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Haran, Maeve and Kelly, John R and Kennedy, Liam and Hennigan, Kieran and Farid, Huma and Herteu, Cristina and Kreisel, Anna and Salehin, Shamus and O' Sullivan, Marie and Keating, Shay and Ivers, Jo-Hanna and Scully, Mike (2021) An audit of the cervical screening programme in the National Drug Treatment Centre (NDTC). Irish Journal of Medical Science , Early online .

Heikkinen, Milja and Taipale, Heidi and Tanskanen, Antti and Mittendorfer-Rutz, Ellenor and Lähteenvuo, Markku and Tiihonen, Jari (2021) Real-world effectiveness of pharmacological treatments of alcohol use disorders in a Swedish nation-wide cohort of 125 556 patients. Addiction , Early online .

Xu, Kevin Y and Hartz, Sarah M and Borodovsky, Jacob T and Bierut, Laura J and Grucza, Richard A (2020) Association between benzodiazepine use with or without opioid use and all-cause mortality . JAMA Network Open , 3 , (12) , e2028557.

Dillon, Lucy (2020) LSE report on Irish response to Covid-19. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 75, Autumn 2020 , pp. 9-10.

Lynch, Tom and Ryan, Cristín and Hughes, Carmel M and Presseau, Justin and van Allen, Zachary M and Bradley, Colin P and Cadogan, Cathal A (2020) Brief interventions targeting long-term benzodiazepine and Z-drug use in primary care: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction , 115 , (9) , pp. 1618-1639.

HSE National Social Inclusion Office. (2020) The changing nature of the benzodiazepine market.: new combinations emerging in Ireland. Feature , 6 p..

Daly, Caroline and Griffin, Eve and McMahon, Elaine and Corcoran, Paul and Webb, Roger T and Witt, Katrina and Ashcroft, Darren M and Arensman, Ella (2020) Repeat self-harm following hospital-presenting intentional drug overdose among young people—a national registry study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 17 , (17) , p. 6159.

Vold, Jørn Henrik and Skurtveit, Svetlana and Aas, Christer and Chalabianloo, Fatemeh and Kloster, Pia Synnøve and Johansson, Kjell Arne and Fadnes, Lars Thore (2020) Dispensations of benzodiazepines, z-hypnotics, and gabapentinoids to patients receiving opioid agonist therapy; a prospective cohort study in Norway from 2013 to 2017. BMC Health Services Research , 20 , (352) , p. 352.

Vivolo-Kantor, Alana M and Hoots, Brooke E and Scholl, Lawrence and Pickens, Cassandra and Roehler, Douglas R and Board, Amy and Mustaquim, Desiree and Smith, Herschel and Snodgrass, Stephanie and Liu, Stephen (2020) Nonfatal drug overdoses treated in emergency departments - United States, 2016-2017. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 69 , (13) , pp. 371-376.

Tori, Marco E and Larochelle, Marc R and Naimi, Timothy S (2020) Alcohol or benzodiazepine co-involvement with opioid overdose deaths in the United States, 1999-2017. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (4 e202361) , e202361.

O'Callaghan, Michael Edmund and Regan, Liam and Wilson, Maria and Byrne, Emmett and Hollywood, Brid and O'Kelly, Fergus and O'Ciardha, Darach (2020) Acceptability and accuracy of oral fluid drug testing for patients on methadone maintenance. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 189 , pp. 557-561.

Harnett, Yvonne and Drakeford, Clive and Dunne, Lisa and McLoughlin, Declan M and Kennedy, Noel (2019) Physician, heal thyself: a cross-sectional survey of doctors’ personal prescribing habits. Journal of Medical Ethics , 46 , (4) , pp. 231-235.

MacCleod, John and Steer, Colin and Tilling, Kate and Cornish, Rosie and Marsden, John and Millar, Tim and Strang, John and Hickman, Matthew (2019) Prescription of benzodiazepines, z-drugs, and gabapentinoids and mortality risk in people receiving opioid agonist treatment: observational study based on the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink and Office for National Statistics death records. PLoS ONE , 16 , (11) , e1002965.

Schaffer, Andrea L and Buckley, Nicholas A and Cairns, Rose and Pearson, Sallie (2019) Comparison of prescribing patterns before and after implementation of a national policy to reduce inappropriate alprazolam prescribing in Australia. JAMA Network Open , 2 , (9) , e1911590.

Islam, M. Mofizul and Wollersheim, Dennis (2019) A comparison of opioids and benzodiazepines dispensing in Australia. PLoS ONE , 14 , (8) .

Lyphout, C and Yates, C and Margolin, Z R and Dargan, P I and Dines, A M and Heyerdahl, F and Hovda, K E and Giraudon, I and Bucher-Bartelson, B and Green, J L and Wood, D M (2019) Presentations to the emergency department with non-medical use of benzodiazepines and Z-drugs: profiling and relation to sales data. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology , 75 , (1) , pp. 77-81.

