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Balbo, Nicoletta and Carpella, Piergiorgio and Toffolutti, Veronica (2020) Trends in the use of mind-altering drugs among European adolescents during the Great Recession. Health Policy , 124 , (5) , pp. 568-574.

Millar, Sean (2017) Results from fourth general population survey on illicit drug use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 60, Winter 2017 , pp. 1-5.

Mounteney, Jane and Griffiths, Paul and Sedefov, Roumen and Noor, Andre and Vicente, Julian and Simon, Roland (2016) The drug situation in Europe: an overview of data available on illicit drugs and new psychoactive substances from European monitoring in 2015. Addiction , 111 , (1) , pp. 34-48.

Rouine, J and Kelly, ME and Jennings-Murphy, C and Duffy, P and Gorman, I and Gormley, S and Kerskens, CM and Harkin, Andrew (2014) Investigation of the mechanisms mediating MDMA "Ecstasy"-induced increases in cerebro-cortical perfusion determined by btASL MRI. Psychopharmacology , 232 , (9) , pp. 1501-1513.

McCann, Mark and Higgins, Kathryn and Perra, Oliver and McCartan, Claire and McLaughlin, Aisling (2014) Adolescent ecstasy use and depression: cause and effect, or two outcomes of home environment? European Journal of Public Health , 24 , (5) , pp. 845-850.

Roberts, Gloria and Garavan, Hugh (2013) Neural mechanisms underlying ecstasy-related attentional bias. Psychiatric Research , 213 , (2) , pp. 122-132.

(2012) Caffeine provokes adverse interactions with 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 'ecstasy') and related psychostimulants: mechanisms and mediators. British Journal of Pharmacology , 167 , (5) , pp. 946-959.

Long, Jean (2012) Results from the third general population survey in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , pp. 6-8.

Long, Jean and Horgan, Justine (2012) Drug use among the general population, by regional drugs task force area. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 43, Autumn 2012 , pp. 24-27.

Vanattou-Saïfoudine, Natacha and Gossen, Anna and Harkin, Andrew (2011) A role for adenosine A1 receptor blockade in the ability of caffeine to promote MDMA “Ecstasy”-induced striatal dopamine release. European Journal of Pharmacology , 650 , (1) , pp. 220-228.

Cahill, E and Byrne, M (2010) Alcohol and drug use in students attending a student health centre. Irish Medical Journal , 103 , (8) , pp. 230-233.

Roberts, Gloria and Garavan, Hugh (2010) Evidence of increased activation underlying cognitive control in ecstasy and cannabis users. NeuroImage , 52 , (2) , pp. 429-435.

McCrystal, Patrick and Percy, Andrew (2009) Factors associated with teenage ecstasy use. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 10 , (17) , pp. 507-527.

Rogers, G and Elston, J and Garside, R and Roome, C and Taylor, R and Younger, P and Zawada, A and Somerville, M (2009) The harmful health effects of recreational ecstasy: a systematic review of observational evidence. Health Technology Assessment , 13 , (6) , xii-338.

Cassidy, N and Casey, PB and Tracey, JA (2009) Accidental ecstasy ingestion in a two year old. Irish Medical Journal , 102 , (2) , p. 62.

Galvin, Brian (2008) 2008 report on the drugs problem in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 28, Winter 2008 , pp. 6-7.

Akinlabi, LO and Al-Assaf, N and Donnelly, J and Nicholson, AJ (2008) Accidental ecstasy ingestion in a two year old. Irish Medical Journal , 101 , (5) , pp. 156-157.

Kernan, Kathy and Keenan, Eamon (2004) Ecstasy abuse: an Irish perspective. Irish Psychiatrist , 6 , (5) , p. 31.

McElrath, Karen and McEvoy, Kieran (2002) Negative experiences on Ecstasy: the role of drug, set and setting. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 34 , (2) , pp. 199-208.

Gervin, Maurice and Hughes, Rita and Bamford, L and Smyth, Bobby P and Keenan, Eamon (2001) Heroin smoking by 'chasing the dragon' in young opiate users in Ireland. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , 20 , (4) , pp. 297-300.

McElrath, Karen and McEvoy, Kieran (2001) Heroin as Evil: ecstasy users' perceptions about heroin. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy , 8 , (2) , pp. 177-189.

