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Cohen, Aliza and Vakharia, Sheila P and Netherland, Julie and Frederique, Kassandra (2022) How the war on drugs impacts social determinants of health beyond the criminal legal system. Annals of Medicine , 54 , (1) , pp. 2024-2038.

Dillon, Lucy (2022) IDPC e-course on decriminalisation. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 82, Summer 2022 , p. 29.

Dillon, Lucy (2022) The cannabis policy debate. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 82, Summer 2022 , pp. 5-7.

Myran, Daniel Thomas and Roberts, Rhiannon and Pugliese, Michael and Taljaard, Monica and Tanuseputro, Peter and Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo (2022) Changes in emergency department visits for cannabis hyperemesis syndrome following recreational cannabis legalization and subsequent commercialization in Ontario, Canada. JAMA Network Open , 5 , (9) .

Zellers, Stephanie M and Ross, J Megan and Saunders, Gretchen R B and Ellingson, Jarrod M and Anderson, Jacob E and Corley, Robin P and Iacono, William and Hewitt, John K and Hopfer, Christian J and McGue, Matt K and Vrieze, Scott (2022) Impacts of recreational cannabis legalization on cannabis use: a longitudinal discordant twin study. Addiction , Early online .

Callaghan, Russell C and Sanches, Marcos and Murray, Robin M and Konefal, Sarah and Maloney-Hall, Bridget and Kish, Stephen J (2022) Associations between Canada's cannabis legalization and emergency department presentations for transient cannabis-induced psychosis and schizophrenia conditions: Ontario and Alberta, 2015-2019. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry , 67 , (8) , pp. 616-625.

Finucane, Aisling and Moran Stritch, Jennifer (2022) Connecting the person by removing the stigma: why Ireland should follow the Portuguese model of drug decriminalisation. South Eastern European Journal of Public Health , 6 .

Askew, Rebecca and Griffiths, Ben and Bone, Melissa (2022) The importance of PEOPLE who use drugs within drug policy reform debates: findings from the UK Drug Policy Voices online survey. International Journal of Drug Policy , 105 .

Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo and Smart, Rosanna and Lira, Marlene C and Pessar, Seema Choksy and Blanchette, Jason G and Naimi, Timothy S (2022) Relationships of cannabis policy liberalization with alcohol use and co-use with cannabis: a narrative review. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews , 42 , (1) .

Myran, Daniel T and Cantor, Nathan and Finkelstein, Yaron and Pugliese, Michael and Guttmann, Astrid and Jesseman, Rebecca and Tanuseputro, Peter (2022) Unintentional pediatric cannabis exposures after legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada. JAMA Network Open , 5 , (1) , e2142521.

O' Ralaigh, Chris and Morton, Sarah (2022) “We don’t have any answers within the current framework”: tensions within cannabis policy change in Ireland. Drugs and Alcohol Today , 22 , (1) , pp. 47-57.

Ferreiria, Plinio M and Nutt, David (2022) Regulating the oxides of nitrogen – popping the myths. Drug Science, Policy and Law , 8 , (1) .

Montgomery, Barrett Wallace and Roberts, Meaghan H and Margerison, Claire E and Anthony, James C (2022) Estimating the effects of legalizing recreational cannabis on newly incident cannabis use. PLoS ONE , 17 , (7) .

Windle, James and Murphy, Paul (2022) How a moral panic influenced the world’s first blanket ban on new psychoactive substances. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 29 , (3) , pp. 265-275.

Stevens, Alex and Hughes, Caitlin and Hulme, Shann and Cassidy, Rebecca (2022) Depenalization, diversion and decriminalization: a realist review and programme theory of alternatives to criminalization for simple drug possession. European Journal of Criminology , 19 , (1) , pp. 29-54.

Daniels, Colleen and Aluso, Aggrey and Burke-Shyne, Naomi and Koram, Kojo and Rajagopalan, Suchitra and Robinson, Imani and Shelly, Shaun and Shirley-Beavan, Sam and Tandon, Tripti (2021) Decolonizing drug policy. Harm Reduction Journal , 18 , (1) , p. 120.

Towobola, Abdulazeez and Towobola, Basirat and Nair, Bosky and Makwana, Arti (2021) The ethics and management of cannabis use in pregnancy following decriminalisation and licensing for medical use: narrative review. BJPsych Bulletin , pp. 1-10.

Bacon, Matthew (2021) Desistance from criminalisation: police culture and new directions in drugs policing. Policing and Society .

Rice, Orlaith (2021) How punitive are the public? Attitudes towards crime and punishment in Ireland. The Dublin University Journal of Criminology , 1 , pp. 53-76.

Dalgarno, Phil and O'Rawe, Steve and Hammersley, Richard (2021) Illegal drugs in the UK: Is it time for considered legalisation to improve public health? Drug Science, Policy and Law , 7 , pp. 1-3.

Johnson, Julie K and Doonan, Samantha M (2021) Cannabis policy heterogeneity and effects on research—complexity expected. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (3) , e212545.

Earp, Brian D and Lewis, Jonathan and Hart, Carl L (2021) Racial justice requires ending the War on Drugs. The American Journal of Bioethics , pp. 1-29.

Paschall, Mallie J and García-Ramírez, Grisel (2021) Recreational marijuana legalization and use among California adolescents: findings from a statewide survey. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs , 82 , (1) , pp. 103-111.

Bonn, Matthew and Palayew, Adam and Bartlett, Sofia and Brothers, Thomas D and Touesnard, Natasha and Tyndall, Mark (2020) Addressing the syndemic of HIV, hepatitis c, overdose, and COVID-19 among people who use drugs: the potential roles for decriminalization and safe supply. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs , 81 , (5) , pp. 556-560.

