Skip Page Header

Home > Recent changes in Europe’s MDMA/ecstasy market. EMCDDA rapid communication.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2016) Recent changes in Europe’s MDMA/ecstasy market. EMCDDA rapid communication. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Recent changes in Europe’s MDMA/ecstasy market) - Published Version
461kB

This report explores the recent resurgence in use of MDMA in Europe and increased availability of high-strength MDMA tablets, crystals and powders. It notes that the picture is not uniform across European countries, and while overall the region’s MDMA market is now in a period of consolidation, there are some temporal ripple effects as latecomer countries catch up.

Table of contents

  • Study rationale and methods
  • A short history of MDMA/ecstasy
  • A range of MDMA products
  • MDMA markets — production and supply
  • MDMA use and cultural context
  • MDMA harms and deaths
  • Discussion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
Item Type
Report
Publication Type
Irish-related, International, Report
Drug Type
CNS stimulants, New psychoactive substance
Intervention Type
Harm reduction, Crime prevention
Date
May 2016
Pages
20 p.
Publisher
Publications Office of the European Union
Corporate Creators
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Place of Publication
Luxembourg
ISBN
978-92-9168-911-8
EndNote
Accession Number
HRB 5380 (Available), HRB 5382 (Available)
Related URLs

Repository Staff Only: item control page