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Home > Methamphetamine developments in South Asia: the situation in Iran and the implications for the EU and its neighbours, EU4MD special report.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2021) Methamphetamine developments in South Asia: the situation in Iran and the implications for the EU and its neighbours, EU4MD special report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

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Iran is a key transhipment point for illicit drugs along the Balkan and Southern trafficking routes and this report examines the threats posed by its potential emergence as a transhipment point for Afghan methamphetamine (‘shisheh’). The study is based on interviews with Iranian drug treatment practitioners, law enforcement officers, United Nations officials, and key informants involved in drug supply, in combination with an analysis of more than 70 Iranian newspaper articles and several Turkish, Kurdish, and Australian news articles to outline the scale of methamphetamine trafficking from Iran.

Table of contents

  • Introduction
    • Drug trafficking in Iran
    • Changes in methamphetamine production in Iran
  • The Iranian methamphetamine market
    • Decreasing prices
    • Increasing seizures
    • The question of purity
  • Trafficking of methamphetamine from Iran
    • Turkey
    • Kurdistan Region of Iraq
    • Australia
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Acknowledgements

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