Home > School-related predictors of smoking, drinking and drug use: evidence from the Belfast Youth Development Study.

Perra, Oliver and Fletcher, Adam and Bonell, Chris and Higgins, Kathryn and McCrystal, Patrick (2012) School-related predictors of smoking, drinking and drug use: evidence from the Belfast Youth Development Study. Journal of Adolescence , 35 , (2) , pp. 315-324.

Objective:
To examine whether students’ school engagement, relationships with teachers, educational aspirations and involvement in fights at school are associated with various measures of subsequent substance use.

Methods:
Data were drawn from the Belfast Youth Development Study (n = 2968). Multivariate logistic models examined associations between school-related factors (age 13/14) and substance use (age 15/16).

Results:
The two factors which were consistently and independently associated with regular substance use among both males and females were student–teacher relationships and fighting at school: positive teacher-relationships reduced the risk of daily smoking by 48%, weekly drunkenness by 25%, and weekly cannabis use by 52%; being in a fight increased the risk of daily smoking by 54%, weekly drunkenness by 31%, and weekly cannabis use by 43%. School disengagement increased the likelihood of smoking and cannabis use among females only.

Conclusion:
Further research should focus on public health interventions promoting positive relationships and safety at school.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:2012
Page Range:pp. 315-324
Publisher:Elsevier
Volume:35
Number:2
EndNote:View
Subjects:N Communication, information and education > Education and training > Educational institution > School
T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Problem substance use
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
L Social psychology and related concepts > Social context > School context
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour > Alcohol consumption
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Risk and protective factors > Risk factors
B Substances > Tobacco (cigarette smoking)

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