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Casillas, Shannon M and Pickens, Cassandra M and Tanz, Lauren J and Vivolo-Kantor, Alana M (2024) Estimating the ratio of fatal to non-fatal overdoses involving all drugs, all opioids, synthetic opioids, heroin or stimulants, USA, 2010-2020. Injury Prevention , Early online .

Holland, Adam and Copeland, Caroline S and Shorter, Gillian W and Connolly, Dean J and Wiseman, Alice and Mooney, John and Fenton, Kevin and Harris, Magdalena (2024) Nitazenes-heralding a second wave for the UK drug-related death crisis? The Lancet. Public health , Early online .

Nguyen, Hai V and McGinty, Emma E and Mital, Shweta and Alexander, G Caleb (2024) Recreational and medical cannabis legalization and opioid prescriptions and mortality. JAMA Health Forum , 5 , (1) .

Griffiths, Paul N and Seyler, Thomas and De Morais, Joanna M and Mounteney, Jane E and Sedefov, Roumen S (2023) Editorial. Opioid problems are changing in Europe with worrying signals that synthetic opioids may play a more significant role in the future. Addiction , Early online .

Holland, Adam and Copeland, Caroline (2023) Responding to nitazenes in the UK drugs market. Transform blog .

Salekešin, Maris and Vorobjov, Sigrid and Des Jarlais, Don and Uusküla, Anneli (2023) Mortality among people who inject drugs - the interwoven roles of fentanyl and HIV: a community-based cohort study. European Journal of Public Health , Early online .

Friedman, Joseph and Shover, Chelsea L (2023) Fentanyl and the ‘fourth wave’ of the opioid epidemic. SSA Blog .

Sue, Kimberly L and Hawk, Kathryn (2023) Editorial. Clinical considerations for the management of xylazine overdoses and xylazine-related wounds. Addiction , Early online .

Eastwood, Niamh and Schlossenberg, Shayla S (2023) The illegal drugs market is changing-is the UK prepared? BMJ , 383 , p. 2421.

Nahar, Limon K and Andrews, Rebecca and Paterson, Sue (2023) Rapid response: Evolving use of recreational drugs in UK – Nitazenes and Xylazine. BMJ , 383 , p. 2280.

Davies, Bethan and Paul, Richard and Osselton, David (2023) Wastewater analysis for new psychoactive substances and cocaine and cannabis in a Northern Ireland prison. Scientific Reports , 13 .

Chambers, Laura C and Hallowell, Benjamin D and Zullo, Andrew R and Paiva, Taylor J and Berk, Justin and Gaither, Rachel and Hampson, Aidan J and Beaudoin, Francesca L and Wightman, Rachel S (2023) Buprenorphine dose and time to discontinuation among patients with opioid use disorder in the era of fentanyl. JAMA Network Open , 6 , (9) .

O'Donnell, Julie and Tanz, Lauren J and Miller, Kimberly D and Dinwiddie, Amanda T and Wolff, Jessica and Mital, Sasha and Obiekwe, Rochelle (2023) Drug overdose deaths with evidence of counterfeit pill use — United States, July 2019–December 2021. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 72 , (35) , pp. 949-956.

Wadman, Erin and Fernandes, Erica and Muss, Candace and Powell-Hamilton, Nina and Wojcik, Monica H and Madden, Jill A and Carreon, Chrystalle Katte and Clark, Robin D and Stenftenagel, Annie and Chikalard, Kamal and Kimonis, Virginia and Brucker, William and Alves, Carolina and Gripp, Karen W (2023) A novel syndrome associated with prenatal fentanyl exposure. Genetics in Medicine Open , 1 , (1) .

Amaducci, Alexandra and Aldy, Kim and Campleman, Sharan L and Li, Shao and Meyn, Alison and Abston, Stephanie and Culbreth, Rachel E and Krotulski, Alex and Logan, Barry and Wax, Paul and Brent, Jeffrey and Manini, Alex F (2023) Naloxone use in novel potent opioid and fentanyl overdoses in emergency department patients. JAMA Network Open , 6 , (8) .