Ismail, Muhammad Fahmi and Doherty, Kieran and Bradshaw, Paula and O'Sullivan, Iomhar and Cassidy, Eugene M (2019) Symptom-triggered therapy for assessment and management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome in the emergency department short-stay clinical decision unit. Emergency Medicine Journal , 36 , (1) , pp. 18-21.

McNamara, Sinead and Stokes, Siobhan and Nolan, J (2019) The emergence of New Psychoactive Substance (NPS) benzodiazepines. A survey of their prevalence in opioid substitution patients using LC-MS. Irish Medical Journal , 112 , (7) , pp. 970-976.

Hernandez, Inmaculada and He, Meiqi and Brooks, Maria M (2018) Exposure-response association between concurrent opioid and benzodiazepine use and risk of opioid-related overdose in Medicare part D beneficiaries. JAMA Network Open , 1 , (2) .

Banndrup, Lone and Ebdrup, Bjorn J and Rasmussen, Jesper O and Lindschou, Jane and Gluud, Christian and Glenthoj, Birte J (2018) Pharmacological interventions for benzodiazepine discontinuation in chronic benzodiazepine users. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews .

Lynn, Ena and Lyons, Suzi (2018) Drug-related deaths and deaths among drug users 2004–2015. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 64, Winter 2018 , pp. 4-6.

Rowntree, R and Sweeney, J and Crumlish, N and Flynn, G (2018) How do we compare with best practice? A completed audit of benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic prescribing. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 35 , (4) , pp. 321-324.

Murphy, Kevin D and Lambert, Sharon and McCarthy, Suzanne and Sahm, Laura J and Byrne, Stephen (2018) "You don't feel": The experience of youth benzodiazepine misuse in Ireland. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 50 , (2) , pp. 121-128.

Wall, Marianne and Lambert, Sharon and Horan, Aidan (2018) An evaluation of practitioner's experience of service users seeking community detoxification from benzodiazepines. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs , 50 , (3) , pp. 224-230.

Cadogan, Cathal A and Ryan, Cristín and Cahir, Caitriona and Bradley, Colin P and Bennett, Kathleen (2018) Benzodiazepine and Z-drug prescribing in Ireland: analysis of national prescribing trends from 2005-2015. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology , 84 , (6) , pp. 1354-1363.

Lyons, Suzi (2017) Updated community detoxification protocols for methadone and benzodiazepines. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , p. 31.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Hearne, Evelyn (2017) New psychoactive substances (NPS) on cryptomarket fora: an exploratory study of characteristics of forum activity between NPS buyers and vendors. International Journal of Drug Policy , 40 , pp. 102-110.

McNamara, Patricia H and Coen, Robert and Redmond, Janice and Doherty, Colin P and Bergin, Colm (2017) A high prevalence rate of a positive screen for cognitive impairment in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus attending an Irish clinic. Open Forum Infectious Diseases , 4 , (1) , ofw242.

Cooper, Janine A and Moriarty, Frank and Ryan, Cristín and Smith, Susan M and Bennett, Kathleen and Fahey, Tom and Wallace, Emma and Cahir, Caitriona and Williams, David and Teeling, Mary and Hughes, Carmel M (2016) Potentially inappropriate prescribing in two populations with differing socio-economic profiles: a cross-sectional database study using the PROMPT criteria. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology , 72 , (5) , pp. 583-591.

Lyons, Suzi (2015) Benzodiazepine use among young people attending a treatment centre. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 55, Autumn 2015 , p. 13.

Murphy, Kevin D and Sahm, Laura J and McCarthy, Suzanne and Byrne, Stephen (2015) Benzodiazepine prescribing guideline adherence and misuse potential in Irish minors. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy , 37 , (5) , pp. 749-752.

Darker, Catherine D and Sweeney, Brion and Barry, Joseph and Farrell, Michael and Donnelly-Swift, Erica (2015) Psychosocial interventions for benzodiazepine harmful use, abuse or dependence. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , 5 .

Burch, Jane and Gruenebaum, Dane (2015) Clinical question: What are the effects of benzodiazepines in people with alcohol withdrawal? Cochrane Clinical Answers .

Cadogan, Cathal A and Ryder, Sheila A (2015) Community pharmacists' role in benzodiazepine supply in Ireland: a questionnaire of pharmacists' views and experiences. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice , 23 , (6) , pp. 415-422.

Cadogen, C and Ryder, S (2015) An audit of prescribing practices for benzodiazepines and z-drugs. Irish Medical Journal , 108 , (3) , pp. 84-86.

O'Sullivan, K and Reulbach, U and Boland, F and Motterlini, N and Kelly, D and Bennett, K and Fahey, T (2015) Benzodiazepine prescribing in children under 15 years of age receiving free medical care on the General Medical Services scheme in Ireland. BMJ Open , 5 , (6) , e007070.

Van Hout, Marie Claire and Brennan, Rebekah (2014) An in-depth case examination of an exotic dancer’s experience of melanotan. International Journal of Drug Policy , 25 , (3) , pp. 444-450.

