Home > The handling of evidence in national and local policy making: a case study of alcohol industry actor strategies regarding data on on-premise trading hours and violence in Norway.

Rossow, Ingeborg and McCambridge, Jim [Biomed Central] . (2019) The handling of evidence in national and local policy making: a case study of alcohol industry actor strategies regarding data on on-premise trading hours and violence in Norway. BMC Public Health, 19 (1)

URL: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles...

BACKGROUND: Effective alcohol policy measures conflict with the interests of the alcohol industry. In this study we addressed how various alcohol industry actors in Norway have responded to research findings and police data relating to the possible impacts of changes in on-premise trading hours on violent offending.

METHODS: A content analysis of documents was undertaken. The documents comprised i) hearing statements from policy processes on on-premise trading hours at the national level, and in 15 Norwegian cities, and ii) newspaper articles and other media coverage of this topic in Norway.

RESULTS: Alcohol industry actors employed a range of strategies to shape the use of evidence regarding on-premise trading hours and violence. Nationally, the relevance of the international research literature was questioned before the publication of an unfavourable national study which was criticized directly. This led to commissioned attacks on the findings, constructing what were claimed to be disagreements between experts, emphasis on the complexity of violence and the role of confounding variables, and deflecting attention to alternative interventions. The handling of evidence at the local level was importantly different, where different industry actors and forms of evidence, notably police data, were involved in debates.

CONCLUSION: Alcohol industry actors employed various strategies to shape perceptions and use of evidence to advance their interests. The particular strategies and arguments changed over time as new data and research became available, and also varied between the national and the local levels, and by categories of industry actors.


Item Type:Evidence resource
Drug Type:Alcohol
Intervention Type:AOD disorder harm reduction, Crime prevention
Source:Biomed Central
Date:9 January 2019
Page Range:p. 44
Volume:19
Number:1
EndNote:View
Subjects:B Substances > Alcohol
L Social psychology and related concepts > Physical context or place > Alcohol beverage sales outlet
MP-MR Policy, planning, economics, work and social services > Policy > Policy on substance use
MP-MR Policy, planning, economics, work and social services > Substance industry or business
VA Geographic area > Europe > Norway

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