Karamouzian, Mohammad and Rafat, Bijan and Kolla, Gillian and Urbanoski, Karen and Atkinson, Kate and Bardwell, Geoff and Bonn, Matthew and Touesnard, Natasha and Henderson, Nancy and Bowles, Jeanette and Boyd, Jade and Brunelle, Caroline and Eeuwes, Jolene and Fikowski, Jill and Gomes, Tara and Guta, Adrian and Hyshka, Elaine and Ivsins, Andrew and Kennedy, Mary Clare and Laurence, Gab and Martignetti, Lucas and Nafeh, Frishta and Salters, Kate and Tu, David and Strike, Carol and Pauly, Bernadette and Werb, Dan (2023) Challenges of implementing safer supply programs in Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative analysis. International Journal of Drug Policy , 120 .

van Amsterdam, Jan and Burgess, Nicholas and van den Brink, Wim (2023) Legal approaches to new psychoactive substances: first empirical findings. European Addiction Research , 29 , (5) , pp. 363-372.

Gagnon, Marilou and Rudzinski, Katherine and Guta, Adrian and Schmidt, Rose A and Kryszajtys, David T and Kolla, Gillian and Strike, Carol (2023) Impact of safer supply programs on injection practices: client and provider experiences in Ontario, Canada. Harm Reduction Journal , 20 .

Pergolizzi, Joseph and Raffa, Robert and LeQuang, Jo Ann K and Breve, Frank and Varrassi, Giustino (2023) Old drugs and new challenges: a narrative review of nitazenes. Cureus , 15 , (6) .

D'Onofrio, Gail and Hawk, Kathryn F and Perrone, Jeanmarie and Walsh, Sharon L and Lofwall, Michelle R and Fiellin, David A and Herring, Andrew (2023) Research letter. Incidence of precipitated withdrawal during a multisite emergency department-initiated buprenorphine clinical trial in the era of fentanyl. JAMA Network Open , 6 , (3) .

Begley, Emma K and Poole, Helen M and Sumnall, Harry R and Frank, Bernhard F and Montgomery, Catharine (2023) Opioid prescribing and social deprivation: a retrospective analysis of prescribing for CNCP in Liverpool CCG. PLoS ONE , 18 , (3) .

Hermans, Sarah Perou and Samiec, Jennifer and Golec, Alexander and Trimble, Candice and Teater, Julie and Hall, Orman Trent (2023) Years of life lost to unintentional drug overdose rapidly rising in the adolescent population, 2016-2020. The Journal of Adolescent Health , 72 , (3) , pp. 397-403.

Robert, Marion and Jouanjus, Emilie and Khouri, Charles and Fouilhé Sam-Laï, Nathalie and Revol, Bruno (2023) The opioid epidemic: a worldwide exploratory study using the WHO pharmacovigilance database. Addiction , 118 , (4) , pp. 771-775.

Soeiro, Thomas and Pradel, Vincent and Lapeyre-Mestre, Maryse and Micallef, Joëlle (2023) Systematic assessment of non-medical use of prescription drugs using doctor-shopping indicators: a nationwide, repeated cross-sectional study. Addiction , 118 , (10) , pp. 1984-1993.

Montgomery, Catharine and Poole, Helen M and Abbasi, Yasir (2023) Taking the pain out of pain. British Journal of Pain , 17 , (6) , pp. 514-518.

Russell, Cayley and Law, Justine and Bonn, Matthew and Rehm, Jürgen and Ali, Farihah (2022) The increase in benzodiazepine-laced drugs and related risks in Canada: the urgent need for effective and sustainable solutions. International Journal of Drug Policy , 111 .

Shafi, Abu and Berry, Alex J and Sumnall, Harry and Wood, David M and Tracy, Derek K (2022) Synthetic opioids: a review and clinical update. Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology , 12 .

Di Trana, Annagiulia and Berardinelli, Diletta and Montanari, Eva and Berretta, Paolo and Basile, Giuseppe and Huestis, Marilyn A and Busardò, Francesco Paolo (2022) Molecular insights and clinical outcomes of drugs of abuse adulteration: new trends and new psychoactive substances. International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 23 , (23) .