Leonard, James and Windle, James (2020) ‘I could have went down a different path’: Talking to people who used drugs problematically and service providers about Irish drug policy alternatives. International Journal of Drug Policy , 84 , p. 102891.

Nutt, David and Bazire, Steve and Phillips, Laurence D and Schlag, Ann Katrin (2020) So near yet so far: why won’t the UK prescribe medical cannabis? BMJ Open , 10 , e038687..

Fischer, Benedikt and Daldegan-Bueno, Dimitri and Boden, Joseph M (2020) Facing the option for the legalisation of cannabis use and supply in New Zealand: an overview of relevant evidence, concepts and considerations. Drug and Alcohol Review , 39 , (5) , pp. 555-567.

Stockwell, Tim and Benoit, Cecilia and Card, Kiffer and Sherk, Adam (2020) Problematic substance use or problematic substance use policies? Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada , 40 , (5-6) , pp. 135-142.

Melchior, Maria and Nakamura, Aurélie and Bolze, Camille and Hausfater, Félix and El Khoury, Fabienne and Mary-Krause, Murielle and Azevedo Da Silva, Marine (2019) Does liberalisation of cannabis policy influence levels of use in adolescents and young adults? A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open , 9 , (7) .

Dillon, Lucy (2019) Medical use of cannabis and cannabinoids: Q&A for policymaking. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 69, Spring 2019 , pp. 6-8.

Stevens, Alex (2019) Is policy 'liberalization' associated with higher odds of adolescent cannabis use? A re-analysis of data from 38 countries. International Journal of Drug Policy , 66 , pp. 94-99.

Dillon, Lucy (2019) Not criminals – decriminalisation in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 68, Winter 2019 , pp. 12-13.

Duffin, Tony (2018) How academics and service providers are working together to inform drug policy in Ireland. EUROPP – European Politics and Policy Blog .

Rogeberg, Ole and Bergsvik, Daniel and Phillips, Laurence D and Van Amsterdam, Jan and Eastwood, Niamh and Henderson, Graeme and Lynskey, Michael T and Measham, Fiona and Ponton, Rhys and Rolles, Steve and Schlag, Ann Katrin and Taylor, Polly and Nutt, David (2018) A new approach to formulating and appraising drug policy: a multi-criterion decision analysis applied to alcohol and cannabis regulation. International Journal of Drug Policy , 56 .

Dillon, Lucy (2017) CityWide’s evidence base for decriminalization. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , pp. 10-11.

Dillon, Lucy (2017) An e-tool to map models of decriminalization. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , p. 18.

Guiney, Ciara (2017) Irish GP attitudes towards decriminalisation and medical use of cannabis. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , pp. 15-16.

Dillon, Lucy (2017) Dublin Drug Policy Summit. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , pp. 7-8.

Dillon, Lucy (2017) Implementing a health-led approach to drug use – what does it mean? Drugnet Ireland , Issue 61, Spring 2017 , p. 5.

Crowley, Des and Collins, Claire and Delargy, Ide and Laird, Eamon and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2017) Irish general practitioner attitudes toward decriminalisation and medical use of cannabis: results from a national survey. Harm Reduction Journal , 14 , (1) , p. 4.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Collins, Claire and Delargy, Ide and Crowley, Des (2017) Irish General Practitioner (GP) perspectives toward decriminalisation, legalisation and cannabis for Therapeutic Purposes (CTP). International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction , 15 , (5) , pp. 670-683.

Seddon, Toby (2016) Inventing drugs: a genealogy of a regulatory concept. Journal of Law And Society , 43 , (3) .

Pike, Brigid (2016) Politicians call for drug policy reforms. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 56, Winter 2016 , pp. 10-12.

Shi, Yuyan and Lenzi, Michela and An, Ruopeng (2015) Cannabis liberalization and adolescent cannabis use: a cross-national study in 38 countries. PLoS ONE , 10 , (11) , e0143562.

Pike, Brigid (2015) CityWide starts debate ahead UNGASS 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 55, Autumn 2015 , pp. 7-8.

Connolly, Johnny (2015) Judging prohibition. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 55, Autumn 2015 , pp. 10-11.

Buchanan, Julian (2015) Ending drug prohibition with a hangover? British Journal of Community Justice , 13 , (1) .

Smyth, Bobby P and James, Philip and Cullen, Walter and Darker, Catherine D (2015) "So prohibition can work?" Changes in use of novel psychoactive substances among adolescents attending a drug and alcohol treatment service following a legislative ban. International Journal of Drug Policy , 26 , (9) , pp. 887-889.

Pike, Brigid (2014) Dáil debate on cannabis. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 49, Spring 2014 , pp. 6-8.

Pike, Brigid (2014) Towards UNGASS 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 48, Winter 2013 , pp. 6-7.

Connolly, Johnny (2014) Decriminalisation: CityWide urges informed debate. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 48, Winter 2013 , p. 8.

Kavanagh, Pierce and Power, John D (2014) New psychoactive substances legislation in Ireland – Perspectives from academia. Drug Testing and Analysis , 6 , ((7-8)) , pp. 884-891.

Pike, Brigid (2013) Breaking the taboo – debating the alternatives to criminalised addiction. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 47, Autumn 2013 , pp. 7-8.

Connolly, Johnny (2013) Beyond criminalisation. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 47, Autumn 2013 , pp. 9-10.

(2013) … and the Minister replies. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 46, Summer 2013 , p. 11.

Connolly, Johnny (2013) Approaches to drug decriminalisation in disparate countries. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 45, Spring 2013 , p. 14.

