Skip Page Header

Home > Investigation of the prejunctional alpha(2) adrenoceptor mediated actions of MDMA in rat atrium and vas deferens.

Lavelle, Aishling and Honner, Valerie and Docherty, JR (1999) Investigation of the prejunctional alpha(2) adrenoceptor mediated actions of MDMA in rat atrium and vas deferens. British Journal of Pharmacology , 128 , (5) , pp. 975-980.

In rat atrial slices pre-incubated with [H-3]-noradrenaline and in the presence of desipramine (1 mu M) to prevent effects of MDMA on basal outflow of tritium, MDMA (10 mu M) significantly inhibited the release of tritium evoked by short trains of six pulses at 100 Hz every 10 s for 3 min.
This effect did not occur in the presence of the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine (1 mu M).In epididymal portions of rat vas deferens in the presence of nifedipine (10 mu M), MDMA produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of single pulse nerve stimulation-evoked contractions with a pD(2) of 5.88 +/- 0.16 (n = 4).

Inhibitory effects of MDMA were antagonized by the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine (0.3 mu M), but not by the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonist cyanopindolol in a concentration (1 mu M) which markedly antagonized the inhibitory actions of the 5-HT-1 receptor agonist 5-carboxamidotryptamine.In prostatic portions of rat vas deferens in the presence of cocaine (3 mu M), MDMA produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of single pulse nerve stimulation-evoked contractions with a pD(2) of 5.12 +/- 0.21 (n = 4).

In the absence of cocaine, only the highest concentrations of MDMA (30 mu M) produced an inhibition, but the az-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine (0.3 mu M) converted response to MDMA from inhibition to potentiation of the stimulation-evoked contraction.In radioligand binding studies, MDMA showed similar affinities for alpha(2B), alpha(2C) and alpha(2D)-adrenoceptor sites, with pK(i) values of 5.14 +/- 0.16, 5.11 +/- 0.05 and 5.31 +/- 0.14, respectively. It is concluded that MDMA has significant alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist actions.


Item Type
Article
Publication Type
Irish-related, Article
Drug Type
CNS stimulants
Date
November 1999
Page Range
pp. 975-980
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Volume
128
Number
5
EndNote
Accession Number
HRB 1698 (Available)

Click here to request a copy of this literature

Repository Staff Only: item control page