Mohr, Amanda L A and Logan, Barry K and Fogarty, Melissa F and Krotulski, Alex J and Papsun, Donna M and Kacinko, Sherri L and Huestis, Marilyn A and Ropero-Miller, Jeri D (2022) Reports of adverse events associated with use of novel psychoactive substances, 2017–2020: a review. Journal of Analytical Toxicology , 46 , (6) , e116-e185.

Klaire, Sukhpreet and Janssen, Renée M and Olson, Karmen and Bridgeman, Jessica and Korol, Ellen E and Chu, Tim and Ghafari, Cher and Sabeti, Soha and Buxton, Jane A and Lysyshyn, Mark (2022) Take-home drug checking as a novel harm reduction strategy in British Columbia, Canada. International Journal of Drug Policy , 106 .

Dasgupta, Nabarun and Figgatt, Mary C (2022) Invited commentary: Drug checking for novel insights into the unregulated drug supply. American Journal of Epidemiology , 191 , (2) , pp. 248-252.

Choińska, Marta Katarzyna and Šestáková, Ivana and Hrdlička, Vojtěch and Skopalová, Jana and Langmaier, Jan and Maier, Vítězslav and Navrátil, Tomáš (2022) Electroanalysis of fentanyl and its new analogs: a review. Biosensors , 12 , (1) , p. 26.

Moriarty, Frank and Bennett, Kathleen and Fahey, Tom (2022) Opioid and analgesic utilization in Ireland in 2000 and 2015: a repeated cross-sectional study. Pharmacology Research & Perspectives , 10 , (1) , e00899.

Lam, Tina and Barratt, Monica J and Bartlett, Mark and Latimer, Julie and Jauncey, Marianne and Hiley, Sarah and Clark, Nico and Gerostamoulos, Dimitri and Glowacki, Linda and Roux, Claude and Morelato, Marie and Nielsen, Suzanne (2022) Infrequent detection of unintentional fentanyl use via urinalysis among people who regularly inject opioids in Sydney and Melbourne, Australia. Addiction , 117 , (8) , pp. 2331-2337.

Barenholtz, Elan and Krotulski, Alex J and Morris, Paul and Fitzgerald, Nicole D and Le, Austin and Papsun, Donna M and Logan, Barry K and Hahn, William E and Goldberger, Bruce A and Cottler, Linda B and Palamar, Joseph J (2021) Online surveillance of novel psychoactive substances (NPS): monitoring Reddit discussions as a predictor of increased NPS-related exposures. International Journal of Drug Policy , 98 .

Seyler, Thomas and Giraudon, Isabelle and Noor, André and Mounteney, Jane and Griffiths, Paul (2021) Is Europe facing an opioid epidemic: what does European monitoring data tell us? European Journal of Pain , 25 , (5) , pp. 1072-1080.

Bergh, Marianne Skov-Skov and Øiestad, Åse Marit Leere and Baumann, Michael H and Bogen, Inger Lise (2021) Selectivity and sensitivity of urine fentanyl test strips to detect fentanyl analogues in illicit drugs. International Journal of Drug Policy , 90 .

Richards, Georgia C and Aronson, Jeffrey K and Heneghan, Carl and Mahtani, Kamal R and Koshiaris, Constantinos and Persaud, Nav (2020) Relation between opioid consumption and inclusion of opioids in 137 national essential medicines lists. BMJ Global Health , 5 , (11) , e003563.

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. (2020) Opioids: risk of dependence and addiction. Drug Safety Update , 14 , (2) .

Fattore, Liana and Marti, Matteo and Mostallino, Rafaela and Castelli, Maria Paola (2020) Sex and gender differences in the effects of novel psychoactive substances. Brain Sciences , 10 , (9) .

Crabtree, Alexis and Lostchuck, Emily and Chong, Mei and Shapiro, Aaron and Slaunwhite, Amanda Kathleen (2020) Toxicology and prescribed medication histories among people experiencing fatal illicit drug overdose in British Columbia, Canada. CMAJ , 192 , (34) .