(2013) Criminalising addiction: is there another way? Drugnet Ireland , Issue 47, Autumn 2013 , p. 7.

Pike, Brigid (2013) Global trends in decriminalisation. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 47, Autumn 2013 , p. 11.

Pike, Brigid (2012) To prohibit or not to prohibit – that is no longer the question. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 41, Spring 2012 , pp. 7-8.

Gilmore, Ian (2012) Editorial. Drug policy debate is needed. BMJ , 344:e2381 .

McVerry, Peter (2011) Drug policy: need for radical change? Working Notes , 67 .

Pike, Brigid (2009) Is the 'fight against drug abuse' at EU level adding value. Flash Eurobarometer report. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 30, Summer 2009 , pp. 4-5.

Connolly, Johnny (2009) Reports examine effects of decriminalisation of drugs in Portugal. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 30, Summer 2009 , pp. 22-23.

Connolly, Johnny (2007) Minister's contribution to Trinity cannabis debate. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 24, Winter 2007 , p. 21.

Pike, Brigid (2007) Civil society calls for new directions for UK drug policy. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 23, Autumn 2007 , p. 6.

Pike, Brigid (2007) Civil society joins international debate on drug controls. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 22, Summer 2007 , p. 3.


Minescu, Anca and Stoica, Billie and Zubareva, Anastasiia and Leacy, Becky and Leahy, Patricia and Paulon, Tainara and Clifford, Nichola and Pereira, Naiara and Berry, Adeline (2022) I must be some person: accounts from street sex workers in Ireland. Limerick: University of Limerick.

Liccardo Pacula, Rosalie and Pessar, Seema Choksy and Zhu, Joy and Kritikos, Alexandra F and Smart, Rosanna (2022) Federal regulations of cannabis for public health in the United States. Los Angelus: USC Schaeffer.

Kay, Sylvia (2022) Prohibited plants: environmental justice in drug policy. Amsterdam: Transnational Institute.

International Drug Policy Consortium. (2022) The 65th session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs: report of proceedings. London: International Drug Policy Consortium.

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2022) Cannabis legalization: 2021–2022 observations. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Transform Drug Policy Foundation. (2022) How to regulate cannabis: a practical guide. London: Transform Drug Policy Foundation.

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2022) Public safety and cannabis: taking stock of knowledge since legalization: a virtual cannabis policy research symposium report. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

IDPC Consortium, Harm Reduction International, Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation, Instituto RIA. (2022) The decriminalisation of people who use drugs: evidence for a critical societal enabler to end AIDS. Submission to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. London: International Drug Policy Consortium.

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2022) How people living in Canada consume and acquire cannabis: assessing progress in minimizing harms and establishing a safe supply chain. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Garius, Laura and Ali, Amal (2022) Regulating right, repairing wrongs: exploring equity and social justice initiatives within UK cannabis reform. London: Release.

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2021) Evidence-based decriminalization (policy brief). Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Global Commission on Drug Policy. (2021) Time to end prohibition. Geneva: Global Commission on Drug Policy.

Kowalski, Katya (2021) The new leaf: beyond Brexit, countering Covid. London: Volteface.

Rouhani, Saba and Tomko, Catherine and Weicker, Noelle P and Sherman, Susan G (2021) Evaluation of prosecutorial policy reforms eliminating criminal penalties for drug possession and sex work in Baltimore, Maryland. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Riboulet-Zemouli, K and Krawitz, MA and Ghehiouèche, F (2021) History, science, and politics of international cannabis scheduling, 2015–2021. Vienna: FAAAT.

Mongan, Deirdre and Millar, Sean and Galvin, Brian (2021) The 2019–20 Irish National Drug and Alcohol Survey: main findings. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Nougier, Marie and Cots Fernández, Adria and Putri, Dania (2021) Taking stock of half a decade of drug policy - an evaluation of UNGASS implementation. London: International Drug Policy Consortium.

Madden, Annie and Tanguay, Pascal and Chang, Judy (2021) Drug decriminalisation: progress or political red herring? Assessing the impact of current models of decriminalisation on people who use drugs. London: INPUD.

Keane, Marcus and Dąbkowska, M and Duffin, Tony and Scharwey, M (2021) Decriminalisation: insights for advocates. Dublin: Ana Liffey Drug Project.

International Drug Policy Consortium. (2020) Principles for the responsible legal regulation of cannabis. London: International Drug Policy Consortium.

Cheng, Phoebe and Zagaran, Atousa and Rajabali, Fahra and Turcotte, Kate and Babul, Shelina (2020) Setting the baseline: a description of cannabis poisonings at a Canadian pediatric hospital prior to the legalization of recreational cannabis.

Unlu, Ali and Tammi, Tuukka and Hakkarainen, Pekka (2020) Drug decriminalization policy. Literature review: models, implementation and outcomes. Helsinki: Finnish institute for health and welfare.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) Monitoring and evaluating changes in cannabis policies insights from the Americas. Technical report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Conservative Drug Policy Reform Group. (2019) Public attitudes to drugs in the UK 2019. Is the UK ready for drug policy reform? London: CDPRG.

UN system coordination Task Team on the Implementation of the UN System Common Position on drug-related matters. (2019) What we have learned over the last ten years: a summary of knowledge acquired and produced by the UN system on drug-related matters. Vienna: United Nations.

UNAIDS. (2019) Health, rights and drugs. Harm reduction, decriminalization and zero discrimination for people who use drugs. Geneva: UNAIDS.

International Drug Policy Consortium. (2018) Taking stock: A decade of drug policy - A civil society shadow report. International Drug Policy Consortium.

