Home > The future of fentanyl and other synthetic opioids.

Pardo, Bryce and Jirka, Taylor and Caulkins, Jonathan P and Kilmer, Beau and Reuter, Peter and Stein, Bradley D . (2019) The future of fentanyl and other synthetic opioids. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation. 265 p.

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Deaths involving synthetic opioids in the United States increased from roughly 3,000 in 2013 to more than 30,000 in 2018. In fact, synthetic opioids like fentanyl are now involved in twice as many deaths as heroin. This book offers a systematic assessment of the past, present, and possible futures of synthetic opioids in the United States. It is rooted in secondary data analysis, literature reviews, international case studies, and key informant interviews. The goal is to provide decisionmakers, researchers, media outlets, and the public with insights intended to improve their understanding of the synthetic opioid problem and how to respond to it.

 

Key Findings

  • Fentanyl and other synthetic opioids dominate some regional drug markets in Canada and the eastern United States
  • Deaths involving synthetic opioids in the United States increased from roughly 3,000 in 2013 to more than 30,000 in 2018, but remained concentrated regionally.
  • In some markets, fentanyl is replacing — not just adulterating or supplementing — heroin.
Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Report
Drug Type:Opioid
Date:2019
Pages:265 p.
Publisher:RAND Corporation
Place of Publication:Santa Monica
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Related URLs:
Subjects:B Substances > Opioids (opiates)
B Substances > Opioids (opiates) > Heroin
B Substances > Opioids (opiates) > Opioid product > Fentanyl
P Demography, epidemiology, and history > Population dynamics > Substance related mortality / death
VA Geographic area > United States

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