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Meade, Christina S and Li, Xiang and Towe, Sheri L and Bell, Ryan P and Calhoun, Vince D and Sui, Jing (2021) Brain multimodal co-alterations related to delay discounting: a multimodal MRI fusion analysis in persons with and without cocaine use disorder. BMC Neuroscience , 22 , p. 51.

Jackson, Sarah E and Beard, Emma and Angus, Colin and Field, Matt and Brown, Jamie (2021) Moderators of changes in smoking, drinking and quitting behaviour associated with the first COVID-19 lockdown in England. Addiction , Early online .

Lawson, Sarah and Griffiths, Helen (2021) A grounded theory study: how non-treatment-seeking substance users make sense of their behaviour “I want to be me but I don’t know who me is”. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction .

Sumnall, Harry and Montgomery, Catharine and Atkinson, Amanda and Gage, Suzanne H and Boardley, Ian D (2021) Moral disengagement and the harms of cocaine use. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , Early online .

Gullo, Matthew J and Papinczak, Zoë E and Feeney, Gerald F X and Young, Ross McD and Connor, Jason P (2021) Precision mental health care for cannabis use disorder: utility of a bioSocial Cognitive Theory to inform treatment. Frontiers in Psychiatry , 12 , p. 643107.

Groom, Allison L and Vu, Thanh-Huyen T and Landry, Robyn L and Kesh, Anshula and Hart, Joy L and Walker, Kandi L and Wood, Lindsey A and Robertson, Rose Marie and Payne, Thomas J (2021) The influence of friends on teen vaping: a mixed-methods approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 18 , (13) .

Carlyle, Molly and Broomby, Rupert and Simpson, Graham and Hannon, Rachel and Fawaz, Leah and Mollaahmetoglu, O Merve and Drain, Jade and Mostazir, Mohammod and Morgan, Celia J A (2021) A randomised, double-blind study investigating the relationship between early childhood trauma and the rewarding effects of morphine. Addiction Biology , e13047.

Michaels, Timothy I and Stone, Emily and Singal, Sonali and Novakovic, Vladan and Barkin, Robert L and Barkin, Stacy (2021) Brain reward circuitry: the overlapping neurobiology of trauma and substance use disorders. World Journal of Psychiatry , 11 , (6) , pp. 222-231.

Macho, Juraj and Mudrak, Jiri and Slepicka, Pavel (2021) Enhancing the self: amateur bodybuilders making sense of experiences with appearance and performance-enhancing drugs. Frontiers in Psychology .

Uthaug, Malin Vedøy and Davis, Alan K and Haas, Trevor Forrest and Davis, Dawn and Dolan, Sean B and Lancelotta, Rafael and Timmermann, Christopher and Ramaekers, Johannes G (2021) The epidemiology of mescaline use: Pattern of use, motivations for consumption, and perceived consequences, benefits, and acute and enduring subjective effects. Journal of Psychopharmacology , Early online , p. 2698811211013583.

Reitsma, Marissa B and Flor, Luisa S and Mullany, Erin C and Gupta, Vin and Hay, Simon I (2021) Spatial, temporal, and demographic patterns in prevalence of smoking tobacco use and initiation among young people in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019. The Lancet Public Health , Early online .

Dijkstra, B A G and Beurmanjer, H and Goudriaan, A E and Schellekens, A F A and Joosten, E A G (2021) Unity in diversity: a systematic review on the GHB using population. International Journal of Drug Policy , 94 , p. 103230.

Degenhardt, Louisa and Hungerford, Phillip and Nielsen, Suzanne and Bruno, Raimondo and Larance, Briony and Clare, Philip J and Dobbins, Timothy and Hall, Wayne and Cohen, Milton and Blyth, Fiona and Lintzeris, Nicholas and Farrell, Michael and Campbell, Gabrielle (2021) Pharmaceutical opioid use patterns and indicators of extramedical use and harm in adults with chronic noncancer pain, 2012-2018. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (4) , e213059.

Buckfield, Carl and Sinclair, Julia M A and Glautier, Julia (2021) Slow associative learning in alcohol dependence and the alcohol cue exposure treatment paradox. Addiction , 116 , (4) , pp. 759-768.

Stevely, Abigail K and Holmes, John and Meier, Petra S (2021) Combinations of drinking occasion characteristics associated with units of alcohol consumed among British adults: an event-level decision tree modeling study. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research , Early online .

Bates, Geoff and McVeigh, Jim and Leavey, Conan (2021) Looking beyond the provision of injecting equipment to people who use anabolic androgenic steroids: harm reduction and behavior change goals for UK policy. Contemporary Drug Problems .

Doyle, Anne (2021) European schools drug and alcohol survey. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 76, Winter 2021 , pp. 18-20.

Khouja, Jasmine N and Wootton, Robyn E and Taylor, Amy E and Davey Smith, George and Munafò, Marcus R (2021) Association of genetic liability to smoking initiation with e-cigarette use in young adults: a cohort study. PLoS Medicine , 18 , (3) , e1003555.

Gray, Paul and Ralphs, Rob and Williams, Lisa (2021) The use of synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) within the homeless population: motivations, harms and the implications for developing an appropriate response. Addiction Research & Theory , 29 , (1) , pp. 1-10.

Iob, Eleonora and Schoeler, Tabea and Cecil, Charlotte M and Walton, Esther and McQuillin, Andrew and Pingault, Jean-Baptiste (2021) Identifying risk factors involved in the common versus specific liabilities to substance use: a genetically informed approach. Addiction Biology , 26 , (3) , e12944.

Brennan, Rebekah and Overbye, Marie and Van Hout, Marie Claire and McVeigh, James (2021) “A slippery slope”: a scoping review of the self-injection of unlicensed oils and fillers as body enhancement. Performance Enhancement & Health , 100185 .

Müller, Christian P and Mühle, Christiane and Kornhuber, Johannes and Lenz, Bernd (2021) Sex-dependent alcohol instrumentalization goals in non-addicted alcohol consumers versus patients with alcohol use disorder: longitudinal change and outcome prediction. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research , 45 , (3) , pp. 577-586.

