MS for studies on the metabolism and toxicological detection of the new psychoactive substance methoxypiperamide (MeOP). Journal of Mass Spectrometry , 50 , (10) , pp. 1163-74.

(2015) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 54, Summer 2015 , pp. 24-25.

Power, John D and Kavanagh, Pierce and O'Brien, John and Barry, Michael and Twamley, Brendan and Talbot, Brian and Dowling, Geraldine and Brandt, Simon D (2015) Test purchase, identification and synthesis of 2-amino-1-(4-bromo-2, 5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethan-1-one (bk-2C-B). Drug testing and analysis , 7 , (6) , pp. 512-518.

Connolly, Johnny (2015) The challenge of controlling new psychoactive substances (NPS). Drugnet Ireland , Issue 53, Spring 2015 , pp. 7-8.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Hearne, Evelyn (2015) "Word of mouse": indigenous harm reduction and online consumerism of the synthetic compound methoxphenidine. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 47 , (1) , pp. 30-41.

Smyth, Bobby P and James, Philip and Cullen, Walter and Darker, Catherine D (2015) "So prohibition can work?" Changes in use of novel psychoactive substances among adolescents attending a drug and alcohol treatment service following a legislative ban. International Journal of Drug Policy , 26 , (9) , pp. 887-889.

Dines, Alison M and Wood, David M and Yates, Christopher and Heyerdahl, Fridtjof and Hovda, Knut Erik and Giraudon, Isabelle and Sedefov, Roumen and Dargan, Paul I (2015) Acute recreational drug and new psychoactive substance toxicity in Europe: 12 months data collection from the European Drug Emergencies Network (Euro-DEN). Clinical Toxicology , 53 , (9) , pp. 893-900.

Power, John D and Kavanagh, Pierce and McLaughlin, Gavin and O'Brien, John and Talbot, Brian and Barry, Michael and Twamley, Brendan and Dowling, Geraldine and Brandt, Simon D (2015) Identification and characterization of an imidazolium by-product formed during the synthesis of 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone). Drug Testing and Analysis , 7 , (10) , pp. 894-902.

Durgahee, S and Allen, Gregory and Williams, H (2014) The ‘G’ men: a profile of GBL/GHB users in an area of high drug-related mortality. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 31 , (4) , pp. 275-280.

Osman, M and Casey, P (2014) Pregabalin abuse for enhancing sexual performance: case discussion and literature review. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 31 , (4) , pp. 281-286.

Connolly, Johnny (2014) Legislation on new psychoactive substances. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 51, Autumn 2014 , p. 11.

Galvin, Brian (2014) Annual review of the drug situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 50, Summer 2014 , pp. 12-13.

McDonnell-Dowling, Kate and Donlon, Michelle and Kelly, John P (2014) Methamphetamine exposure during pregnancy at pharmacological doses produces neurodevelopmental and behavioural effects in rat offspring. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience , 35 , pp. 42-51.

Bingham, Tim (2014) The emerald experiment. Druglink .

Moore, Joan (2014) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 48, Winter 2013 , p. 26.

Kavanagh, Pierce and Power, John D (2014) New psychoactive substances legislation in Ireland – Perspectives from academia. Drug Testing and Analysis , 6 , ((7-8)) , pp. 884-891.

Nees, F and Fitzgerald, M (2014) Two cases of methaemoglobinaemia secondary to amyl nitrate use. Irish Medical Journal , 107 , (2) .

Murphy, A and Haughey, R (2014) Mephedrone-induced uvulitis. Anaesthesia , 69 , (2) , pp. 189-190.

Bouso, Emily D and Gardner, Elizabeth A and O'Brien, John E and Talbot, Brian and Kavanagh, Pierce V (2014) Characterization of the pyrolysis products of methiopropamine. Drug Testing and Analysis , 6 , (7-8) , pp. 658-667.

Power, John D and Scott, Kenneth R and Gardner, Elizabeth A and Curran McAteer, Bronagh M and O'Brien, John E and Brehon, Margaret and Talbot, Brian and Kavanagh, Pierce V (2014) The syntheses, characterization and in vitro metabolism of nitracaine, methoxypiperamide and mephtetramine. Drug Testing and Analysis , 6 , (7-8) , pp. 668-675.

Christie, R and Horan, E and Fox, J and O'Donnell, C and Byrne, H J and McDermott, S and Power, J and Kavanagh, P (2014) Discrimination of cathinone regioisomers, sold as 'legal highs', by Raman spectroscopy. Drug Testing and Analysis , 6 , (7-8) , pp. 651-657.

Van Hout, Marie Claire (2014) Kitchen chemistry: a scoping review of the diversionary use of pharmaceuticals for non-medicinal use and home production of drug solutions. Drug Testing and Analysis , 6 , (7-8) , pp. 778-787.

Scott, Kenneth R and Power, John D and McDermott, Seán D and O'Brien, John E and Talbot, Brian N and Barry, Michael G and Kavanagh, Pierce V (2014) Identification of (2-aminopropyl)indole positional isomers in forensic samples. Drug Testing and Analysis , 6 , (7-8) , pp. 598-606.

Brandt, Simon D and Baumann, Michael H and Partilla, John S and Kavanagh, Pierce V and Power, John D and Talbot, Brian and Twamley, Brendan and Mahoney, Olivia and O'Brien, John and Elliott, Simon P and Archer, Roland P and Patrick, Julian and Singh, Kuldip and Dempster, Nicola M and Cosbey, Simon H (2014) Characterization of a novel and potentially lethal designer drug (±)-cis-para-methyl-4-methylaminorex (4,4'-DMAR, or ‘Serotoni’). Drug Testing and Analysis , 6 , (7-8) , pp. 684-695.

Van Hout, Marie Claire (2014) An internet study of user's experiences of the synthetic cathinone 4-methylethcathinone (4-MEC). Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 46 , (4) , pp. 273-286.

Hughes, Brendan and Griffiths, Paul (2014) Regulatory approaches to new psychoactive substances (NPS) in the European Union. Addiction , 109 , (10) , pp. 1591-1593.

Onikoyi-Deckon, A and Smyth, Bobby P (2013) Use of new psychoactive substances among teenagers attending a specialized adolescent addiction service in Dublin, before and after a legislative ban on their sale. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 182 , (Supplement 4) , S135-S136.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Bingham, Tim (2013) Silk Road, the virtual drug marketplace: a single case study of user experiences. International Journal of Drug Policy , 24 , (5) , pp. 385-391.

Chatwin, Caroline (2013) Book review: Reflections on the concept of coherency for a policy on psychoactive substances and beyond. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 20 , (2) , pp. 164-165.

Galvin, Brian (2013) Annual review of the drug situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 46, Summer 2013 , pp. 5-6.

Cosby, SH and Peters, KL and Quinn, A and Bently, A (2013) Mephedrone (methylmethcathinone) in toxicology casework: a Northern Ireland perspective. Journal of Analytical Toxicology , 37 , (2) , pp. 74-82.

Angelov, Daniel and O'Brien, J and Kavanagh, Pierce (2013) The syntheses of 1-(2-thienyl)-2-(methylamino) propane (methiopropamine) and its 3-thienyl isomer for use as reference standards. Drug Testing and Analysis , 5 , (3) , pp. 145-149.

Apantaku-Olajide, Tunde and Smyth, Bobby P (2013) Non-medical use of psychotropic prescription drugs among adolescents in substance use treatment. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 45 , (4) , pp. 340-346.

Lally, John and Higaya, Emam-El and Nisar, Zafer and Bainbridge, Emma and Hallahan, Brian (2013) Prevalence study of head shop drug usage in mental health services. The Psychiatrist Online , 37 , (2) , pp. 44-48.

McCabe, Aileen and McCann, Brendan and Kelly, Paul (2012) Pop goes the O2: a case of popper-induced methaemoglobinamia. BMJ Case Reports .

Pike, Brigid (2012) UN affirms 100 years of international drug control. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 42, Summer 2012 , pp. 4-5.

