Home > New psychoactive substances in Europe: legislation and prosecution — current challenges and solutions.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and Eurojust. (2016) New psychoactive substances in Europe: legislation and prosecution — current challenges and solutions. Luxembourg: EMCDDA–Eurojust joint publication, Publications Office of the European Union.

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The European new psychoactive substances (NPS) market has increased at a speed that established drug control laws struggle to match. Various countries have therefore introduced new legal responses to this phenomenon, based either on existing laws that focused on consumer or health protection or medicinal products, or by developing innovative new legislation. In 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled that substances are not medicinal products if they do not have beneficial effects on human health, thus restricting the use of such laws for NPS control. This joint report prepared with Eurojust combines the EMCDDA’s top level monitoring activities with Eurojust’s operational experience in transnational prosecutions. The first part of the report is aimed at policymakers, and lists the challenges in NPS control and the solutions adopted in selected Member States. The second part is for legal practitioners, and focuses on the judgment of the Court of Justice and its practical effects on the transnational prosecution of NPS cases, describing the responses of some of the Member States most affected by the ruling.

Table of contents

  • Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • PART I: LEGAL RESPONSES TO NEW PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES AROUND EUROPE
    • Consumer safety and medicines laws
    • Modification of drug laws
    • Innovative legal responses
  • PART II: THE NPS JUDGMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON PROSECUTIONS
    • The CJEU judgment on the definition of ‘medicinal product’
    • The effect of the NPS judgment — the challenge for prosecution
    • Responses to the NPS judgment
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Resources
  • Annex: Innovative laws — key elements 
Date:November 2016
Pages:30 p.
Publisher:EMCDDA–Eurojust joint publication, Publications Office of the European Union
Corporate Creators:European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and Eurojust
Place of Publication:Luxembourg
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Related URLs:
Subjects:B Substances > New (novel) psychoactive substances
MM-MO Crime and law > Substance use laws > Drug laws
MP-MR Policy, planning, economics, work and social services > Policy > Policy on substance use
VA Geographic area > Europe

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