Guest, Rebecca and Copello, Alex and Michail, Maria (2021) A qualitative exploration of young people's experiences of attempted suicide in the context of alcohol and substance use. PLoS ONE , 16 , (8) , e0256915.

Betsos, Alex and Valleriani, Jenna and Boyd, Jade and Bardwell, Geoff and Kerr, Thomas and McNeil, Ryan (2020) "I couldn't live with killing one of my friends or anybody": A rapid ethnographic study of drug sellers' use of drug checking. The International Journal of Drug Policy , 87 , p. 102845.

Moyle, Leah and Dymock, Alex and Aldridge, Alexandra and Mechen, Ben (2020) Pharmacosex: reimagining sex, drugs and enhancement. The International Journal of Drug Policy , 86 , p. 102943.

Jara-Rizzo, María F and Navas, Juan F and Rodas, Jose A and Perales, José C (2020) Decision-making inflexibility in a reversal learning task is associated with severity of problem gambling symptoms but not with a diagnosis of substance use disorder. BMC Psychology , 8 , (1) , p. 120.

Whelan, Eadaoin and Dockray, Samantha and Dick, Samantha and Davoren, Martin P and Heavin, Ciara and Linehan, Conor and Byrne, Michael (2020) Motivations to decrease and cease substance use in third-level students: a scoping review. PsyArXiv .

Rasmussen, Mette and Hovhannisyan, Karen and Adami, Johanna and Tønnesen, Hanne (2020) Characteristics of patients in treatment for alcohol and drug addiction who succeed in changing smoking, weight, and physical activity: a secondary analysis of an RCT on combined lifestyle interventions. European Addiction Research , pp. 1-8.

Avchalumov, Yosef and Trenet, Wulfran and Piña-Crespo, Juan and Mandyam, Chitra (2020) SCH23390 reduces methamphetamine self-administration and prevents methamphetamine-induced striatal LTD. International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 21 , (18) .

Chamarro, Andrés and Oberst, Ursula and Cladellas, Ramón and Fuster, Héctor (2020) Effect of the frustration of psychological needs on addictive behaviors in mobile videogamers-the mediating role of use expectancies and time spent gaming. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 17 , (17) .

Tschuemperlin, Raphaela Martina and Batschelet, Hallie Margareta and Moggi, Franz and Koenig, Thomas and Roesner, Susanne and Keller, Anne and Pfeifer, Philippe and Soravia, Leila Maria and Stein, Maria (2020) The neurophysiology of implicit alcohol associations in recently abstinent patients with alcohol use disorder: an event-related potential study considering gender effects. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research .

Maneiro, Lorena and Navas, María Patricia and Van Geel, Mitch and Cutrín, Olalla and Vedder, Paul (2020) Dark Triad Traits and risky behaviours: identifying risk profiles from a person-centred approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 17 , (17) .

Thiemt, Britta (2020) Qualitative insights into pregabalin use among individuals in opioid agonist treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 74, Summer 2020 , pp. 12-14.

Guinle, Maria Isabel Barros and Sinha, Rajita (2020) The role of stress, trauma, and negative affect in alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorder in women. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews , 40 , (2) , 05.

Dillon, Patrick J and Kedia, Satish K and Isehunwa, Oluwaseyi O and Sharma, Manoj (2020) Motivations for treatment engagement in a residential substance use disorder treatment program: a qualitative study. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment , 14 , p. 1178221820940682.

Hogarth, Lee and Field, Matt (2020) Relative expected value of drugs versus competing rewards underpins vulnerability to and recovery from addiction. Behavioural Brain Research , 394 , (112815) , p. 112815.

Mc Hugh, Rachel and McBride, Orla (2020) Self-medicating low mood with alcohol use: examining the role of frequency of alcohol use, quantity consumed and context of drinking. Addictive Behaviors , 111 , p. 106557.

Fukushima, Shou and Kuga, Hironori and Oribe, Naoya and Mutou, Takeo and Yuzuriha, Takefumi and Ozawa, Hiroki and Ueno, Takefumi (2020) Behavioural cue reactivity to alcohol-related and non-alcohol-related stimuli among individuals with alcohol use disorder: an fMRI study with a visual task. PLoS ONE , 15 , (7) , e0229187.

Ashe, Melinda L and Wilson, Stephen J (2020) A brief review of choice bundling: a strategy to reduce delay discounting and bolster self-control. Addictive Behaviors Reports , 11 , (100262) , p. 100262.

Enns, Aganeta and Orpana, Heather (2020) Autonomy, competence and relatedness and cannabis and alcohol use among youth in Canada: a cross-sectional analysis. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada , 40 , (5-6) , pp. 201-210.

Stevens, Angela K and Blanchard, Brittany E and Talley, Amelia E and Brown, Jennifer L and Halvorson, Max A and Janssen, Tim and King, Kevin M and Littlefield, Andrew K (2020) State-level impulsivity, affect, and alcohol: a psychometric evaluation of the Momentary Impulsivity Scale across two intensive longitudinal samples. Journal of Research in Personality , 85 .

Steingrimsson, Steinn and Carlsen, Hanne Krage and Lundström, Emil and Lundström, Sebastian and Nilsson, Thomas (2020) Problematic alcohol and drug use is associated with low self-directedness and cooperativeness. European Addiction Research , pp. 1-9.

Michie, Susan and West, Robert and Amlôt, Richard and Rubin, James (2020) Slowing down the covid-19 outbreak: changing behaviour by understanding it. thebmjopinion .

Nestor, Liam J and Behan, Brendan and Suckling, John and Garavan, Hugh (2020) Cannabis-dependent adolescents show differences in global reward-associated network topology: a functional connectomics approach. Addiction Biology , 25 , (2) , e12752.

Bryant, Lucy and MacKintosh, Anne Marie and Bauld, Linda (2020) An exploration of the impact of non-dependent parental drinking on children. Alcohol and Alcoholism , 55 , (1) , pp. 121-127.