Keenan, Rosemarie and O'Hare, James (2014) Down in the wards: point prevalence of antidepressant and benzodiazepine use. Irish Medical Journal , 107 , (3) .

Murphy, Kevin Daniel and Byrne, Stephen and McCarthy, Suzanne and Lambert, Sharon and Sahm, Laura Jane (2014) Benzodiazepine use among young attendees of an Irish substance treatment center. Journal of Addiction Medicine , 8 , (3) , pp. 199-204.

Gilroy, D and O'Brien, S and Barry, Joseph and Ivers, Jo-Hanna H and Whiston, Lucy and Keenan, Eamon and Darker, Catherine D (2014) Benzodiazepine use in a methadone maintained opiate dependent cohort in Ireland. Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems , 16 , (2) , pp. 23-30.

Apantaku-Olajide, Tunde and Ducray, Kevin and Byrne, Patricia and Smyth, Bobby P (2012) Perception of unmet needs and association with benzodiazepine misuse among patients on a methadone maintenance treatment programme. The Psychiatrist , 36 , (5) , pp. 169-174.

Comiskey, Catherine and Stapleton, Robert and Kelly, Paul (2012) Ongoing cocaine and benzodiazepine use: effects on acquisitive crime committal rates amongst opiate users in treatment. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 19 , (5) , pp. 406-414.

Stokes, Siobhan (2012) Quantitative evidence of a heroin drought. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , pp. 21-23.

Dolan, Catherine and Omer, Sami and Glynn, Deirdre A and Corcoran, Michelle and McCarthy, Geraldine (2012) Benzodiazepine and Z-drug prescribing for elderly people in a general hospital: a complete audit cycle. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 29 , (2) , pp. 128-131.

Dermody, Aoife and Lyons, Suzi (2012) The national community detoxification initiative. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , pp. 19-20.

Lyons, Suzi (2012) Unmet needs and benzodiazepine misuse among people in treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 43, Autumn 2012 , p. 27.

Parsons, Graham (2012) Dependence on benzodiazepines or Z-drugs: having that conversation. Irish Pharmacy Union Review , (December) , pp. 25-29.

Cassidy, Eugene M and O'Sullivan, Iomhar and Bradshaw, Paula and Islam, Tariq and Onovo, Chidozie (2012) Symptom-triggered benzodiazepine therapy for alcohol withdrawal syndrome in the emergency department: a comparison with the standard fixed dose benzodiazepine regimen. Emergency Medicine Journal , 29 , pp. 802-804.

Bellerose, Delphine (2011) Benzodiazepine use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 36, Winter 2010 , pp. 1-3.

Cousins, Grainne and Teljeur, Conor and Motterlini, Nicola and McCowan, Colin and Dimitrov, Borislav D and Fahey, Tom (2011) Risk of drug-related mortality during periods of transition in methadone maintenance treatment: a cohort study. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , 41 , (3) , pp. 252-260.

Bellerose, Delphine (2011) Report on innovative project in response to benzodiazepine use. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 39, Autumn 2011 , pp. 11-12.

Campbell, Louise and McGrogan, Kilian (2011) Tackling long-term use of benzodiazepines. Forum , 28 , (12) , pp. 10-12.

Amato, Laura and Minozzi, Silvia and Vecchi, Simona and Davoli, Marina (2010) Benzodiazepines for alcohol withdrawal. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , (3) .

Corrigan, Desmond (2010) To sleep, perchance to dream. Irish Pharmacist , 12 , (9) , p. 16.

Long, Jean (2008) Identifying new drugs and new drug trends with the help of drug helplines. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 27, Autumn 2008 , p. 22.

Bannan, Noreen and Rooney, S and O'Connor, JJ (2007) Zopiclone misuse: an update from Dublin. Drug and Alcohol Review , 26 , (1) , 83 -85.

Quigley, Paul A and Usher, C and Bennett, K and Feely, J (2006) Socioeconomic influences on benzodiazepine consumption in an Irish region. European Addiction Research , 12 , (3) , pp. 145-150.

Long, Jean and Lynn, Ena (2005) Benzodiazepines - whose little helper? Drugnet Ireland , Issue 14, Summer 2005 , pp. 14-15.

Raju, Bangaru and Meagher, David (2005) Patient-controlled benzodiazepine dose reduction in a community mental health service. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 22 , (2) , pp. 42-45.

Williams, Hugh (2005) Service response to benzodiazepine use in opiate addicts: a national postal survey. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 22 , (1) , pp. 15-18.

Quigley, Paul A (2001) Public health dimensions of benzodiazepine regulation. Critical Public Health , 11 , (4) , pp. 331-339.

Walshe, K and Barrett, AM and Kavanagh, PV and McNamara, SM and Moran, C and Shattock, AG (2000) A sensitive immunoassay for flunitrazepam and metabolites. Journal of Analytical Toxicology , 24 , (4) , pp. 296-299.

Rooney, S and Kelly, Grainne and Bamford, L and Sloan, D and O'Connor, JJ (1999) Co-abuse of opiates and benzodiazepines. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 168 , (1) , pp. 36-41.