Keane, Marcus and Csete, Joanne and Collins, John and Duffin, Tony (2018) Not criminals. Underpinning a health-led approach to drug use. Dublin: Ana Liffey Drug Project and London School of Economics.

Ritter, Alison and Hughes, Caitlin and Shanahan, Marian (2018) Bulletin No. 26: Models for the decriminalisation of the personal use and possession of drugs. Sydney: Social Policy Research Centre, UNSW.

Global Commission on Drug Policy. (2018) Regulation: the responsible control of drugs. Global Commission on Drug Policy.

Simon Communities of Ireland. (2018) Submission to the public consultation on the decriminalisation of the personal possession of illegal drugs. Dublin: Simon Communities of Ireland.

Pike, Brigid (2017) Decriminalisation evidence base. Dublin: Citywide.

International Narcotics Control Board. (2017) Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2016. New York: United Nations.

Ana Liffey Drug Project. (2017) Dublin drug policy summit. Dublin: Ana Liffey Drug Project.

Curran, H Valerie and Wiffen, Philip and Nutt, David and Scholten, Willem (2016) Cannabis and cannabis resin pre-review report. A document prepared for the World Health Organization Expert Committee on Drug Dependence, Thirty-eight meeting Geneva, 14 – 18 November 2016. London: DrugScience.

Global Commission on Drug Policy. (2016) Advancing drug policy reform: a new approach to decriminalization. 2016 report. Global Commission on Drug Policy.

Bewley-Taylor, Dave and Jelsma, Martin and Rolles, Steve and Walshe, John (2016) Cannabis regulation and the UN drug treaties. Strategies for reform. Canadian Drug Policy Coalition; Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network; Global Drug Policy Observatory; Mexico United Against Crime; International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy; Transnational Institute; Transform Drug Policy Foundation; Washington Offi.

Royal Society for Public Health. (2016) Taking a new line on drugs. London: Royal Society for Public Health.

Rolles, Steve and Murkin, George and Powell, Martin and Kushlick, Danny and Saunter, Nicky and Slater, Jane (2016) Alternative world drug report. United Kingdom: Count the Costs of the War on Drug.

International Drug Policy Consortium. (2016) IDPC drug policy guide. London: International Drug Policy Consortium.

LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy. (2016) After the Drug Wars. Report of the LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy. London: London School of Economics.

Hughes, C and Ritter, A and Chalmers, J and Lancaster, K and Barratt, M and Moxham-Hall, V (2016) Decriminalisation of drug use and possession in Australia – A briefing note. Sydney: Drug Policy Modelling Program, NDARC, UNSW Australia.

Murkin, George (2016) Will drug use rise? Exploring a key concern about decriminalising or regulating drugs. London: Transform Drug Policy Foundation.

Joint Committee on Justice, Defence and Equality. (2015) Report of the Committee on a Harm Reducing and Rehabilitative approach to possession of small amounts of illegal drugs. Dublin: Houses of the Oireachtas.

Cockayne, James and Walker, Summer (2015) What comes after the war on drugs – flexibility, fragmentation or principled pluralism? New York: United Nations University.

Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. (2015) Cannabis regulation: lessons learned in Colorado and Washington State. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) Perspectives on drugs: Models for the legal supply of cannabis: recent developments. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

Ireland. Joint Committee on Justice, Defence and Equality. (2015) Report of visit by a Committee delegation to examine the impact of Portuguese approach to the possession of certain drugs. Dublin: Joint Committee on Justice, Defence and Equality.

United Kingdom. Home Office. (2014) Drugs: international comparators. London: Home Office.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2014) Joint Ministerial statement. 2014 high-level review by the commission on narcotic drugs of the implementation by member states of the political declaration and plan of action on international cooperation towards an integrated and balanced strategy to counter the world drug problem. Commission on Narcotic Drugs Fifty-seventh Session, Vienna, 13-21 March 2014. New York: United Nations.

Citywide. (2013) Decriminalisation: A new direction for drugs policy? Dublin: Citywide.

Drug Policy Modelling Program. (2012) Drug law reform bibliography. Sydney: University of New South Wales.

UK Drug Policy Commission. (2012) A fresh approach to drugs: the final report of the UK Drug Policy Commission. London: UK Drug Policy Commission.

Stoicescu, Claudia, ed. (2012) The global state of harm reduction 2012. Towards an integrated response. London: Harm Reduction International.

Rosmarin, Ari and Eastwood, Niamh (2012) A quiet revolution: drug decriminalisation policies in practice across the globe. London: Release.

Global Commission on Drug Policy. (2011) War on drugs. Geneva: Global Commission on Drug Policy.

Global Commission on Drug Policy. (2011) Report of the Global Commission on Drug Policy. Rio de Janeiro: Global Commission on Drug Policy.

Domosławski, Artur (2011) Drug policy in Portugal: the benefits of decriminalizing drug use. Warsaw: Open Society Foundations.

Keefer, Philip and Loayza, Norman, eds. (2010) Innocent bystanders: developing countries and the war on drugs. Washington: The World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan.

Rolles, Steve (2009) After the war on drugs: blueprint for regulation. Transform Drug Policy Foundation.

Rolles, Steve (2007) After the war on drugs: tools for the debate. London: Transform Drug Policy Foundation.

Ritter, Alison (2007) Monograph no. 15: Priority areas in illicit drug policy: Perspectives of policy makers. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

Rolles, Steve and Kushlick, Danny and Jay, Mike (2006) After the war on drugs: options for control. Transform Drug Policy Foundation.

Coalition of Communities Against Drugs. (2000) 'Facing the future': Coalition of Communities Against Drugs: policy 2000. Dublin: Coalition of Communities Against Drugs.