Kavanagh, Pierce and O'Brien, John and Power, John D and Talbot, Brian and McDermott, Sean (2012) ‘Smoking’ mephedrone: The identification of the pyrolysis products of 4-methylmethcathinone hydrochloride. Drug Testing and Analysis , 5 , (5) , pp. 291-305.

Bellerose, Delphine (2012) Changing patterns of drug use impact on services and communities. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 41, Spring 2012 , p. 22.

Long, Jean and Carew, Anne Marie (2012) Drugnet digest. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , p. 10.

Connolly, Johnny (2012) Impact of legislation to control head shops. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , p. 29.

Moore, Joan (2012) Drugs in focus – policy briefing. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , p. 33.

Dorairaj, JJ and Healy, CM and McMenamin, M and Eadie, Patricia A (2012) The untold truth about "bath salt" highs: A case series demonstrating local tissue injury. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery , 65 , (2) , e37-e41.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Bingham, Tim (2012) “A costly turn on”: Patterns of use and perceived consequences of mephedrone based head shop products amongst Irish injectors. International Journal of Drug Policy , 23 , (3) , pp. 188-197.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Brennan, Rebekah (2012) Curiosity killed M-Cat: A post legislative study on mephedrone use in Ireland. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 19 , (2) , pp. 156-162.

Kavanagh, Pierce and Grigoryev, A and Melnik, A and Simonov, A (2012) The identification of the urinary metabolites of 3-(4-Methoxybenzoyl)-1-Pentylindole (RCS-4), a novel cannabimimetic, by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Journal of Analytical Toxicology , 36 , (5) , pp. 303-311.

Moore, Joan (2012) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 43, Autumn 2012 , pp. 32-33.

Brennan, Rebekah and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2012) Miaow miaow: a review of the new psychoactive drug mephedrone. Drugs and Alcohol Today , 12 , (4) , pp. 241-253.

Grigoryev, A and Kavanagh, Pierce and Melnik, A (2012) The detection of the urinary metabolites of 3-[(adamantan-1-yl)carbonyl]-1-pentylindole (AB-001), a novel cannabimimetic, by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Drug Testing and Analysis , 4 , (6) , pp. 519-524.

Galvin, Brian (2011) 2010 report on the drugs situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 36, Winter 2010 , p. 11.

Moore, Joan (2011) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 38, Summer 2011 , p. 23.

Moore, Joan (2011) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 39, Autumn 2011 , p. 26.

El-Higaya, Emam and Ahmed, Mohamed and Hallahan, Brian (2011) Whack induced psychosis: a case series. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 28 , (1) , S11-S13.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Brennan, R (2011) ' Bump and grind ': an exploratory study of mephedrone users’ perceptions of sexuality and sexual risk. Drugs and Alcohol Today , 11 , (2) , pp. 93-104.

Kavanagh, Pierce and Angelov, Daniel and O'Brien, John and Fox, John and O'Donnell, Cora and Christie, Rachel and Power, JD and McDermott, Sean (2011) The syntheses and characterization 3β-(4-fluorobenzoyloxy)tropane (fluorotropacocaine) and its 3α isomer. Drug Testing and Analysis , 4 , (1) , pp. 33-38.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Brennan, Rebekah (2011) 'Heads held high': an exploratory study of legal highs in pre-legislation Ireland. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse , 10 , (3) , pp. 256-272.

O'Domhnail, Sean and Ni Cheirigh, Caoimhe (2011) Editorial: Mephedrone and ‘head/hemp’ shop drugs: a clinical and biochemical ‘heads up’. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 28 , (1) , S2-S3.

Power, JD and McGlynn, P and Clarke, K and McDermott, SD and Kavanagh, P and O'Brien, J (2011) The analysis of substituted cathinones. Part 1: chemical analysis of 2-, 3- and 4-methylmethcathinone. Forensic Science International , 212 , (1-3) , pp. 6-12.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Brennan, Rebekah (2011) Plant food for thought: A qualitative study of mephedrone use in Ireland. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 18 , (5) , pp. 371-381.

Long, Jean (2011) Update on new psychoactive substances. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 36, Winter 2010 , p. 10.

Ryall, Graham and Butler, Shane (2011) The great Irish head shop controversy. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 18 , (4) , pp. 303-311.

Long, Jean and Connolly, Johnny (2011) Report on new psychoactive substances and the outlets supplying them. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 39, Autumn 2011 , pp. 9-10.

Frohlich, S and Lambe, E and O'Dea, J (2011) Acute liver failure following recreational use of psychotropic ‘‘head shop’’ compounds. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 180 , (1) , pp. 263-264.

Tully, John and Hallahan, Brian and McDonald, Colm (2011) Benzylpiperazine-induced acute delirium in a patient with schizophrenia and an incidental temporal meningioma. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 21 , (1) , S14-S16.

Uhoegbu, Chimdi and Kolshus, Eric and Nwachukwu, Izu and Guerandel, Allys and Maher, Caroline (2011) Two psychiatric presentations linked with ‘head shop’ products. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 28 , (1) , S8-S10.

Pike, Brigid (2011) Merging policies on psychoactive substances. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 39, Autumn 2011 , pp. 8-9.

Long, Jean (2011) Acute liver failure following recreational use of psychotropic ‘head shop’ compounds. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 39, Autumn 2011 , pp. 10-11.

Pike, Brigid (2011) UN reviews responses to world drugs problem. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 38, Summer 2011 , pp. 11-12.

Kelly, John P (2011) Cathinone derivatives: a review of their chemistry, pharmacology and toxicology. Drug Testing and Analysis , 3 , (7-8) , pp. 439-453.

O'Reilly, Fiona and McAuliffe, Ruaidhri and Long, Jean (2011) Users’ experiences of cathinones sold in head shops and online. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 28 , (1) , S4-S7.

Omer, Taha Adam and Doherty, Colin (2011) Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) complicating the 'legal high' mephedrone. BMJ Case Reports .

Connolly, Johnny (2011) Legal update. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 37, Spring 2011 , pp. 25-26.

Long, Jean (2011) Experiences and health effects of head shop substances in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 38, Summer 2011 , pp. 12-14.

McDonnell, Martin (2011) Criminal Justice (Psychoactive Substances) Act 2010. Irish Criminal Law Journal , 21 , (3) , p. 66.

McElrath, Karen and O'Neill, Christina (2011) Experiences with mephedrone pre-and-post legislative controls: perceptions of safety and sources of supply. International Journal of Drug Policy , 22 , (2) , pp. 120-127.

McElrath, Karen and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2011) A preference for mephedrone: drug markets, drugs of choice, and the emerging “legal high” scene. Journal of Drug Issues , 41 , (4) , pp. 487-508.

Moore, Joan (2010) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 33, Spring 2010 , p. 28.

Dunne, Mary (2010) Legal highs and head shops: the basic facts. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 33, Spring 2010 , p. 3.

Long, Jean (2010) Conference on psychoactive drugs sold in head shops and online. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 33, Spring 2010 , pp. 1-3.

The Editor. (2010) What should be done about mephedrone? BMJ , 340 , p. 1605.

Herbert, J and Tracey, JA (2010) New Doves, A new legal high? Irish Medical Journal , 103 , (3) , pp. 92-93.

Power, Mike (2010) Mephedrone: the future of drug dealing? Druglink , 25 , (2) , pp. 6-9.

Long, Jean (2010) Update on psychoactive substances sold in head shops and on line. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 34, Summer 2010 , pp. 15-18.

Connolly, Johnny (2010) EMCDDA-Europol report on control of new psychoactive substances. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 34, Summer 2010 , pp. 18-19.

Connolly, Johnny (2010) Legal responses to new psychoactive substances in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 34, Summer 2010 , pp. 19-20.

Nicholson, Patrick J and Quinn, Martin J and Dodd, Jonathan D (2010) Headshop heartache: acute mephedrone 'meow' myocarditis. Heart , 96 , (24) , pp. 2051-2052.

Lyons, Suzi (2010) HSE awareness campaign on legal and illegal highs. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 35, Autumn 2010 , p. 21.

