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Barone, Rossella and Pelletti, Guido and Giorgetti, Arianna and Mohamed, Susan and Pascali, Jennifer Paola and Sablone, Sara and Introna, Francesco and Pelotti, Susi (2024) Validation and application of a method for the quantification of 137 drugs of abuse and new psychoactive substances in hair. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis , 243 .

Moran, Lissa and Ondocsin, Jeff and Outram, Simon and Ciccarone, Daniel and Werb, Daniel and Holm, Nicole and Arnold, Emily A (2024) How do we understand the value of drug checking as a component of harm reduction services? A qualitative exploration of client and provider perspectives. Harm Reduction Journal , 21 , (1) .

Kannam, Allison and Cowett, Allison and Caruso, Kelsea and Lau, Kaylie and Allen, Katherine and Lank, Patrick M and McCarthy, Danielle M and Kim, Howard S (2024) Research letter. Fentanyl test strip distribution acceptability and use among substance-related emergency department visits. Academic Emergency Medicine , Early online .

Zang, Xiao and Skinner, Alexandra and Krieger, Maxwell S and Behrends, Czarina N and Park, Ju N and Green, Traci C and Walley, Alexander Y and Morgan, Jake R and Linas, Benjamin P and Yedinak, Jesse L and Schackman, Bruce R and Marshall, Brandon D L (2024) Evaluation of strategies to enhance community-based naloxone distribution supported by an opioid settlement. JAMA Network Open , 7 , (5) .

Edinoff, Amber N and Sall, Saveen and Upshaw, William C and Spillers, Noah J and Vincik, LeighAnn Y and De Witt, Adalyn S and Murnane, Kevin S and Kaye, Adam M and Kaye, Alan D (2024) Xylazine: a drug adulterant of clinical concern. Current Pain and Headache Reports , 28 , pp. 417-426.

Eden, Christopher O and Alkhalaileh, Duna S and Pettersson, David R and Hunter, Alan J and Arastu, Asad H (2024) Clinical and neuroradiographic features of fentanyl inhalation-induced leukoencephalopathy. BMJ Case Reports , 17 , (5) .

Weber, Andrea Nicole and Trebach, Joshua and Brenner, Marielle A and Thomas, Mary Margaret and Bormann, Nicholas L (2024) Managing opioid withdrawal symptoms during the fentanyl crisis: a review. Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation , 15 , pp. 59-71.

Lu, Audrey and Armstrong, Megan and Alexander, Robin and Vest, Eurella and Chang, Jonathan and Zhu, Motao and Xiang, Henry (2024) Trends in pediatric prescription-opioid overdoses in U.S. emergency departments from 2008-2020: An epidemiologic study of pediatric opioid overdose ED visits. PLoS ONE , 19 , (4) .

Tanz, Lauren J and Gladden, R Matt and Dinwiddie, Amanda T and Miller, Kimberly D and Broz, Dita and Spector, Eliot and O’Donnell, Julie (2024) Routes of drug use among drug overdose deaths — United States, 2020–2022. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 73 , pp. 124-130.

Salekešin, Maris and Vorobjov, Sigrid and Des Jarlais, Don and Uusküla, Anneli (2024) Mortality among people who inject drugs - the interwoven roles of fentanyl and HIV: a community-based cohort study. European Journal of Public Health , 34 , (2) , pp. 329-334.

Tran, Anh Dam and Grebely, Jason and Chambers, Mark and Degenhardt, Louisa and Farrell, Michael and Bajis, Sahar and Larance, Briony (2024) Health utility among people who regularly use opioids in Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review , 43 , (4) , pp. 997-1012.

VanSteelandt, Amanda and Chang, Grace Yi-Shin and McKenzie, Katherine and Kouyoumdjian, Fiona (2024) Accidental substance-related acute toxicity deaths among youth in Canada: a descriptive analysis of a national chart review study of coroner and medical examiner data. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada , 44 , (3) , pp. 77-88.

