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Jackson, Sarah E and Brown, Jamie and Shahab, Lion and Arnott, Deborah and Bauld, Linda and Cox, Sharon (2024) Nicotine strength of e-liquids used by adult vapers in Great Britain: a population survey 2016 to 2024. Addiction , Early online .

Metrik, Jane and McCarthy, Denis M (2024) Editorial: how research and policy can shape driving under the influence of cannabis. Addiction , 119 , (2) , pp. 208-210.

Burton, R and Henn, C and Fitzgerald, N and Sheron, N (2024) The early impact of the UK's new alcohol taxation system on product strength and price: an exploratory comparative descriptive study. Public Health , 232 , pp. 61-67.

Nicholls, Emily (2023) "I don't want to introduce it into new places in my life": the marketing and consumption of no and low alcohol drinks. International journal of drug policy , 119 .

Hall, Wayne and Leung, Janni and Carlini, Beatriz H (2023) How should policymakers regulate the tetrahydrocannabinol content of cannabis products in a legal market? Addiction , 118 , (6) , pp. 998-1003.

Cuttler, Carrie and Petrucci, Aria S and LaFrance, Emily M (2023) Cognitive test performance in chronic cannabis flower users, concentrate users, and non-users. Scientific Reports , 13 .

Ma, Shaoying and Jiang, Shuning and Wagener, Theodore and Mays, Darren and Chen, Jian and Shang, Ce (2023) The associations between e-liquid characteristics and its pricing: evidence from online vape shops. PLoS ONE , 18 , (5) .

Ali, Fatma Romeh M and Schillo, Barbara and Crane, Elisha and Seaman, Elizabeth L and King, Brian A (2023) Evaluation of statewide restrictions on e-cigarette nicotine strength - United States, 2017-2022. Addiction , 118 , (9) , pp. 1649-1660.

HSE drugs.ie. (2022) 2022 update on MDMA. drugs.ie .

Caballeria, Elsa and Pons-Cabrera, Maria Teresa and Balcells-Oliveró, Mercedes and Braddick, Fleur and Gordon, Rebecca and Gual, Antoni and Matrai, Silvia and López-Pelayo, Hugo (2022) "Doctor, can I drink an alcohol-free beer?" Low-alcohol and alcohol-free drinks in people with heavy drinking or alcohol use disorders: systematic review of the literature. Nutrients , 14 , (19) .

Schoeler, Tabea and Ferris, Jason and Winstock, Adam R (2022) Rates and correlates of cannabis-associated psychotic symptoms in over 230,000 people who use cannabis. Translational Psychiatry , 12 .

Sved, Alan F and Weeks, Jillian J and Grace, Anthony A and Smith, Tracy T and Donny, Eric C (2022) Monoamine oxidase inhibition in cigarette smokers: from preclinical studies to tobacco product regulation. Frontiers in Neuroscience , 16 .

Gunasekera, Brandon and Davies, Cathy and Blest-Hopley, Grace and Veronese, Mattia and Ramsey, Nick F and Bossong, Matthijs G and Radua, Joaquim and Bhattacharyya, Sagnik (2022) Task-independent acute effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on human brain function and its relationship with cannabinoid receptor gene expression: a neuroimaging meta-regression analysis. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews , 140 .

Myran, Daniel Thomas and Roberts, Rhiannon and Pugliese, Michael and Taljaard, Monica and Tanuseputro, Peter and Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo (2022) Changes in emergency department visits for cannabis hyperemesis syndrome following recreational cannabis legalization and subsequent commercialization in Ontario, Canada. JAMA Network Open , 5 , (9) .

Spindle, Tory R and Sholler, Dennis J and Cone, Edward J and Murphy, Timothy P and ElSohly, Mahmoud and Winecker, Ruth E and Flegel, Ronald R and Bonn-Miller, Marcel O and Vandrey, Ryan (2022) Cannabinoid content and label accuracy of hemp-derived topical products available online and at national retail stores. JAMA Network Open , 5 , (7) .

Pascoe, Michael J and Radley, Sarah and Simmons, HTD and Measham, Fiona (2022) The Cathinone Hydra: increased cathinone and caffeine adulteration in the English MDMA market after Brexit and COVID-19 lockdowns. Drug Science, Policy and Law , 8 .

Carroll, Jennifer J and Mackin, Sarah and Schmidt, Clare and McKenzie, Michelle and Green, Traci C (2022) The Bronze Age of drug checking: barriers and facilitators to implementing advanced drug checking amidst police violence and COVID-19. Harm Reduction Journal , 19 .