Barrett, AM and Walshe, K and Kavanagh, PV and McNamara, SM and Moran, C and Burdett, J and Shattock, AG (1999) A comparison of five commercial immunoassays for the detection of flunitrazepam and other benzodiazepines in urine. Addiction Biology , 4 , (1) , pp. 81-87.

Browne, R and Sloan, D and Fahy, S and Keating, Shay and Moran, C and O'Connor, JJ (1998) Detection of benzodiazepine abuse in opiate addicts. Irish Medical Journal , 91 , (1) , pp. 18-19.


[US Food and Drug Administration] FDA requiring labeling changes for benzodiazepines. (23 Sep 2020)

[Irish Examiner] HSE warns about bogus pills being sold over internet. (31 Aug 2020)

HSE Social Inclusion. [Health Service Executive] , Keenan, Eamon Advisory notice by HSE Social Inclusion to addiction services in Ireland. (01 May 2020)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Over-prescription of tablets helping to drive illicit street trade. (28 Apr 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Walsh, Rowena Bitter pill: Benzodiazepine medication by Irish over-65s in Ireland highest in OECD. (29 Feb 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Study shows Dublin hospital has third highest number of drug-related medical emergencies. (19 Feb 2020)

[Health Research Board] HRB report sharp rise in cocaine treatment. (07 Nov 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , Shanahan, Catherine Psychiatrist describes Medical Council views on benzodiazepines as 'utterly alarmist'. (04 Oct 2019)

[Irish Times] , Houston, Muiris Benzodiazepine warning is highly significant. (30 Sep 2019)

[Medical Council] Medical Council warns doctors to reduce over-prescribing of benzodiazepines. (21 Sep 2019)

[] , McDermott, Stephen Irish doctors urged to stop over-prescribing benzodiazepines and similar drugs. (19 Sep 2019)

[Irish Times] Irish Times view on Benzodiazepine use: a cause for concern. (15 Jul 2019)

[] , Finn, Christina Benzodiazepine use in Irish over 65s is higher than international average. (08 Jul 2019)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac DNA database assists in 870 cases. (10 Apr 2019)

[] , Feehan, Conor Codeine addiction surges as workers seek hangover cure. (21 Mar 2019)

[RTE News] , Corrigan, Conn The hidden side of benzo use uncovered. (08 Mar 2019)

[RTE News] , Corrigan, Conn Sharp regional variations in benzo prescribing. (07 Mar 2019)

[RTE News] , Corrigan, Conn Revealed: Massive rise in antidepressant prescribing. (06 Mar 2019)

[] , Thomas, Conal From medicine cabinet to the streets: Abuse of prescription drugs rises in Dublin. (22 Feb 2019)

[Irish Times] , Siggins, Lorna Internet valium abuse a growing problem in Galway city, says mayor. (03 Oct 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , Ryan, Conor Local projects report abuse of benzos. (31 May 2018)

[Health Research Board] HRB publishes latest drug treatment figures for Ireland 2010 – 2016. (29 May 2018)

[Irish Times] , Hilliard, Mark Regenerating Dublin’s north inner city. (04 Apr 2018)

[Irish Examiner] , Shanahan, Catherine Study highlights long-term prescription drug use. (03 Apr 2018)

[] , Byrne, Katie The hidden epidemic: How Ireland has become addicted to benzodiazepines. (27 Feb 2018)

[] , Schiller, Robin More arrests in capital as 'Benzos' sold 'like sweets'. (12 Feb 2018)

[Health Research Board] Health Research Board publish latest drug-related deaths figures. (12 Dec 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Callaghan, Helen Tranquilliser trap: the pain of pill addiction. (21 Jul 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Forensic scientists detect 27 new recreational drugs. (17 May 2017)

[] , Brophy, Daragh 'It takes me away from this world for the day': Life as a homeless drug-user on the streets of Dublin. (13 May 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , Ó Fátharta, Conall Half of those treated for problem drug use on heroin. (11 May 2017)

[] , Ryan, Orla Fears 'risky new drug trend' could develop amid crackdown on prescription drugs. (05 May 2017)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Laws tackle booming trade in sedatives and sleeping tablets. (05 May 2017)

[Irish College of General Practitioners] New Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2017 – Advice for GP prescribing. (04 May 2017)

[Department of Health] Commencement of the Misuse of Drugs (Amendment) Act 2016 and associated Ministerial Regulations and Orders. (03 May 2017)

[] , Murphy, Ann GP warns of Xanax and prescription drugs for sale on Cork streets. (14 Feb 2017)

[] , Sweeney, Eamon Medication Nation: 9 Horrifying revelations from Dr Eva Orsmond's documentary. (31 Jan 2017)

[Irish Medical Times] , Shannon, June Sleeping pill-related deaths increase by 41%. (16 Jan 2017)

[] , Russell, Cliodhna Prescription drugs used in three out of every four overdoses. (30 Dec 2016)

[] , Ryan, Orla Gardaí given new powers to test drivers for drugs at roadside. (21 Dec 2016)