Clark, D Angus and Donnellan, M Brent and Durbin, C Emily and Nuttall, Amy K and Hicks, Brian M and Robins, Richard W (2020) Sex, drugs, and early emerging risk: examining the association between sexual debut and substance use across adolescence. PLoS ONE , 15 , (2 e0228432) , e0228432.

Palmer, Anna and Scott, Nick and Dietze, Paul and Higgs, Peter (2020) Motivations for crystal methamphetamine-opioid co-injection/co-use amongst community-recruited people who inject drugs: a qualitative study. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (4) .

Cao, Zhipeng and Bennett, Marc and O'Halloran, Laura and Pragulbickaite, Gabija and Flanagan, Luke and McHugh, Louise and Whelan, Robert (2020) Aberrant reward prediction errors in young adult at-risk alcohol users. Addiction Biology , e12873.

Mestre-Bach, Gemma and Steward, Trevor and Granero, Roser and Fernández-Aranda, Fernando and Mena-Moreno, Teresa and Vintró-Alcaraz, Cristina and Lozano-Madrid, María and Menchón, José M and Potenza, Marc N and Jiménez-Murcia, Susana (2020) Dimensions of impulsivity in gambling disorder. Scientific Reports , 10 , (397) , p. 397.

Martens, Marcus-Sebastian and Zurhold, Heike and Rosenkranz, Moritz and O'Donnell, Amy and Addison, Michelle and Spencer, Liam and McGovern, William and Gabrhelík, Roman and Petruželka, Benjamin and Rowicka, Magdalena and Liebregts, Nienke and Degkwitz, Peter and Kaner, Eileen and Verthein, Uwe (2020) Using life course charts to assess and compare trajectories of amphetamine type stimulant consumption in different user groups: a cross-sectional study. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (1) , p. 8.

Savolainen, Iina and Oksanen, Atte and Kaakinen, Markus and Sirola, Anu and Paek, Hye-Jin (2020) The role of perceived loneliness in youth addictive behaviors: cross-national survey study. JMIR Mental Health , 7 , (1) , e14035.

Devos, Gaëtan and Clark, Luke and Bowden-Jones, Henrietta and Grall-Bronnec, Marie and Challet-Bouju, Gaëlle and Khazaal, Yasser and Maurage, Pierre and Billieux, Joël (2020) The joint role of impulsivity and distorted cognitions in recreational and problem gambling: A cluster analytic approach. Journal of Affective Disorders , 260 , pp. 473-482.

Sawer, Francesca and Davis, Paul and Gleeson, Kate (2020) Is shame a barrier to sobriety? A narrative analysis of those in recovery. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 27 , (1) .

O'Halloran, Laura and Rueda-Delgado, Laura M and Jollans, Lee and Cao, Zhipeng and Boyle, Rory and Vaughan, Christina and Coey, Phillip and Whelan, Robert (2020) Inhibitory-control event-related potentials correlate with individual differences in alcohol use. Addiction Biology , 25 , (2) , e12729.

Bryant, Lucy and MacKintosh, Anne Marie and Bauld, Linda (2020) An exploration of the impact of non-dependent parental alcohol use on children. Alcohol and Alcoholism , 55 , (1) .

Brennan, Rebekah and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2020) "Bursting the Lyrica bubble”: experiences of pregabalin use in individuals accessing opioid agonist treatment in Dublin, Ireland. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 22 , (6) , pp. 5-13.

Zendle, David and Cairns, Paul and Barnett, Herbie and McCall, Cade (2020) Paying for loot boxes is linked to problem gambling, regardless of specific features like cash-out and pay-to-win. Computers in Human Behavior , 102 .

Rosenthal, Richard J (2020) Inclusion of pathological gambling in DSM-III, its classification as a disorder of impulse control, and the role of Robert Custer. International Gambling Studies , 20 , (1) .

Paul, Braedon and Thulien, Madison and Knight, Rod and Milloy, M J and Howard, Ben and Nelson, Scarlett and Fast, Danya (2020) "Something that actually works": cannabis use among young people in the context of street entrenchment. PLoS ONE , 15 , (7) , e0236243.

Lake, Stephanie and Nosova, Ekaterina and Buxton, Jane and Walsh, Zach and Socías, M Eugenia and Hayashi, Kanna and Kerr, Thomas and Milloy, M J (2020) Characterizing motivations for cannabis use in a cohort of people who use illicit drugs: a latent class analysis. PLoS ONE , 15 , (5) , e0233463.

Dyer, Maddy L and Heron, Jon and Hickman, Matthew and Munafò, Marcus R (2019) Alcohol use in late adolescence and early adulthood: the role of generalized anxiety disorder and drinking to cope motives. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , (107480) , p. 107480.

Brewer, Noel T and Jeong, Michelle and Hall, Marissa G and Baig, Sabeeh A and Mendel, Jennifer R and Lazard, Allison J and Noar, Seth M and Kameny, Madeline R and Ribisl, Kurt M (2019) Impact of e-cigarette health warnings on motivation to vape and smoke. Tobacco Control , 28 , e64-e70.

Ferris, Jason and Puljević, Cheneal and Labhart, Florian and Winstock, Adam and Kuntsche, Emmanuel (2019) The role of sex and age on pre-drinking: an exploratory international comparison of 27 countries. Alcohol and Alcoholism , 54 , (4) , pp. 378-385.

University of Leicster. (2019) Personality traits of drug users. Medical Xpress .

Havnes, Ingrid Amalia and Jørstad, Marie Lindvik and Wisløff, Christine (2019) Anabolic-androgenic steroid users receiving health-related information; health problems, motivations to quit and treatment desires. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy , 14 , (1) , p. 20.

Meque, Ivete and Salom, Caroline and Betts, Kim S and Alati, Rosa (2019) Predictors of alcohol use disorders among young adults: a systematic review of longitudinal studies. Alcohol and Alcoholism , 54 , (3) , pp. 310-324.

Chen, Fu and Yang, Hongmei and Bulut, Okan and Cui, Ying and Xin, Tao (2019) Examining the relation of personality factors to substance use disorder by explanatory item response modeling of DSM-5 symptoms. PLoS ONE , 14 , (6) , e0217630.