Pillay, Divina and Kelly, Brendan D (2010) Recreational drugs and health information provided in head shops. The Psychiatrist , 34 , pp. 100-102.

Long, Jean (2010) Further update on psychoactive substances sold in head shops and on line. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 35, Autumn 2010 , pp. 15-16.

Ahmed, Noor and Sew Hoy, Brent Philip and McInerney, J (2010) Methaemoglobinaemia due to mephedrone ('snow'). BMJ Case Reports .

Garett, Gerard and Sweeney, Michael (2010) The serotonin syndrome as a result of mephedrone toxicity. BMJ .

MacNamara, Sinead and Stokes, Siobhan and Coleman, Nicola (2010) Head shop compound abuse amongst attendees of The Drug Treatment Centre Board. Irish Medical Journal , 103 , (5) .

Wood, David M and Ramsey, John and Dargan, Paul I (2008) Detecting novel and emerging recreational drugs on the ‘club scene’. Irish Psychiatrist , 9 , pp. 223-228.

Long, Jean (2008) EMCDDA update on GHB/GBL. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 26, Summer 2008 , p. 19.

Sinclair, Hamish (2006) Emerging drug trends in Europe: a case study of hallucinogenic mushrooms. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 19, Autumn 2006 , p. 19.

Moore, Joan (2006) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 20, Winter 2006 , p. 30.

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[Irish Examiner Breaking News] Call for drug testing labs following party drug death. (28 Jan 2016)

[RTE Primetime] Prime Time: Is there any way to find out if illegal pills and powders contain potentially lethal ingredients? (28 Jan 2016)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Mark Teenagers are being used as 'guinea pigs' to test lethal substances. (26 Jan 2016)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Eilish Varadkar considers plan to test drugs for safety in nightclubs. (26 Jan 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Riordan, Sean Graphic ads may aid drug warning. (26 Jan 2016)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Eilish Hospitals brace themselves for surge of teen drug users. (25 Jan 2016)

[Independent.ie] , Donald, Niall ‘I sourced drugs on Facebook and met the dealer beside the GPO in Dublin’. (23 Jan 2016)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Eilish 'N-Bomb' drug caused Cork student mayhem. (22 Jan 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , English, Eoin Sister of critical Cork teen backs public health warnings to avoid 'party pills'. (21 Jan 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , Keating, Dr U Designer drugs pose a severe public danger after hospitalisation of six. (21 Jan 2016)

[Health Service Executive] Updated HSE statement on dangers of consuming psychedelic drugs. (21 Jan 2016)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Eilish Drugs minister admits designer drugs like 2CB may not be illegal. (20 Jan 2016)

[Health Service Executive] HSE statement on psychoactive substance in Cork. (19 Jan 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Formerly legal drug 'snow blow' linked to rise in HIV. (13 Jan 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Brien, Kelly Gardaí unable to pursue 'legal high' prosecutions even if linked to cases of death. (18 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , McCarthaigh, Sean Surge in new HIV cases linked to ‘snow blow’ drug use. (12 Oct 2015)

[Irish Mirror] , Gallagher, Conor Expert's warning over drug 15 times stronger than heroin about to hit Irish streets. (12 Oct 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , McCarthaigh, Sean New drug ‘snow blow’ linked to four deaths in Ireland. (28 Sep 2015)

[Irish Mirror] , Clancy, Paddy Paddy Clancy: Head shops need to be banned across the border in order to save lives. (05 Aug 2015)

[Belfastlive] , Smyth, Lisa 50 children in Northern Ireland received treatment for "legal highs" in four year period. (16 Jul 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Legal high ban ‘is working but spikes expected’. (11 Jul 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Kids as young as 13 using ‘legal highs’. (10 Jul 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Minister: Ireland’s drugs problem is terrifying. (10 Jul 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Former head shop drug ‘Snow Blow’ linked to HIV surge in Dublin. (09 Jul 2015)

[RTE News] Oireachtas members told of deaths from 'legal highs'. (09 Jul 2015)

[SundayWorld.com] , Dillon, Eamon Fears over new head shop drug called ‘Clockwork Orange’. (08 Jul 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Shanahan, Catherine Headshop drugs ban curbs problem usage. (30 Jun 2015)

[The Guardian] , McVeigh, Karen Is Irish ban on legal highs driving markets underground? (30 Jun 2015)

[BBC News Online] Legal highs: Irish ban 'wiped out' headshop industry. (15 Jun 2015)

[thejournal.ie] Ketamine use is on the rise in Ireland – who’s using it and where does it come from? (13 Jun 2015)

[Global Drug Survey] , Winstock, Adam The global drug survey 2015 findings. (08 Jun 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac DRUGS CRISIS: rising drug potency poses greater danger. (05 Jun 2015)

[thejournal.ie] Two new legal highs are being discovered for sale per week. (05 Jun 2015)

[Belfast Telegraph] , Erwin, Alan and Cromie, Claire 'Legal highs': Belfast sellers first to be convicted in the UK, as landmark city council prosecution succeeds. (26 May 2015)

[Independent.ie] , Hade, Emma Jane and Cullen, Adam and Schiller, Robin Teenage girl dies after collapsing outside nightclub. (18 May 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh New mind-altering drugs being detected at a rate of two per week. (15 Mar 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac and McEnroe, Juno Drugs ruling: Cases in doubt after key ruling. (11 Mar 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Drugs ruling: ‘Unprecedented increase’ in synthetic drugs. (11 Mar 2015)

[thejournal.ie] The judge who allowed ecstasy and ketamine to be legalised explains why he did it. (11 Mar 2015)

[Department of Health] Government introduces emergency legislation following Court of Appeal judgment. (10 Mar 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , English, Eoin ‘Our family is testament to damage of drugs’. (06 Feb 2015)

[Herald.ie] , Feehan, Conor Charity ups security over violent new drug. (07 Jan 2015)

[Independent.ie] , O'Regan, Mark Fear as 'vicious' new drug makes addicts crazed. (03 Jan 2015)

[Department of Health] Government declares certain substances to be controlled drugs under the Misuse of Drugs Act. (16 Dec 2014)

[Belfast Telegraph] , Crawford, Harriet More will die from lethal legal highs, man's inquest told. (08 Nov 2014)

[Independent.ie] , Cusack, Jim Breaking Mad - meth 'test' drugs flood our streets. (02 Nov 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Concern at rise in street drug violence. (29 Oct 2014)

[thejournal.ie] Dublin’s drug situation hasn’t gotten worse, it’s just ‘shifted to other areas’. (03 Oct 2014)

[Oireachtas] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Gardaí swoop on dealers. (01 Oct 2014)

[Independent.ie] , Fegan, Joyce €20-a-bag crystal meth floods onto city streets. (24 Sep 2014)

[EMCDDA] Four new drugs to be placed under control. (24 Sep 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Drug contains ‘highly toxic’ chemicals. (20 Sep 2014)

[Belfast Telegraph] , Rutherford, Adrian Experts face battle as one new drug emerges every five days. (21 Aug 2014)

[thejournal.ie] , Sheils McNamee, Michael Deaths from ‘legal highs’ in UK could surpass those from heroin by 2016. (18 Aug 2014)

[Irish Examiner] Warning on ‘bath salts’ after young man’s death. (14 Aug 2014)

British Irish Council. [British Irish Council] Ministerial meeting of the sectoral group on the misuse of substances. (27 Jun 2014)

[Irish Examiner Breaking News] Study: Irish youngsters most likely in Europe to use cannabis and legal highs. (26 Jun 2014)

[Irish Medical Times] , Culliton, Gary Synthetic drugs problem ‘complex’. (12 Jun 2014)

[BBC News Northern Ireland] NI: 18 drug-related deaths linked to new drug 'speckled Rolex'. (05 Jun 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Record number of new synthetic drugs detected. (28 May 2014)

[independent.ie] , Cusack, Jim Home-made drugs are 'driving students to self-harm'. (25 May 2014)

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime] Methamphetamine trafficking increases, new psychoactive substances flood markets, according to new UNODC report. (20 May 2014)