Transform Drug Policy Foundation. (2021) Cannabis legalisation: a global change. URL: https://transformdrugs.org/blog/cannabis-change-is...

TalkingDrugs. (2020) Drug decriminalisation across the world. URL: https://www.talkingdrugs.org/drug-decriminalisatio...


Citywide. (2018) Citywide: Frequently asked questions on decriminalisation of drug use. Dublin: Citywide.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Committee on Justice. Topic: Engagement with stakeholders on the topic of ‘“An examination of the present approach to sanctions for possession of certain amounts of drugs for personal use’. (12 Jul 2022)

[Oireachtas] Joint Committee on Health debate. National Drugs Strategy: Minister of State at the Department of Health. (19 Jan 2022)

[Oireachtas] Dáil Éireann debate. Questions on promised legislation [Citizen's assembley]. (18 Nov 2021)

[Oireachtas] Dáil Éireann debate. Order of Business [Decriminalisation debate]. (19 Oct 2021)

[Oireachtas] Dáil Éireann debate. Questions on promised legislation. (01 Jul 2021)

[Oireachtas] Dáil Éireann debate. Questions on promised legislation [Citizen's assembly]. (26 May 2021)

[Oireachtas] Seanad Eireann debate. Order of Business - drug decriminalisation. (04 Jul 2019)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Leaders’ questions [Crime]. (03 Jul 2019)

[Oireachtas] Joint Committee on Health debate. Quarterly update on health issues: discussion. (22 May 2019)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Local drug and alcohol task forces: motion (resumed) [private members]. (29 Mar 2019)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Questions [Decriminalisation]. (05 Mar 2019)

[Oireachtas] Seanad Éireann debate. Drug treatment programmes policy. (19 Feb 2019)

[Oireachtas] Joint Committee on Justice and Equality debate. Community policing and rural crime: discussion (resumed). (10 Oct 2018)

[Oireachtas] Joint Committee on Justice, Defence and Equality debate - submissions on drugs review: discussion. (14 Oct 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 830 - Misuse of drugs [Cannabis] [1110/14]. (15 Jan 2014)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 253 - Presidential reports [14532/13]. (21 Mar 2013)


Buxton, Julia and Margo, Giavana and Burger, Lona, eds. (2020) The impact of global drug policy on women: shifting the needle. Emerald .

International Society for the Study of Drug Policy. (2015) Ninth annual conference of the international society for the study of drug policy. England: International Society for the Study of Drug Policy .

Conference or Workshop Item

Sumnall, Harry (2018) What is the evidence for effectiveness in drug prevention and social reintegration? In: National Drugs Forum 2018, 12 November 2018, Aviva Stadium.

Citywide. (2016) Implementing a health led approach to drug use - speakers notes. In: Implementing a health led approach to drug use - what does it mean?, 17 November 2016, Citywide, Dublin.

Citywide. (2015) Citywide 20th anniversary conference. In: Communities and drugs -Developing a drugs policy that works, 12 November 2015, Croke Park.

O'Riordain, Aodhan (2015) Address by Minister Aodhán Ó Ríordáin T.D to the London School of Economics IDEAS Forum. In: LSE Economics Forum, November 2015, London.


McCarthy, Muireann (2018) The public’s perceptions of supervised injecting facilities and the decriminalisation of drugs for personal use. Masters thesis, University College Cork.


Gartner, Coral (2022) NDARC webinar series presentation. How can the illicit drug control field inform the tobacco endgame? National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2021) EMCDDA webinar: Cannabis control approaches across Europe. EMCDDA.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) Motion graphic: What is decriminalisation of drugs. EMCDDA.


Ruane, Lynn (2022) “A prison cell is not where support actually happens” – Ineffective response to ‘war on drugs’. Dublin: Newstalk.com.

Nutt, David (2021) The Drug Science podcast episode 42. Alternatives to prohibition with Dr Sheila Vakharia and Prof Alex Stevens. London: Drug Science.


[Irish Examiner] , Murphy, Ann Cannabis reports: news articles examining the arguments for and against regulating marijuana as medicine. (02 Aug 2022)

[thejournal.ie] , Ryan, Orla Criminalising drug use is 'disastrous' waste of time and money, expert to tell Justice Committee. (12 Jul 2022)

[thejournal.ie] , Finn, Christina 'It's made criminals out of decent people': People Before Profit to introduce Bill to legalise cannabis. (22 Apr 2022)

[thejournal.ie] , Ruane, Lynn Lynn Ruane: A mature society accepts that drug use is normal and does not punish addiction. (20 Feb 2022)

[Irish Independent] , Kelleher, Lynne Garda figures show shift toward cannabis decriminalisation as prosecutions halved in 2021. (02 Jan 2022)

[UNAIDS] UNAIDS calls for action against the criminalization of people who use drugs and for community-led harm reduction programmes. (01 Nov 2021)

[Irish Times] , Freyne, Patrick Legalising drugs: ‘Drug use should be treated as normal adult behaviour’. (03 Jul 2021)

[thejournal.ie] A conviction for €4 worth of cannabis 'just defies logic', say campaigners. (23 May 2021)

[Irish Examiner] , Kenny, Gino and Smyth, Bobby P The burning issue: Should cannabis be legalised? (08 May 2021)

AFP. [thejournal.ie] Oregon becomes first US state to decriminalise hard drugs. (04 Nov 2020)

[Extra.ie] , Condon, Ali Health Minister Donnelly stands by open minded attitude toward cannabis. (06 Jul 2020)