Luijten, Maartje and Gillan, Claire M and De Wit, Sanne and Franken, Ingmar H A and Robbins, Trevor W and Ersche, Karen D (2019) Goal-directed and habitual control in smokers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research , ntz001 .

Andersen, Susan L (2019) Stress, sensitive periods, and substance abuse. Neurobiology of Stress , 10 , (100140) , p. 100140.

Sirvent, Carlos and Herrero, Juan and Moral, María de la Villa and Rodríguez, Francisco Javier (2019) Evaluation of self-deception: Factorial structure, reliability and validity of the SDQ-12 (self-deception questionnaire). PLoS ONE , 14 , (1) , e0210815.

Davies, Emma L and Maier, Larissa and Winstock, Adam and Ferris, Jason (2019) Intention to reduce drinking alcohol and preferred sources of support: an international cross-sectional study. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , 99 .

Parke, Jonathon and Williams, Robert J and Schofield, Peter (2019) Exploring psychological need satisfaction from gambling participation and the moderating influence of game preferences. International Gambling Studies , 19 , (3) .

Halladay, Jillian and Scherer, Justin and MacKillop, James and Woock, Rachel and Petker, Tashia and Linton, Vanessa and Munn, Catharine (2019) Brief interventions for cannabis use in emerging adults: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and evidence map. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 204 , p. 107565.

Muhlack, Emma and Carter, Drew and Braunack-Mayer, Annette and Morfidis, Nicholas and Eliot, Jaklin (2018) Constructions of alcohol consumption by non-problematised middle-aged drinkers: a qualitative systematic review. BMC Public Health , 18 , (1069) .

Airagnes, Guillaume and Lemogne, Cedric and Goldberg, Marcel and Hoertel, Nicolas and Roquelaure, Yves and Limosin, Frédéric and Zins, Marie (2018) Job exposure to the public in relation with alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use: findings from the CONSTANCES cohort study. PLoS ONE , 13 , (5) .

Garland, Eric L and Howard, Matthew O (2018) Mindfulness-based treatment of addiction: current state of the field and envisioning the next wave of research. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice , 13 , (1) , p. 14.

Zhang, Melvyn Weibin and Ying, Jiang Bo and Song, Guo and Fung, Daniel S S and Smith, Helen E (2018) Recent advances in attention bias modification for substance addictions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 15 , (4) .

Mayhugh, Rhiannon E and Rejeski, W Jack and Petrie, Meredith R and Laurienti, Paul J and Gauvin, Lise (2018) Differing patterns of stress and craving across the day in moderate-heavy alcohol consumers during their typical drinking routine and an imposed period of alcohol abstinence. PLoS ONE , 13 , (4) , e0195063.

Sarlin, Eric (2018) Stressful experiences affect likelihood of remission of drug dependence, continued drug use, and relapse. NIDA Notes .

Lopez-Guzman, Silvia and Konova, Anna B and Louie, Kenway and Glimcher, Paul W (2018) Risk preferences impose a hidden distortion on measures of choice impulsivity. PLoS ONE , 13 , (1) , e0191357.

Yoder, Ruth and MacNeela, Padraig and Conway, Ronan and Heary, Caroline (2018) How do individuals develop alcohol use disorder after bariatric surgery? A grounded theory exploration. Obesity Surgery , 28 , (3) , pp. 717-724.

Best, Catherine and Haseen, Farhana and Currie, Dorothy and Ozakinci, Gozde and MacKintosh, Anne Marie and Stead, Martine and Eadie, Douglas and MacGregor, Andy and Pearce, Jamie and Amos, Amanda and Frank, John and Haw, Sally (2018) Relationship between trying an electronic cigarette and subsequent cigarette experimentation in Scottish adolescents: a cohort study. Tobacco Control , 27 , (4) , pp. 373-378.

Stevens, Angela K and Blanchard, Brittany E and Littlefield, Andrew K (2018) Impulsive dispositions and alcohol: what we know, how we know it, and where to go from here. Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation , 5 , (4) , p. 4.

Lamont, Matthew and Hing, Nerilee (2018) Sports betting motivations among young men: an adaptive theory analysis. Leisure Sciences , 42 , (2) .

Davies, Emma L and Conroy, Dominic and Winstock, Adam R and Ferris, Jason (2017) Motivations for reducing alcohol consumption: an international survey exploring experiences that may lead to a change in drinking habits. Addictive Behaviors , 75 , pp. 40-46.

Heather, Nick (2017) Is the concept of compulsion useful in the explanation or description of addictive behaviour and experience? Addictive Behaviors Reports , 6 , pp. 15-38.

Volkow, Nora D and Wise, Roy A and Baler, Ruben (2017) The dopamine motive system: implications for drug and food addiction. Nature Reviews Neuroscience , 18 , (12) , pp. 741-752.

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2017) Cycle of Change: change promoter or benevolent fiction? Drug and Alcohol Findings Hot Topic , (October-December 2017) .

Shabab, Lion and Brown, Jamie and Hagger-Johnson, Gareth and Michie, Susan and Semlyen, Joanna and West, Robert and Meads, Catherine (2017) Sexual orientation identity and tobacco and hazardous alcohol use: findings from a cross-sectional English population survey. BMJ Open , 7 , (10) .

Cox, W Miles and Klinger, Eric and Fadardi, Javad Salehi (2017) Free will in addictive behaviors: a matter of definition. Addictive Behaviors Reports , 5 , pp. 94-103.

Konkolÿ Thege, Barna and Horwood, Lewis and Slater, Linda and Tan, Maria C and Hodgins, David C and Wild, T Cameron (2017) Relationship between interpersonal trauma exposure and addictive behaviors: a systematic review. BMC Psychiatry , 17 , (1) , p. 164.

