Home > The changing shape of street-level heroin and crack supply in England: commuting, holidaying and cuckooing drug dealers across ‘county lines’.

Coomber, Ross and Moyle, Leah . (2017) The changing shape of street-level heroin and crack supply in England: commuting, holidaying and cuckooing drug dealers across ‘county lines’. Centre for Crime and Justice Studies. The British Journal of Criminology, azx068 https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azx068

URL: https://academic.oup.com/bjc/advance-article/doi/1...


Street-level drug markets have traditionally been understood as operating predominantly at a local level, and there has been an absence of contemporary research that has challenged accepted thinking around their shape and organization. This article aims to outline an important development in the retail drug supply landscape, analysing a fast evolving and expanding drug supply model that involves ‘outreach’ selling from major supply hubs, direct to heroin/crack users in provincial satellite areas. Drawing on a mixed method approach analysing heroin/crack markets in six English locales, we explore how so-called ‘county lines’ drug dealing manifests in these spaces. Findings suggest that distinctive supply practices including ‘commuting’, ‘holidaying’ and ‘cuckooing’ have emerged and that out-of-town dealers regularly exploit vulnerable populations in order to maximize economic gain in these new ‘host’ drug markets.

Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Report
Drug Type:Cocaine, Opioid
Intervention Type:Crime prevention
Date:November 2017
Publisher:Centre for Crime and Justice Studies
Volume:azx068
EndNote:View
Subjects:B Substances > Cocaine > Crack cocaine
B Substances > Opioids (opiates) > Heroin
MM-MO Crime and law > Crime > Substance related crime > Crime associated with substance production and distribution
MM-MO Crime and law > Substance related offence > Drug offence > Illegal production of drugs
MM-MO Crime and law > Substance related offence > Drug offence > Illegal transportation of drugs (smuggling / trafficking)
MM-MO Crime and law > Substance related offence > Drug offence > Illegal distribution of drugs (drug market / dealing)
VA Geographic area > Europe > United Kingdom > England

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