Wallace, Bruce and van Roode, Thea and Pagan, Flora and Phillips, Paige and Wagner, Hailly and Calder, Shane and Aasen, Jarred and Pauly, Bernie and Hore, Dennis (2020) What is needed for implementing drug checking services in the context of the overdose crisis? A qualitative study to explore perspectives of potential service users. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (29) , p. 29.

Tori, Marco E and Larochelle, Marc R and Naimi, Timothy S (2020) Alcohol or benzodiazepine co-involvement with opioid overdose deaths in the United States, 1999-2017. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (4 e202361) , e202361.

Jeffery, Molly Moore and Chaisson, Christine E and Hane, Christopher and Rumanes, Louis and Tucker, Jamie and Hang, Lillian and McCoy, Rozalina and Chen, Catherine L and Bicket, Mark C and Hooten, W Michael and Larochelle, Marc and Becker, William C and Kornegay, Cynthia and Racoosin, Judith A and Sanghavi, Darshak (2020) Assessment of potentially inappropriate prescribing of opioid analgesics requiring prior opioid tolerance. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (4 e202875) , e202875.

Rosenblum, Daniel and Unick, Jay and Ciccarone, Daniel (2020) The rapidly changing US Illicit drug market and the potential for an improved early warning system: evidence from Ohio drug crime labs. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 208 .

Allen, Bennett and Sisson, Laura and Dolatshahi, Jennifer and Blachman-Forshay, Jaclyn and Hurley, Ariel and Paone, Denise (2020) Delivering opioid overdose prevention in bars and nightclubs: a public awareness pilot in New York City. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice , 26 , (3) , pp. 232-235.

Guiney, Ciara (2019) Cross-border organised crime: threat assessment 2018. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 69, Spring 2019 , pp. 20-21.

Strang, John and McDonald, Rebecca and Campbell, Gabrielle and Degenhardt, Louisa and Nielsen, Suzanne and Ritter, Alison and Dale, Ola (2019) Take-home naloxone for the emergency interim management of opioid overdose: the public health application of an emergency medicine. Drugs , 79 , (13) .

Cannaert, Annelise and Ambach, Lars and Blanckaert, Peter and Stove, Christophe P (2018) Activity-based detection and bioanalytical confirmation of a fatal carfentanil intoxication. Frontiers in Pharmacology , 9 , (483) .

Millar, Sean (2018) New estimates of problem opiate use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 64, Winter 2018 .

Guiney, Ciara (2018) Forensic Science Ireland: annual report 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 64, Winter 2018 , p. 30.

(2018) Effect of restricting the legal supply of prescription opioids on buying through online illicit marketplaces: interrupted time series analysis. BMJ , 361 , (k2270) .

Morton, Sarah and O'Brien Green, Sioban (2017) Club Health Dublin 2017: conference overview and highlights. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , pp. 15-16.

Galvin, Brian (2017) European drug trends 2017. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , pp. 1-4.

Stokes, Siobhan (2017) New psychoactive substances in Europe conference, Poznan. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 60, Winter 2017 , pp. 20-21.

Boyle, Michelle (2016) 4th International Conference on Novel Psychoactive Substances, Budapest, 30‒31 May 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 59, Autumn 2016 , pp. 19-20.

Galvin, Brian (2016) European drug trends 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 58, Summer 2016 , pp. 12-13.

Bannon, Fiona (2016) From Drugnet Europe. No 92, October–December 2015. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 56, Winter 2016 , pp. 27-28.

(2015) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 54, Summer 2015 , pp. 24-25.

Cahill, Kathleen and Shehab, Ruqaya Mohsen and Lowney, Aoife and McQuillan, Regina (2015) Addiction to transmucosal fentanyl: is it a cause for concern in cancer pain management? Palliative Medicine , 29 , (9) , pp. 861-862.

Mounteney, Jane and Giraudon, Isabelle and Denissov, Gleb and Griffiths, Paul (2015) Fentanyls: are we missing the signs? Highly potent and on the rise in Europe. International Journal of Drug Policy , 26 , (7) , pp. 626-631.