Büchel, Christian and Peters, Jan and Banaschewski, Tobias and Bokde, Arun L W and Bromberg, Uli and Conrod, Patricia J and Flor, Herta and Papadopoulos, Dimitri and Garavan, Hugh and Gowland, Penny and Heinz, Andreas and Walter, Henrik and Ittermann, Bernd and Mann, Karl and Martinot, Jean-Luc and Paillère-Martinot, Marie-Laure and Nees, Frauke and Paus, Tomas and Pausova, Zdenka and Poustka, Luise and Rietschel, Marcella and Robbins, Trevor W and Smolka, Michael N and Gallinat, Juergen and Schumann, Gunter and Knutson, Brian (2017) Blunted ventral striatal responses to anticipated rewards foreshadow problematic drug use in novelty-seeking adolescents. Nature Communications , 8 , p. 14140.

Hindocha, Chandni and Freeman, Tom P and Ferris, Jason and Lynskey, Michael T and Winstock, Adam (2016) No smoke without tobacco: a global overview of cannabis and tobacco routes of administration and their association with intention to quit. Frontiers in Psychiatry , 7 , (104) .

Foxcroft, David and Coombes, Lindsey and Wood, Sarah and Allen, Debby and Almeida Santimano, Nerissa ML and Moreira, Maria Teresa (2016) Motivational interviewing for the prevention of alcohol misuse in young adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , (7) .

Mitchell, Simon and Gao, Jennifer and Hallett, Mark and Voon, Valarie (2016) The role of social novelty in risk seeking and exploratory behavior: implications for addictions. PLoS ONE , 11 , (7) .

Parchetka, Caroline and Strache, Nicole and Raffaelli, Bianca and Gemmeke, Isabel and Weib, Katharina and Artiges, Eric and Banaschewski, Tobias and Bokde, Arun L W and Bromberg, Uli and Buechel, Christian and Conrod, Patricia and Desrivières, Sylvane and Flor, Herta and Frouin, Vincent and Garavan, Hugh and Gowland, Penny and Heinz, Andreas and Ittermann, Bernd and Lemaitre, Herve and Martinot, Jean-Luc and Mennigen, Eva and Nees, Frauke and Paillère-Martinot, Marie-Laure and Papadopoulos, Dimitri and Paus, Tomas and Poustka, Luise and Jurk, Sarah and Smolka, Michael N and Vetter, Nora C and Walter, Henrik and Whelan, Robert and Schumann, Gunter and Gallinat, Jurgen (2016) Predictive utility of the NEO-FFI for later substance experiences among 16-year-old adolescents. Journal of Public Health , 24 , (6) , 489 -495.

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2016) Prizes for abstinence [contingency management] work ... at first. Drug and Alcohol Findings Research Analysis , (16 May 2016) .

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2016) To curb student drinking, focus on social losses from heavy drinking and health gains from moderation. Drug and Alcohol Findings Research Analysis , (22 March 2016) .

Grasman, Johan and Grasman, Raoul P P P and van der Maas, Han L J (2016) The dynamics of addiction: craving versus self-control. PLoS ONE , 11 , (6) , e0158323.

Hollands, Gareth J and Shemilt, Ian and Marteau, Theresa and Jebb, Susan A and Lewis, Hannah and Wei, Yinghui and Higgins, Julian PT and Ogilvie, David (2015) Portion, package or tableware size for changing selection and consumption of food, alcohol and tobacco. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , (9) .

Darker, Catherine D and Palmer, Deirdre and O'Reilly, G and Whiston, Lucy and Smyth, Bobby P (2015) Young people in drug treatment in Ireland: their views on substance use aetiology, trajectory, parents’ role in substance use and coping skills. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 32 , (3) , pp. 247-258.

Kuntsche, Emmanuel and Wicki, Matthias and Windlin, Béat and Roberts, Chris and Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse and van der Sluijs, Winfried and Aasvee, Katrin and Gaspar de Matos, Margarida and Dankulincová, Zuzana and Hublet, Anne and Tynjälä, Jorma and Välimaa, Raili and Bendtsen, Pernille and Vieno, Alessio and Mazur, Joanna and Farkas, Judith and Demetrovics, Zsolt (2015) Drinking motives mediate cultural differences but not gender differences in adolescent alcohol use. Journal of Adolescent Health , 56 , (3) , pp. 323-329.

Nees, F and Witt, SH and Dinu-Biringer, R and Lourdusamy, A and Tzschoppe, J and Vollstädt-Klein, S and Millenet, S and Bach, C and Poustka, L and Banaschewski, Tobias and Barker, Gareth J and Bokde, ALW and Bromberg, U and Büchel, C and Conrod, PJ and Frank, J and Frouin, V and Gallinat, J and Garavan, H and Gowland, P and et al, . (2015) BDNF Val66Met and reward-related brain function in adolescents: role for early alcohol consumption. Alcohol , 49 , (2) , pp. 103-110.

Brennan, Rebekah and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2014) Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB): a scoping review of pharmacology, toxicology, motives for use, and user groups. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 46 , (3) , pp. 243-251.

O’Cinneide Cullen, C and Mannix McNamara, Patricia (2014) An exploration into the prevalence of alcohol use and the values, beliefs and needs of adolescents who engage in regular alcohol use within the Limerick and North Tipperary regions. NIHS Research Bulletin , 7 , (1) , 40 p..

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Positive psychology]. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin , 22 Oct .

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Cognition, readiness to change & brief alcohol intervention]. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin , 25 Jan .

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Interventions for college drinkers]. Drug and Alcohol Findings , 19 Jan .

McKay, Michael T and Sumnall, Harry and Cole, Jon C and Percy, Andrew (2012) Self-esteem and self-efficacy: associations with alcohol consumption in a sample of adolescents in Northern Ireland. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 19 , (1) , pp. 72-80.

McKay, Michael T and Ballantyne, Nicola and Goudie, Andrew J and Sumnall, Harry and Cole, Jon C (2012) “Here for a good time, not a long time”: Decision-making, future consequences and alcohol use among Northern Irish adolescents. Journal of Substance Use , 17 , (1) , pp. 1-18.