Irish Needle Exchange Forum. [Irish Needle Exchange Forum] Melanotan injecting survey results. (07 May 2014)

[European Parliament] New psychoactive substances: European Parliament committee backs Commission proposal. (11 Mar 2014)

[European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction] Dangerous synthetic drugs hit the EU market. (05 Mar 2014)

[BBC News Online] UK opts out of EU 'legal highs' plan. (14 Jan 2014)

[Independent.ie] , Murray, Alan and Reilly, Jerome Cross-border alert over lethal batch of ecstasy after man's death. (29 Dec 2013)

[Independent.ie] , Brady, Tom Explosion in new 'designer drugs' sparks fears for safety of users. (25 Dec 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Keogh, Elaine ‘Super-ecstasy’ killed young woman. (12 Dec 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Maguire, Stephen Young man’s death used in campaign against legal highs. (11 Nov 2013)

[Irish Independent] , Harkin, Greg Mum's drug plea as son dies from 'legal high' in UK. (25 Oct 2013)

[Irish Examiner] North Cork gardaí seize €42k of head shop drugs. (26 Sep 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Cahill, Ann Keeping up with legal high market ‘impossible’. (18 Sep 2013)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. EMCDDA welcomes European Commission call for stronger EU action on new drugs. (17 Sep 2013)

[Irish Examiner Breaking News] Eurostat finds Ireland's youth use 'legal highs' the most in EU. (17 Sep 2013)

[The Anglo-Celt] Increase in minors referred to ‘seriously’ under-resourced CDA for drugs counselling. (01 Sep 2013)

[thejournal.ie] Electric Picnic festival goers warned to stay away from ‘dodgy pills’. (31 Aug 2013)

Beckley Foundation. [Beckley Foundation] Shopping for drugs on the internet. (30 Aug 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Lally, Conor Seizure of banned synthetic drugs in post reaches all-time high. (01 Jul 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Ireland tops EU for use of new psychoactive drugs. (27 Jun 2013)

[thejournal.ie] ‘Designer drugs’ being sold as ‘bath salts’ and ‘spice’ causing concern. (27 Jun 2013)

[Independent.ie] UN sounds alarm on designer drugs. (26 Jun 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Revellers warned of new drug’s dangers. (24 Jun 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Record number of synthetic chemicals detected. (01 Jun 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac EU warning over ‘relentless supply’ of synthetic drugs. (29 May 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Hickey, Donal Call to include head shop ban in plan. (15 May 2013)

[Guardian Online] Legal highs: international drugs gangs 'expanding into growing market.' (UK). (09 May 2013)

[Guardian Online] , Power, Mike The hidden dangers of legal highs. (27 Apr 2013)

[Independent.ie] , Collins, Nick Legal highs 'should be sold like alcohol'. (09 Apr 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Rise in abuse of cannabis, says report. (18 Mar 2013)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. New drug 4-MA to be placed under control across the EU. (07 Mar 2013)

[Independent.ie] Ireland tops legal high user charts. (31 Jan 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Heylin, Liam Illegal drug had been widely available in shop. (22 Jan 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Customs stop record amount of head shop drug imports. (05 Jan 2013)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] Driving under the influence of drugs, alcohol and medicines. New EMCDDA report reveals risks of substance use behind the wheel. (14 Dec 2012)

[Medical Independent] , De Brun, Rita Online drugs a risky business. (01 Nov 2012)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mudiwa, Lloyd Over 120,000 illegal tablets and capsules seized by authorities. (11 Oct 2012)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Leading experts to review global developments in new drugs and ‘legal highs’. (07 Jun 2012)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Early warning system - national profile. (25 May 2012)

[thejournal.ie] Taking new illicit drugs is like playing ‘a dangerous game of roulette’. (26 Apr 2012)

[Health Research Board] New report reveals the latest drug trends across Europe. (15 Nov 2011)

[Department of Health and Children] Minister of State with responsibility for Drugs Strategy, Róisín Shortall T.D., announces ban on more head shop products. (02 Nov 2011)

EMCDDA, EUROPOL. [EMCDDA] New drugs becoming available at ‘unprecedented pace’, says report. (11 May 2011)

[European Commission] Commission achieves EU-wide ban on ecstasy-like drug mephedrone. (03 Dec 2010)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction] Europe faces new challenges posed by changes in drug supply and use. (10 Nov 2010)

[European Commission] Commission calls for EU-wide ban on ecstasy-like drug mephedrone. (20 Oct 2010)

[Department of Justice and Equality] Minister Ahern announces commencement of the Criminal Justice (Psychoactive Substances) Act 2010. (23 Aug 2010)

Drugscope. [DrugScope] DrugScope responds to ACMD recommendation to ban ‘legal high’ naphyrone. (08 Jul 2010)

[Health Service Executive] HSE Launches Drugs Awareness Campaign. (07 Jul 2010)

[Oireachtas] Criminal Justice (Psychoactive Substances) Bill 2010. (18 Jun 2010)

[Department of Health and Children] Opening Statement for meeting of Joint Committee on Health and Children in relation to recent legislation made to control certain substances under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1977. (01 Jun 2010)

[Ana Liffey Drug Project] Cases of inflammation of the heart muscle through the ingestion of mephedrone. (20 Apr 2010)

[Department of Health and Children] Department of Health and Children statement in relation to legislation to be made under Misuse of Drugs Act 1977. (03 Mar 2010)

[European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction & Health Research Board] Latest drug trends across Europe. HRB compares Irish situation with European findings. (05 Nov 2009)

Report

UK & Ireland DrugWatch. (2017) Fentanyl. DrugWatch information sheet. UK & Ireland DrugWatch.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) EMCDDA–Europol 2016 annual report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Extern. (2017) Pregabalin: Guidance for people working with Pregabalin users. Newtownabbey: Extern.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) European drug report 2017 trends and developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Forensic Science Ireland. (2017) Forensic Science Ireland annual report 2016. Dublin: Forensic Science Ireland.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) EMCDDA–Europol Joint Report on a new psychoactive substance: N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylacrylamide (acryloylfentanyl). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Five Nations Health and Justice Collaboration. (2017) Statement on the presence of new psychoactive substances in custodial settings. London: Public Health England.

Health Research Board. Irish National Focal Point to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Ireland: national report for 2016 – legal framework. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Health Research Board. Irish National Focal Point to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Ireland: national report for 2016 - drugs. Dublin: Health Research Board.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and Eurojust. (2016) New psychoactive substances in Europe: legislation and prosecution — current challenges and solutions. Luxembourg: EMCDDA–Eurojust joint publication, Publications Office of the European Union.

Taylor, Keishia and Babineau, Kate and Keogan, Sheila and Whelan, Ellen and Clancy, Luke (2016) ESPAD 2015: European Schools Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs in Ireland. Dublin: Department of Health.

United Kingdom. Home Office. (2016) New psychoactive substances (NPS). Resource pack for informal educators and practitioners. London: Home Office.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2016) EMCDDA–Europol Joint report on a new psychoactive substance: methyl 2-[[1-(cyclohexylmethyl)indole-3-carbonyl]amino]-3,3-dimethylbutanoate (MDMB-CHMICA). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2016) European drug report 2016: trends and developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

O'Gorman, Aileen and Driscoll, Alan and Moore, Kerri and Roantree, Doireann (2016) Outcomes: drug harms, policy harms, poverty and inequality. Dublin: Clondalkin Drug and Alcohol Task Force.

Public Health England. (2015) New psychoactive substances (NPS) in prisons: a toolkit for prison staff. London: Public Health England.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Hearne, Evelyn (2015) A community based study of Synthetic Cannabinoid use in Co. Monaghan, Ireland. Monaghan: Teach na Daoine Family Resource Centre.