Lemen, Paige M and Garrett, Daniel P and Thompson, Erin and Aho, Megan and Vasquez, Christina and Park, Ju Nyeong (2024) High-dose naloxone formulations are not as essential as we thought. Harm Reduction Journal , 21 .

Friedman, Joseph and Shover, Chelsea L (2023) Fentanyl and the ‘fourth wave’ of the opioid epidemic. SSA Blog .

Davies, Bethan and Paul, Richard and Osselton, David (2023) Wastewater analysis for new psychoactive substances and cocaine and cannabis in a Northern Ireland prison. Scientific Reports , 13 .

Chambers, Laura C and Hallowell, Benjamin D and Zullo, Andrew R and Paiva, Taylor J and Berk, Justin and Gaither, Rachel and Hampson, Aidan J and Beaudoin, Francesca L and Wightman, Rachel S (2023) Buprenorphine dose and time to discontinuation among patients with opioid use disorder in the era of fentanyl. JAMA Network Open , 6 , (9) .

Wadman, Erin and Fernandes, Erica and Muss, Candace and Powell-Hamilton, Nina and Wojcik, Monica H and Madden, Jill A and Carreon, Chrystalle Katte and Clark, Robin D and Stenftenagel, Annie and Chikalard, Kamal and Kimonis, Virginia and Brucker, William and Alves, Carolina and Gripp, Karen W (2023) A novel syndrome associated with prenatal fentanyl exposure. Genetics in Medicine Open , 1 , (1) .

Amaducci, Alexandra and Aldy, Kim and Campleman, Sharan L and Li, Shao and Meyn, Alison and Abston, Stephanie and Culbreth, Rachel E and Krotulski, Alex and Logan, Barry and Wax, Paul and Brent, Jeffrey and Manini, Alex F (2023) Naloxone use in novel potent opioid and fentanyl overdoses in emergency department patients. JAMA Network Open , 6 , (8) .

Karamouzian, Mohammad and Rafat, Bijan and Kolla, Gillian and Urbanoski, Karen and Atkinson, Kate and Bardwell, Geoff and Bonn, Matthew and Touesnard, Natasha and Henderson, Nancy and Bowles, Jeanette and Boyd, Jade and Brunelle, Caroline and Eeuwes, Jolene and Fikowski, Jill and Gomes, Tara and Guta, Adrian and Hyshka, Elaine and Ivsins, Andrew and Kennedy, Mary Clare and Laurence, Gab and Martignetti, Lucas and Nafeh, Frishta and Salters, Kate and Tu, David and Strike, Carol and Pauly, Bernadette and Werb, Dan (2023) Challenges of implementing safer supply programs in Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative analysis. International Journal of Drug Policy , 120 .

D'Onofrio, Gail and Hawk, Kathryn F and Perrone, Jeanmarie and Walsh, Sharon L and Lofwall, Michelle R and Fiellin, David A and Herring, Andrew (2023) Research letter. Incidence of precipitated withdrawal during a multisite emergency department-initiated buprenorphine clinical trial in the era of fentanyl. JAMA Network Open , 6 , (3) .

Begley, Emma K and Poole, Helen M and Sumnall, Harry R and Frank, Bernhard F and Montgomery, Catharine (2023) Opioid prescribing and social deprivation: a retrospective analysis of prescribing for CNCP in Liverpool CCG. PLoS ONE , 18 , (3) .

Hermans, Sarah Perou and Samiec, Jennifer and Golec, Alexander and Trimble, Candice and Teater, Julie and Hall, Orman Trent (2023) Years of life lost to unintentional drug overdose rapidly rising in the adolescent population, 2016-2020. The Journal of Adolescent Health , 72 , (3) , pp. 397-403.

Robert, Marion and Jouanjus, Emilie and Khouri, Charles and Fouilhé Sam-Laï, Nathalie and Revol, Bruno (2023) The opioid epidemic: a worldwide exploratory study using the WHO pharmacovigilance database. Addiction , 118 , (4) , pp. 771-775.