IMAGEN Consortium. Schneider, Sophia and Peters, Jan and Bromberg, Uli and Brassen, Stephanie and Miedl, Stephan and Banaschewski, Tobias and Barker, Gareth J and Conrod, Patricia and Flor, Herta and Garavan, Hugh and Heinz, Andreas and Ittermann, Bernd and Lathrop, Mark and Loth, Eva and Mann, Karl and Martinot, Jean-Luc and Nees, Frauke and Paus, Tomas and Rietschel, Marcella and Robbins, Trevor W and Smolka, Michael N and Spanagel, Rainer and Ströhle, Andreas and Struve, Maren and Schumann, Gunter and Büchel, Christian (2012) Risk taking and the adolescent reward system: a potential common link to substance abuse. The American Journal of Psychiatry , 169 , (1) , pp. 39-46.

the IMAGEN Consortium. Whelan, Robert and Conrod, Patricia and Poline, Jean-Baptiste and Lourdusamy, Anbarasu and Banaschewski, Tobias and Barker, Gareth J and Bellgrove, MA and Buchel, Christian and Byrne, Mark and Cummins, Tarrant DA and Fauth-Bühler, Mira and Flor, Herta and Gallinat, Jurgen and Heinz, Andreas and Ittermann, Bernd and Mann, Karl and Martinot, Jean-Luc and Lalor, Edmund C and Lathrop, Mark and Loth, Eva and Nees, Frauke and Paus, Tomas and Rietschel, Marcella and Smolka, Michael N and Spanagel, Rainer and Stephens, David N and Struve, Maren and Thyreau, Benjamin and Vollstaedt-Klein, Sabine and Robins, Trevor W and Schumann, Gunter and Garavan, Hugh (2012) Adolescent impulsivity phenotypes characterized by distinct brain networks. Nature Neuroscience , 15 , (6) , pp. 920-925.

McKay, Michael T and Percy, Andrew and Goudie, Andrew J and Sumnall, Harry and Cole, Jon C (2012) The temporal focus scale: factor structure and association with alcohol use in a sample of Northern Irish school children. Journal of Adolescence , 35 , (5) , pp. 1361-1368.

Sussman, Steve and Sussman, Alan N (2011) Considering the definition of addiction. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 8 , (10) , pp. 4025-38.

Garavan, Hugh (2010) Insula and drug cravings. Brain Structure and Function , 214 , (5-6) , pp. 593-601.

Healy, Deirdre and O'Donnell, Ian (2008) Calling time on crime: Motivation, generativity and agency in Irish probationers. Probation Journal , 55 , (1) , pp. 25-38.

Percy, Andrew (2008) Moderate adolescent drug use and the development of substance use self-regulation. International Journal of Behavioural Development , 32 , (5) , pp. 451-458.

Ashton, Mike (2005) The motivational hallo. Drug and Alcohol Findings , 13 .

Higgins, Kathryn and Percy, Andrew and McCrystal, Patrick (2004) Secular trends in substance use: the conflict and young people in Northern Ireland. Journal of Social Issues , 60 , (3) , pp. 485-506.

Garavan, Hugh and Pankiewicz, John and Bloom, Alan and Cho, Jung-Ki and Sperry, Lori and Ross, Thomas J and Risinger, Robert and Salmeron, Betty-Jo and Kelley, Dan and Stein, Elliot A (2000) Cue-induced cocaine craving: neuroanatomical specificity for drug users and drug stimuli. American Journal of Psychiatry , 157 , (11) , pp. 1789-1798.

Morgan, Mark (1998) What are the major influences on initiation into drugs? Irish Scientist Yearbook , p. 158.

Grube, Joel W and Morgan, Mark (1990) Attitude-social support interactions: contingent consistency effects in the prediction of adolescent smoking, drinking and drug use. Social Psychology Quarterly , 53 , (4) , pp. 329-339.

O'Mahony, Paul and Smith, E. (1984) Some personality characteristics of imprisoned heroin addicts. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 13 , (3) , pp. 255-265.

Carr, AJ and Kelly, Michael G and Hart, Ian (1981) Irish drug abusers III: a psycho-social typology. Irish Medical Journal , 74 , (2) , pp. 66-70.

Carr, AJ and Hart, Ian and Kelly, Michael G (1981) Irish drug abusers II: their psychological characteristics. Irish Medical Journal , 74 , (1) , pp. 8-10.

Kelly, Michael G and Hart, Ian (1979) Personal and social correlates of types of drug abuse in Dublin. Journal of the Irish Medical Association , 72 , (4) , pp. 138-144.

Report

Nelis, Sharon M and Gilleece, Lorraine and Fitzgerald, Caitriona and Cosgrove, Jude (2021) Beyond Achievement: home, school and wellbeing findings from PISA 2018 for students in DEIS and non-DEIS schools. Dublin: Educational Research Centre.

Nixon, Elizabeth (2021) Social-emotional and behavioural outcomes in early adolescence. Growing Up in Ireland: National Longitudinal Study of Children cohort ‘98. Dublin: Stationery Office.

Western Region Drug and Alcohol Task Force, Planet Youth. (2021) Growing up in the West. Planet Youth county report Galway 2020. Galway: WRDATF.

Western Region Drug and Alcohol Task Force, Planet Youth. (2021) Growing up in the West. Planet Youth county report Mayo 2020. Galway: WRDATF.

McCann, Mark and Kwasnicka, Dominika and Boroujerdi, Massoud and O'Gorman, Aileen and Anderson, Martin and Craig, Peter and Liddell, David (2020) Studying individual-level factors relating to changes in alcohol and other drug use, and seeking treatment following Minimum Unit Pricing implementation. London: Alcohol Change UK.

Murray, Aisling and Smyth, Emer and Kelly, Linda and O'Reilly, Caoimhe and McNamara, Eoin and O'Mahony, Desmond (2020) Review of selected literature pertaining to the children of Growing Up in Ireland Cohort ’08 (Infant Cohort) at age 9 years. Dublin: ESRI; Trinity College Dublin; Department of Children and Youth Affairs.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2020) Treatment of stimulant use disorders. Rockville, MD: National Mental Health and Substance Use Policy Laboratory. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Monk, Rebecca L and Heim, Derek and Kuntsche, Emmanuel and Cook, Megan and Labhart, Florian and Qureshi, Adam and Kuntsche, Sandra and Leather, Jessica (2020) Development and first validation of the Refined Alcohol Expectancy Task (RAET). London: Alcohol Change UK.

