Home > SCH23390 reduces methamphetamine self-administration and prevents methamphetamine-induced striatal LTD.

Avchalumov, Yosef and Trenet, Wulfran and Piña-Crespo, Juan and Mandyam, Chitra (2020) SCH23390 reduces methamphetamine self-administration and prevents methamphetamine-induced striatal LTD. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21, (18), 6491. doi: 10.3390/ijms21186491.

External website: https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/21/18/6491

Extended-access methamphetamine self-administration results in unregulated intake of the drug; however, the role of dorsal striatal dopamine D-like receptors (DRs) in the reinforcing properties of methamphetamine under extended-access conditions is unclear. Acute (ex vivo) and chronic (in vivo) methamphetamine exposure induces neuroplastic changes in the dorsal striatum, a critical region implicated in instrumental learning. For example, methamphetamine exposure alters high-frequency stimulation (HFS)-induced long-term depression in the dorsal striatum; however, the effect of methamphetamine on HFS-induced long-term potentiation (LTP) in the dorsal striatum is unknown.

In the current study, dorsal striatal infusion of SCH23390, a DR antagonist, prior to extended-access methamphetamine self-administration reduced methamphetamine addiction-like behavior. Reduced behavior was associated with reduced expression of PSD-95 in the dorsal striatum. Electrophysiological findings demonstrate that superfusion of methamphetamine reduced basal synaptic transmission and HFS-induced LTP in dorsal striatal slices, and SCH23390 prevented this effect. These results suggest that alterations in synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity induced by acute methamphetamine via DRs could assist with methamphetamine-induced modification of corticostriatal circuits underlying the learning of goal-directed instrumental actions and formation of habits, mediating escalation of methamphetamine self-administration and methamphetamine addiction-like behavior.

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