[Health Research Board] Health Research Board publish latest drug-related deaths figures. (13 Dec 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Seizures of illicit prescription drugs soaring. (03 Dec 2016)

[Medical Independent] , Reilly, Catherine Other drugs ‘could fill the void’ following abused drug controls — HSE addiction specialist. (16 Nov 2016)

[] “Let’s be honest, the war on drugs has failed - it hasn’t actually done anything”. (15 May 2016)

[] , Phelan, Shane Even before they're teenagers, children are trying drugs. (24 Jan 2016)

[] , Sheehan, Maeve Crisis of the prescription drug addicts. (17 Jan 2016)

[] Cocaine, hash and benzos seized as gardaí target Limerick drug gangs. (14 Nov 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Shanahan, Catherine Third of students use legal drugs to ‘get high’. (28 Aug 2015)

[Medical Independent] , Cahill, Niamh Students using prescription medications to ‘get high’. (27 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Opiate death risk warning. (25 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac 400,000 tablets seized as crisis deepens. (11 Aug 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac DRUGS CRISIS: rising drug potency poses greater danger. (05 Jun 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Riordan, Sean Alcohol initiative to tackle abuse. (05 Jun 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Riordan, Sean Five heroin gangs operating in Cork are mainly users. (19 May 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Roísín Shortall to press Leo Varadkar over delays to drug laws. (14 Apr 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac ‘Heads in sand’ at surge in drug abuse. (13 Apr 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , Barry, Siobhan Special report: A state of high anxiety over antidepressant prescription. (19 Mar 2015)

[] Mammy’s Little Helper: How should we deal with anxiety disorders? (06 Mar 2015)

[Limerick Post] , Jacques, Alan Violent undercurrent to Limerick City’s drug problem. (12 Feb 2015)

[Vice] , Costello, Norma Irish addicts can't get help unless they're on the 'right' mix of drugs. (05 Feb 2015)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac TD: No political will to tackle benzos. (27 Dec 2014)

[] , O'Regan, Eilish Drink-drive clampdown leads to fall in drug-use road deaths. (16 Dec 2014)

[Medical Independent] GP concerns were raised over any benzodiazepine prescription changes. (23 Oct 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , Pickover, Ella Sedative raises Alzheimer’s risk: study. [Benzodiazepines]. (10 Sep 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , McDonald, Brian Treatment for ‘benzos’ addiction soars. (29 Aug 2014)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Halloran, Georgina Drugs found in 38% of homicide victims. (25 Aug 2014)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mudiwa, Lloyd Moves to enhance drug treatment services. (09 Apr 2014)

[] Column: Legislation changes our drugs landscape – but it isn’t a complete solution. (20 Mar 2014)

[Irish Medical Times] , Mudiwa, Lloyd Detox unit invites referrals. (11 Dec 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Tranquillisers and methadone send drug-related deaths soaring by 30%. (11 Nov 2013)

[Irish Medical Times] Data on antidepressant prescribing now available. (01 Nov 2013)

[] Rise in addiction to cocktail of alcohol, cocaine and benzodiazepine. (14 Oct 2013)

[Irish Medical Times] , Culliton, Gary Draft drugs SIs expected shortly. (03 Oct 2013)

[] Drug use outside Dublin continues to grow, says report. (06 Sep 2013)

[Irish Medical Times] , Reilly, Catherine DoH clarifies policy on handwritten scripts. (04 Sep 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Record number of synthetic chemicals detected. (01 Jun 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , Black, Fergus Doctor prescribed strong tranquilliser to teen heroin addict. (09 Jan 2013)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Cutting jail benzo use reduces violence. (03 Dec 2012)

[] Legislation to address street trading of benzodiazepines ‘due in early 2013′. (19 Nov 2012)

[Irish Medical Times] Over 65s at increased risk of developing dementia with benzodiazepines. (04 Oct 2012)

[Irish Medical Times] , Gantly, Dara Service shortfalls are the reason behind prescribing rates — IMO. (04 Apr 2012)

[Medical Independent] , Shannon, June HSE benzodiazepine letters to encourage quality prescribing. (23 Mar 2012)

[Home Office UK] UK Home Office has announced a ban on the import of phenazepam. (21 Jul 2011)

[Medical Independent] , Shannon, June An addiction on prescription. (30 Jun 2011)

[Department of Health] Minister Shortall launches Report on Responding to Benzodiazepine use in Ballymun. (21 Jun 2011)

RTE News. [RTE News] Long-term patients taking inappropriate drugs. (06 Apr 2011)

[Health Research Board] , Bellerose, Delphine and Lyons, Suzi and Carew, Anne Marie and Walsh, Simone and Long, Jean Problem benzodiazepine use in Ireland: treament (2003 to 2008) and deaths (1998 to 2007). (15 Dec 2010)


Crew. (2020) Benzos. Information guide on use, effects, safety and help. Edinburgh: CREW.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2020) Global synthetic drugs assessment 2020. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2020) Current NPS threats volume III. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Public Health England. (2020) Drug Harms Assessment and Response Team. Quarterly summary for professionals: August 2020. London: Public Health England.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) Impact of COVID-19 on patterns drug use and drug-related harms in Europe. Lisbon: EMCDDA.