Soeiro, Thomas and Pradel, Vincent and Lapeyre-Mestre, Maryse and Micallef, Joëlle (2023) Systematic assessment of non-medical use of prescription drugs using doctor-shopping indicators: a nationwide, repeated cross-sectional study. Addiction , 118 , (10) , pp. 1984-1993.

Montgomery, Catharine and Poole, Helen M and Abbasi, Yasir (2023) Taking the pain out of pain. British Journal of Pain , 17 , (6) , pp. 514-518.

Klaire, Sukhpreet and Janssen, Renée M and Olson, Karmen and Bridgeman, Jessica and Korol, Ellen E and Chu, Tim and Ghafari, Cher and Sabeti, Soha and Buxton, Jane A and Lysyshyn, Mark (2022) Take-home drug checking as a novel harm reduction strategy in British Columbia, Canada. International Journal of Drug Policy , 106 .

Choińska, Marta Katarzyna and Šestáková, Ivana and Hrdlička, Vojtěch and Skopalová, Jana and Langmaier, Jan and Maier, Vítězslav and Navrátil, Tomáš (2022) Electroanalysis of fentanyl and its new analogs: a review. Biosensors , 12 , (1) , p. 26.

Moriarty, Frank and Bennett, Kathleen and Fahey, Tom (2022) Opioid and analgesic utilization in Ireland in 2000 and 2015: a repeated cross-sectional study. Pharmacology Research & Perspectives , 10 , (1) , e00899.

Lam, Tina and Barratt, Monica J and Bartlett, Mark and Latimer, Julie and Jauncey, Marianne and Hiley, Sarah and Clark, Nico and Gerostamoulos, Dimitri and Glowacki, Linda and Roux, Claude and Morelato, Marie and Nielsen, Suzanne (2022) Infrequent detection of unintentional fentanyl use via urinalysis among people who regularly inject opioids in Sydney and Melbourne, Australia. Addiction , 117 , (8) , pp. 2331-2337.

Bergh, Marianne Skov-Skov and Øiestad, Åse Marit Leere and Baumann, Michael H and Bogen, Inger Lise (2021) Selectivity and sensitivity of urine fentanyl test strips to detect fentanyl analogues in illicit drugs. International Journal of Drug Policy , 90 .

Richards, Georgia C and Aronson, Jeffrey K and Heneghan, Carl and Mahtani, Kamal R and Koshiaris, Constantinos and Persaud, Nav (2020) Relation between opioid consumption and inclusion of opioids in 137 national essential medicines lists. BMJ Global Health , 5 , (11) , e003563.

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. (2020) Opioids: risk of dependence and addiction. Drug Safety Update , 14 , (2) .

Crabtree, Alexis and Lostchuck, Emily and Chong, Mei and Shapiro, Aaron and Slaunwhite, Amanda Kathleen (2020) Toxicology and prescribed medication histories among people experiencing fatal illicit drug overdose in British Columbia, Canada. CMAJ , 192 , (34) .

Wallace, Bruce and van Roode, Thea and Pagan, Flora and Phillips, Paige and Wagner, Hailly and Calder, Shane and Aasen, Jarred and Pauly, Bernie and Hore, Dennis (2020) What is needed for implementing drug checking services in the context of the overdose crisis? A qualitative study to explore perspectives of potential service users. Harm Reduction Journal , 17 , (29) , p. 29.

Tori, Marco E and Larochelle, Marc R and Naimi, Timothy S (2020) Alcohol or benzodiazepine co-involvement with opioid overdose deaths in the United States, 1999-2017. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (4 e202361) , e202361.

Jeffery, Molly Moore and Chaisson, Christine E and Hane, Christopher and Rumanes, Louis and Tucker, Jamie and Hang, Lillian and McCoy, Rozalina and Chen, Catherine L and Bicket, Mark C and Hooten, W Michael and Larochelle, Marc and Becker, William C and Kornegay, Cynthia and Racoosin, Judith A and Sanghavi, Darshak (2020) Assessment of potentially inappropriate prescribing of opioid analgesics requiring prior opioid tolerance. JAMA Network Open , 3 , (4 e202875) , e202875.

