Home > Financial literacy and gambling behavior: evidence from Japan.

Watanapongvanich, Somtip and Binnagan, Punjapol and Putthinun, Pongpat and Khan, Mostafa Saidur Rahim and Kadoya, Yoshihiko (2020) Financial literacy and gambling behavior: evidence from Japan. Journal of Gambling Studies, doi: 10.1007/s10899-020-09936-3.

External website: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10899-0...

According to a survey by Japan's Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare in 2017, 3.6% of Japanese adults-equivalent to about 3.2 million people-have suffered from problem gambling at some point in their lifetime. This study examines the relationship between financial literacy, financial education, and gambling behavior (measured as gambling frequency) among the Japanese population. We hypothesize that financially literate and financially educated people who use their knowledge to make sound financial decisions are less likely to gamble. The data used in this study are from a nationwide survey in Japan from the Preference Parameters Study of Osaka University in 2010 (n = 3687). To control for endogeneity bias between financial literacy and gambling behavior, we use the education of respondents' fathers as an instrumental variable.

The results from the probit-instrumental variable model show that financial literacy has a significantly negative relationship with gambling frequency, while financial education has no significant relationship with gambling frequency. Our findings suggest that problem gambling may be mitigated by promoting financial literacy, but no such conclusion can be drawn for financial education.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Article
Drug Type
Behavioural addiction
17 March 2020
Identification #
doi: 10.1007/s10899-020-09936-3

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