Galvin, Brian (2014) Annual review of the drug situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 50, Summer 2014 , pp. 12-13.

Connolly, Johnny (2013) EU drug markets – a strategic analysis. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 45, Spring 2013 , pp. 8-9.

Galvin, Brian (2013) Monitoring centre report reveals latest drug trends in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 44, Winter 2012 , pp. 4-5.

Galvin, Brian (2013) Annual review of the drug situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 46, Summer 2013 , pp. 5-6.

Galvin, Brian (2012) 2011 report on the drugs situation in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , pp. 5-6.

Long, Jean and Lyons, Suzi (2010) Problem opiate use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 32, Winter 2009 , pp. 11-14.

Connolly, Johnny (2010) Legal responses to new psychoactive substances in Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 34, Summer 2010 , pp. 19-20.

Pike, Brigid (2008) ISSDP annual conference. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 27, Autumn 2008 , pp. 9-10.

Long, Jean (2008) Identifying new drugs and new drug trends with the help of drug helplines. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 27, Autumn 2008 , p. 22.

Report

Piot, Alexandre (2024) Naloxone: legal challenges and opportunities for life saving intervention. Oregan: Centre for Evidence Based Policy.

Harm Reduction International. (2023) Global state of harm reduction: 2023 update to key data. London: Harm Reduction International.

Krotulski, Alex J and Becker, Katie and Walton, Sara E and Papsun, Donna M and Fogarty, Melissa F and Logan, Barry K (2023) N-Desethyl Etonitazene – NPS Discovery new drug monograph. United States: Center for Forensic Science Research & Education.

National Poisons Information Service. (2023) National Poisons Information Service report 2022 to 2023. London: UK Health Security Agency.

Cranstoun. (2023) Synthetic opioids: a whole system response to a public health emergency. Esher: Cranstoun.

WEDINOS. (2023) PHILTRE annual report April 2022 - March 2023. Cardiff: WEDINOS.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2023) European drug report 2023: trends and developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2023) World drug report 2023. New York: United Nations.

Greater Manchester Combined Authority, Manchester Metropolitan University. (2023) Greater Manchester: testing and research on emergent and new drugs no.2. 2022 monitoring cycle full report. Manchester: Manchester Metropolitan University.

Spencer, Merianne Rose and Warner, Margaret and Cisewski, Jodi A and Miniño, Arialdi M and Dodds, David and Perera, Janaka and Ahmad, Farida B (2023) Vital statistics rapid release. Estimates of drug overdose deaths involving fentanyl, methamphetamine, cocaine, heroin, and oxycodone: United States, 2021. Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

International Narcotics Control Board. (2023) Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2022. Vienna: United Nations.

Gibbs, Blair and Workman, Ryan and Kiefer, Jake and Canlas, Chosen (2023) Canada’s health crisis: profiling opioid addiction in Alberta & British Columbia. Stanford: Stanford Network on Addiction Policy.

WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence. (2023) WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence forty-fifth report. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Center for Forensic Science Research & Education. (2023) New potent synthetic opioid— N-Desethyl Isotonitazene —proliferating among recreational drug supply in USA. Pennsylvania: Center for Forensic Science Research & Education.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2023) Manufacture of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors 2021. New York: United Nations.

Viskari, Inari and Tammi, Tuukka (2023) Guidelines and recommendations on national synthetic opioid preparedness in European countries. The Netherlands: SO-PREP.

Center for Forensic Science Research & Education. (2022) N-Desethyl Isotonitazene. Pennsylvania: Center for Forensic Science Research & Education.

RADAR. (2022) A guide to common drug names in Scotland. Edinburgh: Public Health Scotland.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2022) Current NPS threats: volume V. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

National Forensic Laboratory Information System. (2022) NFLIS-Drug 2021 annual report. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, Diversion Control Division.

NPS Discovery. (2022) NPS discovery toolkit: N-Pyrrolidino Etonitazene. USA: Center for Forensic Science Research & Education.

Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation. (2022) What’s contaminating Toronto’s drug supply? insights from samples checked by Toronto’s drug checking service January 1 - December 31, 2021. Toronto: Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation.

Krotulski, Alex J and Shinefeld, Jennifer and DeBord, Joshua and Logan, Barry K (2022) Fentanyl purity, potency, & synthesis: real-time testing of opioid drug products in the United States. USA: Center for Forensic Science Research and Education.

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. (2022) ACMD report – A review of the evidence on the use and harms of 2-benzyl benzimidazole (‘nitazene’) and piperidine benzimidazolone (‘brorphine-like’) opioids. London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs.

World Health Organization. (2022) WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence: forty-fourth report. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Public Health England. (2021) Drug Harms Assessment and Response Team. Quarterly summary for professionals: May 2021. London: Public Health England.

International Narcotics Control Board. (2021) Narcotic drugs: estimated world requirements for 2021. New York: United Nations.

Toronto's Drug Checking Service. (2021) What's in Toronto's drug supply? Results from samples checked by Toronto's drug checking service January 1 - December 31, 2020. Toronto: Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation.

Viskari, Inari and Tammi, Tuukka (2021) Report on EU good practices of generic health emergency preparedness protocols. The Netherlands: SO-PREP.

Viskari, Inari and Tammi, Tuukka (2021) Report on good practices of synthetic opioid preparedness, and needs and challenges in EU Member States. The Netherlands: SO-PREP.

Viskari, Inari and Tammi, Tuukka (2021) An assessment of national synthetic opioid preparedness in five countries: Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Germany, and the Netherlands. The Netherlands: SO-PREP.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2020) Global synthetic drugs assessment 2020. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2020) European drug report 2020: key issues summary. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2020) Prescription opioids: Canadian drug summary. Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Sullivan, Tom and Voce, Isabella (2020) The social supply of pharmaceutical opioids. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

Payer, Doris E and Young, Matthew M and Maloney-Hall, Bridget and Mill, C and LeClerc, Pascale and Buxton, Jane A (2020) Adulterants, contaminants and co-occurring substances in drugs on the illegal market in Canada: an analysis of data from drug seizures, drug checking and urine toxicology. Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice. (2020) Drugs of abuse: a DEA resource guide. Washington DC: Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice.

Pardo, Bryce and Jirka, Taylor and Caulkins, Jonathan P and Kilmer, Beau and Reuter, Peter and Stein, Bradley D (2019) The future of fentanyl and other synthetic opioids. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Report on the risk assessment of N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]cyclopropanecarboxamide (cyclopropylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Risk Assessments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Report on the risk assessment of methyl 1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-[phenyl(propanoyl)amino]piperidine-4-carboxylate (carfentanil) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Public Health England. (2018) Guidance for local areas on planning to deal with fentanyl or another potent opioid. London: Public Health England.

Crawford, Catherine and Clare, Tom and Sharpe, Casey and Wright, Craig, eds. (2018) United Kingdom drug situation. Focal Point annual report 2017. London: United Kingdom Focal Point at Public Health England.

Abdulrahim, Dima and Bowden-Jones, Owen (2018) The misuse of synthetic opioids: harms and clinical management of fentanyl, fentanyl analogues and other novel synthetic opioids. Information for clinicians. London: NEPTUNE.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Report on the risk assessment of N-(1‑phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylacrylamide (acryloylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Report on the risk assessment of N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]furan-2-carboxamide (furanylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Laboratory and Scientific Section, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2017) Recommended methods for the identification and analysis of fentanyl and its analogues in biological specimens. Manual for use by national drug analysis laboratories. Vienna: United Nations.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: methyl 1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-[phenyl(propanoyl) amino]piperidine-4-carboxylate (carfentanil). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence. (2017) 39th Expert Committee on Drug Dependence: technical documents. Geneva: World Health Organization.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]-furan-2-carboxamide (furanylfentanyl). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Cosford, Paul (2017) NHS Central Alert System: Evidence of harm from fentanyl-contaminated heroin. London: Department of Health.

