Home > Alcohol education for Australian schools: What are the most effective programs?

Lee, Nicole and Cameron, Jacqui and Battams, Samantha and Roche, Ann [NCETA] . (2014) Alcohol education for Australian schools: What are the most effective programs? Adelaide: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction. 92 p.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Alcohol education for Australian schools)
928kB
[img]
Preview
PDF (Alcohol education: what really works - 4 page summary)
862kB

A scientific approach to understanding what works and what does not, by using the best available evidence, can lead to policy and implementation decisions that are more effective in achieving desired outcomes.

A systematic review was undertaken to assist schools to effectively utilise the evidence in order to decide on appropriate school alcohol education programs. A systematic review is a method of assessing whether a program is effective or not by collating all the research on a specific question and looking at the whole body of evidence together. Within each program type, the available studies were examined in detail by two researchers and assessed for both the quality of the research and the outcomes for students.

Three programs, CLIMATE Schools (Australia), Project ALERT (USA) and All Stars (USA) had enough evidence to support their general use in schools. Four programs showed some evidence of good outcomes and may be suitable for use by some schools where those outcomes are high priority (Life Skills Program, SHAHRP, Unplugged EU-DAP, and Life Skills Training) especially if outcomes are monitored within the school. One program showed no evidence of positive effect (DARE) and two showed negative outcomes (such as increases in drinking) (Peer Acceleration Social Network (Project TND) and Take Charge of Your Life) and are not recommended for use in Australian schools. The remaining 29 programs showed inconclusive results (i.e. those with poor quality research, inconsistent effects, or only one available study) and are also not recommended for schools until further research is conducted.

Common elements of effective programs included: accurate evidence based information about alcohol; a focus on social norms; an interactive presentation style; clear, achievable and measureable goals and objectives; teacher training and support; and a whole of school approach.


Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Review
Drug Type:Alcohol
Intervention Type:AOD prevention, AOD disorder harm reduction, Education and training
Source:NCETA
Date:June 2014
Pages:92 p.
Publisher:National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction
Place of Publication:Adelaide
EndNote:View
Subjects:A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour > Alcohol consumption
B Substances > Alcohol
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Prevention outcome
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Prevention approach > Prevention through information and education
N Communication, information and education > Education by subject > Substance use education
N Communication, information and education > Educational level > Primary education level
N Communication, information and education > Educational level > Secondary education level
VA Geographic area > Australia and Oceania > Australia

Repository Staff Only: item control page