[Hot Press] , Clark, Stuart The Green Party calls for drug decriminalisation in Ireland. (04 May 2020)

[thejournal.ie] , O'Carroll, Austin Opinion: It's time to get real about heroin addiction. It's time to decriminalise this drug. (19 Feb 2020)

[Extra.ie] , Condon, Ali Is Portugal’s drug decriminalisation policy ‘too radical’ for Ireland? (29 Jan 2020)

[thejournal.ie] , Ruane, Lynn Lynn Ruane: Harm reduction should always come first with criminal drug policy. (09 Nov 2019)

[Irish Times] , Paul, Mark Roll up, roll up: capitalism will drive cannabis legalisation in Ireland. (23 Aug 2019)

[Irish Examiner] Drug law changes ‘a good start’ but fears remain. (03 Aug 2019)

[Department of Health] Ministers Harris, Flanagan, and Byrne announce health-led approach to the possession of drugs for personal use.. (02 Aug 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , Ó Cionnaith, Fiachra No expression of confidence in chair of drug law taskforce. (29 Jul 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , McConnell, Daniel Conflict over plan to soften drug law; Minority report outlines split in opinion on changes to legislation. (27 Jul 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac and McEnroe, Juno Government to take 'health led approach' in reforming drug possession laws. (25 Jul 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac A measured, not radical, approach to drug use. (24 Jul 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Drug possession system could cost up to €7m. (23 Jul 2019)

[Citywide] Open letter to Taoiseach July 2019. (16 Jul 2019)

[RTE News] 'War on drugs' may harm the world's poorest - report. (11 Jul 2019)

[Hot Press] Drugs: an open letter to Leo Varadkar from Hot Press. (05 Jul 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , Kelly, Brendan Gone to pot: Leading psychiatrist on the cannabis debate. (26 Jun 2019)

[Independent.ie] , Casey, Patricia Patricia Casey: 'Dangers of sleepwalking into legalisation of cannabis use'. (15 Jun 2019)

[thejournal.ie] , Finn, Christina Ministers considering alternative approaches to dealing with drug possession for personal use. (04 Jun 2019)

[thejournal.ie] , Mcgrath, Dominic FactCheck: Does cannabis legalisation cause 'exponential' increases in the use of the drug? (27 May 2019)

[Irish Times] , Cullen, Paul Cannabis legalisation: ‘It’s a bit like the anti-vaxx debate’. (25 May 2019)

Editorial. [Irish Times] The Irish Times view on cannabis: a debate long overdue. (22 May 2019)

[thejournal.ie] , Finn, Christina Harris says there are no plans to legalise cannabis in Ireland. (22 May 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Doherty, Caoline No plans to legalise cannabis, Harris insists. (21 May 2019)

[Irish Times] , Cullen, Paul and Bray, Jennifer Proposals to liberalise cannabis laws expected before Cabinet. (21 May 2019)

[Irish Times] , Cullen, Paul Ireland ‘sleepwalking’ into liberal cannabis regime, warn doctors. (20 May 2019)

[Ana Liffey Drug Project] Marian Keyes, Damien Dempsey among host of Irish personalities joining the call to decriminalise people who use drugs. (03 Apr 2019)

[thejournal.ie] , McDermott, Stephen 'It does not make sense': concerns over reports that Government will continue to criminalise drug use. (27 Mar 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Groups make push for to decriminalise drug possession. (26 Mar 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Expert warns against liberal drug laws: softer legislation would ‘more than likely’ increase health problems. (12 Mar 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Amnesty backs calls to decriminalise possession of drugs for personal use. (05 Mar 2019)

[Irish Times] , Burns, Sarah Drug use should be dealt with by health system – survey. (25 Feb 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Drug organisations urge Govt to stop criminalising personal drug use. (30 Jan 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac State committee mulls drugs diversion scheme. (29 Jan 2019)

[Independent.ie] , Meaghar, John Legalising drug use: a tough pill to swallow. (21 Oct 2018)

[Independent.ie] , Keane, Marcus Comment: No need to fear proposals to decriminalise people who use drugs. (14 Oct 2018)

[Irish Times] , Power, Jack Assistant Commissioner ‘frightened’ over drug decriminalisation proposal. (11 Oct 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Increase in services must accompany relaxed drug laws, group argues. (09 Oct 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Roberts, Andrew Opinion: Since the start of the century, Portugal has shown that decriminalisation of drug use is possible. (08 Oct 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac ‘Intent’ should be key in drug possession change, report argues. (08 Oct 2018)

[Irish Sun] , Higgins, Adam SAFER CITY Ireland is set to open first ever safe injecting clinic – here former drug awareness campaigner Tony Geoghegan discusses future of drug services in country. (12 Sep 2018)

[Irish Examiner] Tony Geoghegan: We need to take personal drug use out of the criminal justice system. (17 Aug 2018)

[Hot Press] , Clark, Stuart Ex-top Garda on decriminalising Irish people found in possession of drugs for personal use: read the full landmark interview. (16 Jul 2018)

[Merchants Quay Ireland] Merchants Quay Ireland backs decriminalisation of drugs for personal use. (13 Jul 2018)

[The Times] , Rogan, Aaron ‘Legalise cannabis and tap into market’. (10 Jul 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Former garda chief backs decriminalisation of drug use amid State review. (06 Jul 2018)

[The Times] , Rogan, Aaron Ex-garda chief wants drug possession decriminalised. (05 Jul 2018)

[Cork Independent] , Ryan, Niamh Aine Drug laws should change. (27 Jun 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Changes to laws will help tackle use of drugs. (25 Jun 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , O'Riordain, Aodhan 'There are gardaí, politicians and doctors who have taken something illegal at some point'. (23 Jun 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Ex-Assistant Commissioner on drug debate: 'Our young people are criminalised, deprived of life chances'. (13 Jun 2018)