Corrigan, Deirdre (2015) Statistics from the Northern Ireland drug misuse database: 1 April 2014 – 31 March 2015. Belfast: Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) EMCDDA-Europol 2014 annual report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) New psychoactive substances in Europe. An update from the EU Early Warning System March 2015. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Daly, Max (2015) Down a stony road: the 2014 DrugScope street drug survey. London: Drugscope.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) Report on the risk assessment of 1-cyclohexyl-4-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperazine (MT-45) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) Report on the risk assessment of 4-methyl-5-(4-methylphenyl)-4,5-dihydrooxazol-2-amine (4,4′-dimethylaminorex, 4,4′-DMAR) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

European Commission Directorate-General for Justice. (2014) New psychoactive substances projects, studies and research funded by the European Commission. Brussels: European Commission.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) EMCDDA-Europol 2013 annual report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: 4,4′-DMAR (4-methyl-5-(4-methylphenyl)-4,5-dihydrooxazol-2-amine. Luxembourg: Joint Reports, Publications Office of the European Union.

UNODC Laboratory and Scientific Section. (2014) 2014 Global synthetic drugs assessment amphetamine-type stimulants and new psychoactive substances. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2014) EMCDDA–Europol 2013 annual report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA. Brussels: EMCDDA; Europol.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2014) World drug report 2014. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

TNS Political & Social. (2014) Flash Eurobarometer 401. Young people and drugs. Luxembourg: European Commission.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) Report on the risk assessment of 2-(3-methoxyphenyl)-2-(ethylamino)cyclohexanone in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) Report on the risk assessment of 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)pentan-1-one in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) Report on the risk assessment of 3,4-dichloro-N-{[1-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl]methyl}benzamide in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) Report on the risk assessment of 2-(4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Europol, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) EMCDDA–Europol Joint report on a new psychoactive substance: AH-7921. (3,4-dichloro-N-[[1-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl]methyl]benzamide). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction & EUROPOL.

Europol, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) EMCDDA–Europol Joint Report on a new psychoactive substance: 25I-NBOMe. (4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxy-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction & EUROPOL.

Europol, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) EMCDDA–Europol Joint report on a new psychoactive substance: methoxetamine (2-(3-methoxyphenyl)-2-(ethylamino)cyclohexanone). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction & EUROPOL.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) Report on the risk assessment of 4-methylamphetamine in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) Report on the risk assessment of 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Europol, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) EMCDDA–Europol Joint report on a new psychoactive substance: MDPV (3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction & EUROPOL.

Global Drug Survey. (2014) The global drug survey 2014 findings. Global drugs survey.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2014) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: 1-cyclohexyl-4-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperazine (‘MT-45’). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Members of the Coherent Policy Expert Group, Pompidou Group. Muscat, Richard and Pike, Brigid (2014) Coherence policy markers for psychoactive substances. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

The Angelus Foundation, Adfam, Club Drugs Clinic, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital. (2013) Talking to your children about legal highs and club drugs: A parent's handbook. London: The Angelus Foundation; Adfam; Club Drugs Clinic, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2013) European drug report 2013: trends and developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2013) EU drug markets report: a strategic analysis. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2013) EMCDDA–Europol 2012 Annual report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA (New drugs in Europe, 2012. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

All-Party Parliamentary Group for Drug Policy Reform. (2013) Towards a safer drug policy: challenges and opportunities arising from ‘legal highs’. London: All-Party Parliamentary Group for Drug Policy Reform.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2013) EMCDDA–Europol Joint Report on a new psychoactive substance: 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole. Luxembourg: EMCDDA–Europol.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2013) World drug report 2013. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

European Commission. (2013) Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament of the Council on new psychoactive substances. Brussels: European Commission.

O'Gorman, Aileen and Piggott, Kevin and Napier, Kristina and Driscoll, Alan and Emerson, Darren and Mooney, Robert and Fennelly, Cara and Gately, Pamela and Foley, Mary (2013) An analysis of current licit and illicit drug use patterns in the Finglas-Cabra local drugs task force area. Dublin: Finglas/Cabra Local Drugs Task Force.

Gesundheit Österreich Forschungs- und Planungs GmbH, Sogeti. Busch, Martin and Grabenhofer-Efferth, Alexander and Wiegl, Marion and Wirl, Charlotte (2013) Report on the current state of play of the 2003 Council Recommendation on the prevention and reduction of health-related harm, associated with drug dependence, in the EU and candidate countries. Vienna: European Commission.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Gallegos, Ana and Sedefov, Roumen (2012) Early warning system: national profiles. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Pompidou Group. Coherent Policy Expert Group. Muscat, Richard and Pike, Brigid (2012) Reflections on the concept of coherency for a policy on psychoactive substancess and beyond. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.

Health Research Board, Irish Focal Point. (2012) 2012 National Report (2011 data) to the EMCDDA by the Reitox National Focal Point. Ireland: new developments, trends and in-depth information on selected issues. Dublin: Health Research Board.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2012) EMCDDA–Europol 2011 annual report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA. Lisbon: EMCDDA; Europol.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Schulze, Horst and Urmeew, Raschid and Auerbach, Kerstin and Alvarez, Javier and Bernhoft, Inger Marie and de Gier, Han and Hagenzieker, Marjan and Houwing, Sjoerd and Knoche, Anja and Pilgerstorfer, Monika and Zlender, Bojan (2012) Driving under the influence of drugs, alcohol and medicines in Europe — findings from the DRUID project. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

EMCDDA, EUROPOL. (2011) EMCDDA–Europol 2010 Annual Report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction & EUROPOL.

Kelleher, Cathy and Christie, Rachel and Lalor, Kevin and Fox, John and Bowden, Matthew and O'Donnell, Cora (2011) An overview of new psychoactive substances and the outlets supplying them. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2011) Khat use in Europe: implications for European policy. Luxembourg: Office for Offical Publications of the European Communities.

Birdwell, Jonathan and Chapman, Jake and Singleton, Nicola (2011) Taking drugs seriously: A Demos and UK Drug Policy Commission report on legal highs. London: DEMOS.

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. (2011) Consideration of the novel psychoactive substances (‘legal highs’). London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Sedefov, Roumen and Gallegos, Ana (2011) Report on the risk assessment of mephedrone in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Commission. (2011) Report from the Commission on the assessment of the functioning of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA on the information exchange, risk assessment and control of new psychoactive substances. Brussels: European Commission.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2011) Online sales of new psychoactive substances/'legal highs': summary of results from the 2011 multilingual snapshots. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

O'Mahony Carey, Sinead (2010) Psychoactive substances: a guide to ethnobotanical plants and herbs, synthetic chemicals, compounds and products. Health Service Executive South.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction & EUROPOL. (2010) Europol–EMCDDA joint report on a new psychoactive substance: 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction & EUROPOL.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2010) Risk assessment of new psychoactive substances — operating guidelines. Luxembourg: The Publications Office of the European Union.

Drugscope. Roberts, Marcus (2010) Young people’s drug and alcohol treatment at the crossroads: what it’s for, where it’s at and how to make it even better. London: Drugscope.

Sumnall, Harry and Wooding, Olivia (2010) Mephedrone: an update on current knowledge. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University.

Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform. (2010) Criminal Justice (Psychoactive Substances) Bill 2010. Regulatory impact analysis. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2010) Risk assessment report of a new psychoactive substance: 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2009) EMCDDA 2009 Thematic paper: Understanding the 'Spice' phenomenon. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2009) Report on the risk assessment of BZP in the framework of the Council decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

The Gallup Organization. (2008) Young people and drugs among 15–24 year-olds: analytical report. Flash Eurobarometer 233. Brussels: European Commission.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. King, Leslie A and Sedefov, Roumen (2007) Early-warning system on new psychoactive substances: operating guidelines. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

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WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA. (2000) Evaluation of psychoactive substance use disorder treatment, workbook 8: economic evaluations. WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA.

WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA. (2000) Evaluation of psychoactive substance use disorder treatment, workbook 7: outcome evaluations. WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA.

WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA. (2000) Evaluation of psychoactive substance use disorder treatment, workbook: framework. WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA.

WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA. (2000) Evaluation of psychoactive substance use disorder treatment, workbook 3: needs assessment. WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA.

WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA. (2000) Evaluation of psychoactive substance use disorder treatment, workbook 5: cost evaluations. WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA.

WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA. (2000) Evaluation of psychoactive substance use disorder treatment, workbook 6: client satisfaction evaluations. WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA.

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Evidence resource

Soussan, Christophe and Andersson, Martin and Kjellgren, Anette . (2018) The diverse reasons for using Novel Psychoactive Substances - A qualitative study of the users' own perspectives. Elsevier. International Journal of Drug Policy, 52 71–78. /10.1016/j.drugpo.2017.11.003

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2017) Report on the risk assessment of N-(1‑phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylacrylamide (acryloylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 50 p.

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Addaction. (2017) Insight report: young people and NPS. London: Addaction. 20 p.

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European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) High-risk drug use and new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 24 p. EMCDDA Rapid Communication

Mdege, Noreen D and Meader, Nick and Llyod, C and Parrott, Steve and McCambridge, Jim . (2017) The Novel Psychoactive Substances in the UK Project: empirical and conceptual review work to produce research recommendations. Public Health Research, 5 (4)

Leslie, Ellen and Smirnov, Andrew and Najman, Jake M and Scott, John [Australian Government] . (2016) Alcohol use and motivations for drinking among types of young adult illicit stimulant users. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice (515) 15 p.

Drugs.ie. (2016) GHB - G information resources. Dublin: drugs.ie.

MacLeod, Katy and Pickering, Lucy and Gannon, Maria and Greenwood, Sharon and Liddell, Dave and Smith, Austin and Johnstone, Lauren and Burton, George . (2016) Understanding the patterns of use, motives, and harms of New Psychoactive Substances in Scotland. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. 133 p.

Commission on Narcotic Drugs. [UNODC] (2016) Extract from the Report of the 38th Expert Committee on Drug Dependence, convened from 14 to 18 November 2016, at WHO headquarters in Geneva. Vienna: Commission on Narcotic Drugs. 8 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2016) EMCDDA–Europol 2015 annual report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 26 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2016) Report on the risk assessment of 1-phenyl-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)pentan-1-one (α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone, α-PVP). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 48 p. Risk Assessments 18

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2016) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-l]acetamide (acetylfentanyl),. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 21 p. Joint reports

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2016) Health responses to new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 30 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2016) Perspectives on drugs: health responses to new psychoactive substances. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

Shapiro, Harry [DrugWise] . (2016) NPS comes of age: a UK overview. London: DrugWise. 32 p.

United Kingdom. Home Office. [UK Home Office] (2016) Methylphenidate-based novel psychoactive substances: temporary class drug order recommendations. London: Home Office. 12 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. [EMCDDA] (2015) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: 1-phenyl-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-pentanone (α-PVP). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 26 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2015) Perspectives on drugs: Legal approaches to controlling new psychoactive substances. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 4 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2015) New psychoactive substances in Europe: Innovative legal responses. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 14 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2015) Perspectives on drugs: Synthetic drug production in Europe. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 5 p.

Novel Psychoactive Treatment UK Network. Abdulrahim, D and Bowden-Jones, O [Public Health England] . (2015) Guidance on the clinical management of acute and chronic harms of club drugs and novel psychoactive substances. London: NEPTUNE. 335 p.

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Stephenson, Giles and Richardson, Anna [UK Home Office] . (2014) New psychoactive substances in England: a review of the evidence. London: Home Office. 56 p.

Mentor ADEPSIS. (2014) ‘Legal highs’ and novel psychoactive substances. Alcohol and drug prevention briefing paper. London: Mentor ADEPSIS. 6 p.

Fraser, Fiona [Scottish Government] . (2014) New psychoactive substances – evidence review. Edinburgh: Scottish Government Social Research. 27 p.

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Jabłoński, Piotr and Malczewski, Artur . (2014) New psychoactive substances: problem and response. Warsaw: National Bureau for Drug Prevention. 26 p.

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Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. [Home Office UK] (2013) Khat: A review of its potential harms to the individual and communities in the UK. London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. 96 p.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. [NIDA] (2012) DrugFacts: K2/Spice (synthetic marijuana). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2 p.

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Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. [MHRA] (2012) Pseudoephedrine- and ephedrine-containing medicines: 2012 review of actions to manage the risk of misuse. MHRA UK public assessment report. London: MHRA. 11 p.

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Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Joint Committee on Health Debate. Illicit drug trafficking: motion. (08 Feb 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 534 - Misuse of drugs [27238/16]. (27 Sep 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 765. - National drugs strategy [13555/16]. (31 May 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 293 - Misuse of drugs [3004/16]. (02 Feb 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 177 - Proposed legislation (Misuse of Drugs Bill) [26484/15]. (01 Jul 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 439. Drugs crime [39741/13]. (24 Sep 2013)

[Oireachtas] 456 {477 & 478]. Deputy Kevin Humphreys asked the Minister for Health his plans to amend the Criminal Justice Psychoactive Substances Act, 2010 to ban the sale of cannabis seeds and fresh Psilocybin mushrooms also known as magic mushrooms as these are currently reported as being on sale in head shops and not banned under current law. [23891/12]. (15 May 2012)

[Oireachtas] 670. Deputy Denis Naughten asked the Minister for Health his plans to ban the use of Methoxetamine as a legal high. [21973/12]. (01 May 2012)

[Oireachtas] 453. Deputy Paschal Donohoe asked the Minister for Justice and Equality if there is a high prevalence of the legal drug Black Mamba; if the Garda has encountered many instances of it on the streets. [14008/12]. (13 Mar 2012)

[Oireachtas] 207. Deputy Michael Healy-Rae asked the Minister for Health his views on a tobacco product (details supplied) sold in head shops. [2651/12]. (18 Jan 2012)

[Oireachtas] 547. Deputy John Halligan asked the Minister for Health if his attention has been drawn to the fact that many of the products which were being previously sold in head shops are now widely available to anybody online.[18219/11]. (05 Jul 2011)

[Oireachtas] 269. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Justice and Law Reform if he is satisfied that the recent legislation passed by the Dáil has resulted in the closure of all the head shops here. [39279/10]. (16 Nov 2010)

[Oireachtas] 132. Deputy Frank Feighan asked the Minister for Finance in view of the recent reports in the media confirming that legal highs can be purchased on-line and sent to customers here without any check carried out by Customs and Excise. [40989/10]. (04 Nov 2010)

[Oireachtas] 43. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Community; Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs if his attention has been drawn to recent data from the Health Research Board pointing to an increase in heroin use, particularly in centres outside of Dublin. [40623/10]. (03 Nov 2010)

[Oireachtas] 337. Deputy Seán Barrett asked the Minister for Justice and Law Reform the reason headshops have not been closed down as promised. [36161/10]. (12 Oct 2010)

[Oireachtas] 257. Deputy Charlie O’Connor asked the Minister for Justice and Law Reform the effects of his recent anti-headshops laws. [35461/10]. (06 Oct 2010)

[Oireachtas] 196. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Health and Children the investigations carried out on the headshop product referred to as “whack”; and if it will form part of a future ban. (05 Oct 2010)

[Oireachtas] 397. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Justice and Law Reform, the number of head shops raided by the gardaí since the ban on certain substances took effect on 11 May 2010. (08 Jul 2010)

[Oireachtas] 205. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Health and Children, if the Irish Medicines Board have applied or sought to apply sanctions against any head shop owners or online head shop owners. (08 Jul 2010)

[Oireachtas] 10. Deputy Catherine Byrne asked the Minister for Community; Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs the steps being taken to stop the spread of head shops. (01 Jul 2010)

[Oireachtas] 131. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Health and Children, the additional moneys that will be made available for the national awareness campaign regarding the dangers of legal highs. (01 Jul 2010)

[Oireachtas] 302. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Tánaiste and Minister for Education and Skills the steps she will take to raise awareness of the dangers of so-called legal highs. (01 Jul 2010)

[Oireachtas] 130. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Health and Children the actions being taken to routinely ensure that psychoactive products are not being sold by head shops and websites. (01 Jul 2010)