Suraev, Anastasia and Benson, Melissa J and Martin, Lewis and Lintzeris, Nicholas and McGregor, Iain S (2022) Determination of contaminants in artisanal cannabis products used for childhood epilepsy in the Australian community: a sub-analysis of the 'PELICAN' study. Epilepsy & Behavior , 127 .

Tumati, Shankar and Lanctôt, Krista L and Wang, RuoDing and Li, Abby and Davis, Andrew and Herrmann, Nathan (2022) Medical cannabis use among older adults in Canada: self-reported data on types and amount used, and perceived effects. Drugs & Aging , 39 , pp. 153-163.

Anderson, Peter and O'Donnell, Amy and Jané Llopis, Eva and Kaner, Eileen (2022) The impact of lower strength alcohol products on alcohol purchases: ARIMA analyses based on 4 million purchases by 69 803 households, 2015-2019. Journal of Public Health , 44 , (4) .

McDonagh, Marian S and Morasco, Benjamin J and Wagner, Jesse and Ahmed, Azrah Y and Fu, Rongwei and Kansagara, Devan and Chou, Roger (2022) Cannabis-based products for chronic pain: a systematic review. Annals of Internal Medicine , 175 , pp. 1143-1153.

Anderson, Peter and Kokole, Daša and Llopis, Eva Jane (2021) Production, consumption, and potential public health impact of low- and no-alcohol products: results of a scoping review. Nutrients , 13 , (9) .

Manthey, Jakob and Freeman, Tom P and Kilian, Carolin and López-Pelayo, Hugo and Rehm, Jürgen (2021) Public health monitoring of cannabis use in Europe: prevalence of use, cannabis potency, and treatment rates. The Lancet Regional Health - Europe , 10 , (100227) .

Kurteva, Siyana and Abrahamowicz, Michal and Gomes, Tara and Tamblyn, Robyn (2021) Association of opioid consumption profiles after hospitalization with risk of adverse health care events. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (5) , e218782.

Dilley, Julia A and Graves, Janessa M and Brooks-Russell, Ashley and Whitehill, Jennifer M and Liebelt, Erica L (2021) Trends and characteristics of manufactured cannabis product and cannabis plant product exposures reported to US poison control centers, 2017-2019. JAMA Network Open , 4 , (5) , e2110925.

Freeman, Tom P and Craft, Sam and Wilson, Jack and Stylianou, Stephan and ElSohly, Mahmoud and Di Forti, Marta and Lynskey, Michael T (2021) Changes in delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) concentrations in cannabis over time: systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction , 116 , (5) , pp. 1000-1010.

Analakkattillam, S and Langsi, V K and Hanrahan, J P and Moore, E (2021) Comparative study of dissolution for cannabidiol in EU and US hemp oil products by HPLC. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 110 , (8) , pp. 3091-3098.

Llopis, Eva Jané and O'Donnell, Amy and Anderson, Peter (2021) Impact of price promotion, price, and minimum unit price on household purchases of low and no alcohol beers and ciders: Descriptive analyses and interrupted time series analysis of purchase data from 70, 303 British households, 2015-2018 and first half of 2020. Social Science & Medicine , 270 , p. 113690.

McCartney, Danielle and Arkell, Thomas R and Irwin, Christopher and McGregor, Iain S (2021) Determining the magnitude and duration of acute Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ-THC)-induced driving and cognitive impairment: a systematic and meta-analytic review. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews , 126 , pp. 175-193.

Gray, Paul and Ralphs, Rob and Williams, Lisa (2021) The use of synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) within the homeless population: motivations, harms and the implications for developing an appropriate response. Addiction Research & Theory , 29 , (1) , pp. 1-10.

Leung, Janni and Stjepanović, Daniel and Dawson, Danielle and Hall, Wayne D (2021) Do cannabis users reduce their THC dosages when using more potent cannabis products? A review. Frontiers in Psychiatry , 12 , p. 630602.

Sorkhou, Maryam and Bedder, Rachel H and George, Tony P (2021) The behavioral sequelae of cannabis use in healthy people: a systematic review. Frontiers in Psychiatry , 12 , p. 630247.