[newstalk.com] The Pat Kenny Show: Healthcare or handcuffs: decriminalising drugs.. (13 Jun 2018)

[Hot Press] , Clark, Stuart How to end Ireland's drug deaths epidemic. (07 Jun 2018)

[Department of Health] Consultation on personal possession of illegal drugs. (01 Jun 2018)

[Irish Examiner] Ireland should follow Portugal and decriminalise personal drug use, says addiction specialist. (01 Jun 2018)

[Department of Health] Public consultation launched on personal possession of illegal drugs. (01 Jun 2018)

[Independent.ie] , Johns, Chris Time to tax narcotics as war on drugs will never be won. (13 May 2018)

[Independent.ie] , O'Brien, Dan We must take the emotion out of the debate over legalising drugs. (22 Apr 2018)

[Herald.ie] , Byrne, Luke Grow your own at home as Greens call for new cannabis laws. (16 Apr 2018)

[thejournal.ie] , Duffin, Tony 'We need to help people who use drugs make healthier choices, not treat them as criminals'. (29 Mar 2018)

[Irish Times] , Ewald, Kyle Students’ Unions should advocate for decriminalisation of drug use, says Labour senator. (14 Feb 2018)

[Irish Times] , D'Arcy, Ciaran Group calls for decriminalisation of minor drugs possession by 2022. (26 Jan 2018)

[Irish Times] , Holland, Kitty Legislation to decriminalise drugs could come in ‘early 2019’ . (01 Dec 2017)

[Department of Health] Minister Byrne announces establishment of a Working Group to consider alternative approaches to the possession of drugs for personal use. (30 Nov 2017)

[University Observer] , Cook, Des Drug decriminalization in Ireland, a step forward or a step back? (13 Oct 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Decriminalising drugs: could it work in Ireland? (23 Sep 2017)

, McWilliams, David The ‘War on Drugs’ has failed, we must end this drain on resources. (03 Sep 2017)

[Irish Times] , Purcell, Jennifer Opinion. Of course millennials take drugs but we’re not stupid. (24 Jul 2017)

[Independent.ie] , McManus, Darragh Radio: RTE goes big on decriminalising drugs debate. (23 Jul 2017)

[Irish Times] , Bardon, Sarah Possession of small quantities of drugs could be decriminalised. (17 Jul 2017)

[Irish Times] , Clegg, Nick Legalise cannabis, and do it now, says Nick Clegg. (02 Jun 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Some young people in Ballymun spend 150% of income on cannabis. (16 May 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Should drugs be decriminalised for personal use? Voters are split on the issue. (13 May 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Collins, John Opinion: 'Ireland could lead the way in developing new human-centred approaches to drug use'. (08 May 2017)

[Irish Times] , Holland, Kitty Irish Pharmacy Union calls for decriminalisation of drugs for personal use. (07 May 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , O'Riordain, Aodhan Drugs: 'How is arresting someone for something that they are addicted to helping?'. (25 Apr 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Gardaí look at extending cautions for cannabis. (25 Apr 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Ryan, Orla Drug dealing happens in mental health facilities across the country, doctor says. (22 Apr 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Cionnaith, Fiachra Senator O'Riordain calls for legalisation of cannabis. (22 Apr 2017)

[Irish Times] , Holland, Kitty Decriminalisation of all drugs for personal use considered. (18 Apr 2017)

[Independent.ie] , Armstrong, Kathy 'Sick people don't need to be in court' - Senator Aodhán O Riordain backs decriminalising all drugs for personal use. (18 Apr 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , Shanahan, Catherine GPs support legalisation of [medicinal] cannabis. (30 Jan 2017)

[Independent.ie] , Egan, Barry Decriminalise heroin to save lives - Philly. (29 Jan 2017)

[newstalk.com] National addiction service calls for decriminalisation of drugs. (03 Jan 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Brophy, Daragh Almost half of Irish people are in favour of legalising cannabis for recreational use. (04 Dec 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Survey shows 49% adults favour decriminalisation of drugs for personal use. (18 Nov 2016)

Online Editors. [Independent.ie] Research shows Ireland has lost the 'war on drugs'. (12 Nov 2016)

[thejournal.ie] , Barry, Aoife "We're losing the battle against drugs": GAA star calls for decriminalisation after brother's death. (25 Oct 2016)

[Independent.ie] , O'Connor, Niall Fianna Fáil policy aims to relax law for small-time drug use. (20 Oct 2016)

[greenparty.ie] Green Party call for decriminalising drug use and legalising medical use of cannabis. (19 Oct 2016)

[Irish Examiner] John Halligan calls for HSE-run drug shops. (04 Aug 2016)

[Irish Examiner] Decriminalising drug users - A new strategy. (06 May 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Report backs 'shift' away from criminalising drug possession for personal use. (03 May 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Death of Alex Ryan ‘a wake-up’ call for politicians. (29 Jan 2016)

[BBC News Online] , Butler, Chris Drug addicts: Irish minister calls for 'more sympathetic' approach. (21 Dec 2015)

[thejournal.ie] “No matter where you live, you probably have somebody injecting heroin pretty near you”. (15 Dec 2015)

[Independent.ie] , Casey, Patricia Mind and meaning: decriminalising drugs. (01 Dec 2015)

[The Irish World] , Shaw, Adam Decriminalising the users, not the drugs. (01 Dec 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Sheils McNamee, Michael ‘I found that nothing worked, except cannabis’: Who are Ireland’s marijuana users? (23 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac President Higgins: Global shift in policy on drug use from criminal to public health issue. (13 Nov 2015)

