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Parry, Charles DH and Deluca, Paolo and Cooper, Richard J and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2015) Do we have sufficient information to optimally inform regulatory or other policy decisions about medications containing codeine? Addiction , 110 , (10) , pp. 1690-1691.

Letter to the editor.
Codeine is the most commonly consumed opiate world-wide, with demand having risen 27% during the last decade and with global purchasing peaking at 269 tonnes in 2011 [1]. Although its effects are milder than heroin, its opiate effect means it has misuse and dependence potential.

To address the lack of epidemiological data on codeine misuse and dependence, we obtained previously unreported formal drug treatment data involving codeine misuse and dependence from the UK National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS), the Irish National Drug Treatment Reporting System (NDTRS) and the South African Community Epidemiology Network on Drug Use (SACENDU)……


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