Forensic Science Ireland. (2017) Forensic Science Ireland annual report 2016. Dublin: Forensic Science Ireland.

Global SMART Programme. (2017) Global SMART update 2017. Fentanyl and its analogues - 50 years on. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Health Service Executive. (2016) Clinical guidelines for opioid substitution treatment. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2016) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-l]acetamide (acetylfentanyl),. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2012) EMCDDA Trendspotter study on fentanyl in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Webpage

(2023) Synthetic opioid preparation. HSE update on the emergence of synthetic opioids on the Irish heroin market. URL: https://www.drugs.ie/synthetic_opioid_preparation/

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2023) UNODC Early warning advisory (EWA) on new psychoactive substances (NPS). URL: https://www.unodc.org/LSS/Home/NPS

International Narcotics Control Board. (2023) Global Opioids Project: Fentanyl, opioids and benzodiazepines with no known legitimate uses. URL: https://www.incb.org/incb/en/opioids_project/fenta...

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2023) Spotlight on… Fentanils and other new opioids. URL: https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/spotlights/fentanils-...

WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence. (2023) Expert Committee on Drug Dependence information repository. URL: https://ecddrepository.org/en

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2023) Most recent data from the European Syringe Collection and Analysis Project Enterprise (ESCAPE): data explorer, analysis and key findings. URL: https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/data-fac...

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2023) United Nations toolkit on synthetic drugs. URL: https://syntheticdrugs.unodc.org/

Trimbos Instituut. (2022) SO-PREP project. URL: https://so-prep-project.eu/

Public Health England. (2021) Preventing and reducing drug-related harm collection. URL: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/preventi...

FactSheet

Adley, Mark (2017) DrugWatch information sheet: Fentanyls. UK & Ireland DrugWatch.

UK Teratology Information Service. (2017) BUMPS: Best use of medicines in pregnancy - Fentanyl. London: UK Teratology Information Service.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Dáil Éireann debate. Questions 343 & 345 - Illicit trade [Fentanyl & Ketamine] [1060/24, 1097/24]. (17 Jan 2024)

[Oireachtas] Dáil Éireann debate. Question 1638 – Misuse of drugs [Fentanyl] [1059/24]. (17 Jan 2024)

[Oireachtas] Dáil Éireann debate. Questions 462 – Health services [opioid overdoses] [50594/23]. (21 Nov 2023)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 200 - substance misuse [30343/17] [Fentanyl]. (28 Jun 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 236 - Misuse of drugs [23886/17] [Fentanyl]. (18 May 2017)

Newsletter

UISCE. (2017) Brass Munkie. Issue 33, Xmas 2017 , 40 p.. Dublin: UISCE.

Video

Scottish Drugs Forum. (2023) On alert: New opioids and benzos in Scotland’s drugs supply (SDF Webinar). Scottish Drugs Forum.

Sutherland, Rachel (2022) NDARC webinar series presentation: Feasibility and consumer acceptability of take-home fentanyl test strips. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.

Audio

Society for the Study of Addiction. Calder, Robert (2023) Addiction audio. Season 2, 2023. London: Society for the Study of Addiction.

Dataset

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2024) Data from the UNODC early warning advisory on new psychoactive substances.

News

[Irish Times] , Kelleher, Olivia HSE issues alert about potent synthetic opioid being sold as heroin in Dublin and Cork. (03 Feb 2024)

[Irish Examiner] , Loughlin, Elaine Warning of increase in ketamine use as seizures of drug spike. (21 Jan 2024)

[thejournal.ie] , Duffin, Tony Each fatal drug overdose is a preventable death. (20 Jan 2024)

[Irish Times] , Kelleher, Olivia ‘High-risk’ synthetic opioid being sold in Dublin and Cork as heroin, HSE warns. (13 Jan 2024)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Frontline gardaí to be equipped with overdose reversal drug as part of pilot project. (05 Jan 2024)

[RTE News] , Burnhill, Eleanor Increase in synthetic drugs led to multiple overdoses last year, says HSE. (04 Jan 2024)