Harding, Steve (1999) E. types and Saturday night fevers - the 'staying alive' campaign. Journal of Health Gain , 3 , (3) , pp. 23-24.

Cregg, MT and Tracey, JA (1993) Ecstasy abuse in Ireland. Irish Medical Journal , 86 , (4) , pp. 118-120.


[Irish Times] , Mullally, Una When ecstasy was dealt openly on the Dublin rave scene. (13 Oct 2019)

[] , McCrave, Conor`` Cork hospital warns festival-goers of 'bad batch' of ecstasy tablets causing 'severe illness'. (03 Aug 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Concerns at trends with cannabis, ecstasy and heroin. (07 Jun 2019)

[] , Dillon, Fiona Improving economy leads to rise in demand for 'party drugs' in Ireland - new report. (08 Nov 2018)

[] , Mcgrath, Dominic 'People tend to start doing cocaine because it's so much more socially acceptable'. (10 Sep 2018)

[] , McCrave, Conor Doctor who treated unconscious teen warns Irish people are playing 'Russian roulette' with drugs. (11 Jul 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Fears at revival in stronger cocaine and ecstasy. (08 Jun 2018)

[] HSE 'closely monitoring' rogue batch of deadly UFO pills after teen dies of suspected overdose. (28 Oct 2017)

[Belfast Telegraph] , Leonard, Victoria Drug Fentanyl 100 times more powerful than morphine is killer, warns Northern Ireland coroner. (22 Sep 2017)

[Irish Medical Times] , Shannon, June Is that really ecstasy? (09 Jun 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Sharp rise in ecstasy and cannabis use as alcohol sales increase. (26 Feb 2017)

[Medical Independent] , Reilly, Catherine Shining a light on Ireland’s drug habits. (17 Nov 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Irish teen drinking at a low in European table for alcohol use. (21 Sep 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Cases of drug addiction treatment continue to rise. (01 Jun 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac EU report Ireland had fourth highest quantity of ecstasy seized. (01 Jun 2016)

[] , Phelan, Shane Even before they're teenagers, children are trying drugs. (24 Jan 2016)

[] Drug-using students urged to be more careful when taking pills. (23 Oct 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Irish drug users near top for problems caused by ecstasy and alcohol. (15 Jun 2015)

[] , Ryan, Orla Irish recreational drug users reveal cocaine and MDMA use – and talk ‘mystery white powders’. (08 Jun 2015)

[] , Hade, Emma Jane and Cullen, Adam and Schiller, Robin Teenage girl dies after collapsing outside nightclub. (18 May 2015)

[] , O'Faolain, Aodhan Three men tell High Court they should be let out of jail because of the ecstasy loophole. (25 Apr 2015)

[] , Bohan, Christine Police [in England] urge people with dangerous Superman drugs to hand them in. (04 Jan 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , McDonald, Brian Coroner issues ecstasy warning after two drownings. (13 Dec 2014)

[] , Naughton, Gareth Coroner in warning about 'super-ecstasy' following inquests. (18 Jul 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Ecstasy abuse linked to spinal artery rupture. (04 Jul 2014)

[] , Brady, Tom Death toll from lethal ecstasy tablets rises to 11. (09 Jun 2014)

[] , Hogan, Louise and Brady, Tom Ten deaths in two years linked to lethal ecstasy, gardai fear. (24 May 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Halloran, Georgina Coroner warns against ‘deadly poison’ ecstasy after fatalities. (09 Apr 2014)

[Irish Examiner] New synthetic ecstasy tablet puts five in hospital. (24 Mar 2014)

[] , Murray, Alan and Reilly, Jerome Cross-border alert over lethal batch of ecstasy after man's death. (29 Dec 2013)

[] , Brady, Tom Explosion in new 'designer drugs' sparks fears for safety of users. (25 Dec 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Keogh, Elaine ‘Super-ecstasy’ killed young woman. (12 Dec 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Cahill, Ann Keeping up with legal high market ‘impossible’. (18 Sep 2013)

[Irish Independent] , Cusack, Jim Republicans and loyalists linked to deadly drug. (07 Jul 2013)

[Belfast Telegraph] , Alexander, Stephen Warning over contaminated Ecstasy. (04 Jul 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Lally, Conor Seizure of banned synthetic drugs in post reaches all-time high. (01 Jul 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Revellers warned of new drug’s dangers. (24 Jun 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac €3m ecstasy haul is the biggest in nine years. (06 Jun 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Moore, Ollie Irish scientists leading street drug research. (30 Apr 2013)