Rosenblum, Daniel and Unick, Jay and Ciccarone, Daniel (2020) The rapidly changing US Illicit drug market and the potential for an improved early warning system: evidence from Ohio drug crime labs. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 208 .

Allen, Bennett and Sisson, Laura and Dolatshahi, Jennifer and Blachman-Forshay, Jaclyn and Hurley, Ariel and Paone, Denise (2020) Delivering opioid overdose prevention in bars and nightclubs: a public awareness pilot in New York City. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice , 26 , (3) , pp. 232-235.

Guiney, Ciara (2019) Cross-border organised crime: threat assessment 2018. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 69, Spring 2019 , pp. 20-21.

Cannaert, Annelise and Ambach, Lars and Blanckaert, Peter and Stove, Christophe P (2018) Activity-based detection and bioanalytical confirmation of a fatal carfentanil intoxication. Frontiers in Pharmacology , 9 , (483) .

(2018) Effect of restricting the legal supply of prescription opioids on buying through online illicit marketplaces: interrupted time series analysis. BMJ , 361 , (k2270) .

Boyle, Michelle (2016) 4th International Conference on Novel Psychoactive Substances, Budapest, 30‒31 May 2016. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 59, Autumn 2016 , pp. 19-20.

Bannon, Fiona (2016) From Drugnet Europe. No 92, October–December 2015. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 56, Winter 2016 , pp. 27-28.

(2015) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 54, Summer 2015 , pp. 24-25.

Cahill, Kathleen and Shehab, Ruqaya Mohsen and Lowney, Aoife and McQuillan, Regina (2015) Addiction to transmucosal fentanyl: is it a cause for concern in cancer pain management? Palliative Medicine , 29 , (9) , pp. 861-862.

Mounteney, Jane and Giraudon, Isabelle and Denissov, Gleb and Griffiths, Paul (2015) Fentanyls: are we missing the signs? Highly potent and on the rise in Europe. International Journal of Drug Policy , 26 , (7) , pp. 626-631.

Connolly, Johnny (2013) EU drug markets – a strategic analysis. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 45, Spring 2013 , pp. 8-9.

Long, Jean and Lyons, Suzi (2010) Problem opiate use in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 32, Winter 2009 , pp. 11-14.

Pike, Brigid (2008) ISSDP annual conference. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 27, Autumn 2008 , pp. 9-10.


United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2024) The challenge of New Psychoactive Substances - A technical update. Vienna: United Nations.

Federal, provincial, and territorial Special Advisory Committee on the Epidemic of Opioid Overdoses. (2024) Opioid- and stimulant-related harms in Canada. Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada.

Health Research Board. Irish National Focal Point to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2024) Ireland: national report for 2023 - drug markets and crime. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Pardal, Mafalda and Wadsworth, Elle and Kilmer, Beau (2024) Illegal synthetic opioids. Can Europe prevent a crisis? CA: RAND Corporation.

Krotulski, Alex J and Shapiro, Aaron and Mérette, Sandrine and Walton, Sara E and Papsun, Donna M and Fogarty, Melissa F and Logan, Barry K (2023) Opioid. ortho-Methylfentanyl – NPS Discovery new drug monograph. United States: Center for Forensic Science Research & Education.

Spencer, Merianne Rose and Warner, Margaret and Cisewski, Jodi A and Miniño, Arialdi M and Dodds, David and Perera, Janaka and Ahmad, Farida B (2023) Vital statistics rapid release. Estimates of drug overdose deaths involving fentanyl, methamphetamine, cocaine, heroin, and oxycodone: United States, 2021. Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

International Narcotics Control Board. (2023) Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2022. Vienna: United Nations.

Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council. (2023) Field guide: for pre-hospital emergency care practitioners. Kildare: Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council.

National Forensic Laboratory Information System. (2022) NFLIS-Drug 2021 annual report. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, Diversion Control Division.

Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation. (2022) What’s contaminating Toronto’s drug supply? insights from samples checked by Toronto’s drug checking service January 1 - December 31, 2021. Toronto: Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation.