[Oireachtas] 62. Deputy Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin asked the Minister for Justice and Law Reform the number of head shops raided by gardaí.[28288/10]. (30 Jun 2010)

[Oireachtas] 82. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Justice and Law Reform the steps he is taking to address the growing on line trade in dangerous psychoactive substances. [28287/10]. (30 Jun 2010)

[Oireachtas] 65. Maureen O’Sullivan asked the Minister for Health and Children if she will direct the Irish Medicines Board to investigate the product WHACK. [27285/10]. (24 Jun 2010)

[Oireachtas] 147. Deputy James Reilly asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, the number of headshops that the Garda are aware of that shut down after 11 May 2010. [27050/10]. (23 Jun 2010)

[Oireachtas] 36. Deputy James Reilly asked the Minister for Health and Children her views on the adequacy of her response to the import, production, sale and supply of dangerous headshop products. [26181/10]. (22 Jun 2010)

[Oireachtas] 331. Deputy James Reilly asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the number of head shops known to the Garda. [25541/10]. (15 Jun 2010)

[Oireachtas] Regulation of Psychoactive Substances: Discussion with Department of Health and Children and HSE. (01 Jun 2010)

[Oireachtas] 80. Deputy Tom Hayes asked the Minister for Health and Children when legislation to ban the sale and distribution of substances sold in head shops and to provide for the closure of head shops will be introduced. [20273/10]. (18 May 2010)

[Oireachtas] 8. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Justice; Equality and Law Reform the steps that are being taken in advance of the ban on mephedrone and various other substances. [19654/10]. (13 May 2010)

[Oireachtas] 188. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the position regarding the proposed legislation in relation to head shops. [18994/10]. (12 May 2010)

[Oireachtas] 54. Deputy Joe Carey asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the action he will take to combat the problem of head shops. [18931/10]. (11 May 2010)

[Oireachtas] 48. Deputy Catherine Byrne asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs if he is satisfied that everything possible is being done to prevent dangerous substances being sold for human consumption. [19056/10]. (11 May 2010)

[Oireachtas] 262. Deputy Mary Upton asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform if there are charges pending regarding the operations of head shops. [18364/10]. (05 May 2010)

[Oireachtas] 205. Deputy Paul Kehoe asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the position regarding the closure of head shops. [17523/10]. (29 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] 136. Deputy Enda Kenny asked the Minister for Health and Children her plans to ban a substance on sale in head shops. [17066/10]. (28 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] 269. Deputy Catherine Byrne asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the progress made on the national advisory committee on drugs overview of psychoactive substances sold in head shops which went out to tender in February 2010. [16530/10]. (27 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] 150. Deputy Paul Gogarty asked the Minister for Health and Children if there is any legal barrier to making certain combinations of substances illegal until they have been assessed by the EU and national regulatory authorities. [16665/10]. (27 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] Deputy Denis Naughten: requested information on secondary legislation under the Misuse of Drugs Act; as earlier this week the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform announced that he asked the Attorney General to examine the regulation of all psychotropic drugs. (22 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] 64. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government his views on the efforts of local councils to tackle the proliferation of head shops by way of their planning powers. [15930/10]. (22 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] Joint Committee on Arts, Sport, Tourism, Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. Head Shops: Discussion. (21 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] 374. Deputy James Reilly asked the Minister for Health and Children the actions she will take to restrict the operation of head shops and the sale of products. [15224/10]. (20 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] 29. Deputy Jim O’Keeffe asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs if, in view of the recent controversy surrounding headshops, proposals are in place to increase awareness of the negative effects of consuming psychoactive substances. [14059/10]. (01 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] 2. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the number of complaints lodged with his Department with regard to head shops; [14327/10]. (01 Apr 2010)

[Oireachtas] 166. Deputy Willie Penrose asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the steps he is taking to have head shops closed permanently. [14054/10]. (31 Mar 2010)

[Oireachtas] Deputy Mary O’Rourke discussed headshops in the Midlands. (31 Mar 2010)

[Oireachtas] Deputy Denis Naughten raised the issue of a ban on mephedrone. (24 Mar 2010)

[Oireachtas] 109. Deputy Joe Costello asked the Minister for Finance if he has given consideration to making it illegal for any retailer to sell any product advertised as a legal high.[11662/10]. (10 Mar 2010)

[Oireachtas] 164. Deputy Joanna Tuffy asked the Minister for Health and Children the reason she proposes a three month standstill on legislative measures to outlaw the sale of certain products commonly sold in head shops.[11831/10]. (10 Mar 2010)

[Oireachtas] 181. Deputy Paul Gogarty asked the Minister for Health and Children the action that is being taken to head shops door to door advertising their wares and the provision of a delivery service. (09 Mar 2010)

[Oireachtas] 149. Deputy Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin asked the Minister for Health and Children her plans on revisiting the listing of benzylpiperazine as a single addition to Schedule 1 to the Misuse of Drugs Act 1977. [10678/10]. (03 Mar 2010)

[Oireachtas] 96. Deputy Enda Kenny asked the Minister for Health and Children her plans to introduce legislation to regulate head shops and the products sold within head shops. [10510/10]. (03 Mar 2010)

[Oireachtas] 138. Deputy Pat Breen asked the Minister for Health and Children if she will order an immediate inventory into the products sold in head shops. [9431/10]. (24 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 185. Deputy Joe Carey asked the Minister for Health and Children the steps she will take to regulate and ban substances sold in head shops. [8747/10]. (23 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 323. Deputy Joe Carey asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the steps he will take to deal with the dangers of products sold in head shops. [8749/10]. (23 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 29. Deputy Liz McManus asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs if he will make a statement on the opening hours of head shops. [8400/10]. (18 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 2. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the steps he will take to close or regulate head shops in view of the serious public concern. (18 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 269. Deputy Charlie O’Connor asked the Minister for Health and Children her plans to deal with head shops. [7928/10]. (16 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 19. Deputy Jimmy Deenihan asked the Minister for Health and Children her plans to introduce legislation to regulate head shops.[6894/10]. (11 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 158. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Health and Children the procedure for banning a substance sold in head shops. [7096/10]. (10 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 218. Deputy Willie Penrose asked the Minister for Health and Children the steps she will take to curtail or ban the opening of head shops here;[6077/10]. (09 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 262. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Health and Children the substances in products sold in head shops that are currently banned. [6679/10]. (09 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] Seanad Debate. Head Shops: Statements. (03 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 293. Deputy Catherine Byrne asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his plans to curb the proliferation of head shops here. [5457/10]. (03 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 281. Deputy Mary Wallace asked the Minister for Health and Children the steps she is taking to deal with the ongoing concerns regarding head shops. [4556/10]. (02 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 404. Deputy Deirdre Clune asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the steps he has taken to ensure the control and regulation of head shops. [5385/10]. (02 Feb 2010)

[Oireachtas] 118. Deputy Brian O’Shea asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs the action he will take regarding head shops. [4327/10]. (28 Jan 2010)

[Oireachtas] 231. Deputy Paul Kehoe asked the Minister for Health and Children the steps she will take to address the legal loophole which allows so-called head shops to sell products with serious psychiatric side effects. [4096/10]. (27 Jan 2010)

[Oireachtas] 263. Deputy James Reilly asked the Minister for Health and Children the number of head shops here; if the opening of these shops is regulated;[3101/10]. (26 Jan 2010)

[Oireachtas] 123. Deputy Maureen O’Sullivan asked the Minister for Health and Children if she will restrict public availability of chemicals such as mephedrone. [2755/10]. (21 Jan 2010)

[Oireachtas] Dail Debates. Adjournment Debate. Substance Abuse. (20 Jan 2010)

[Oireachtas] 446. Deputy Brian O’Shea asked the Minister for Health and Children the substances that have been added to the list of scheduled substances under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1977. [1612/10]. (19 Jan 2010)

[Oireachtas] 74. Deputy Seán Ó Fearghaíl asked the Minister for Health and Children if her attention has been drawn to the proliferation of head shops which have opened here. [39804/09]. (05 Nov 2009)