Adolescent Addiction Service. (2020) Adolescent Addiction Service report 2020. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. (2020) Novel benzodiazepines: a review of the evidence of use and harms of novel benzodiazepines. London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs.

Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice. (2020) Drugs of abuse: a DEA resource guide. Washington DC: Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice.

Health Research Board. (2019) National Drug-Related Deaths Index 2008 to 2017 data. Health Research Board.

Canadian Coalition for Seniors’ Mental Health. (2019) Canadian guidelines on benzodiazepine receptor agonist use disorder among older adults. Toronto: Canadian Coalition for Seniors’ Mental Health.

Taylor, Stephen and Annand, Fizz and Burkinshaw, Peter and Greaves, Felix and Kelleher, Michael and Knight, Jonathan and Perkins, Clare and Tran, Anh and White, Martin and Marsden, John (2019) Dependence and withdrawal associated with some prescribed medicines. An evidence review. London: Public Health England.

National Patient Safety Office. (2019) National Healthcare Quality Reporting System annual report 2019. Dublin: Department of Health.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2019) Drugs in syringes from six European cities: results from the ESCAPE project 2017. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Health Research Board. (2019) National Drug Treatment Reporting System 2011-2017 drug data. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Health Research Board. (2019) National Drug-Related Deaths Index 2004 to 2016 data. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Health Protection Surveillance Centre. (2018) Drug-related bloodborne viruses in Ireland. Dublin: Health Protection Surveillance Centre.

Health Research Board. (2018) Drug treatment in Ireland NDTRS 2010 to 2016. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Murphy, Mark and Osborne, Brian and Delargy, Ide and O'Brien, John (2018) ICGP submission to the Joint Committee on Health on prescribing pattern monitoring and the audit of usage and effectiveness trends for prescribed medications. Dublin: Irish College of General Practitioners.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) The misuse of benzodiazepines among high-risk opioid users in Europe (perspectives on drugs). Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

Health Research Board. (2017) National Drug-Related Deaths Index 2004 to 2015 data. Dublin: Health Research Board.

James, Kate, ed. Roe, Julie and O'Mara, Ben and Munro, Geoff and Bajurny, Laura (2017) Prevention research. is there a pill for that? The increasing harms from opioid and benzodiazepine medication. Melbourne: Alcohol and Drug Foundation.

Health Research Board. (2017) Drug treatment in Ireland 2009-2015. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Forensic Science Ireland. (2017) Forensic Science Ireland annual report 2016. Dublin: Forensic Science Ireland.

Adolescent addiction service. (2017) Adolescent addiction service report 2017. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2016) Terminology and information on drugs. New York: United Nations.

Ana Liffey Drug Project. (2016) Community detoxification protocols: benzodiazepines. Dublin: Ana Liffey Drug Project.

Corrigan, Deirdre (2015) Statistics from the Northern Ireland drug misuse database: 1 April 2014 – 31 March 2015. Belfast: Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety.

BMA Board of Science. (2015) Prescribed drugs associated with dependence and withdrawal – building a consensus for action. Analysis report. London: British Medical Association.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) Perspectives on drugs: The misuse of benzodiazepines among high-risk opioid users in Europe. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. (2015) Prescribing drugs of dependence in general practice, Part B - benzodiazepines. Victoria: The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) Final report of the European drug emergencies network (Euro‐DEN) March 2015. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

Drummond, Anne and Codd, Mary (2014) Drugs and health in Irish prisons 2011. A report for prisoners. National Advisory Committee on Drugs and Alcohol.

Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. (2014) Statistics from the Northern Ireland drug misuse database: 1 April 2013 - 31 March 2014. Belfast: Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety.

Public Health England. (2013) Commissioning treatment for dependence on prescription and over-the-counter medicines: a guide for NHS and local authority commissioners. London: Public Health England.

O'Gorman, Aileen and Piggott, Kevin and Napier, Kristina and Driscoll, Alan and Emerson, Darren and Mooney, Robert and Fennelly, Cara and Gately, Pamela and Foley, Mary (2013) An analysis of current licit and illicit drug use patterns in the Finglas-Cabra local drugs task force area. Dublin: Finglas/Cabra Local Drugs Task Force.

Keenaghan, Celia and Sweeney, Joanna and McGowan, Bernie (2012) Care options for primary care: the development of best practice guidance on social prescribing for primary care teams. Dublin: Keenaghan Research and Communication.

Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. (2012) Statistics from the Northern Ireland Drug Misuse Database: 1 April 2011 – 31 March 2012. Belfast: Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety.

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2012) Clinical drug testing in primary care. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

College of Psychiatry of Ireland. (2012) A consensus statement on the use of benzodiazepines in specialist mental health services. EAP position paper. Dublin: College of Psychiatry of Ireland.