Krotulski, Alex J and Shinefeld, Jennifer and DeBord, Joshua and Logan, Barry K (2022) Fentanyl purity, potency, & synthesis: real-time testing of opioid drug products in the United States. USA: Center for Forensic Science Research and Education.

Oja, Mikk and Kurbatova, Aljona and Abel-Ollo, Katri (2021) Key lessons from Estonia. The Netherlands: SO-PREP.

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2020) Prescription opioids: Canadian drug summary. Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion (Public Health Ontario). (2020) Substance use-related harms and risk factors during periods of disruption. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.

Sullivan, Tom and Voce, Isabella (2020) The social supply of pharmaceutical opioids. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

Payer, Doris E and Young, Matthew M and Maloney-Hall, Bridget and Mill, C and LeClerc, Pascale and Buxton, Jane A (2020) Adulterants, contaminants and co-occurring substances in drugs on the illegal market in Canada: an analysis of data from drug seizures, drug checking and urine toxicology. Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Report on the risk assessment of 2-methoxy-N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]acetamide (methoxyacetylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Risk Assessments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Report on the risk assessment of N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]cyclopropanecarboxamide (cyclopropylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Risk Assessments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Report on the risk assessment of methyl 1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-[phenyl(propanoyl)amino]piperidine-4-carboxylate (carfentanil) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Report on the risk assessment of N-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]propanamide (4-fluoroisobutyrylfentanyl 4F-iBF), in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Risk Assessments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Report on the risk assessment of N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4- yl]oxolane-2-carboxamide (THF-F) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Risk assessments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2018) Fentanils and synthetic cannabinoids: driving greater complexity into the drug situation. An update from the EU Early Warning System. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Public Health England. (2018) Guidance for local areas on planning to deal with fentanyl or another potent opioid. London: Public Health England.

Crawford, Catherine and Clare, Tom and Sharpe, Casey and Wright, Craig, eds. (2018) United Kingdom drug situation. Focal Point annual report 2017. London: United Kingdom Focal Point at Public Health England.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Report on the risk assessment of N-(1‑phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylacrylamide (acryloylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Report on the risk assessment of N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]furan-2-carboxamide (furanylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Laboratory and Scientific Section, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2017) Recommended methods for the identification and analysis of fentanyl and its analogues in biological specimens. Manual for use by national drug analysis laboratories. Vienna: United Nations.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: methyl 1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-[phenyl(propanoyl) amino]piperidine-4-carboxylate (carfentanil). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence. (2017) 39th Expert Committee on Drug Dependence: technical documents. Geneva: World Health Organization.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]-furan-2-carboxamide (furanylfentanyl). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Cosford, Paul (2017) NHS Central Alert System: Evidence of harm from fentanyl-contaminated heroin. London: Department of Health.

Forensic Science Ireland. (2017) Forensic Science Ireland annual report 2016. Dublin: Forensic Science Ireland.

Global SMART Programme. (2017) Global SMART update 2017. Fentanyl and its analogues - 50 years on. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Health Service Executive. (2016) Clinical guidelines for opioid substitution treatment. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2016) EMCDDA–Europol joint report on a new psychoactive substance: N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-l]acetamide (acetylfentanyl),. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2012) EMCDDA Trendspotter study on fentanyl in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.


International Narcotics Control Board. (2023) Global Opioids Project: Fentanyl, opioids and benzodiazepines with no known legitimate uses. URL: https://www.incb.org/incb/en/opioids_project/fenta...

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2023) Spotlight on… Fentanils and other new opioids. URL: https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/spotlights/fentanils-...

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2023) Most recent data from the European Syringe Collection and Analysis Project Enterprise (ESCAPE): data explorer, analysis and key findings. URL: https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/data-fac...


UK Teratology Information Service. (2022) BUMPS: Best use of medicines in pregnancy - Fentanyl. London: UK Teratology Information Service.

Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. (2021) Health and safety programs. Opioids in the workplace. Ontario: Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety.