[] HSE in warning to drug users over powder form of ecstasy. (12 Sep 2012)

[] Ecstasy use can lead to depression. (19 Apr 2012)

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime] UNODC: Amphetamine-type stimulants ranked world's second most used drug after cannabis. (13 Sep 2011)

[Irish Medical Times] Long-term users of ectasy risk structural brain damage. (28 Apr 2011)


Western Region Drug and Alcohol Task Force, Planet Youth. (2019) Growing up in the west: county report Galway. WRDATF.

Western Region Drug and Alcohol Task Force, Planet Youth. (2019) Growing up in the west: county report Mayo. Galway: WRDATF.

Western Region Drug and Alcohol Task Force, Planet Youth. (2019) Growing up in the west: county report Roscommon. Galway: WRDATF.

National Advisory Committee on Drugs and Alcohol, Northern Ireland. Department of Health. (2018) Prevalence of drug use and gambling in Ireland & drug use in Northern Ireland. 2014/15 drug prevalence survey: polydrug and new psychoactive substances results. Bulletin 4. Dublin: Department of Health.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2016) Recent changes in Europe’s MDMA/ecstasy market. EMCDDA rapid communication. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2013) EU drug markets report: a strategic analysis. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. (2013) The National student survey 2013. Dublin:

O'Gorman, Aileen and Piggott, Kevin and Napier, Kristina and Driscoll, Alan and Emerson, Darren and Mooney, Robert and Fennelly, Cara and Gately, Pamela and Foley, Mary (2013) An analysis of current licit and illicit drug use patterns in the Finglas-Cabra local drugs task force area. Dublin: Finglas/Cabra Local Drugs Task Force.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2011) 2011 Global ATS assessment. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Health Promotion Unit, Department of Health and Children. (2008) Know the facts about drugs. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Reaper-Reynolds, Sheilagh and Williams, James and Wolfe, Esther and Keane, Rory (2005) Understanding substances and substance use: a handbook for teachers. Kildare: South Western Area Health Board.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2003) United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime ecstasy and amphetamines global survey 2003. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Merchants Quay Project. (2001) The situation concerning drug use and drug prevention in Dublin and what was done within the European Project: final report. Dublin: Merchants Quay Project.

SAOL Project. (2001) Look & learn. Dublin: SAOL Project.

McEvoy, Kieran and McElrath, Karen (1999) Ecstasy use in Northern Ireland: a qualitative study. Belfast: Stationery Office.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (1999) Report on the risk assessment of MBDB in the framework of the joint action on new synthetic drugs. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Murphy, Tim and O'Mahony, Paul and O'Shea, Marie (1998) Ecstasy use among young Irish people: a comparative and interdisciplinary study. (Unpublished) Cork: National University of Ireland, Cork. Centre for European Social Research and Department of Law.

Bissett, Fran (1997) Ecstasy and young people. Dublin: National Youth Council of Ireland & Health Promotion Unit, Department of Health.

Evidence resource

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) Impact of COVID-19 on patterns drug use and drug-related harms in Europe. Lisbon: EMCDDA. 27 p. EMCDDA Trendspotter briefing

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2020) EU drug markets: impact of COVID-19. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 31 p.

Global SMART Programme. [UNODC] (2020) Synthetic drugs in East and Southeast Asia. Latest developments and challenges. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 116 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. [EMCDDA] (2019) EU drug markets report 2019. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 260 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2019) Drug precursor developments in the European Union. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 11 p.

Kelly, Georgia and Bruno, Raimondo and Peacock, Amy [NDARC] . (2019) Recent use of ‘capsules contents unknown’ among a sample of people who frequently use ecstasy and other illicit stimulants in Australia. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre. Drug Trends Bulletin Series 6 p.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2019) Drugs in syringes from six European cities: results from the ESCAPE project 2017. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Karlsson, A and Peacock, A . (2018) South Australian drug trends 2018: key findings from the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS) interviews. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia. 63 p.

Mentor, Adfam. (2017) Talking to your children about new psychoactive substances and club drugs. A handbook for parents and carers. London: Mentor and Adfam. 41 p.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre. [NDARC] (2017) Quick guide to drugs & alcohol. New South Wales: Drug Info. State Library of NSW. 135 p.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. [UNODC] (2016) Terminology and information on drugs. New York: United Nations. 86 p.