International Narcotics Control Board. (2011) Report of the International Narcotics Control Board on the availability of internationally controlled drugs: ensuring adequate access for medical and scientific purposes. New York: United Nations.

Byrne, Stephan and O'Mahony, Denis and Hughes, Carmel M and Parsons, Carole and Patterson, Susan and McCormack, Brendan and Finn, Finola (2011) An evaluation of the inappropriate prescribing in older residents in long term care facilities in the greater Cork and Northern Ireland regions using the STOPP and Beers’ criteria. Dublin: Centre for ageing research and development in Ireland (CARDI).

Mental Health Commission. (2011) Mental health services 2010: medication. Dublin: Mental Health Commission.

Carrigan, Jane (2011) Chains of addiction and links of support. Responding to benzodiazepine use in Ballymun; a GP-community partnership addiction project. Dublin: Ballymun Family Practice; Ballymun Local Drugs Task Force.

Pavee Point Drugs Programme. (2011) The Use of Benzodiazepines within the Traveller community. Dublin: Pavee Point Travellers Centre.

Progression Routes Initiative. (2011) Community detoxification protocols: benzodiazepines. Dublin: Progression Routes Initiative.

Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit. Bellerose, Delphine and Lyons, Suzi and Carew, Anne Marie and Walsh, Simone and Long, Jean (2010) Problem benzodiazepine use in Ireland: treatment (2003 to 2008) and deaths (1998 to 2007). HRB Trends Series 9. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit. Bellerose, Delphine and Lyons, Suzi and Carew, Anne Marie and Walsh, Simone and Long, Jean (2010) Problem benzodiazepine use in Ireland: treatment (2003 to 2008) and deaths (1998 to 2007). Appendix. HRB Trends Series 9. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Flynn, Kealan (2009) Minor tranquillisers and sedatives: use and misuse in the West of Ireland. Galway: Western Region Drugs Task Force.

Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Office. (2008) Drug and alcohol withdrawal clinical practice guidelines - NSW. Sydney: NSW Department of Health.

Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Office. (2008) Nursing & midwifery clinical guidelines - identifying & responding to drug & alcohol issues. Sydney: New South Wales Department of Health.

Henman, Martin and Vivero, Lisa and Gustafsson, Anna and Mulvenna, Kate (2004) Benzodiazepine usage in the North Eastern Health Board region of the Republic of Ireland. Trinity College Dublin; Uppsala Universitet.

Ballymun Youth Action Project. (2004) Benzodiazepines- whose little helper? The role of benzodiazepines in the development of substance misuse problems in Ballymun. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Benzodiazepine Committee. (2002) Report of the Benzodiazepine Committee, August 2002. Dublin: Department of Health and Children.

Benzodiazepine Committee. (2002) Benzodiazepines: good practice guidelines for clinicians. Dublin: Department of Health and Children.

SAOL Project. (2001) Look & learn. Dublin: SAOL Project.

Griffiths, Paul and Vingoe, Louisa (1998) Benzodiazepine use: an annotated bibliography and discussion of possible future activities to be undertaken by the Group of Experts in Epidemiology of Drug Problems of the Pompidou Group. Strasbourg: Council of Europe, Co-operation Group to Combat Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking in Drugs (Pompidou Group).

World Health Organization. (1996) Programme on substance abuse. Rational use of benzodiazepines. Copenhagen: World Health Organization.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debates. Written answers 325, 326, 327 & 328 - Medicinal products regulation [6693/18]. (13 Feb 2018)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 143 - Misuse of drugs [31711/17]. (06 Jul 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 36 - Prescriptions data [Opioids and sedatives] [37968/16]. (01 Dec 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 68 - Misuse of drugs [Sedatives] [20705/16]. (12 Jul 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Misuse of Drugs (Amendment) Bill 2016: Second stage (Resumed) (Continued). (07 Jul 2016)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate – Written answer- Misuse of drugs [35258/15]. (20 Oct 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann topical issue debate - Misuse of drugs. (06 Oct 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 23 - Misuse of drugs [20536/15]. (28 May 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 187 - Legislative programme [benzodiazepines, z-drugs] [6395/15]. (12 Feb 2015)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Drugs dealing. (27 Nov 2014)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 25- Drugs dealing [35382/14]. (24 Sep 2014)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 206- Legislative measures [28869/14]. (03 Jul 2014)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 635 - Medicinal products availability [16438/14]. (08 Apr 2014)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Priority question 3 - Substance misuse [54126/13]. (18 Dec 2013)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 8. Misuse of drugs [39927/13]. (26 Sep 2013)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann Debate. Written answers 480 & 491 - National drug-related deaths index [32913/13 & 32914/13]. (09 Jul 2013)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 614 – Misuse of drugs [12640/13]. (12 Mar 2013)

[Oireachtas] Written answers - Misuse of drugs [49108/12]. (08 Nov 2012)

[Oireachtas] 146. Deputy Denis Naughten asked the Minister for Health the steps which have been taken to implement the report of his Department’s benzodiazepine committee; the total cost of benzodiazepine prescribing to the health service. 25156/11]. (21 Sep 2011)

[Oireachtas] 201. Ms O. Mitchell asked the Tánaiste and Minister for Health and Children the reason an expert report launched by her Department on benzodiazepine prescribing in 2002 recommended that private and medical card patients for these drugs should be monitored by her Department via the GMS board; the further reason this recommendation has not been implemented. [3057/06]. (31 Jan 2006)


National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre. (2017) Quick guide to drugs & alcohol. New South Wales: Drug Info. State Library of NSW .

