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Home > Factors associated with youth gang membership in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review.

Higginson, Angela and Benier, Katherine and Shenderovich, Yulia and Bedford, Laura and Mazerolle, Lorraine and Murray, Joseph (2018) Factors associated with youth gang membership in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 14, . DOI: https://doi.org/10.4073/csr.2018.11.

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Youth gang membership is associated with delinquency, violent crime and trafficking – and gang members are themselves frequently the victims of these offences. Yet youth gangs can also provide a form of social capital, a sense of belonging and purpose to disenfranchised youth. This review identifies the factors associated with young people joining gangs, and the differences between gang-involved and non-gang-involved youth. Understanding these associations is essential to reduce the levels of gang membership and the incidence of related violence.


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