[thejournal.ie] Drugs at centre of recent Dublin overdose cluster purchased 'across one strip of the city'. (21 Dec 2023)

[Independent.ie] , Mohan, Sathishaa Fears killer drug Fentanyl now in Ireland after prison overdoses. (15 Dec 2023)

[Health Service Executive] HSE risk communication - HSE monitoring emerging overdose situation in Cork City region. (08 Dec 2023)

[thejournal.ie] , Ryan, Órla A potent synthetic opioid was found in the heroin that caused overdoses, but what are nitazenes? (15 Nov 2023)

Health Service Executive. [Health Service Executive] Nitazenes detected in heroin samples related to Dublin overdose cluster. (11 Nov 2023)

[Health Service Executive] HSE issues warning to heroin users following cluster of overdoses in Dublin. (09 Nov 2023)

[RTE News] , Byrne, Louise Fentanyl: Could the killer drug reach our streets? (17 Oct 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , Loughlin, Elaine and McNally, Tadgh Gardaí trying to 'take down' crime groups to stop fentanyl reaching our shores, McEntee says. (12 Oct 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , Loughlin, Elaine Ireland must prepare for fentanyl surge, says Taoiseach. (23 Sep 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Reilly, Alison Methadone clinics and injection centres 'needed to counter fentanyl threat'. (23 Sep 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac HSE prepares for arrival of killer synthetic drugs following Taliban opium crop crackdown. (01 Sep 2023)

[Irish Times] , Murray, Christine How fentanyl changed the game for Mexico’s drug cartels. (25 Jul 2023)

The Centre for Forensic Science Research & Education. [CSFRE] US public alerts: synthetic opioids. (22 Dec 2021)

[RTE Brainstorm] , Windle, James How a Taliban ban on opium could affect the Irish drugs market. (19 Aug 2021)

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Drugs smuggled into prisons after being sprayed onto letters and newspapers. (12 Nov 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Dunphy, Liz Deadly synthetic drugs 'now mixed with cocaine and ecstasy', addiction therapists warn. (27 Aug 2020)

[BBC News Northern Ireland] , Glynn, Niall Fentanyl: More than 50 NI deaths in four years. (14 Feb 2020)

[thejournal.ie] , McDermott, Stephen The rise of opiates: How Ireland's 'broken' health service is behind a surge in prescription painkillers. (13 Sep 2018)

[EMCDDA] EMCDDA: resurgence of cocaine in a dynamic drug market. (07 Jun 2018)

[Evening Echo] , McGuinness, Grainne Cork opioid ‘epidemic’. (06 Apr 2018)

[Independent.ie] , Horan, Niamh Antidote action plan to tackle drug more deadly than heroin. (29 Jan 2018)

[EMCDDA] New legislation published today to bring faster response to new drugs. (21 Nov 2017)

[EMCDDA] Furanylfentanyl to be placed under control across the EU. (15 Nov 2017)

[Belfast Telegraph] , Leonard, Victoria Drug Fentanyl 100 times more powerful than morphine is killer, warns Northern Ireland coroner. (22 Sep 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Fears that potent drug fentanyl may take hold in Ireland. (08 Aug 2017)

[United Nations Information Service] International Narcotics Control Board recommends international control of two fentanyl precursors. (02 Feb 2017)

Associated Press. [thejournal.ie] Elephant sedative emerges as new threat in US overdose battle. (31 Jul 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Awareness campaign about lethal drug 600 times stronger than morphine. (30 Jul 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Gardaí and health officials brace for more deaths from synthetic heroin. (29 Jul 2016)

[Irish Mirror] , Gallagher, Conor Expert's warning over drug 15 times stronger than heroin about to hit Irish streets. (12 Oct 2015)

[Health Research Board] New report reveals the latest drug trends in Europe: HRB compares situation in Ireland with European findings. (27 May 2014)

Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit. [Health Research Board] New report reveals the latest drug trends in Europe. (28 May 2013)

This list was generated on Thu Feb 22 04:24:56 2024 GMT.