Adley, Mark (2017) DrugWatch information sheet: Fentanyls. UK & Ireland DrugWatch.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Dáil Éireann debate. Questions 343 & 345 - Illicit trade [Fentanyl & Ketamine] [1060/24, 1097/24]. (17 Jan 2024)

[Oireachtas] Dáil Éireann debate. Question 1638 – Misuse of drugs [Fentanyl] [1059/24]. (17 Jan 2024)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 200 - substance misuse [30343/17] [Fentanyl]. (28 Jun 2017)

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Written answer 236 - Misuse of drugs [23886/17] [Fentanyl]. (18 May 2017)


Sutherland, Rachel (2022) NDARC webinar series presentation: Feasibility and consumer acceptability of take-home fentanyl test strips. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.


Society for the Study of Addiction. Calder, Robert (2023) Addiction audio. Season 2, 2023. London: Society for the Study of Addiction.

Teaching Resource

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. (2023) Response protocol for disruptions in access to opioid prescriptions. Arlington, VA: ASTHO.


[Irish Examiner] , Gibbs, Stephen and Southern, Keiran Inside the fentanyl trade powering the world’s deadliest drug crisis. (30 Mar 2024)

[Independent.ie] , Mohan, Sathishaa Fears killer drug Fentanyl now in Ireland after prison overdoses. (15 Dec 2023)

[RTE News] , Byrne, Louise Fentanyl: Could the killer drug reach our streets? (17 Oct 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , Loughlin, Elaine and McNally, Tadgh Gardaí trying to 'take down' crime groups to stop fentanyl reaching our shores, McEntee says. (12 Oct 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , Loughlin, Elaine Ireland must prepare for fentanyl surge, says Taoiseach. (23 Sep 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Reilly, Alison Methadone clinics and injection centres 'needed to counter fentanyl threat'. (23 Sep 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac HSE prepares for arrival of killer synthetic drugs following Taliban opium crop crackdown. (01 Sep 2023)

[Irish Times] , Murray, Christine How fentanyl changed the game for Mexico’s drug cartels. (25 Jul 2023)

[Irish Examiner] , Baker, Noel Drugs smuggled into prisons after being sprayed onto letters and newspapers. (12 Nov 2020)

[Irish Examiner] , Dunphy, Liz Deadly synthetic drugs 'now mixed with cocaine and ecstasy', addiction therapists warn. (27 Aug 2020)

[BBC News Northern Ireland] , Glynn, Niall Fentanyl: More than 50 NI deaths in four years. (14 Feb 2020)

[thejournal.ie] , McDermott, Stephen The rise of opiates: How Ireland's 'broken' health service is behind a surge in prescription painkillers. (13 Sep 2018)

[Evening Echo] , McGuinness, Grainne Cork opioid ‘epidemic’. (06 Apr 2018)

[Independent.ie] , Horan, Niamh Antidote action plan to tackle drug more deadly than heroin. (29 Jan 2018)

[EMCDDA] New legislation published today to bring faster response to new drugs. (21 Nov 2017)

[EMCDDA] Furanylfentanyl to be placed under control across the EU. (15 Nov 2017)

[Belfast Telegraph] , Leonard, Victoria Drug Fentanyl 100 times more powerful than morphine is killer, warns Northern Ireland coroner. (22 Sep 2017)

[Irish Times] , Gallagher, Conor Fears that potent drug fentanyl may take hold in Ireland. (08 Aug 2017)

[United Nations Information Service] International Narcotics Control Board recommends international control of two fentanyl precursors. (02 Feb 2017)

Associated Press. [thejournal.ie] Elephant sedative emerges as new threat in US overdose battle. (31 Jul 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , Ring, Evelyn Awareness campaign about lethal drug 600 times stronger than morphine. (30 Jul 2016)

[Irish Examiner] , O'Keeffe, Cormac Gardaí and health officials brace for more deaths from synthetic heroin. (29 Jul 2016)

[Irish Mirror] , Gallagher, Conor Expert's warning over drug 15 times stronger than heroin about to hit Irish streets. (12 Oct 2015)

This list was generated on Wed Jun 19 04:43:12 2024 IST.