Rhynas, Sarah and Schölin, Lisa and Cuthill, Fiona and Walker, Brandan and Holloway, Aisha (2020) Exploring social support and identity in recovery: a photovoice study. London: Alcohol Change UK.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2019) Enhancing motivation for change in substance abuse treatment. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

de Visser, Richard O (2019) Dry January evaluation 2019. London: Alcohol Change UK.

Tan, Jacinta and Johns, Gemma (2019) Drinking and eating. London: Alcohol Change UK.

Smith, Janette L and Clare, Philip J and Iredale, Jaimi M and Mattick, Richard P and Dimoska Di Marco, Aneta (2018) Inhibitory processing in young regular cannabis users. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

Leslie, Ellen and Smirnov, Andrew and Najman, Jake M and Scott, John (2016) Alcohol use and motivations for drinking among types of young adult illicit stimulant users. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

MacLeod, Katy and Pickering, Lucy and Gannon, Maria and Greenwood, Sharon and Liddell, Dave and Smith, Austin and Johnstone, Lauren and Burton, George (2016) Understanding the patterns of use, motives, and harms of New Psychoactive Substances in Scotland. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.

No One Left Out: Solutions Ltd. (2015) Creating a psychologically informed environment. Implementation and assessment. London: Westminster City Council.

Long, Jean and Mongan, Deirdre (2014) Alcohol consumption in Ireland 2013: analysis of a national alcohol diary survey. Dublin: Health Research Board.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2014) Behaviour change: individual approaches. London: NICE.

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2013) Matrix intensive outpatient treatment for people with stimulant use disorders: counselor's treatment manual. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Mind, Mental Health Foundation. (2013) Building resilient communities: Making every contact count for public mental health. London: Mental Health Strategic Partnership.

Hartigan, Alex and Coe, Natalie (2012) Internet influences on adolescent attitudes to alcohol. London: Alcohol research UK.

Roberts, Marion and Townshend, Tim and Pappalepore, Ilaria and Eldridge, Adam and Mulyawan, Budhi (2012) Local variations in youth drinking cultures. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Roberts, Marcus (2011) By their fruits… Applying payment by results to drugs recovery. London: UK Drug Policy Commission.

UNICEF Ireland. (2011) Changing the future: experiencing adolescence in contemporary Ireland: alcohol and drugs. Dublin: UNICEF Ireland.

Irish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. (2010) If they're getting loaded, why can't I? Irish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.

Latchford, Gary (2010) A brief guide to motivational interviewing. Leeds: NHS. The Leeds Teaching Hospitals.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. (2007) Behaviour change at population, community and individual levels. London: NICE.

Negreiros, Jorge (2006) Psychological drug research: current themes and future developments = Le recherche en psychologie sur les drogues: questions actuelles et perspectives. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

Coleman, Lester and Cater, Suzanne (2005) Underage 'risky' drinking: motivations and outcomes. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Bartholomew, Norma G and Rowan-Szal, Grace and Simpson, D Dwayne (2005) Contingency management strategies and ideas. Texas: Texas Christian University. Institute of Behavioral Research.

Behviour & Attitudes Marketing Research. (2004) Underage drinking is rarely black & white. Dublin: MEAS.

International Centre for Alcohol Policies. (2004) What drives underage drinking? An international analysis. Washington: International Center for Alcohol Policies.

Webb, Charles and Scudder, Meleney and Kaminer, Yifrah and Kadden, Ronald M (2002) The Motivational Enhancement Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy supplement: 7 sessions of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for adolescent cannabis users. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Sampl, Susan and Kadden, Ronald M (2001) Motivational Enhancement Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for adolescent cannabis users: 5 Sessions. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Mayock, Paula (2000) Choosers or losers? Influences on young people's choices about drugs in inner-city Dublin. Dublin: Children's Research Centre.

Bartholomew, Norma G and Simpson, D Dwayne (1993) Straight ahead: transition skills for recovery. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University. Institute of Behavioral Research.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 817 - Health reports [13244/17] [Alcohol]. (21 Mar 2017)

Book

Ryan, Frank (2013) Cognitive therapy for addiction: motivation and change. Wiley .

Slovic, Paul (2010) The feeling of risk: new perspectives on risk perception. New York: Taylor & Francis .

Baer, John S and Walters, Scott T (2007) Talking with college students about alcohol: motivational strategies for reducing abuse. New York: Guilford .

Henningfield, Jack E and Santora, Patricia B and Bickel, Warren K, eds. (2007) Addiction treatment: science and policy for the twenty-first century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press .

Klingemann, Harald and Sobell, Linda Carter, eds. (2007) Promoting self-change from addictive behaviors: practical implications for policy, prevention, and treatment. New York: Springer .

West, Robert (2006) Theory of addiction. Oxford: Blackwell .

Sanders, Bill, ed. (2006) Drugs, clubs and young people: sociological and public health perspectives. Aldershot: Ashgate .

Wilson, Thomas M, ed. (2005) Drinking cultures: alcohol and identity. Oxford: Berg .

McCance-Katz, Elinore and Clark, Westley, eds. (2004) Psychosocial treatments. Key Readings in Addiction Psychiatry Hove: Brunner-Routledge .

Ouimette, Paige and Brown, Pamela J., eds. (2002) Trauma and substance abuse: causes, consequences and treatment of comorbid disorders. Wahington, DC: American Psychological Association .

Coombs, Robert S (2001) Addiction recovery tools: a practical handbook. Thousand Oaks Ca.: Sage .

Rawlings, Barbara and Yates, Rowdy, eds. (2001) Therapeutic communities for the treatment of drug users. London: Jessica Kingsley .

Rassool, G Hussein, ed. (2001) Dual diagnosis: substance misuse and psychiatric disorders. Oxford: Blackwell Science .

Rachlin, Howard (2000) The science of self-control. Cambridge: Harvard University Press .

Elster, Jon and Skog, Ole-Jorgen, eds. (1999) Getting hooked: rationality and addiction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press .

