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Home > What are the self-assessed training needs of early career professionals in addiction medicine? A BEME focused review.

Klimas, Jan and Kelly, Damien and Adam, Ahmed and Arya, Sidharth and Ruiz, Blanca Iciar Indave and Krupchanka, Dzmitry and Hamilton, Michee-Ana and Dennehy, Thomas and Wood, Evan and Cullen, Walter (2020) What are the self-assessed training needs of early career professionals in addiction medicine? A BEME focused review. MedEdPublish .

URL: https://www.mededpublish.org/manuscripts/2843


Background: Substance use disorders represent a significant social and economic burden globally. Accurate diagnosis and treatment by early career professionals in addiction medicine (ECPAM) falls short, in part, due to a lack of training programmes targeting this career stage. Prior research has highlighted the need to assess the specific training needs of ECPAM. Therefore, this focused review assessed self-reported training needs of ECPAM. 

Methods: Medical and medical education databases (Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, ERIC, PSYCHInfo, BEI, and AEI) were searched to June 2018 for studies reporting self-reported training needs of ECPAM (trained at most five years before assessment occurred). Retrieved citations were screened for eligibility; two independent researchers reviewed included studies, assessed quality and extracted data. Experts reviewed study findings. 

Results: Of 1364 identified records, three cross-sectional studies were included, originating from China, USA and England. All studies surveyed ECPAM using self-reported questionnaires, with one study including face-to-face interviews. Participants included residents, physicians and social workers. All studies had a low risk of bias, and reported a wide range of training needs including rehabilitation, relapse prevention, buprenorphine treatment and risk assessment.

Conclusions: There is little evidence for and substantial heterogeneity of training needs of ECPAM found in this review, particularly at the level of skills and knowledge. Study quality varies greatly. ECPAM training needs assessments are a priority.

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