Home > Cross-cultural comparisons of drinking motives in 10 countries: Data from the DRINC project.

Mackinnon, Sean P and Couture, Marie-Eve and Cooper, M L and Kuntsche, Emmanuel and O'Connor, Roisin M and Stewart, Sherry H (2017) Cross-cultural comparisons of drinking motives in 10 countries: Data from the DRINC project. Drug and Alcohol Review , 36 , (6) , pp. 721-730.

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS
This study tested the measurement invariance of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised Short Form (DMQ-R-SF) in undergraduates across 10 countries. We expected the four-factor structure to hold across countries, and for social motives to emerge as the most commonly endorsed motive, followed by enhancement, coping and conformity motives. We also compared individualistic and collectivistic countries to examine potential differences in the endorsement of drinking motives when countries were divided according to this broad cultural value.

DESIGN AND METHODS
A sample of 8478 undergraduate drinkers from collectivistic (Portugal, Mexico, Brazil, Spain; n = 1567) and individualistic (Switzerland, Hungary, Canada, the Netherlands, the UK and Ireland, and the USA; n = 6911) countries completed the DMQ-R-SF. Countries were classified as individualistic or collectivistic based on world-wide norms.

RESULTS
Using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis, the 4-factor model of the DMQ-R-SF showed configural and metric invariance across all 10 countries. As predicted, the rank order of undergraduates' drinking motive endorsement was identical across countries (social > enhancement > coping > conformity), although a mixed model analysis of variance revealed a significant interaction where undergraduates from individualistic countries more strongly endorsed social and enhancement motives relative to undergraduates from collectivistic countries.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
There was broad cross-cultural consistency in the factor structure and mean patterns of drinking motives. Undergraduate students appear to drink mainly for positive reinforcement (i.e. for social and enhancement reasons), although this tendency is particularly pronounced among those from more individualistic countries. [Mackinnon SP, Couture M-E, Cooper ML, Kuntsche E, O'Connor RM, Stewart SH, and the DRINC Team. Cross-cultural comparisons of drinking motives in 10 countries: Data from the DRINC project. Drug Alcohol Rev 2017;00:000-000].


Item Type:Article
Date:March 2017
Page Range:pp. 721-730
Publisher:Wiley
Volume:36
Number:6
EndNote:View
Related URLs:
Subjects:B Substances > Alcohol
L Social psychology and related concepts > Social context
T Demographic characteristics > Undergraduate or graduate student
VA Geographic area > International aspects
VA Geographic area > Europe
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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