Gracer, Richard I (2007) A new prescription for addiction. Subutex, Prometa, Vivitrol, and Campral - the revolutionary new treatments for alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamine, and prescription drug addiction. USA: Elite Books .

Strain, Eric C and Stitzer, Maxine L, eds. (2006) The treatment of opioid dependence. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press .

Paton, Alex and Touquet, Robin, eds. (2005) ABC of alcohol. Oxford: Blackwell .

Frances, Richard R and Miller, Steve and Mack, Avram H, eds. (2005) Clinical textbook of addictive disorders. New York: Guilford .

Winger, Gail and Woods, James H and Hofmann, Frederick G (2004) A handbook on drug and alcohol abuse: the biomedical aspects. Oxford: Oxford University Press .

Hulse, Gary, ed. (2004) Alcohol and drug problems: a case studies workbook. Oxford: Oxford University Press .

Waller, TA and Rumball, Daphne (2004) Treating drinkers and drug users in the community. Oxford: Blackwell Science .

Blachford, Stacey L and Krapp, Kristine, eds. (2003) Drugs and controlled substances: information for students. Farmington Hills MI: Gale .

Tober, Gillian and Strang, John, eds. (2003) Methadone matters: evolving community methadone treatment of opiate addiction. London: Martin Dunitz .

Velleman, Richard (2001) Counselling for alcohol problems. Counselling in Practice London: Sage .

Co-operation Group to Combat Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking in Drugs (Pompidou Group). (2001) Contribution to the sensible use of benzodiazepines: meeting organised by the Co-operation Group to Combat Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking in Drugs (Pompidou Group) Strasbourg (France), 29-30 January 2001. Drugs and addiction Strasbourg: Council of Europe .

Seivewright, Nicholas (2000) Community treatment of drug misuse: more than methadone. London: Cambridge University Press .

Trimble, Michael R and Hindmarch, Ian, eds. (2000) Benzodiazepines. Petersfield: Wrighton Biomedical .

Beaumont, Berry, ed. (1997) Care of drug users in general practice: a harm-minimization approach. Oxon: Radcliffe Medical Press .

Bond, Alyson and Lader, Malcolm H and Silveira, Jose Carlos C da (1997) Aggression: individual differences, alcohol, and benzodiazepines. Maudsley monographs; no. 39 Hove: Psychology Press .

Balster, Robert L and Kuhar, Machael J and Schuster, Charles R, eds. (1996) Pharmacological aspects of drug dependence: toward an integrated neurobehavioral approach. Handbook of experimental pharmacology; v. 118 Berlin: Springer .

Wonnacott, S and Lunt, GG, eds. (1993) Neurochemistry of drug dependence. Biochemical Society symposia; no. 59 London: Portland .

American Psychiatric Association Task Force on Benzodiazepine Dependency. (1990) Benzodiazepine dependence, toxicity, and abuse: a task force report of the American Psychiatric Association. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association .

Hindmarch, Ian and Brandon, S and Beaumont, B and Leonard, BE, eds. (1990) Benzodiazepines: current concepts: biological, clinical and social perspectives. Chichester: John Wiley .


Uisce. (2014) Brass Munkie. Issue 27, Autumn 2014 . Dublin: UISCE.

UISCE. (2013) Brass Munkie. Issue 25, Autumn 2013 . Dublin: UISCE.

Conference or Workshop Item

(2018) Workshop. Harm reduction services: engaging with people who use drugs. In: National Drugs Forum 2018, 12 November 2018, Aviva Stadium.

Law, Fergus (2011) What is the size, prevalence and evidence of misuse of benzodiazepines. In: SMMGP training day: Problematic use of over-the-counter (OTC) medication, benzodiazepines and other prescribed medications: how do we manage these increasing problems?, 11 May 2011, Harrogate, England.

Farren, Conor Kevin (2005) Opiate treatment and benzodiazapines: treatment options. In: The 6th Conference on the Management of Drug Users in the Primary Care Setting, 12 March 2005, St. James' Hospital Trinity Centre, Dublin.


James, Philip (2017) Young people and benzodiazepine use.


Irish Needle Exchange Forum. (2009) Mixing Heroin and Alcohol seriously increases your risk of overdose. Irish Needle Exchange Forum.


HRB National Drugs Library. (2020) Factsheet: Sedatives and tranquilisers - the Irish situation. Dublin: HRB National Drugs Library.


Royal College of Psychiatrists. (2019) Benzodiazepines. URL:

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2015) Best practice in drug interventions: prescription medicines. URL:

This list was generated on Thu Jan 21 03:31:18 2021 GMT.