Hjorthøj, Carsten and Posselt, Christine Merrild and Nordentoft, Merete (2021) Development over time of the population-attributable risk fraction for cannabis use disorder in schizophrenia in Denmark. JAMA Psychiatry , 78 , (9) , pp. 1013-1019.

Anderson, Peter and Jané Llopis, Eva and O'Donnell, Amy and Manthey, Jakob and Rehm, Jürgen (2020) Impact of low and no alcohol beers on purchases of alcohol: interrupted time series analysis of British household shopping data, 2015-2018. BMJ Open , 10 , (10) , e036371.

Silver, Lynn D and Naprawa, Amanda Z and Padon, Alisa A (2020) Assessment of incorporation of lessons from tobacco control in city and county laws regulating legal marijuana in California. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (6 e208393) , e208393.

Maloney-Hall, Bridget and Wallingford, Sarah C and Konefal, Sarah and Young, Matthew M (2020) Psychotic disorder and cannabis use: Canadian hospitalization trends, 2006-2015. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada , 40 , (5-6) , pp. 176-183.

Hines, Lindsey A and Freeman, Tom P and Gage, Suzanne H and Zammit, Stanley and Hickman, Matthew and Cannon, Mary and Munafo, Marcus and MacLeod, John and Heron, Jon (2020) Association of high-potency cannabis use with mental health and substance use in adolescence. JAMA Psychiatry , 77 , (10) , pp. 1044-1051.

Alam, Ryan M and Keating, John J (2020) Adding more "spice" to the pot: a review of the chemistry and pharmacology of newly emerging heterocyclic synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists. Drug Testing and Analysis , 12 , (3) , pp. 297-315.

Rehm, Jürgen and Crépault, Jean-François and Hasan, Omer S M and Lachenmeier, Dirk W and Room, Robin and Sornpaisarn, Bundit (2019) Regulatory policies for alcohol, other psychoactive substances and addictive behaviours: the role of level of use and potency. a systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 16 , (19) .

Freeman, Tom P and Groshkova, Teodora and Cunningham, Andrew and Sedefov, Roumen and Griffiths, Paul and Lynskey, Michael T (2019) Increasing potency and price of cannabis in Europe, 2006‐2016. Addiction , 114 , (6) .

Di Forti, Marta and Quattrone, Diego and Freeman, Tom P and Tripoli, Giada and Gayer-Anderson, Charlotte and Quigley, Harriet and Rodriguez, Victoria and Jongsma, Hannah E and Ferraro, Laura and La Cascia, Caterina and La Barbera, Daniele and Tarricone, Ilaria and Berardi, Domenico and Szöke, Andrei and Arango, Celso and Tortelli, Andrea and Velthorst, Eva and Bernardo, Miguel and Del-Ben, Cristina Marta and Rossi Menezes, Paulo and Selten, Jean Paul and Jones, Peter B and Kirkbride, James B and Rutten, Bart PF and et al, . (2019) The contribution of cannabis use to variation in the incidence of psychotic disorder across Europe (EU-GEI): a multicentre case-control study. The Lancet Psychiatry , 6 , (5) .

Vasiljevic, Milica and Coulter, Lucia and Petticrew, Mark and Marteau, Theresa M (2018) Marketing messages accompanying online selling of low/er and regular strength wine and beer products in the UK: a content analysis. BMC Public Health , 18 , (147) .

Montanari, Linda and Guarita, Bruno and Mounteney, Jane and Zipfel, Nina and Simon, Roland (2017) Cannabis use among people entering drug treatment in Europe: a growing phenomenon? European Addiction Research , 23 , (3) , pp. 113-121.

Sumpter, Colin and McGill, Elizabeth and Dickie, Esther and Champo, Enes and Romeri, Ester and Egan, Matt (2016) Reducing the Strength: a mixed methods evaluation of alcohol retailers' willingness to voluntarily reduce the availability of low cost, high strength beers and ciders in two UK local authorities. BMC Public Health , 16 , (1) , p. 448.

Mounteney, Jane and Giraudon, Isabelle and Denissov, Gleb and Griffiths, Paul (2015) Fentanyls: are we missing the signs? Highly potent and on the rise in Europe. International Journal of Drug Policy , 26 , (7) , pp. 626-631.

Afridi, Hassan Imran and Kazi, Tasneem Gul and Talpur, Farah Naz and Brabazon, Dermot and Naher, Sumsun (2013) Estimation of toxic elements in the samples of different cigarettes and their impact on human health of Irish hypertensive consumers. Clinica Chimica Acta , 426C , pp. 51-57.

