Home > The association between alcohol misuse and suicidal behaviour.

Brady, John (2006) The association between alcohol misuse and suicidal behaviour. Alcohol and Alcoholism , 41 , (5) , pp. 473-478.

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Aims: Despite recent small reductions in overall suicide rates, rates among those aged 25-44 have remained high. The aim of this paper was to examine the evidence for a link between alcohol misuse/consumption and suicidal behaviour, explore the reasons for this association, and consider the implications for reducing rates of suicidal behaviour.

Methods: A medline search was performed to find relevant research evidence.

Results: There is evidence to suggest alcohol misuse predisposes to suicidal behaviour through its depressogenic effects and promotion of adverse life events, and both behaviours may share a common genetic predisposition. Acute alcohol use can also precipitate suicidal behaviours through induction of negative affect and impairment of problem-solving skills, as well as aggravation of impulsive personality traits, possibly through effects on serotonergic neurotransmission.

Conclusions: Effective interventions for problem drinking may help reduce suicide rates. At a public health level, reducing overall alcohol consumption may be beneficial, and the measures shown to be most effective in this regard are those that aim to restrict availability of alcohol.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:2006
Page Range:pp. 473-478
Publisher:Open University Press
Volume:41
Number:5
Keywords:alcohol availability, alcohol consumption, AOD use, abuse, and dependence, Northern Ireland, suicide prevention
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB 4312 (Electronic Only)
Related URLs:
Subjects:J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health related prevention > Health information and education > Suicide prevention
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Problem substance use
VA Geographic area > Europe > Northern Ireland
P Demography, epidemiology, and history > Population dynamics > Substance related mortality / death
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour > Alcohol consumption

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