[Independent.ie] , Quinn, David We cannot decriminalise drugs without having a proper debate first. (13 Nov 2015)

[Department of Health] Address by Minister Aodhán Ó Ríordáin T.D to the CityWide 20th Anniversary Conference. (12 Nov 2015)

[Independent.ie] , O'Brien, Dan Opinion. Legalising drugs is the best option for society. Criminals are the real losers. (08 Nov 2015)

[Independent.ie] , Daly, John Joint committee and the prospect of white smoke on marijuana. (07 Nov 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Sheils, Conor Progressive laws and the Dark Web are changing the lives of Irish drug users. (07 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Change could affect 11,000 drug cases a year. (06 Nov 2015)

[thejournal.ie] The decriminalisation of drugs for personal use has moved another big step closer. (06 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Shift in political attitudes sees drug reform leave the fringes. (06 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Decriminalisation proposals would free up to 60,000 Garda hours. (06 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Oireachtas report: Make personal drug use legal. (05 Nov 2015)

[thejournal.ie] Most men think decriminalising drugs is a good idea – but women aren’t so sure. (05 Nov 2015)

[Joe.ie] , Kinsella, Carl Inside the injection rooms: JOE.ie looks at Ireland's evolving drugs policy. (05 Nov 2015)

[thejournal.ie] Our drugs minister has backed decriminalisation in a major London speech. (03 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Families back reform of drug laws. (28 Oct 2015)

[Independent.ie] , Ryan, Philip Relax laws on possession of drugs, urges Dáil committee. (19 Oct 2015)

[RTE News] Should drug addicts have a safe place to inject? (04 Oct 2015)

[politics.co.uk] , Moore, Steve The man who made Ireland fall in love with drug law reform. (09 Sep 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , O'Reilly, Quinton The co-founder of Bebo wants to decriminalise drugs in Ireland. (16 Aug 2015)

[Irish Times] , Hilliard, Mark War on drugs long lost, says McVerry. (10 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Group express 'serious concern' over government proposals on drugs possession. (15 Jul 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Duffin, Tony Should we stop bringing criminal charges against those possessing drugs for personal use? (08 Jul 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , Duffy, Ronan Carrying drugs for personal use is illegal. But politicians are looking at changing that. (04 Jul 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Public to have say on legality of drugs. (04 Jul 2015)

[thejournal.ie] What can Ireland learn from a country that decriminalised drugs? (03 Jun 2015)

Lynn Ruane introduces drug decriminalisation Bill in Seanad. (25 May 2015)

[Independent.ie] , Casey, Patricia Mind Matters: the highs and lows of cannabis legislation. (05 May 2015)

[Independent.ie] , Browne, Collette TDs who brag about past drug use need to back law reform. (28 Apr 2015)

[breakingnews.ie] Conference to discuss legalisation of cannabis in Ireland. (02 Apr 2015)

[thejournal.ie] , McKenna, Aaron Opinion: Marijuana is legal is nearly half of US States – Ireland should follow suit. (08 Nov 2014)

[Independent.ie] , Downey, James Opinion: Legalising drugs is the only way to win this war. (15 Aug 2014)

[Medical Independent] , Lynch, David The end of the ‘war on drugs’? (14 Aug 2014)

[thejournal.ie] , Duffin, Tony Opinion: The ‘War on Drugs’ has failed – let’s finally implement policies that make sense. (01 Jun 2014)

[thejournal.ie] Column: Legislation changes our drugs landscape – but it isn’t a complete solution. (20 Mar 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , Connolly, Shaun Proposal to legalise cannabis for personal use rejected. (03 Mar 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Drug law conference told of jail term for €2 stash. (21 Nov 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Connolly, Shaun Ming’s bid to have cannabis regulated goes up in smoke. (07 Nov 2013)

[Irish Examiner] FG TD open to cannabis decriminalisation. (06 Nov 2013)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Cannabis Regulation: Motion (Resumed) [Private Members]. (06 Nov 2013)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Cannabis Regulation: Motion [Private Members]. (05 Nov 2013)

[Irish Independent] , Kenny, Mary When debating cannabis law, let's be honest about the risks. (04 Nov 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Kane, Michael Flanagan: Legal cannabis would net €300m for the Exchequer. (25 Oct 2013)

[Irish Examiner Breaking News] Bill proposes to legalise recreational use of cannabis. (24 Oct 2013)

[Irish Independent] , Diaz, Alex 'Hard drugs should be legal', says top English police officer. (29 Sep 2013)

[thejournal.ie] , McKenna, Aaron Column: It’s time to tax and regulate marijuana sale in Ireland. (10 Aug 2013)

[Irish Independent] Uruguay set to legalise marijuana. (01 Aug 2013)

[thejournal.ie] Luke Ming Flanagan: I’m still smoking cannabis… but not in Ireland. (15 Jun 2013)

[Independent.ie] Well done, Minister, on cigs' packaging - now for a debate on drugs. (01 Jun 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Call for national debate on decriminalising drugs. (22 May 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Riordan, John Lessons for Ireland in changing US attitudes to marijuana? (04 Jan 2013)

The Economist. [The Economist] Quietly, cannabis has in effect been decriminalised in Britain. (24 Mar 2012)

[TheUniversityObserver.ie] , Rothwell, Kate High society. (29 Mar 2011)

[The Guardian Online] , Carrol, Rory Mexico and Argentina move towards decriminalising drugs. (30 Aug 2009)

This list was generated on Sun Oct 2 04:16:36 2022 IST.