Davies, Ronald B (2010) Mandatory minimum sentencing, drug purity and overdose rates. Economic and Social Review , 41 , (4) , pp. 429-457.


European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2024) European drug report 2024: trends and developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Holmes, John and Angus, Colin and Kersbergen, Inge and Pryce, Robert and Stevely, Abigail and Wilson, Luke (2024) No- and low-alcohol drinks in Great Britain: monitoring report. Sheffield: University of Sheffield.

Forensic Science Ireland. (2023) Forensic Science Ireland annual report 2022. Dublin: Forensic Science Ireland.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2023) European drug report 2023: trends and developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

World Health Organization. (2023) A public health perspective on zero- and low-alcohol beverages. World Health Organization.

Krotulski, Alex J and Shinefeld, Jennifer and DeBord, Joshua and Logan, Barry K (2022) Fentanyl purity, potency, & synthesis: real-time testing of opioid drug products in the United States. USA: Center for Forensic Science Research and Education.

Forensic Science Ireland. (2022) Forensic Science Ireland annual report 2021. Dublin: Forensic Science Ireland.

Liccardo Pacula, Rosalie and Pessar, Seema Choksy and Zhu, Joy and Kritikos, Alexandra F and Smart, Rosanna (2022) Federal regulations of cannabis for public health in the United States. Los Angelus: USC Schaeffer.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2022) European drug report 2022: trends and developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Nicholls, Emily (2022) “You can be a hybrid when it comes to drinking”. The marketing and consumption of no and low alcohol drinks in the UK. London: Institute of Alcohol Studies.

González-Nieto, Pablo and Sage, Chloe and Bridgeman, Jessica and Korol, Ellen E and Mathews, Jennifer and Mema, Silvina and Laing, Richard and Ti, Lianping and Arredondo, Jaime (2022) Community drug checking in music festivals: avenues for future research Shambhala 2019 report. British Columbia Centre on Substance Use.

HSE National Social Inclusion Office. (2021) Report of the Emerging Drug Trends and Drug Checking Working Group 2021. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Forensic Science Ireland. (2021) Forensic Science Ireland annual report 2020. Dublin: Forensic Science Ireland.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2021) European drug report 2021: trends and developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2021) Methamphetamine developments in South Asia: the situation in Iran and the implications for the EU and its neighbours, EU4MD special report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Toronto's Drug Checking Service. (2021) What's in Toronto's drug supply? Results from samples checked by Toronto's drug checking service January 1 - December 31, 2020. Toronto: Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation.

Aldridge, Judith and Garius, Laura and Spicer, Jack and Harris, Magdalena and Moore, Karenza and Eastwood, Niamh (2021) Drugs in the time of COVID: the UK drug market response to lockdown restrictions. Interim findings. London: Release.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) EMCDDA initial report on the new psychoactive substance methyl 3,3-dimethyl-2-(1-(pent-4-en-1-yl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamido)butanoate (MDMB-4en-PINACA). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) EMCDDA initial report on the new psychoactive substance methyl 2-({[1-(4-fluorobutyl)-1H-indol-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)-3,3-dimethylbutanoate (4F-MDMB-BICA). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

Corfe, Scott and Hyde, Richard and Shepherd, Jake (2020) Alcohol-free and low-strength drinks: understanding their role in reducing alcohol-related harms. London: The Social Market Foundation.

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2020) Clearing the smoke on cannabis: edible cannabis products, cannabis extracts and cannabis topicals. Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Payer, Doris E and Young, Matthew M and Maloney-Hall, Bridget and Mill, C and LeClerc, Pascale and Buxton, Jane A (2020) Adulterants, contaminants and co-occurring substances in drugs on the illegal market in Canada: an analysis of data from drug seizures, drug checking and urine toxicology. Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Hughes, Caitlin and Hulme, Shann and Ritter, Alison (2020) The relationship between drug price and purity and population level harm. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

North, Paul (2017) Street lottery: cannabis potency and mental health. London: Volteface.

Manchester Health & Care Commissioning. (2017) Spice. Synthetic cannabinoids (SCRAs). Manchester Health & Care Commissioning.

O’Neill, Geraldine and Clinton, Darrell and Lynch, Brendan (2016) Purity of illicit drugs submitted to Forensic Science Ireland 2015. Dublin: Forensic Science Ireland.

