Home > Suicide among young people and adults in Ireland: method characteristics, toxicological analysis and substance abuse histories compared.

Arensman, Ella and Bennardi, Marco and Larkin, Celine and Wall, Amanda and McAuliffe, Carmel and McCarthy, Jacklyn and Williamson, Eileen and Perry, Ivan J (2016) Suicide among young people and adults in Ireland: method characteristics, toxicological analysis and substance abuse histories compared. PLoS ONE , 11 , (11) , e0166881.

URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.137...

OBJECTIVE: Information on factors associated with suicide among young individuals in Ireland is limited. The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic characteristics and circumstances of death associated with age among individuals who died by suicide.

METHODS: The study examined 121 consecutive suicides (2007-2012) occurring in the southern eastern part of Ireland (Cork city and county). Data were obtained from coroners, family informants, and health care professionals. A comparison was made between 15-24-year-old and 25-34-year-old individuals. Socio-demographic characteristics of the deceased, methods of suicide, history of alcohol and drug abuse, and findings from toxicological analysis of blood and urine samples taken at post mortem were included. Pearson's χ2 tests and binary logistic regression analysis were performed.

RESULTS: Alcohol and/or drugs were detected through toxicological analysis for the majority of the total sample (79.5%), which did not differentiate between 15-24-year-old and 25-34-year-old individuals (74.1% and 86.2% respectively). Compared to 25-34-year-old individuals, 15-24-year-old individuals were more likely to engage in suicide by hanging (88.5%). Younger individuals were less likely to die by intentional drug overdose and carbon monoxide poisoning compared to older individuals. Younger individuals who died between Saturday and Monday were more likely to have had alcohol before dying. Substance abuse histories were similar in the two age groups.

CONCLUSION: Based on this research it is recommended that strategies to reduce substance abuse be applied among 25-34-year-old individuals at risk of suicide. The wide use of hanging in young people should be taken into consideration for future means restriction strategies.


Item Type:Article
Date:2016
Page Range:e0166881
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Volume:11
Number:11
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Subjects:A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Problem substance use
F Concepts in psychology > Specific attitude and behaviour > self-destructive behaviour > suicidal behaviour / suicide
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Risk and protective factors > Risk factors
P Demography, epidemiology, and history > Population dynamics > Substance related mortality / death
P Demography, epidemiology, and history > Substance use history
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland > Cork

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