Home > Decision making in addictive behaviors based on prospect theory: a systematic review.

Cabedo-Peris, Javier and González-Sala, Francisco and Merino-Soto, César and Pablo, José Ángel Cahua and Toledano-Toledano, Filiberto (2022) Decision making in addictive behaviors based on prospect theory: a systematic review. Healthcare, 10, (9), 1659. doi: 10.3390/healthcare10091659.

External website: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9032/10/9/1659

Traditionally, research on addictive behaviors has been based on the study of their risk factors, with impulsivity being the main risk factor. However, this study aims to approach this topic from the analysis of decision making. According to the prospect theory, low levels of loss and risk aversion will increase the probability of showing addictive behaviors. A systematic review of the possible relationships between these behaviors and prospect theory was carried out. To this end, the works that have studied loss and risk aversion in populations with addictive behaviors to date (N = 15) were compiled. Apart from other eligibility criteria, the selection process was only performed with studies that included the prospect theory or cumulative prospect theory, in English or Spanish, since 1979. WoS, Scopus, Dialnet and PsycInfo were the information sources selected. For this purpose, PRISMA guidelines have been followed. It was found that users of addictive substances show less loss aversion than nonusers. These results cannot be transferred to pathological gamblers. The significance of this work for future research and the implementation of prevention and intervention programs is highlighted. The results show an approach to addictions from a novel perspective.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Review, Article
Drug Type
All substances
Intervention Type
Prevention, Harm reduction, Rehabilitation/Recovery
31 August 2022
Identification #
doi: 10.3390/healthcare10091659

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