Jones, Lisa and Bellis, Mark A (2012) 'Can promotion of lower strength alcohol products help reduce alcohol consumption? A rapid literature review. Liverpool: Liverpool John Moores University. North West Public Health Observatory.

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2012) Clinical drug testing in primary care. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Forensic Science Laboratory. Arnold, Colette (2011) The potency of THC in Cannabis products. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Hope, Ann (2009) A standard drink in Ireland: what strength? Dublin: Health Service Executive Alcohol Implementation Group.

King, Leslie A (2004) An overview of cannabis potency in Europe. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.


European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Europol. (2023) EU drug market: cannabis — in-depth analysis. URL: https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/eu-drug-...

HSE drugs.ie. (2021) After lockdown. If you go, go slow. URL: https://www.drugs.ie/afterlockdown?utm_source=Pres...


Trans-European Drug Information Network. (2024) Drug checking data from the Trans-European Drug Information (TEDI) network. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2020) DrugFacts: Marijuana concentrates. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Drugs.ie. (2017) The strength of your cannabinoid may be higher than you think. Synthetic Cannabinoids (‘Spice’). Dublin: drugs.ie.


Borissova, Anya and Curmi, Alex (2022) Maudsley Learning Podcast. Interview #42: More about cannabis (with Professor Valerie Curran and Dr Will Lawn). London: Maudsley Learning Podcast.

Society for the Study of Addiction. Gage, Suzi (2020) Addiction audio. Season 1, 2020. London: Society for the Study of Addiction.


European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2023) EMCDDA statistical bulletin - data and statistics on the drug situation in Europe.

World Health Organization. (2022) Global Information System on Alcohol and Health. Levels of consumption.


[thejournal.ie] , Ryan, Orla Detoxing from G is '100 times worse than alcohol withdrawal', expert warns. (15 Jan 2024)

[Irish Times] , Gleeson, Colin Three alerts issued at Life Festival on back of drug-checking scheme. (03 Jun 2023)

[RTE radio] , Killeen, Nicki New campaign aims to protect and educate students about drug taking. (07 Feb 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , Murphy, Ann Cannabis reports: news articles examining the arguments for and against regulating marijuana as medicine. (02 Aug 2022)

Food Safety Authority of Ireland. Recall of certain batches of CBD and hemp oil products due to the presence of unsafe levels of delta‐9‐tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). (14 Jul 2022)

[thejournal.ie] , McDermott, Stephen Dozens of cannabis-derived products recalled since 2021, with newer CBD items seen as 'problematic'. (18 Feb 2022)

[Sunday World] , Tallant, Nicola High-potency cannabis is causing a 'tsunami' of problems for Irish teens, a top doctor claims. (04 Feb 2022)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Drug trends under scrutiny after third seizure of new synthetic stimulant. (12 Jan 2022)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Experts want pilot project to test drugs at music festivals. (17 Sep 2021)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Rourke, Ryan HSE issues warning about strength of MDMA and cocaine. (08 Aug 2021)

[Irish Examiner] , Fagan, Maresa Higher-potency cannabis poses 'gravest threat' to young people's mental health. (04 May 2021)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Sharp rise in purity of cocaine street deals. (24 Mar 2021)

[Irish Times] , Lally, Conor Garda begin seizing highly-potent cannabis. (31 Dec 2020)

Hot Press News Desk. [Hot Press] Global Drug Survey predicts that "following lockdown, many regions will be flooded by high purity drugs". (04 Jun 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac International Narcotics Control Board identify a ‘surge’ in high-purity cocaine in Europe. (06 Mar 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Electric Picnic festival goers warned of high strength drugs. (29 Aug 2019)

[Irish Times] Potent cannabis strongly linked to psychosis study finds. (19 Mar 2019)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Cannabis: More people seeking treatment as strength doubles. (12 Jan 2019)

[The Sunday Times] , O'Neill, Kate Drug strength warning. (21 Oct 2018)

[Belfast Telegraph] , Leonard, Victoria Drug Fentanyl 100 times more powerful than morphine is killer, warns Northern Ireland coroner. (22 Sep 2017)

[thejournal.ie] People are risking their lives making super-strength cannabis in the UK. (05 Aug 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac DRUGS CRISIS: rising drug potency poses greater danger. (05 Jun 2015)

[rte.ie] HSE in warning to drug users over powder form of ecstasy. (12 Sep 2012)

This list was generated on Sat Jun 22 04:39:10 2024 IST.