[Oireachtas] 177. Deputy Seán Ó Fearghaíl asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs if his attention has been drawn to the proliferation of “head” shops which have opened here; [39806/09]. (05 Nov 2009)

[Oireachtas] 637. Deputy Aengus Ó Snodaigh asked the Minister for Health and Children the interaction she has had with the Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government, or the Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs, to address the problem of homeless rough sleepers in Dublin who are injecting bath salts acquired from head shops; [35685/09]. (03 Nov 2009)

[Oireachtas] 343. Deputy Seán Barrett asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his plans to control the activities of so-called headshops, in which mind altering drugs (details supplied) are sold as substitutes for banned drug substances; the place of headshops in the national drugs strategy; [24557/09]. (23 Jun 2009)

[Oireachtas] 1. Deputy Catherine Byrne asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his views on head shops which sell legal highs; the action he will take to tackle the proliferation of such shops in which a large variety of mind altering and potentially dangerous substances can be bought over the counter; if his attention has been drawn to the risks involved in taking these substances and the potential for these substances to become a gateway to experimentation with illegal substances. [18864/08]. (15 May 2008)

[Oireachtas] 89. Deputy Fergus O'Dowd asked the Minister for Health and Children her policy in relation to the availability of benzylpiperazine here; if the pills pose health risks.[4318/08]. (07 Feb 2008)

[Oireachtas] 225. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Health and Children if she has completed his consideration of whether or not to ban the sale of herbal ecstasy. [20962/07]. (02 Oct 2007)

[Oireachtas] 191. Mr. O'Dowd asked the Minister for Health and Children the availability of benzylpiperazine here; if the pills pose any health risks. [4670/07]. (08 Feb 2007)

[Oireachtas] 143. Deputy Seán Ó Fearghaíl asked the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform if his attention has been drawn to the proliferation of head shops which have opened here; [39805/09]. (05 Nov 2006)

Book

Power, Mike (2013) Drugs 2.0: the web revolution that's changing how the world gets high. Portobello Books .

Khey, David N and Stogner, John and Millar, Bryan Lee (2013) Emerging trends in drug use and distribution. Springer Briefs in Criminology 12 Springer .

Dargan, Paul I and Wood, David M (2013) Novel psychoactive substances: classification, pharmacology and toxicology. London: Academic Publishing .

Shapiro, Harry (2010) The media guide to drugs: key facts and figures for journalists. London: Drugscope .

Pompidou Group Research Council. Muscat, Richard (2008) From a policy on illegal drugs to a policy on psychoactive substances. Paris: Council of Europe .

Wills, Simon (2005) Drugs of abuse. London: Pharmaceutical Press .

Gahlinger, Paul M (2002) Illegal drugs : a complete guide to their history, chemistry, use and abuse. Sagebrush Medical Guides Salt Lake City: Sagebrush .

Julien, Robert M (2001) A primer of drug action: a concise, nontechnical guide to the actions, uses, and side effects of psychoactive drugs. New York: WH Freeman and Company .

Book Section

Gallelli, Luca, ed. Corkery, John and Schifano, Fabrizio and Ghodse, Hamid (2012) Mephedrone-related fatalities in the United Kingdom: contextual, clinical and practical issues. In: Pharmacology. Rijeka, Croatia: InTech .

Research Project

(start date October 2015) Wouters, M and Nabbe, T and Korf, Dirk and Werse, B and Olssen, B and Dabrowska, K and Van Hout, Marie Claire and Bujalski, M and Demetrovics, Zsolt (2015) Novel psychoactive substances (NPS) : transnational project on different user groups, user characteristics, extent and patterns of use, market dynamics, and best practices in prevention.

(start date February 2015) Deluca, Paolo and Drummond, C and Davey, Z and Tesconi, M and Marchetti, A and Bacciy, C and La Polla, NM and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2015) CASSANDRA (computer assisted solutions for studying the availability and distribution of novel psychoActive substances).

Conference or Workshop Item

McNamara, Sinead and Stokes, Siobhan and Shine, A and Kilduff, Ross and O'Byrne, Paul (2015) New psychoactive substances prevalence in samples tested in the NDTC laboratory 2010-2015. In: European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI), May 2015, Dublin.

Bingham, Tim (2014) Online drug markets and novel psychoactive drugs. In: Web Science Institute and the Doctoral Training Centre, 15 February 2014, University of Southampton.

Horgan, Justine (2011) Drug use in Ireland and Northern Ireland. First results from the 2010/11 drug prevalence survey. In: Drug use in Ireland and Northern Ireland: results launch., 22 November 2011, Buswell's Hotel, Dublin.

Crowley, Des (2010) Head shop products. In: Head shops "Not for human consumption": information seminar, 3 June 2010, Blackhall Place, Dublin. (Submitted)

Yacef, Amel (2010) Young people and new drugs. In: Head shops "Not for human consumption": information seminar, 3 June 2010, Blackhall Place, Dublin. (Submitted)

McGiobuin, Mel (2010) Not for human consumption. Updated presentation. In: Head shops "Not for human consumption": information seminar, 3 June 2010, Blackhall Place, Dublin. (Submitted)

McAuliffe, Ruaidhri (2010) Headshop powders & the experiences of drug users. In: Head shops "Not for human consumption": information seminar, 3 June 2010, Blackhall Place, Dublin. (Submitted)

McAuliffe, Ruaidhri (2010) Not for human consumption: headshop powders and the experiences of drug users. In: Not for human consumption: unregulated ‘Head Shop’ substances and their risks in Dublin, 6 May 2010, Ozanam House, Dublin. (Submitted)

Duffin, Tony (2010) Head shop products: promoting harm reduction. In: Not for human consumption: unregulated ‘Head Shop’ substances and their risks in Dublin, 6 May 2010, Ozanam House, Dublin. (Submitted)

McGiobuin, Mel (2010) Not for human consumption. In: Not for human consumption: unregulated ‘Head Shop’ substances and their risks in Dublin, 6 May 2010, Ozanam House, Dublin. (Submitted)

Corrigan, Desmond (2010) Headshop highs & lows. In: Not for human consumption: unregulated ‘Head Shop’ substances and their risks in Dublin, 6 May 2010, Ozanam House, Dublin. (Submitted)

Drugs.ie. Long, Jean (2010) Headshop drugs across Europe: data from the EMCDDA. In: National Regional Drugs Task Force 'Legal Highs' Conference, 26 January 2010, Mullingar, Ireland. (Submitted)

drugs.ie. Corrigan, Desmond (2010) Legal & herbal highs: the headshop phenomenon. In: National Regional Drugs Task Force 'Legal Highs' Conference, 26 January 2010, Mullingar, Ireland. (Submitted)

Video

Keenan, Eamon (2016) New psychoactive substances. drugs.ie.

Audio

O'Rourke, Sean (2014) Drugs in inner city Dublin: follow up. Dublin: RTE- Today with Sean O'Rourke.

Other

Ana Liffey Drug Project, Dublin Institute of Technology, Trinity College Dublin, University College Dublin. (2016) What’s in the powder? Ana Liffey Drug Project, Dublin.

Health Service Executive. (2012) Advice on the use on injecting tanning agents, e.g. Melanotan. Health Service Executive.

Health Service Executive. (2010) If only you knew what I'm taking. Health Service Executive, Kildare.

Department of Health. (2010) Criminal Justice (Psychoactive Substances) Act 2010. Department of Health.

FactSheet

Drugs.ie. (2017) The strength of your cannabinoid may be higher than you think. Synthetic Cannabinoids (‘Spice’). Dublin: drugs.ie.

Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety. (2015) Drug prevalence in Northern Ireland key facts – 2014/15. Belfast: Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety.

Ana Liffey Drug Project. (2014) What is PMA / PMMA? Dublin: drugs.ie.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2013) Questions and answers on new psychoactive substances. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Ballyfermot Advance Project, Base Youth and Child Centre, Ballyfermot. (2010) Legal highs & headshops: some basic facts. Dublin: Ballyfermot Drugs Task Force.

This list was generated on Thu Jan 18 03:28:51 2018 GMT.