Rotgers, Frederick and Keller, Daniel S and Morgenstern, Jon, eds. (1996) Treating substance abuse: theory and technique. Guilford Substance Abuse Series New York: Guilford .

Leavitt, Fred (1995) Drugs and behavior. Thousand Oaks Ca.: Sage .

Hester, Reid K and Miller, William R, eds. (1995) Handbook of alcoholism treatment approaches: effective alternatives. Boston: Allyn and Bacon .

Morgan, Mark and Grube, Joel W (1994) Drinking among post-primary school pupils. General Research Series, Paper No. 164 Dublin: Economic and Social Research Institute .

Blaine, Jack D and Julius, Demetrios A, eds. (1977) Psychodynamics of drug dependence. NIDA Research Monograph Series (12). New Jersey: Jason Aronson .

Conference or Workshop Item

Garcia-Romeu, Albert (2017) Psychedelics as change agents in addiction and mood disorders. In: Society for the Study of Addictions annual conference 2017, 10 November 2017, Newcastle Upon Tyne.

Mayock, Paula (2000) Choosers or losers? young people's decisions about the use of drugs. In: Drugs and drug problems: reporting on the perspectives of young people., 20 September 2000, Trinity Medical Centre, St. James’s Hospital, Dublin.

Thesis

Breen, Andrew and Byrne, Fionn and Craig, Daniel and Henderson Moran, Roisin and Kelly, Maeve and Larkin, Niall and MacAteer, Cliodhna and Rogers, Alan and Shandilya, Avi (2021) Drug education among third-level students and its relationship to subsequent illicit drug behaviours and attitudes. Other thesis, School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin.

O'Donnell, Siobain (2015) Exploration of identity construction and reconstruction during drug using careers, and the factors that influence identity transformation. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

O'Reilly, Laura (2014) Stigma and identity: an exploration of drug use in West Dublin. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Cronly, Jennifer (2011) Heroin initiation and risk: an ethno-epidemiological approach. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Carton, Simone (1989) The characteristics and motivations of attenders at a Dublin Drug Centre. MSc thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Teaching Resource

Leading Across London. (2014) Emotional intelligence questionnaire. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - emotional intelligence. London: NHS England.

Leary, MR and Kelly, KM and Cottrell, CA and Schreindorfer, LS (2012) Need to Belong Scale. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – social networks / peer relationships. Unpublished.

Lown, JM (2011) The Financial Self-Efficacy Scale (FSES). Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – debt and finance.

Diener, Ed and Biswas-Diener, Robert (2009) Flourishing scale. Outcomes measurement tool: employment & skills – sense of purpose.

James, Delyth H and French, David P (2008) Self-medicating scale. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour – self-medication .

Duckworth, AL and Peterson, C and Matthews, MD and Kelly, DR (2007) 12- Item Grit Scale. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-determination.

Bartholomew, Norma G and Dansereau, DF and Simpson, D Dwayne (2006) Getting motivated to change. A collection of materials for leading counseling sessions that address motivation and readiness for change. Texas: Texas Christian University. Institute of Behavioral Research.

Scheier, MF and Wrosch, C and Baum, A and Coehn, S and Martiire, LM and Matthews, KA and Schulz, R and Zdaniuk, B (2006) Life engagement test. Outcomes measurement tool: employment & skills – sense of purpose.

NHS Health Scotland, University of Warwick and University of Edinburgh. (2006) The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS). Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – mental health.

Gross, JJ and John, OP (2003) Emotion regulation questionnaire. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - emotional regulation.

Brown, KW and Ryan, RM (2003) Mindfulness questionnaire. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - thinking differently.

Jacob, Katy (2002) Financial behavior. Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – debt and finance.

Christo, George (1998) Christo Inventory for Substance-misuse Services. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Carver, CS (1997) COPE. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-determination.

Carver, CS (1997) COPE: positive reframing subscale. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - thinking differently.

Carver, CS (1997) COPE spirituality subscale. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - spirituality.

Miller, William R and Tonigan, JS (1996) Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale - v. 8 -- Alcohol. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Miller, William R and Tonigan, JS (1996) SOCRATES for males’ significant other. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Miller, William R and Tonigan, JS (1996) SOCRATES for females’ significant other. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Schwarzer, R and Jerusalem, M (1995) General self-efficacy scale (GSE). Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-efficacy.

Phillips, J and Springer, F (1992) Self-control and self-efficacy - individual protective factors. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-efficacy.

Phillips, J and Springer, F (1992) Individual Protective Factors Index, self-control scale. Outcomes measurement tool: employment & skills – self-management skills.

Martin, Garth W (1991) Drug avoidance self-efficacy scale (DASES). Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-efficacy.

Torrealday, O and Stein, LAR and Barnett, N and Golembeske, C and Lebeau, R and Colby, SM and Monti, M (1991) Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire-Brief (MEEQ-B). Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - attitudes (towards drug and alcohol use).

Fischer, JL and Spann, L and Crawford, D (1991) The Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale (SF CDS). Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – co-dependency.

Heatherton, TF and Polivy, J (1991) Appearance question. Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – appearance.

Epstein, Nathan B and Baldwin, Lauraence M and Bishop, Duane S (1983) Family functioning. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – family relationships.

Litman, Gloria K and Stapleton, J and Oppenheim, AN and Peleg, M (1983) Coping Behaviours Inventory (CBI). Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Rosenberg, Morris (1965) Self-esteem (Rosberg). Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self esteem.

Keyson, M and Janson, L Drinking related internal-external locus of control scale. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - attitudes (towards drug and alcohol use). Unpublished.

Beliefs about consequences. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - attitudes (towards drug and alcohol use).

Assertiveness. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-determination.

Normative influences. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – social networks / peer relationships.

Perception of social support/order. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – social networks / peer relationships.

News

[NIDA Notes] , Palmer, Chris Researchers identify rare gene variants associated with smoking and alcohol use. (29 May 2020)

[Irish Times] , O'Morain, Padraig Meeting psychological needs – but going nowhere. (18 Apr 2017)

This list was generated on Sat Sep 25 04:12:05 2021 IST.