Kuypers, Kim PC and Theunissen, Eef L and van Wel, Janelle HP and de Sousa Fernandes Perna, Elizabeth B and Linssen, Anke and Sambeth, Anke and Schultz, Benjamin G and Ramaekers, Johannes G [PLOS One] . (2016) Verbal memory impairment in polydrug ecstasy users: a clinical perspective. Public Library of Science. PLoS ONE DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149438

NHS Choices. (2015) The effects of drugs. London: NHS Choices.

Novel Psychoactive Treatment UK Network. Abdulrahim, D and Bowden-Jones, O [Public Health England] . (2015) Guidance on the clinical management of acute and chronic harms of club drugs and novel psychoactive substances. London: NEPTUNE. 335 p.

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. [Home Office UK] (2009) MDMA (‘ecstasy’): a review of its harms and classification under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. London: Home Office. 49 p.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 930 - Drugs crime [Ecstasy & the internet] [35486/13]. (16 Jul 2013)

[Oireachtas] 141. Deputy Jack Wall asked the Minister for Community, Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs his views regarding the use of cocaine, cannabis and ecstasy in Irish society. (24 Nov 2010)

[Oireachtas] 65. Deputy Ciarán Lynch asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his views in relation to the usage of herbal ecstasy; the research available to him in relation to the matter; if he has had meetings with the Department of Health and Children or the Health Service Executive in relation to the matter; the results of such meetings if they took place; if guidelines are intended in relation to the use of herbal ecstasy. [32596/07]. (05 Dec 2007)


Power, Mike (2013) Drugs 2.0: the web revolution that's changing how the world gets high. Portobello Books .

Teesson, Maree and Hall, Wayne and Proudfoot, Heather and Degenhardt, Louisa (2012) Addictions.Clinical psychology: a modular course. Routledge .

Shapiro, Harry (2010) The media guide to drugs: key facts and figures for journalists. London: Drugscope .

Wills, Simon (2005) Drugs of abuse. London: Pharmaceutical Press .

Kraus, Ludwig and Korf, Dirk, eds. (2005) Research on drugs and drug policy from a European perspective : selected readings from the 15th International Conference of the European Society for Social Drug Research (ESSD). Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers .

Blachford, Stacey L and Krapp, Kristine, eds. (2003) Drugs and controlled substances: information for students. Farmington Hills MI: Gale .

Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna. (2003) Ecstasy and Amphetamines - Global Survey 2003. New York: United Nations .

Thomas, Gareth (2002) This is ecstasy. Popular culture London: Sanctuary .

Korf, Dirk and Benschop, Annemieke and Rabes, Manfred (2002) Pill testing, ecstasy and prevention: a scientific evaluation in three European cities. Amsterdam: Rozenberg .

Silcott, Mireille and 'Push', Push (2000) The book of E: all about ecstasy. London: Omnibus Press .

Connolly, Sean (2000) Need to know: ecstasy. Need to know series Oxford: Heinemann Library .

McDowell, David M and Spitz, Henry I (1999) Substance abuse: from principle to practice. Philadelphia: Brunner Mazel .

Parker, Howard and Aldridge, Judith and Measham, Fiona (1998) Illegal leisure: the normalization of adolescent recreational drug use. Adolescence and Society London: Routledge .

Conference or Workshop Item

Corrigan, Desmond (2004) Drugs: mood, memory and mayhem. In: Drug Treatment Centre Board Evening Seminar Series, 4 November 2004.

Corrigan, Desmond (1997) Dispelling drug myths. In: Drugs in Dublin: Working Together We Can Make a Difference, 5th February 1997, Dublin Castle.


McCarthy, Muireann (2017) Recreational drug use being normalised amongst the young people of Ireland. Other thesis, University College Cork.


HRB National Drugs Library. (2019) Factsheet – MDMA/ecstasy: the Irish situation. Dublin: HRB National Drugs Library.

Ana Liffey Drug Project, (2014) PMA/PMMA factsheet. Dublin: Ana Liffey Drug Project.

Ana Liffey Drug Project. (2014) What is PMA / PMMA? Dublin:

This list was generated on Tue Jul 7 03:29:08 2020 GMT.